Learning as a Social Process

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Learning as a Social Process

Learning as a Social Process

  1. 1. Learning as a Social Process Robert D. Cormia Foothill College
  2. 2. Learning as a Social Process <ul><li>Learning is a social process – it is in our biology – it’s actually in our DNA! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anthropology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul></ul>Humans are a learning animal – not just our capacity to learn – our desire to learn
  3. 3. Social Learning is the Tail of the Learning Process Posted by: John in social learning Kevin Jones (from the Cascadia blog , but not this time) has presented at the ASTD TechKnowledge Conference in San Antonio this week and shows the role of Social Learning as the tail of the learning process. http://frontlinelearning.edublogs.org/tag/cascadia/
  4. 4. Complex Learning Communities <ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace </li></ul></ul>Learning as a social process – or society as a learning community?
  5. 5. http://newlearning.wikispaces.com/ New Technology Means New Learning (or should it be New Ways of Learning?)
  6. 6. <ul><li>Actively engaging students in the learning process rather than allowing them to be passive recipients of content. </li></ul><ul><li>Experts proposed that interaction, participation, and social learning experiences might be key factors that promote connection and less isolation . </li></ul><ul><li>http://activeinstruction.com/custom3.html </li></ul>What is Social Constructivist Learning?
  7. 7. What is Social Constructivist Learning? http://activeinstruction.com/
  8. 8. Social Computing <ul><li>Social computing is a general term for an area of computer science that is concerned with the intersection of social behavior and computational systems . It is used in two ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology mediated social transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented social cognition (PARC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think, reason, and remember ( Wisdom of Crowds ) </li></ul></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_computing
  9. 9. What is Web 2.0? <ul><ul><li>Eras of the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Techno-interactions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read / write Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotating information </li></ul></ul>http://www.bit-tech.net/modding/2004/12/20/hypercube_part_1/1 People Applications Information
  10. 10. Eras of the Web <ul><li>Content Web (1995-2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HTML for browsers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Web (2000-2010) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XML for machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Semantic Web (2005-2015) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RDF for humans / machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Metaweb (2010-2025) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networked machines / applications </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. http://novaspivack.typepad.com/RadarNetworksTowardsAWebOS.jpg
  12. 12. http://novaspivack.typepad.com/nova_spivacks_weblog/metaweb_graph.jpg
  13. 13. Web 2.0 Technology Fostering a world of emergent collaboration and augmented social cognition
  14. 14. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>Web 2.0 is ‘made of people’ </li></ul><ul><li>It is both human and ‘emergent’ </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented social cognition </li></ul><ul><li>A lot like ‘pre-web’ AOL and BBS </li></ul><ul><li>More powerful, and ‘generational’ </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools  social process </li></ul>
  15. 15. Made of People <ul><li>People are the secret to Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom up ‘swarming’ of content </li></ul><ul><li>Power mass knowledge – consensus? </li></ul><ul><li>Building active s, collective wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Emergent nodes / human network </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Read-Write Web <ul><li>People interacting with information </li></ul><ul><li>Information isn’t as static, and a ‘dynamic flow / process’ begins </li></ul><ul><li>Comments and tags add metadata and context, and are a springboard for human interaction </li></ul>manikandakumar.blogspot.com
  17. 17. What are Social Networks? <ul><ul><li>Sociograms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pivot browsing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Social Graph: Concepts and Issues <ul><li>In his post, Ben Fitzpatrick defines &quot;social graph&quot; as &quot;the global mapping of everybody and how they're related&quot;. </li></ul>http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/social_graph_concepts_and_issues.php
  19. 19. Social Graphs LinkedIn will help you organize and explore your extended networks – Allows you to extend your network by pivot browsing across contacts
  20. 20. Navigating Social Graphs <ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Pivot browsing </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul>
  21. 21. Pivot Browsing
  22. 22. Topic – Concept Map http://cs-alb-pc3.massey.ac.nz/notes/59102/mindmap.gif http://www.topicscape.com/concept-mapping.html
  23. 23. Review of Web 2.0 Tools <ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAQs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OERs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>G-snap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube™ </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Blogs <ul><li>Personal and group publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You publish – readers comment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Basis of ‘citizen journalism’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early and ‘informal’ reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Bottom up’ vs. ‘top down’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Easy Web publishing / templates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogger.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WordPress.org </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. RSS <ul><li>Really Simple Syndication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishing news and content alerts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CNN news alerts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Snippet publishing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>News, alerts, lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iTunes top 10 list </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Addendum to blogging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notification of new posts </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Wikis <ul><li>MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Wikibooks </li></ul><ul><li>Wikiversity </li></ul><ul><li>WikiProject </li></ul>http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki
  27. 27. Wikipatterns <ul><li>Optimizing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adoption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul></ul>http://www.wikipatterns.com/display/wikipatterns/Wikipatterns
  28. 28. Forums and FAQs <ul><li>Q&A </li></ul><ul><li>Dialog </li></ul><ul><li>Debate </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Solving problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning / sharing </li></ul>
  29. 29. User Built FAQs <ul><li>WikiAnswers </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Slashdot </li></ul><ul><li>Web MD </li></ul>
  30. 30. ‘ Tagging’ <ul><li>Digg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective site ranking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Del.icio.us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding tags </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tag clouds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of tags on a site </li></ul></ul><ul><li>StumbleUpon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site discovery by user type </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Tag Clouds A tag cloud is a set of related tags with corresponding weights. Typical tag clouds have between 30 and 150 tags. The weights are represented using font sizes or other visual clues. Meanwhile, histograms or pie charts are most commonly used to represent approximately a dozen different weights. Hence, tag clouds can represent many more weights, though less accurately so. Also, frequently, tag clouds are interactive: tags are hyperlinks typically allowing the user to drill down on the data. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tag_cloud http://careo.elearning.ubc.ca/~blamb/FolksonomyCast.mov
