Mokhtar BEN HENDA
Bordeaux Montaigne University
29 October 2019
“The main currency for the academic is not power, as it is for the politician, or wealth, as it is for
the businessman, but reputation”.
Web 2.0 technologies used for collaboration and sharing (Open Science 2.0):
Open access to scientific outputs,
Open peer evaluation systems.
New types and bigger number of ‘stakeholders’ (e.g. freelance scientists, citizen researchers);
New formats for conducting and disseminating research (e.g. Open archives, personal websites, blogs);
Inclusive and broader ways of measuring scholarly reputation (e.g. Scientometry, Altmetrics…).
What activities do scholars think contribute to reinforce their reputation?
What activities employers/institutions consider as being important for reputational purposes?
Which reputational platforms do scholars use and how often do they use them?
eReputation for scientific researchers
Two large challenges that researchers face today:
Discovery: to be researched on Scientific networks
Evaluation: to be well evaluated by peers
Problem of traditional name-based systems of researcher identification:
Confusions between popular names (homonyms)
Errors in transliteration (foreign languages: Muller, Mueller, Müller …)
Names changing (marriage)
Solution: Unique Identifiers!
Widely used by academic institutions, funders, publishers, and online tools and services
Embedded in research workflows
Automates the process of connecting researchers and their research
Existing researcher identifier services and social networks for scientists do not fill that gap
Many of the existing solutions are limited to a geographic region or discipline
Some of the open solutions do not have the wide support from the community needed to reach critical mass.
Use of dominant social networks
Academics should care about social
News on how we connect with our students,
develop our research profiles or achieve a
bigger impact in the public domain
To know how a new generation connects with
LinkedIn: sign-up age of 13 years, it has become
the go-to place for collegial contacts
Academic social networks
RESEARCHGATE : http://www.researchgate.net/
Launched on May 23, 2008, ResearchGate is a kind of Facebook, a
social network for scientific researchers in all disciplines. Available
free of charge, it allows semantic scientific research as well as a
shared files chronicle. ResearchGate has become the largest social
network for scientists and researchers.
ACADEMIA.EDUC : www.academia.edu
Launched in 2008 by Richard Price, it is maintained by Academia.
The site is aimed at researchers, academics and students, to whom it
offers various features to connect with each other, to follow their
respective work and exchange knowledge, mainly by putting their
Academic social networks
An online professional social network created in 2003 in Mountain View (California).
More than 400 million members from 170 industries in more than 200 countries and
Social Sciences Research Network : www.ssrn.com/
Network of social scientists is composed of sub-networks, one for each discipline.
Members can post publications, discuss or be informed of job offers and events.
Extensive list of social media for Academics:
Researcher digital identity (ID)
An identifying system for scientific authors
A unique identifier aiming at solving the problem of author
identification and correct attribution of works
Connects the researcher publications managed by different
Solves confusions of author names in scientific publications
Prevents the researcher from re-entering the same information
How to create and ID?
When creating an account in a digital system
In a dedicated system for managing researchers IDs
Where to create a researcher ID?
Many dedicated services:
ORCID (http://orcid.org/): (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) allows for
the identification of unique contributions in the same way.
SCOPUS : http://www.scopus.com/ (is Elsevier's abstract and citation
ORCID is used to centralize authors publications. ORCID searcher ID service
interconnect to all da (http://orcid.org/):tabases
ISNI (http://www.isni.org/) (International Standard Name Identifier), created in
2012 by ISO (the International Organizaion for Standardization): need
OpenID (http://openid.net/) allows authentication by certain co-operating
sites known as Relying Parties
Web of Science (WoS is not Open access) delivers researcher ID through
Researcher ID - introduced by Thomson Reuters in 2008 and most usually used for
authors in science but it is recommended that you create a researcher ID In the Web of
One or multiple researcher IDs?
Main goal is to create researcher accounts in multiple sites
Each does something very different
Each is essential to have
Many do not communicate
Open and commercial sites
Dedicated for special institutions…
Managing them is not so cumbersome once they are set up
Need some periodic updating
Services may change interfaces and alliances
Creating on-line CV
Google Scholar account
Get connected on Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/)
Step 1: Create your basic profile
click the “My Citations” link at the top of the page
Add your affiliation information and email address
Google Scholar confirms your account
Step 2: Add publications
Search Google scholar using Author:”Your Name”
Click the grey “Add” button at the top of your profile
Next, confirm you want Google to automatically add new publications to your profile in the future
Step 3: Make your profile public
Your profile is private if you’ve just created it.
Change your profile visibility by clicking “Edit” next to “My profile is private”
Then selecting “My profile is public” in the drop-down box.
Digital Object Identifiers for ressources
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
A string of numbers, letters and symbols used to
permanently identify an article or document and
link to it on the web
Help readers easily locate a document from a
Always refers to the same article every where
Printed with the article itself, usually on the first
Since 2011 it is an active link which starts with http://
Before 2011, it starts ith the number 10.
How to get a DOI fo a paper?
Publishers normally attribute DOIs for published
Not all journals and publishers provide DOIs
CrossRef.org website to search for DOIs
Membership in Crossref is open to organizations that publish
professional and scholarly materials and content.
Annual membership fees (start at $275)
But Free search of paper DOIs
Figshare: free creation of DOIs
An online open access repository where researchers can preserve
and share their research outputs
Open data/Digital Science: free to upload content and free to
Creating DOI under « figshare »
Figshare: creating DOIs
Need creating an account (experiment it!)
Creating a DOI for a paper on « figshare »
Once the account is created, use the tab
« MyData » to add a document
Fill metadata form and select options
Key elements before publishing:
Licence (Creative commons/GPL)
Embargo (time before publication)
DOI (attributed number to the document)
General tools for ereputation on Internet
Reputation VIP: https://app.reputationvip.com
Create a demo account
Test reputation of any person or institution
Evaluate the impact on the internet of a publication or piece of information,
Updated in real time and made visible on the internet via functions integrated into
Quantitative measures of:
number of web pages visited
number of downloads or access to the publication or document in full text (for example, in
number of times the document or information has been "liked", shared or recommended
on social media
number of bookmarking, bookmarks or shared bookmarks on social bookmarking
number of items saved or exported, for example by online bibliographic management
number of mentions of the publication or the information in the articles of press, the social
networks, the blogs, the online encyclopedias on the internet.
Create accounts on Academic social netwroks
Create researcher ID on different services
Create profiles (CV) on different ereputation service providers
Add personal publications to furnish your accounts
Test eReputation of yoursel and some acquaintances
Impact of an author's publications
How to evaluate scientific impact
(number of citations) received by an
Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/)
Microsoft Academic Search
Using professional, commercial services
Scientific bibliographic databases Web of Science
(WoS) (Thomson Reuters) and Scopus (Elsevier)