Autism and Education
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Autism and Education

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The project I have chosen to radically revise my second paper about Autism and Education. I plan on making an informative power point based on the researched information from my paper. In the......

The project I have chosen to radically revise my second paper about Autism and Education. I plan on making an informative power point based on the researched information from my paper. In the power point, I will discuss the different options available to the parents of children with autism. The different options I will discuss include enrolling a child in a private school, the process of enrolling a child in public school, and enrolling a child in an alternative school. For each option, I will discuss the pros and cons, advantages and disadvantages of each choice. The objectives of my power point include informing parents of autism more about the disorder, outlining the step by step process of enrolling a child into a special education program in a public school, outlining the different laws associated with how the public school systems and special education, discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each option, and give references for more information on Autism and how to help out the cause. The goal of the power point overall is to inform parents of children with autism of their different options, and hopefully it will become an aid in their decision when it comes time to decide how they want to educate their child. I also plan on providing more information on Autism, so they will be able to learn more about the disorder and have some references to find more information about it.
As for the interface, I will be using Microsoft Powerpoint. In the program there is an option to ‘Publish as a Webpage”, which is how I am going to publish my work. I will be posting the link to the webpage I created with the power point to a blog I created so it will be accessible to a wide audience. By using a blog as well I give the audience a chance to provide feedback on my website, or a forum to post more information. Parents can post their opinions, choices, or provide advice for each other.

