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Exploring the Boundaries of a Website: Using the Internet Archive to study historical web ecologies

Exploring the Boundaries of a Website: Using the Internet Archive to study historical web ecologies



See: http://www.annehelmond.nl/2013/05/07/mit8-talk-exploring-the-boundaries-of-a-website-using-the-internet-archive-to-study-historical-web-ecologies/

See: http://www.annehelmond.nl/2013/05/07/mit8-talk-exploring-the-boundaries-of-a-website-using-the-internet-archive-to-study-historical-web-ecologies/



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    Exploring the Boundaries of a Website: Using the Internet Archive to study historical web ecologies Exploring the Boundaries of a Website: Using the Internet Archive to study historical web ecologies Presentation Transcript

    • Using the Internet Archive to studyhistorical web ecologiesAnne HelmondUniversity of AmsterdamMiT8: public media, private media. May 3-5, 2013 at MIT, Cambridge, MA.Exploring the boundaries of a website1
    • Within the web as platform, where does a websitebegin and end?The website in 1.0, the website in 2.0, the websiteand social media platforms.the boundaries of a website2
    • the problem with archived websites:one archives the website over the referencescontained therein (hyperlinks), the systems thatdelivered them (engines), the ecology in which theymay or may not thrive (the sphere) and the pages oraccounts contained therein that keep the useractively grooming his or her online profile and status(the platform). (Rogers 2013)Rogers, Richard. 2013. Digital Methods. Cambridge: MIT Press. See also: Weltevrede 2009, Brügger 2012.natively digital non-archived objects3
    • the boundaries of a website4
    • the boundaries of a website5
    • the boundaries of a website6
    • the boundaries of a website7
    • the boundaries of a website8
    • the boundaries of a website9
    • “The term “ecology” is used here because it is one ofthe most expressive language currently has toindicate the massive and dynamic interrelation ofprocesses and objects, beings and things, patternsand matter.” (Fuller 2005: 2)“I want to understand the ecology in computationalecology here as a broad concept related to theenvironmental habitus of both human andnonhuman actors.” (Berry 2012)website ecology10
    • website ecology11
    • case study: tracing the trackers12
    • traces of trackers in the source code13
    • method1. Internet Archive Wayback Machine Link Ripper2. Run all IA URLs per year into Tracker Tracker tool3. Analyze and visualize resultsAll tools from the Digital Methods Initiative can be found at: http://tools.digitalmethods.net/14
    • 1. get all links15
    • 2. check archived websites for trackers16
    • RESULTSUnique number of trackers per year on the New York Times frontpage.Green: ad, orange: tracker, blue: analytics, pink: widget. Categorization provided by Ghostery.17
    • REsULTS18
    • further researchCreate networks of historical web ecologies of trackers over timeGerlitz & Helmond 201319
    • conclusionAnne Helmond: a.helmond@uva.nlUniversity of Amsterdam20
    • Berry, David M. 2012. “Life in Code and So!ware.” Living Books About Life. September 23. http://www.livingbooksaboutlife.org/books/Life_in_Code_and_So!ware/Introduction.Brügger, Niels. 2012. “Web Historiography and Internet Studies: Challenges and Perspectives.” New Media & Society(November 21). doi:10.1177/1461444812462852. http://nms.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/11/19/1461444812462852.Fuller, Matthew. 2005. Media Ecologies: Materialist Energies In Art And Technoculture. Cambridge: MIT Press.Gerlitz, Carolin, and Anne Helmond. 2013. “The Like Economy: Social Buttons and the Data-intensive Web.” New Media& Society (February 4). doi:10.1177/1461444812472322. http://nms.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/02/03/1461444812472322.Langlois, Ganaele, Fenwick McKelvey, Greg Elmer, and Kenneth Werbin. 2009. “Mapping Commercial Web 2.0 Worlds:Towards a New Critical Ontogenesis” (14). http://fourteen.fibreculturejournal.org/fcj-095-mapping-commercial-web-2-0-worlds-towards-a-new-critical-ontogenesis/.Rogers, Richard. 2013. Digital Methods. Cambridge: MIT Press.Song, Felicia Wu. “Theorizing Web 2.0.” Information, Communication and Society 13, no. 2 (2010): 249–275. doi:10.1080/13691180902914610.Weltevrede, Esther. 2009. “Thinking Nationally with the Web: A Medium-specific Approach to the National Turn in WebArchiving.” Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.Bibliography21