Housing Insecurity and Homelessness: What Should Be Done?

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This presentation provides an overview of the erosion of federal housing funding over the past two decades and surveys the current policy landscape.

Michael Shapcott, Director of Housing and Innovation
www.wellesleyinstitute.com
Follow us on twitter @wellesleyWI

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Housing Insecurity and Homelessness: What Should Be Done?

  1. 1. Housing insecurity andhomelessness: Whatshould be done?Michael ShapcottU of T, 4 June 2013
  2. 2. Four observations:1. Housing insecurity deep / persistent2. Costly to people, communities,economy, government3. Federal housing / homelessnessinvestments eroding4. No comprehensive national plan
  3. 3. Mosthousingneedsinvisible
  4. 4. Bad housing makes you sick!Homelessness:Increased morbidityIncreased premature moralityMental health:Alarming rates... especiallyClinical depression and anxietyControl / meaningCollective efficacyBiological / physical:Chemicals, gases, pollutantsDesign (accidents) / crowdingSocio-economic:Affordability / energyTransportation / income / jobsContextual:Individual / neighbourhood deprivationnetworks / friends / crime
  5. 5. Good housing good for health!Physical and mental health:Better health outcomes /decreased health care utilizationCommunity safety:Reduced recidivism amongpeople leaving incarcerationAffordability interventions:Income-based housing subsidiesEnvironment / physical infrastructure:New housing, repairs, heating, noise,indoor + outdoor environmental issues,allergens, water + sanitation
  6. 6. Toronto 1911:Founding ofWellesley Hospital
  7. 7. Sprucecourt Apts 1914Torontoslumstransformedintogoodhomes
  8. 8. Equity impact
  9. 9. PlentyofpracticalsolutionsacrossCanada
  10. 10. ‘Homelessnessis aman-madedisaster’- Ursula Franklin
  11. 11. 0.50%0.60%0.70%0.80%0.90%1.00%1.10%1.20%198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009Erosion of federal housing investments(Federal housing investments as a percentage of GDP)1993-endoffederalhousing1996-‘step-outoffederalhousing1998-NationalHousingAct1995-NDP-Liberalbudgetdeal2009- StatsCanadacancelsGREdatabaseSource: Statistics Canada GRE database
  12. 12. $0#$500#$1,000#$1,500#$2,000#$2,500#$3,000#$3,500#2007-01-012008-01-012009-01-012010-01-012011-01-012012-01-012013-01-012014-01-012015-01-012016-01-012017-01-01Source: CMHC Corporate Plan 20132010 - federalstimulus budgetNational housing spending (in millions)$1.4 billion cut from 2010 to2017: 45% reduction innational housing spending
  13. 13. $0##$50##$100##$150##$200##$250##$300##$350##$400##$450##2007*01*01#2008*01*01#2009*01*01#2010*01*01#2011*01*01#2012*01*01#2013*01*01#2014*01*01#2015*01*01#2016*01*01#2017*01*01#Source: CMHC Corporate Plan 20132015 - zero federal dollarsfor new housingAffordable Housing Initiative (in millions)
  14. 14. Source: CMHC Corporate Plan 2013Erosion of federally-subsidized housing450000$500000$550000$600000$650000$700000$2007(01(01$2008(01(01$2009(01(01$2010(01(01$2011(01(01$2012(01(01$2013(01(01$2014(01(01$2015(01(01$2016(01(01$2017(01(01$Cut of 133,800 subsidizedhomes - 21% loss
  15. 15. Dynamicpolicylandscape
  16. 16. New thinking and newtools required
  17. 17. http://www.princes-foundation.org/sites/default/files/pf_community_capital_digital.pdfWeneedtothinkinsystemsanddeveloppracticaltools
  18. 18. Mobilizing forpositive change
  19. 19. Thank you!www.wellesleyinstitute.com

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