Towards a BETTER and PROSPEROUS City
1. Rahul Singh Keram (Team Coordinator) , III sem(E&TC),NIT Raipur.
2. Nikhil Yede, III sem(E&TC),NIT Raipur.
3. D Vivek, III sem(Meta.),NIT Raipur.
4. Arunabh Singh, IIIsem(CSE), BITS Pilani, Goa.
5. Yugantar Mishra,III sem(Mech.),Rungta College of Engg. &Tech, Raipur.
India will have 68 cities with population over 1 million by 2030
•India’s fast-growing and relatively productive cities will drive a near fourfold
increase in India’s per capita income between 2008 and 2030.
•The growth imperative that India needs to grow its GDP at close to 10 percent a year
to create enough employment for the nation’s young and growing population.
•Cities will account for 70 percent of India’s GDP by 2030.
But , are the present Indian cities able to reach there?
What must be done to make Indian cities, the future cities?
•Increasing the approach towards existing programmes like JNNURM and RAY.
•Proper sanitation and sewage line facilities in drainage system.
•Minimizing road traffic by encouraging increased use of public transportation , bicycles
for covering small distances and, keeping track on stray animals.
•Plantation of more and more trees in urban locality.
•Provision of clean drinking water, electricity and encouraging the use of alternative
sources of energy.
•Proper waste management facilities for disposal and treatment of wastes generated in
large amounts, in urban areas.
Waste management is one of the major problems current Indian cities are facing.
Absence of adequate measures to
manage and treat wastes
Lack of public consultation and
failure to consider public opinion
•Large dumps of waste are left openly in landfills untreated.
• Yearly increase in the overall quantity of solid waste in cities is about 5 per cent.
•India becoming a dumping ground for e-wastes.
Percentageof wastes generated in cities
IMPACTS OF WASTES
•Unhygenic conditions due to untreated wastes.
•Large areas of land abandoned of their use due to open dumping.
India produces about one billion tons of urban solid wastes annually .
Establishing waste treatment plants
Setup of waste management strategy and Target Groups for every major city.
Setting up governmental body for waste management.
Every state will have a sub-body to look after the working of those plants.
Government should also collaborate with the informal sectors for the collection
of solid waste.
Initial setup amount estimated is Rs.80 crore per plant.
Each major city must own a waste processing station or substations (if required).
These stations collects, segregates and processes wastes from
all over the city.
Collection of wastes from dustbins provided at every corners of the city.
Processing is carried out by composting or recycling the wastes.
Recycled wastes to be sent to respective manufacturing industries.
Creation of national awareness programmes about waste generation and management.
Helpline service should be started for immediate actions for waste management.
Setup of waste management strategy
• Closure of existing landfill.
• Waste and / or recyclable materials transport.
• Engagement of NGOs and community groups (such as Scouts, Lions, Rotary etc.)
in achieving waste management objectives .
• Cessation of crate or bundled recyclables and the introduction of co-mingled
collection of recyclables.
• Change of green organics collection from weekly to fortnightly collection.
wastes mostly constitute
of organic wastes
and plastic items.
These must be stored in
separate dustbins at the
time of collection.
Commercial shops &
Wastes generated are
mostly plastics and
must be collected and
treated or recycled.
The local media play a
vital role in making
public aware about
and different waste
and help the
Citizens are equally responsible as government for waste management
Reports to Home MinistryCENTRAL BODY
Collects waste &
takes it plant
Public suggestions Awareness
to manage wastes
Case Study: Nisarguna Biogas Plant managed by Municipal authorities
Funds from Central &
•Increasing property taxes
•Service charges from
•Involvement of public &
recovery of wastes
•From byproducts of
obtained form treatment
Provision of land,
transport and other
Wages to employees.
Fuel and processing
Total Estimation = Rs.75 crores
MGI Report suggests
spending $2.2 trillion in cities
over the next 20 years.
Fate of existing landfills.
Placement of waste storage depots.
Frequency of collection of wastes.
Market for recycled and/or treated
Public resistance to change.
Lack of co-ordination among
Segregation of wastes on existing
landfills and processing there, if
Public must be informed about their
locations in the community.
Alternating collection days for different
areas, on the basis of proposed waste
Tie-ups between respective industries.
Awareness through local media.
Training programmes for employees.
Covering all the major areas of metro city, including suburb areas.
Gradual reduction of landfill areas, that can be utilised for future
construction works or plantation.
Awareness among people will inspire them towards minimisation of
resources and to reuse, recycle ; whatever possible.
Provides alternative sources of energy , e.g. biogas plants.
Adverse effects on environment will be minimised.
Informal sectors contribute a lot to widen the impact of waste management
Challenges Mitigation factors
India’s urban awakening: Building inclusive cities sustaining economic
growth, MGI Reports 2010.
Report on Civic Amenities in Urban Areas, Planning Commission 2002.
Report on Solid Wastes Management, India Infrastructure Report