Starter Activity What do these words mean to you? Want Ignorance Idleness Disease Squalor
Lesson Objectives know the key features of the welfare state Understand the factors which lead to the creation of the welfare state Be able to assess the impact of the welfare state
The welfare stateThe state takes theresponsibility to protect thehealth and welfare of itscitizens and meets theirsocial needsA safety net to protect the mostvenerable in society and toguarantee them adequateincome, healthcare, educationand housing
Sir William Beveridge viewed hiswelfare state proposals as„defeating five giants‟. Theseincluded: • Want (Poverty) • Disease • Ignorance • Squalor (Poor living conditions) • Idleness (Unemployment)
Labour landslide victory 1945Implemented the ideas ofBeveridgePeople would pay insurancecontributions whilst they were atwork and would be entitled tobenefits
Want: New National Insurance Act extended benefitsto everyone (1945). Those who were not working couldclaim unemployment pay for six months. Sick paycould be claimed for as long as you were sick.Disease: The National Health Service Actprovided free health care to everyone(1948).Ignorance: The 1944 Education Actprovided free education – Created the tri-partite system (education notes!)Squalor (Poor living conditions): The Government aimed to provided affordablehousing for all through the Town and County Planning Act (1947). Building 1.25million council houses between 1945 and 1951.Idleness: The government aimed to makesure that everyone who wanted to work wasable to. Marshall Aid plan – road building,infrastructure building projects lead tohigher employment.
Task 1- 10 minute task The welfare state today. Use pages 260 to 261 What is provided buy the welfare state today? What is the difference between contributory and non-contributory benefits?
Task 2 – 15 minute tasks What do the two main political parties think about the welfare state? Use the extracts on page 262 – 263 to summarise the views of the Labour and Conservative parties.
The government is not the only provider of welfare.Other welfare providers include: - Informal provision from friends, family and neighbours (e.g. caring for young, elderly) Voluntary Sector: these are non-for profit companies and charities who aim to help the socially excluded and those who need it. The private sector: these are profit making business. The government and individuals can purchase benefits and services from them. These can include private hospitals, private schools, medical insurance and private pensions.
• Want (poverty): benefits act as a safety net• Disease: Increase in good health due to free health care provision.• Education: More young people leaving school with qualifications. More place available at Colleges and Universities.• Squalor: Old slums demolished• Unemployment: Training opportunities to help people back into work.
Homelessness People still go without what others take for granted Long hospital waiting lists Some services are too expensive for some (e.g. dentists) High levels of unemployment Creates a dependency culture May be easier to pretend to be ill and claim benefits.
Summary task To what extent do you think that the welfare state has been successful in defeating the “five giants”?