• Academic reading places several demands
on you at once
• Different texts require different kinds of
• You cannot read in a hurry
• Highlight key words/phrases/sentences
• Connect ideas with lines or symbols
• Writing comments or questions in the margin
• Noting anything that seems noteworthy or
• Annotating forces you to read more than just the
• It also creates a record of things you want to say (in
THINKING ABOUT HOW
THE TEXT WORKS
How does the text’s parts fit together?
What does it say?
Write a sentence that identifies each
paragraph. At the end, look to
What does it do?
Identify the function of each
Helps the reader understand the text and see the
relationship amongst the text’s ideas
Patterns: Recurring words and their synonyms;
Repeated phrases, metaphors and other types of
What is the writing strategy used most often:
Narration? Compare & Contrast? Etc.
Argument: Claiming something and then offering
reasons and evidence as support for the claim.
Look closely at the argument the text makes.
Recognize all the claims.
Consider the support the text offers for those
How do you want to respond?
Who else cares about this topic?