0
Ending
homelessness
in Kingston and
across Canada:
What’s the plan?

Michael Shapcott
The Wellesley Institute
Queen’s Univ...
Housing and
homelessness:
Measuring the need
State of Homelessness in Canada
2013: Canadian Homelessness
Research Network / Canadian
Alliance to End Homelessness
Shelter usage: 818 people in 2012
up 25% over 2011
Avg. stay: 28 nights
up from 22 days in 2010

What about
Kingston?

-

...
How did we
get so many
precariously
housed?
Toronto 1911:
Founding of
Wellesley Hospital
“The health of Toronto must necessarily mean the health of
its citizens. It must mean, too, the continued progress and
dev...
s ood
um o g
sl nt
to d i
o n e es
or rm m
T fo o
ns h
ra
t
Bad housing makes you sick!
Homelessness:
Increased morbidity
Increased premature mortality
Contextual:
Individual / neigh...
Good housing good for health!
Physical and mental health:
Better health outcomes /
decreased health care utilization

Envi...
Making the
connections

Toronto 1911:
Founding of
Wellesley Hospital
Wellesley Urban
Health Model
Social exclusion...
...cultural adequacy:
The equity lens
Systems thinking:
How interconnections
in complex, dynamic
world impact our lives
and our health
“After 20 years of continuous decline, both inequality and
poverty rates have increased rapidly in the past 10 years,
now ...
ity
al
qu
Ine
ivate
d pr
ty an
uali
k e ts
Ineq
mar
sing
ou
each
h
or r
out
sing
crea
in

95%
of
Cana
dians
live i
home
n
s in p
rivate
...
Selected policy recommendations for OECD
countries from Divided We Stand

• Reforming tax and benefit policies is

the mos...
OECD social
expenditures

Canada
32nd out of 34
Toronto 1911:
Founding of
Wellesley Hospital
‘Social spending in Canada relies more on
public services (education, housing,
health, etc.) than on cash transfers, such
...
How recent spending + tax policies
favour highest income households

Survey of Household Spending 2011
Federal housing investments as a
percentage of GDP)
1.20%
1.10%
1.00%
0.90%
0.80%
0.70%

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

200...
When the feds cut a dollar in housing
investments… matching funds from
provinces, territories, municipalities,
community a...
Ontario Public Accounts
$3,250
$3,000
$2,750
$2,500
$2,250
$2,000
$1,750

17

20

16

20

15

20

14

20

13

20

12

20

11

20

10

20

09

20

...
626,300 homes in 2007
492,500 homes in 2017
Loss of 133,800 homes
22% of entire stock

650000
600000
550000

2017

2016

2...
Four observations:
!
!

1.Housing insecurity deep / persistent
2.Costly to people, communities,
economy, government
3.Fede...
1993	
  -­‐	
  feds	
  cancel	
  new	
  social	
  /	
  
affordable	
  housing	
  funding
1995	
  -­‐	
  Ontario	
  cancels	...
Municipal housing investments
(in dollars)

$1,900,000,000
$1,400,000,000

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002
...
Toronto 1911:
Founding of
Wellesley Hospital

John Peters Humphrey:
‘Father of modern international human rights system’
International Covenant on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights
!

Article 11
1. The States Parties to the present Covenant...
City of Kitchener (2010)
Ontario Municipal Board
Discriminatory municipal bylaw on spatial separation
!

“Statutory tribun...
Practical
proposals:
The Mexico
City Charter
!

National Survey on Housing:
!

• 71% want national housing plan
• 66% want increased fed funding
• 73% want increased f...
!

1.4.3 - Planning authorities shall provide for an appropriate range
and mix of housing types and densities to meet proj...
!

Municipalities are required to:
!

• develop and implement 10-year plans to end
homelessness and ensuring adequate hous...
Does
Kingston’s
plan meet
the tests?
!

Discuss… does Kingston’s plan:
!

• set targets to meet housing needs of everyone?
• ensure measurable, improved outcom...
www.wellesleyinstitute.com
Thank you!
Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?
Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?
Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?
Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?
Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?

