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Smart city vs. Green city vs. xxx. Which approach for which city?

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Presented at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA) Summer School. June 2013

Presented at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA) Summer School. June 2013


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  • Qui soc? Enginyer, Diplomat en DG 20 anys en el món privat (enginyeria, direcció de projectes, entorn internacional, marketing, direcció, consultoria) 10 anys a l’Ajuntament de Manresa (Presidència, tecnologia, Europa, innovació, desarrollo econòmic, universitats) No soc un acadèmic Llegeixo, escolto, miro tendències, miro la meva organització y adapto la meva organització a les tendències. Us explico el que he après al llarg de la meva experiència i que desenvolupo en el meu Manual de Introducción Rápida al DEL . Per tant, casi tot és el resultat de casos concrets, alguns dels quals mencionaré i explicaré. Selecciono uns punts. Però podeu comentar, afagir, discrepar i preguntar el que volgueu. Es tracta d’enriquir-nos tots.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Smart city vs. Green city vs. xxxx which approach for which city Summer School in “EU Economic Integration and Regional Development” EIPA - Barcelona - 26 June 2013
    • 2. SUMMARY 1.- The global situation according to: ● The Royal Society (People and the Planet) ● OECD (Green growth in cities 2013) ● EU (2020 strategy and 2030 green paper) ● Conclusions for cities 2.- Green city vs. smart city 3.- Future of cities
    • 3. What is the world situation? “People and the Planet” Report The Royal Society (UK) – April 2012 • 7 billion people reached during 2011 and between 8 and 10 billion by 2050 • Consumption in richest countries is not affordable for a population of 7 billions or more • Developing countries will be building the equivalent of a city of one million people every 5 days form now to 2050.
    • 4. What is the world situation? “People and the Planet” Report The Royal Society (UK) – April 2012 Recommendations: § Fight absolute poverty 1.3 Billion people <1,25$/day § Reduce material consumption levels § Control fertility rates § Population and environment should be considered jointly § New Urbanisation should reduce material consumption and environmental impact § Develop new socio-economic systems not dependent on continuous growth
    • 5. What is the role for cities? OECD Green Growth in Cities 2013 An explosive urban growth expected for the coming decades Today, 7 billion people, 50% in cities By the end of the century, 10 billion people, 85% in cities This means +5 billion dwellers to accommodate
    • 6. What is the role for cities? OECD (Green Growth in Cities 2013) Cities play a disproportionate role in economic and environmental performance of countries 2% of the OECD regions account for 1/3 of the OECD growth In India and China, 5 largest cities account for 5% of the population but contribute 15% of national GDP Cities account for 67% of global energy use and 71% of global energy-related CO2 emissions Urban policies are key for a glogal green growth
    • 7. What is urban green growth? OECD (Green Growth in Cities 2013) It is fostering economic growth and development through urban activities that reduce environmental impact ● Low air pollution and CO2 emissions ● Low consumption of natural resources (water, energy, undeveloped land) It is an opportunity to: Create jobs Attract firms and investment while Improving local environmental quality and Addressing global environmental challenges (climate change)
    • 8. Benefits of urban green growth OECD (Green Growth in Cities 2013) For jobs creation, energy-efficiency retrofits of buildings For city attractiveness to firms and talent, increase the efficiency of the transport system For increased production of green goods, foster green technology R+D+i For an increase in the value of urban land, urban redevelopment including infill and eco-districts
    • 9. Benefits of urban green growth In the Climate Change Economy, It's About Efficiency, Not Just Growth. Emily Badger. The Atlantic Cities.
    • 10. And what's the point with the EU? European 2020 strategy (2010) 3 interlinked priorities: 1. Smart growth Knowledge and Innovation based economy 2. Sustainable growth a more efficient, greener and competitive economy 3. Inclusive growth High-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion
    • 11. And what's the point with the EU? European 2020 strategy (2010) 5 EU headline targets: 1. 75% employment rate 2. 3% investment in R&D (of EU GDP) 3. 20/20/20 climate/energy targets 4. <10% early school leavers & min. 40% hold a tertiary degree 5. 20 million less people at risk of poverty
    • 12. And what's the point with the EU? An on-going 2030 consultation for climate and energy policies There are 3 EC Roadmaps for the objective of reducing GreenHouse Gas emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050: ● A competitive low carbon economy ● Energy ● Transport By 2030 emissions should be reduced by 40% in the EU and it should be a 30% share of renewable energy Consultation is on how to ensure these objectives.
    • 13. II. Green cities and Smart cities Green city vs. Smart city?
    • 14. Green City vs. Smart City Green City ● A Green city is a city which has made a committment with “Green” ● It means improving Environment Sustainability and Quality of Life ● With a number of indicators – to measure city improvements and – to compare with other cities ● It is the will of the city to reduce its Carbon footprint §
    • 15. Green City vs. Smart City Green City The fields where a Green City is willing to be better are: ● Energy reduction (buildings retrofit) ● Renewable energies ● Waste reduction and management ● Water consumption reduction ● Mobility improvement (transport, bikes, pedestrians, compact cities) §
    • 16. Green City vs. Smart City Smart City A “Smart city” is a city that improves city management through the use of technology The EC Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform has working groups on: ● Energy supply networks ● Energy efficiency and buildings ● Transport and mobility ● Finance coordination ● Smart City roadmap
    • 17. To be a Green City is a strategic goal for a city Smart City is a way to efficiently manage the city
    • 18. Future of Cities Green Cities, Smart Cities,....... OK, but....... ● What to do with our city? ● Which way must we bring her? ● How to choose the right strategic goals? Not an easy question because........
    • 19. ….there are so much concepts arising Clusters Green Cities Smart Cities Social Cohesion Leadership Environment Sustainability Collaboration Fight against poverty and social exclusion Talent Competitiveness Macro-regions Technology Knowledge Economy New Government styles Transparency Social Economy Open data Voluntary work Education Citizens Participation Re-industrialization E-government PPP ……….. Innovation Re-localization ………..
    • 20. ¿How to add all those concepts the right way? § We need classifying them...... § …....give them priorities...... § …...defining our objectives.... § ….understanding the relations between them..... § ……and fitting all of it to our city needs! Let's define a city strategic system!
    • 21. Generando emprendedores en nuestra ciudad 2.- El sistema, hoy
    • 22. The city strategic system The system has 3 categories of elements : Goals, tools and complements 1) The main goals, are the same for any town or city: ● Social Cohesion ● Economic Competitiveness ● Environmental Sustainability
    • 23. The city strategic system 2) The essential tools ● Innovation ● New Government Styles 3) The complements ● They allow us to fit the strategy according to the assets, resources, needs and will of our city
    • 24. Generando emprendedores en nuestra ciudad 2.- El sistema, hoy
    • 25. The city strategic system So, Green? Smart? Xxxxx? Every city must design its own future
    • 26. More on Local Development in my free e-book at www.alainjorda.com read my posts on ciudadinnova.blogspot.com and follow me on twitter, linkedin and facebook http://www.slideshare.net/ajorda
    • 27. Bibliographical references § People and the Planet. (The Royal Society, 2012) § Green Growth in Cities (OECD, 2013) § 2020 EU Strategy and 2030 Eu Green Paper § In the Climate Change Economy, it's about efficiency, not just growth. Emily Badger. The Atlantic Cities
    • 28. Thank you!

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