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2. the us welfare state presentation


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2. the us welfare state presentation

  1. 1. The US Welfare State
  3. 3. ContentsI. IntroductionII. The US Welfare’s services andprogramsIII.Qualifications of receiving WelfareIV.Achievements of the US Welfare
  4. 4. I. Introduction- Prevent Americancitizens from living ina state of poverty- Help the unemployedfind long term work
  5. 5. II. The US Welfare’s services andprograms1.Welfare’s services2.Welfare’s Programs
  6. 6. 1.Welfare’s services- Divided into 2 categories:• Social welfare services• Economic welfare services
  7. 7. 1.1. Social welfare services• Include any programs• Provide tremendous relief to a family inneed• Provide with extra income
  8. 8. 1.1. Social welfare services• Some of the myriad options for financialassistance are:–Temporary Assistance for Needy Families–Child Support–Benefits for Immigrants–The Child Nutrition Programs
  9. 9. 1.2. Economic welfare services–Generally refer to financial support.–Assist citizens.–Include direct cash, support services, taxbreaks, specific goods, or any othermeasure.
  10. 10. 2. Welfare’s ProgramsEITC
  11. 11. 2. Welfare’s Programs
  12. 12. 2. Welfare’s Programs• Many smallergovernment-assistanceprogramsE.g.: SpecialSupplemental FoodProgram for Women,Infants and Children[WIC]; generalassistance [GA]…
  13. 13. 2.1. TANF• Originated from the Aid toDependent Children (ADP)program in the SocialSecurity Act of 1935• 1950s and 1960s :renamedto the program Aid toFamilies with DependentChildren(AFDC)• 1996: replaced to TANF
  14. 14. 2.1 TANF
  15. 15. 2.1 TANF=>TANF cemented the primary emphasis ongetting welfare recipients into jobs.
  16. 16. III. Qualifications of receivingWelfare1. Requirements for residents2. Requirements for families3. Work requirements
  17. 17. 1. Requirements for residents• Must first be a citizen ofthe US• Legal immigrants for atleast five years• Exception for refugeeswho have dependentchildren under 18.
  18. 18. 2. Requirements for families• Families with minor childrenliving at home, not singlepeople• Pregnant mothers in their lastthree months• Relatives with whom thechildren are living, even ifthey are not the childrensparents
  19. 19. 3. Work requirements• TANF benefits => work activities• Single parents families >= 20 hours/week• Two-parent families: >= 35 hours/week• Single parents (have children < 6 years) : free• Teenage parents: attend school or job training
  20. 20. IV. Achievements of the US Welfare1. Benefits of welfare to economy2. Remarkable achievements to society
  21. 21. 1.Benefits of welfare to economy• Government-providedbenefits: completed byoccupational pension.=> Total yearly percapita disposableincome of retirees: notdiffer much.
  22. 22. 1.Benefits of welfare to economy• Less substitution: public and privateprovision (no government-operatedsystem)
  23. 23. 1.Benefits of welfare to economyChart 1: U.S. national health expenditure (NHE)as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)and private and public shares of NHE,selected years 1965–2015.
  24. 24. 1.Benefits of welfare to economy
  25. 25. 1.Benefits of welfare to economy=> Government transfer systems(including social insurance) have reducedthe scatter of the distribution of yearlydisposable income.
  26. 26. 2. Remarkable Social WelfareAchievementsThe 1996 Social Welfare Reform
  27. 27. The 1996 Social Welfare reform• In 1996: the "PersonalResponsibility and WorkOpportunity ReconciliationAct of 1996." law• President Bill Clintontriumphantly declaredthese reforms would “endwelfare as we know it”
  28. 28. The 1996 Social Welfare Reform• Reform’s goal: moving current and potentialwelfare recipients into the labor force• Establish “family caps”
  29. 29. The 1996 Social Welfare Reform• The replacement of the oldAid to Families withDependent Children (AFDC)program with the TemporaryAssistance for NeedyFamilies (TANF)• Emphasis on work, timelimits, and sanctions againststates• Strong decline in thecaseloads since the 1996reforms
  30. 30. The 1996 Social Welfare Reform• The number of familiesreceiving cash welfareis now the lowest it hasbeen since 1969• The percentage of childrenon welfare is lower than ithas been since 1966
  31. 31. The 1996 Social Welfare Reform=>• The American are in a new era of welfareuse.• The historic Welfare Reform in 1996 laidthe foundations for the later welfarereforms in America.
  32. 32. Discussion Questions1. Name the basic Welfare’s programs?2. Which is the most remarkableachievement of the Social Welfare?