366

Published on

This presentation examines the steps necessary to end homelessness in Kingston and Canada.

Michael Shapcott, Director of Housing and Innovation
www.wellesleyinstitute.com
Follow us on twitter @wellesleyWI

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
366
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Ending Homelessness in Kingston and Across Canada: What's the Plan?"

  1. 1. Ending homelessness in Kingston and across Canada: What’s the plan? Michael Shapcott The Wellesley Institute Queen’s University, October 2013
  2. 2. Housing and homelessness: Measuring the need
  3. 3. State of Homelessness in Canada 2013: Canadian Homelessness Research Network / Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness
  4. 4. Shelter usage: 818 people in 2012 up 25% over 2011 Avg. stay: 28 nights up from 22 days in 2010 What about Kingston? - 10,389 renter households paying 30% or more for housing (47.8%) Private rented housing: ! ! 7,277 owner households paying 30%or more for housing (15.6%) 296 vacant units in 2013 Affordable housing wait list: general wait time - 6m to 8 years ! Avg. market rent: $1,054 up 37% since 2013 inflation rate: 19% ! - Renter h/h income 2003 - $44,600 2011 - $32,100 28% decrease -
  5. 5. How did we get so many precariously housed?
  6. 6. Toronto 1911: Founding of Wellesley Hospital
  7. 7. “The health of Toronto must necessarily mean the health of its citizens. It must mean, too, the continued progress and development of Toronto along desirable lines. ...but I fear, in all candour one must confess that this city, in common with every large city, has acquired inevitable ‘slum districts’... You will probably say: “But Toronto has few such areas and they are not of great extent!” I say, and I think you will agree with me, that Toronto wants none of them, and that the Toronto of the future which we like to contemplate will have none of them.” ! Dr. H.A. Bruce Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario 1934
  8. 8. s ood um o g sl nt to d i o n e es or rm m T fo o ns h ra t
  9. 9. Bad housing makes you sick! Homelessness: Increased morbidity Increased premature mortality Contextual: Individual / neighbourhood deprivation networks / friends / crime Socio-economic: Affordability / energy Transportation / income / jobs Mental health: Alarming rates... especially Clinical depression and anxiety Control / meaning Collective efficacy Biological / physical: Chemicals, gases, pollutants Design (accidents) / crowding
  10. 10. Good housing good for health! Physical and mental health: Better health outcomes / decreased health care utilization Environment / physical infrastructure: New housing, repairs, heating, noise, indoor + outdoor environmental issues, allergens, water + sanitation Community safety: Reduced recidivism among people leaving incarceration Affordability interventions: Income-based housing subsidies
  11. 11. Making the connections Toronto 1911: Founding of Wellesley Hospital
  12. 12. Wellesley Urban Health Model
  13. 13. Social exclusion... ...cultural adequacy: The equity lens
  14. 14. Systems thinking: How interconnections in complex, dynamic world impact our lives and our health
  15. 15. “After 20 years of continuous decline, both inequality and poverty rates have increased rapidly in the past 10 years, now reaching levels above the OECD average.” OECD (2008), Growing Unequal? : Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries
  16. 16. ity al qu Ine
  17. 17. ivate d pr ty an uali k e ts Ineq mar sing ou each h or r out sing crea in 95% of Cana dians live i home n s in p rivate owne rship renta / l mar kets
  18. 18. Selected policy recommendations for OECD countries from Divided We Stand • Reforming tax and benefit policies is the most direct instrument for increasing redistributive effects. Large and persistent losses in low-income groups following recessions underline the importance of government transfers and well-conceived income-support policies. • The growing share of income going to top earners means that this group now has a greater capacity to pay taxes. In this context governments may reexamine the redistributive role of taxation to ensure that wealthier individuals contribute their fair share of the tax burden.
  19. 19. OECD social expenditures Canada 32nd out of 34 Toronto 1911: Founding of Wellesley Hospital
  20. 20. ‘Social spending in Canada relies more on public services (education, housing, health, etc.) than on cash transfers, such as unemployment and family benefits.’ OECD, 2011