  32. 32. Social Media Meets Social Learning Image from http://www.biojobblog.com/ Trademarks property of respective owners
  33. 33. Social Media Properties <ul><li>YouTube™ </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li>Del.ico.us </li></ul><ul><li>StumbleUpon </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul>
  34. 34. Twitter <ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ IM cast’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>140 characters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tweets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul></ul>Twitter is a service for friends, family, and co–workers to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent answers to one simple question: What are you doing? http://www.twitter.com/
  35. 35. g-snap! <ul><li>SMS plus content </li></ul><ul><li>Archives to stories </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Event casting </li></ul><ul><li>Informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>Unstructured events </li></ul><ul><li>Data can be searched </li></ul>http://www.gsnap.com/
  36. 36. Second Life <ul><li>Social interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Avatar personas </li></ul><ul><li>Obscure physique? </li></ul><ul><li>Richer interactions? </li></ul><ul><li>Role exploration? </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Classes / meetings </li></ul>
  37. 37. Business Meets Learning <ul><ul><li>Facebook™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LinkedIn™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Café classes </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Web 2.0 Learning Portals <ul><ul><li>Science blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access science (PLOS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>InnoCentive™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikibooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iTunesU </li></ul></ul>http://engineering.curiouscatblog.net/
  39. 39. Facebook & Twitter http://www.facebook.com/apps/application.php?id=28901872314
  40. 40. Open Access Learning <ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directory of Open Access Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLOS - Public Library of science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google earth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google ocean </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 42. Web 2.0 meets Web 3.0 <ul><li>Human tagging </li></ul><ul><li>Machine readable </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge constructs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assertions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge arcs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyper documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Navigable paths </li></ul>
  42. 43. Semantic Wiki Project <ul><ul><li>WikiProteins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Knol™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Notebook™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Textbook™ </li></ul></ul>http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Semantic_MediaWiki
  43. 44. Semantic Wiki Ontology <ul><li>Entity relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Assertions </li></ul><ul><li>Nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Arcs </li></ul><ul><li>Edges </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Namespaces </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Pivot browsing </li></ul>http://www.mikeaxelrod.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/iswc-ontology-web.png
  44. 45. Hyper-document Tagging http://www.textensor.com/enhancing-documents-2007.html
  45. 46. Collaboration Tools <ul><li>Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>TeamViewer™ </li></ul><ul><li>CCC Confer </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><li>TelePresence™ </li></ul><ul><li>WebEx™ </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Roundtable™ </li></ul>
  46. 47. Workplace Learning http://professional-learning.eu/
  47. 48. Informal Learning Communities <ul><ul><li>New social process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic centric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Un-conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Un-classrooms </li></ul></ul>
  48. 49. Strategies and Tips for Un-Course Management <ul><li>Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Participate </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Archiving </li></ul>Unconference - discussion based learning – facilitation is critical!
  49. 50. Collaboration / Learning <ul><li>Synchronous </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous </li></ul><ul><li>Exchanging formal and informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>Process / flow </li></ul><ul><li>Social patterns </li></ul>http://resolutionarythinking.com/
  50. 51. Knowledge Work Evolves <ul><li>Impersonal knowledge is those ideas and pieces of information made explicit in documents and files ( sometimes email ). </li></ul><ul><li>Personal knowledge is the tacit learning locked inside our heads (not written down). </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal knowledge is implicit between and among individuals and embedded in conversations and connections (esp. email). </li></ul>
  51. 52. Engineering Learning Communities <ul><ul><li>New tools / techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serving the long-tail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High performance work groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative learning </li></ul></ul>http://www.enhanced-learning.net/ http://psalter.edublogs.org/
  52. 53. Bioinformatics / Genomics What do our genes work? What do new discoveries mean? Where does new knowledge ‘fit’? How do proteins, genes, environment interact? http://proteins.wikiprofessional.org/
  53. 54. Augmented Social Cognition <ul><li>PARC </li></ul><ul><li>How groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason </li></ul></ul>http://asc-parc.blogspot.com/
  54. 55. Learning Organizations <ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSR efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Social Enterprise </li></ul></ul>http://www.hbs.edu/socialenterprise/
  55. 56. Tribes – Learning to Action <ul><li>Social / network computing </li></ul><ul><li>Turn learning into process </li></ul><ul><li>Process into action </li></ul><ul><li>Action into results </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering change </li></ul>http://sethgodin.typepad.com/
  56. 57. Learning as a Social Process <ul><ul><li>New social process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global reach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving the needle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gap analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul></ul></ul>
  57. 58. Social Computing and knowledge building <ul><li>Social networks </li></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Portals </li></ul><ul><li>P2P </li></ul><ul><li>C2C </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul>http://www.forrester.com/
  58. 59. Summary <ul><li>Learning is a social process </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools strengthen social transactions and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Informal and workplace learning is significant in a knowledge economy </li></ul><ul><li>Adult learners and knowledge workers need tools for learning </li></ul>
  59. 60. References <ul><li>PARC – http://www.parc.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Google – http://www.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>W3C – http://www.w3c.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki – http://www.mediawiki.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>WikiProject – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_wiki/ </li></ul><ul><li>Open Educational Resources – http://www.oercommons.org/ </li></ul>

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