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How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English)
 

How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English)

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How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English)

How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English)

Regional Product Safety Attaché (Asia-Pacific)
U.S. Embassy, Beijing

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  • Regardless of whether regulation the outcome is regulation or standard. Our work shapes the outcome.
  • CPSC360 is the database the integrated teams are using.  The idea is every reported incident comes in, and so over a span of two years or so we can look for patterns that may not otherwise be readily apparent.

How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English) How The CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products (English) Presentation Transcript

  • U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission How the CPSC Identifies and Manages Risks Related to Consumer Products John Golden Regional Product Safety Attaché (Asia-Pacific) U.S. Embassy, Beijing This presentation was prepared by CPSC staff. It has not been reviewed or approved by the Commission and may not reflect its views.
  • How CPSC prevents injuries and deaths? Regulations Product Standards Identifies, monitors, analyzes trends Conducts risk assessments Conducts research Educates on manufacturing for safety Educates on safe use Surveillance: retail, Internet, p orts Investigations, Recalls, Compliance 2
  • What are the circumstances that trigger CPSC involvement? CPSC is a data-driven agency and performs analysis based on: • Post-market incidents • Reports of injuries, and incidents from multiple sources: – CPSC databases – Public sources, including firms and manufacturers – Shared information with domestic agencies – Shared information with international partners 3
  • What are the circumstances that trigger CPSC involvement? • Products that fail to comply with a technical regulation or ban administered by CPSC • Products that contain a defect which could create a “substantial product hazard” 4
  • What are the circumstances that trigger CPSC involvement? • Products that fail to comply with voluntary standards and present a “substantial product hazard” • Products that create an “unreasonable risk” of serious injury or death 5
  • Product Safety Concerns “Substantial Product Hazard” 1 A failure to comply with an applicable consumer product safety rule under [the CPSA] or similar rule, regulation, standard, or ban under any other Act enforced by the Commission which creates a substantial risk of injury to the public,… 1 Section 15 of the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) 6
  • Product Safety Concerns “Substantial Product Hazard” 1 or a product defect which (because of the pattern of defect, the number of defective products distributed in commerce, the severity of the risk, or otherwise) creates a substantial risk of injury to the public. 1 Section 15 of the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) 7
  • Risk Management Process Hazard Identification Data Collection Risk Analysis Probability of Hazard Occurrence and Consequence Risk of that Hazard Occurring that Often With That Consequence Risk Assessment and Prioritization Comparing Risk to Acceptability Criteria Risk Assessment Actions to Reduce Risk Ensuring Compliance What Actions Do We Take to Manage That Risk? How Do We Help Ensure Compliance With Risk Management Strategy? Evaluate Results Are Our Actions Effective? Risk Management 9
  • Data Collection • National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) – Data collected from approximately 100 hospital emergency departments around the country – Data weighted to provide consumer injury estimates nationwide • Death Certificates collected from all states for codes that likely involve consumer productrelated deaths 9
  • Data Collection • Saferproducts.gov • Hotline (800-638-CPSC) • News clips • In-depth investigations 10
  • Data Collection • Additional Surveillance Data from: – National Burn Center Reporting System – National Fire Incident Reporting System – Poison Control Centers • Collection of actual samples or a similar sample involved in an incident, purchased at a retailer or seized at a port 11
  • Hazard Identification An interdisciplinary team of subject matter experts reviews incidents to: • Identify hazards described • Examine chain of events • Review circumstances of incident and other consequences that could have resulted • Identify incident hazard patterns • Screen for trends and emerging hazards 12
  • Hazard Identification For physical samples, an interdisciplinary team of subject matter experts evaluates the samples to: • Identify hazards described • Determine the modes of failure • Determine compliance with existing safety standards or regulations 13
  • Risk Analysis Based on the evaluation of the data or physical sample, an interdisciplinary team of subject matter experts: • Makes a qualitative evaluation of risk, based on how often the hazard may occur and how harmful the hazard is • Captures all risk analysis in new internal database for longer-term pattern analysis 14
  • Risk Assessment and Prioritization Based on the results of the risk analysis, the CPSC compares the evaluated risk to the acceptable level of risk. The criteria for acceptable level of risk is based on: • Nature of hazard (e.g. level of consumer involvement, etc.) • Likelihood of occurrence • Severity of injury • Likely users of product 15
  • Risk Assessment and Prioritization Prioritization is based on the gap between the current risk posed by the product and the acceptability criteria, and it is influenced by the degree to which CPSC actions are estimated to mitigate the risk (addressability). 16
  • Actions to Reduce Risk Actions to reduce risk to acceptable levels: • • • • Participate in the improvement or creation of voluntary standards Improve or create technical regulations Reach out to manufacturers, distributors, and importers Educate the public The result is a strategy aimed at first lowering and then maintaining risk at acceptable levels. 17
  • Compliance With Risk Management Strategy Manufacturers, importers, and retailers have obligations that could include: • Testing and certification • Third-party testing and certification • Follow CPSC regulations, voluntary industry standards, and best manufacturing practices 18
  • Compliance With Risk Management Strategy Actions by CPSC to monitor compliance with meeting safer CPSC requirements may include: • Port surveillance • Market surveillance • CPSC internal testing 19
  • Compliance With Risk Management Strategy Compliance actions are taken when a product does not meet CPSC requirements and/or contains a defect that presents a substantial product hazard. Compliance actions may include: • • • • Stop sale Design change Recall to consumer and/or at distribution level Repair, replacement, and/or refund 20
  • Evaluate Results CPSC monitors and evaluates the hazards related to products to see if safety concerns are adequately addressed. CPSC performs data-driven evaluations to answer: • Are our actions effective? • Are we reducing the likelihood of occurrence? 21
  • Evaluate Results CPSC performs data-driven evaluations to address the following: • Are we reducing the severity of the injury? • Are we reducing the risk and thus closing the gap between actual level and acceptable level of risk? • Are manufacturers, importers, and retailers complying with CPSC requirements? 22
  • John Golden Regional Product Safety Attaché (Asia-Pacific) U.S. Embassy, Beijing Phone: 86-10-8531-3318 Fax: 86-10-8531-3652 E-mail: jgolden@cpsc.gov E-mail: goldenjx@state.gov