  21. 21. How recent spending + tax policies favour highest income households Survey of Household Spending 2011
  22. 22. Federal housing investments as a percentage of GDP) 1.20% 1.10% 1.00% 0.90% 0.80% 0.70% 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 0.50% 1989 0.60% Government Revenues and Expenditures 2009
  23. 23. When the feds cut a dollar in housing investments… matching funds from provinces, territories, municipalities, community and business are lost
  24. 24. Ontario Public Accounts
  25. 25. $3,250 $3,000 $2,750 $2,500 $2,250 $2,000 $1,750 17 20 16 20 15 20 14 20 13 20 12 20 11 20 10 20 09 20 08 20 20 07 $1,500 Federal housing investments (in millions) Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 2012
  26. 26. 626,300 homes in 2007 492,500 homes in 2017 Loss of 133,800 homes 22% of entire stock 650000 600000 550000 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 450000 2007 500000 Federally subsidized homes Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 2012
  27. 27. Four observations: ! ! 1.Housing insecurity deep / persistent 2.Costly to people, communities, economy, government 3.Federal housing / homelessness investments eroding 4.No comprehensive national plan
  28. 28. 1993  -­‐  feds  cancel  new  social  /   affordable  housing  funding 1995  -­‐  Ontario  cancels  new  social  /   affordable  housing  funding 1996  -­‐  feds  start  to  download  most   exis<ng  housing  to  P  /T 1998  -­‐  Ontario  starts  to  download   housing  to  municipali<es    
  29. 29. Municipal housing investments (in dollars) $1,900,000,000 $1,400,000,000 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 $400,000,000 2000 $900,000,000 Government Revenues and Expenditures 2009
  30. 30. Toronto 1911: Founding of Wellesley Hospital John Peters Humphrey: ‘Father of modern international human rights system’
  31. 31. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ! Article 11 1. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to the continuous improvement of living conditions. The States Parties will take appropriate steps Toronto 1911: to ensure the realization of this right... Founding of Wellesley Hospital
  32. 32. City of Kitchener (2010) Ontario Municipal Board Discriminatory municipal bylaw on spatial separation ! “Statutory tribunals empowered to decide questions of law are presumed to have the power to look beyond their enabling statutes in order to apply the whole law to a matter properly in front of them.... The presumptive power to look beyond the tribunal's enabling statute is triggered simply where a tribunal (with the authority to decide questions of law) is confronted with "issues... that arise in the course of a case properly before” it....” Victoria (City) v. Adams (2009) BC Court of Appeal Municipal bylaw criminalizing activities associated with homelessness Toronto aid in “The use of international instruments to 1911: the interpretation of the meaning and Founding of scope of rights under Wellesley Hospital the Charter, and in particular the rights protected under s. 7 and the principles of fundamental justice, is wellestablished in Canadian jurisprudence.”
  33. 33. Practical proposals: The Mexico City Charter
  34. 34. ! National Survey on Housing: ! • 71% want national housing plan • 66% want increased fed funding • 73% want increased focus on homelessness
  35. 35. ! 1.4.3 - Planning authorities shall provide for an appropriate range and mix of housing types and densities to meet projected requirements of current and future residents… permitting and facilitating all forms of housing required to meet the social, health and well-being requirements of current and future residents, including special needs… ! Affordable means in the case of rental housing, the least expensive of: ! 1. a unit for which rent does not exceed 30% of gross annual income for low and moderate income households; or ! 2. a unit for which rent is at or below the average market rent…
  36. 36. ! Municipalities are required to: ! • develop and implement 10-year plans to end homelessness and ensuring adequate housing for all • consult widely • ensure measurable, improved outcomes • report annually on progress
  37. 37. Does Kingston’s plan meet the tests?
  38. 38. ! Discuss… does Kingston’s plan: ! • set targets to meet housing needs of everyone? • ensure measurable, improved outcomes? • identify the tools / funding required to meet the named outcomes? • report annually on progress?
  39. 39. www.wellesleyinstitute.com Thank you!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×