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  • 1. Education and Autism:Knowing Your Options
    By,
    Amanda Lazo
    For my ENC1102 class, taught by Ron Salutsky
  • 2. Objectives
    Learn more about autism
    inform parents of children with autism of their different options regarding education
    outline the step by step process of enrolling a child into a special education program in a public school
    outlining the different laws associated with public school systems and special education
    discuss the advantages and disadvantages public schooling
    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of private schooling
    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of specialized educational schools
    give references for more information on Autism and how to help out the cause.
  • 3. History
    In 1943, Leo Kanner released an article titled “Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact”
    It was in this article that ‘autism’ was first used to describe 11 children exhibiting what are now recognized as symptoms of autism
    Kanner noted that: “The basic desire for aloneness and sameness has remained essentially unchanged…”
    It was based upon this observation that he decided to use the word ‘autism’ itself, because of it’s meaning in Greek which is ‘self’
    Autistic adults and children alike were being misdiagnosed in the early twentieth century.
  • 4. Childhood Schizophrenia vs Autism
    Autistic adults and children alike were being misdiagnosed in the early twentieth century as having childhood schizophrenia
    They both have similar symptoms such as:
    Isolation
    Not relating to peers
    Unusual thinking
    Unusual behavior
    It wasn’t until Leo Kanner’s article that people started to recognize Autism as a different disorder
  • 5. Symptoms of Autism
    Developmental disorder
    There is a broad ‘spectrum’
    “Once you know one child with autism; you know one child with autism”
    The spectrum is far and wide
    individual cases can be vastly different
    Autistic people view the world differently than you or I would
    Some common symptoms include, but are not limited to:
    social awkwardness
    appearing to be ‘disconnected’ from the world and the people in it
    an infant may not respond to people, even their parents
    An infant may concentrate on a toy for a while
    A child with severe autism may be taken aback by their own mother, who cares for them everyday
    yet a child with mild autism may just not approach people they don’t know too well
    Children have trouble with speech
    more severe cases are not able to speak at all
    Routines and repetitive movements
    If a routine is interrupted or changed, it is hard for them to function or deal with said change.
  • 6.
  • 7. The Autism Spectrum
    One child with autism may be completely different from another child diagnosed with autism
    The spectrum aids in differentiating between the severity of the case
    How to place child on spectrum:
    an evaluation to first diagnose autism
    a questionnaire
    a deeper evaluation that requires
    a psychologist
    neurologist
    psychiatrist
    speech therapist
    other professionals familiar with children
    There may be other factors that may be causing symptoms similar to autism
    for example, slow speech development is a symptom of autism
    deafness may slow speech development in a child
  • 8. Hmmm….
    Do autistic children go to school?
    Can my child go to school with other children their age, or will they be sent away to a facility?
    Autistic children have problems interacting socially, so it may seem to be an issue with families as to whether or not they want to send their child to a public or private school, or even to a separate institution.
  • 9. Education and Autism
    Autistic children require a highly structured and monitored learning environment to flourish.
    According to the Autism Society, the education of autistic children should cover an array of topics that may incorporate treatment
    academics
    communication and language skills
    social skills
    self-help skills
    behavioral issues
    leisure skills
    The Autism Society lists “social skill development, communication, behavior, and sensory integration” as major areas when making an education plan for autistic children
  • 10. Option 1: Public School
    Many public schools have special education programs designed to help those with disabilities
    includes autism
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, also called IDEIA
    a federal law that helps children with disabilities
    guarantees children with disabilities a free and ‘appropriate’ public education
    “No Child Left Behind Act”
    gives all children the opportunity to have “appropriate, high-quality education”
    Also includes those with disabilities (“IDEIA & Your Child's Rights”).
  • 11. Public School Process
    IDEIA states that an evaluation is required to be sure the child has a disability, and to identify said disability
    After the evaluation, one would contact the school and notify them of their child’s disability so they can follow through with IDEIA.
    The school will need proof from a professional that the child has a disability, or may request to perform an evaluation by a team of professionals.
    autism is very individual, and different children exhibit different symptoms so it is crucial the evaluation is done by professionals to develop an appropriate program for the child.
  • 12. Public School Process Ctd…
    After an evaluation, an Individual Education Program (IEP) is developed
    An IEP is “a written document that outlines a child’s education” (“Individualized Education Plan”).
    Every child with a disability in the public schooling system has their own unique IEP
    The IEP states:
    the goals for the child for the school year
    how the child is going to reach said goals
    it is used as a method to track the student’s progress
    Developing an IEP is an involved process
    IEP would not be declared as complete until it is analyzed and everyone at the meeting agrees on what the final document entail
    A year later all of those present at the meeting meet up again to discuss progress and future changes
  • 13. Public Schooling
    Inexpensive
    the IDEIA states that public schools will provide treatment and education for children with disabilities at no cost
    Effective
    Social interaction with peers has shown to help autistic children
    Individualized plan
    Children get good education along with treatment
    May not get all attention needed
    Schools may not have good instructors
    Pros
    Cons
  • 14. Option 2: Specialized Schools
    Another option would be to send your child to a ‘specialized school’
    Schools exist across the nation specifically to help those with disabilities
    “Victory Center” in Miami, Florida
    “nonprofit, nonsectarian center that provides education and services for children and families affected by autism and developmental or behavioral challenges”
  • 15. Specialized Schools
    only enroll autistic children
    provide a secure, safe environment
    Children receive a good education, along with treatment for their disorder
    Cost.
    According to the “Victory Center”’s website, tuition is between $29,400 to $43,200 per year
    Pros
    Cons
  • 16. Option 3: Private Schooling
    Private schools are not controlled by the state, and therefore have their own policies regarding children with disabilities.
  • 17. Private Schooling
    Good quality education
    Social interaction with other children
    Graduate from school with ‘good name’
    With combination of separate OT may be same as public schooling
    Expensive
    would need to pay for separate OT
    not obligated to make an IEP, or even give the child special treatment or attention to learn
    may not get the same quality of education based on the fact that autistic children learn differently than non autistic children
    Pros
    Cons
  • 18. Want more info on autism?
  • 19. Sources
    "Autism Fact Sheet." National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm>.
    "Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)." NICHD - The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Official Home Page. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/asd.cfm>.
    Bursztyn, Alberto M. The Praeger Handbook of Special Education. New York: Praeger, 2006.
    Cumine, Val. Autism In the Early Years A Practical Guide. London: David Fulton, 2000.
    Forman, Lorine. E-mail interview. 7 Feb. 2010.
    "Genetic History." Exploring Autism. National Alliance for Autism Research. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.exploringautism.org/history/index.htm>.
    "IDEA & Your Child's Rights." Autism Society of America. Autism Society of America. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=life_edu_IDEA>.
    "Individualized Education Plan (IEP)." Autism Society of America. Autism Society of America. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=life_edu_IEP>.
    Kanner, Leo. "Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact." Nervous Child (1943): 217-50.
    "Mission: Victory School for Children with Autisim - Miami FL." The Victory Center. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.thevictoryschool.org/cms.php?id=15>.
    "Schizophrenia In Children." American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. Web. 02 Mar. 2010. <http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/schizophrenia_in_children>.
    "Symptoms of Autism." Autism Speaks, Home Page. Autism Speaks Inc. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.autismspeaks.org/whatisit/symptoms.php>.
    "Tuition Information." The Victory School. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.thevictoryschool.org/cms.php?id=35>.
    "Unique Needs and Abilities." Autism Society of America. Autism Society of America. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=life_edu_unique>.
    "A very brief history of Autism." Best Behaviour Consulting. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.bestbehaviour.ca/briefhistory.htm>.
    "What is Autism?" Autism Speaks, Home Page. Autism Speaks Inc. 7 Feb. 2010 <http://www.autismspeaks.org/whatisit/index.php>.