International Panel-2012•           Safety Academy    Mr. Zhou Shenghe AQSIQ    Mr. Alfredo Lobo   INMETRO    Mr. James Va...
Canada Consumer Product Safety Act            (CCPSA)Presentation to the CPSC Safety AcademyJames Van Loon, Director, Risk...
Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)•   Governs a post market regime to address/prevent dangers to human health    o...
Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)•   Governs a post market regime to address/prevent dangers to human health    o...
CCPSA Provisions for Industry Data and Documentation1. Ability to require tests and studies to verify compliance or preven...
Regulations    CCPSA also has regulation-making authorities which set    out mandatory requirements for specific products:...
Voluntary Standards• Standards for consumer products are often used where there  may be regulatory gaps (i.e. magnets in t...
Managing Risk under the CCPSA• CCPSA General Prohibition; regulatory, policy and standards  development;• Enforcement powe...
Risk Management    Response to Non-Compliance          Enforcement Considerations•    Request voluntary measures•    Verif...
Risk Management – Compliance Promotion        Visitwww.health.gc.ca/ccpsa•   Contains general information on    CCPSA and ...
Thank youConsumer Product Safety Directorate:www.health.gc.ca/productsafety orwww.health.gc.ca/ccpsaCCPSA General Enquires...
CPSC        Brazilian Toys Certification Program       Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC                        Al...
CPSC        Brazilian Toys Certification Program       Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC                        Al...
CPSC        Brazilian Toys Certification Program       Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC                        Al...
CPSC        Brazilian Toys Certification Program       Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC                        Al...
CPSC                      Objective To provide a general overview on the Brazilian toy sector, focusing on the Product Cer...
CPSC   Some Information and data about Brazil • Population: 192 Million • Surface: 8,5 Million Km2 • Gross Domestic Produc...
CPSC   About INMETRO, the National Institute of      Metrology, Quality and Technology • Mission: To provide confidence in...
CPSC                       Main Activities Scientific and Industrial Metrology Legal Metrology Conformity Assessment A...
CPSC             The toys sector in BRAZIL • Sold units, 2012 (estimated): 170 million • Sales volume, retail price 2012: ...
CPSC    Toys Certification Program in BRAZIL (background)• Launched in 1998, in a standard basis of the Brazilian Associat...
CPSC     Current Conformity Assessment Procedure• Optional use of the Model 7 (batch testing) or the Model 5 (assessment  ...
CPSC            Certification Model 5 - frequency of tests                    First                Maintennance           ...
CPSC           Current Main Tests Applied       • Mechanical and physical tests       • Chemical tests       • Flammabilit...
CPSC              About Market Surveillance       • Inspection         • Last year actions: 49.165         • Non conformit...
CPSC  Main changes we are doing in our regulation for                toys certification.• Definition of essential tests th...
CPSC                             Thanks• Contacts  Phones: + 55 (21) 32161013 / + 55 (21) 32161015  E-mail: dqual@inmetro....
China’s Inspection and Supervision  System on Consumer Products          By Shenghe Zhou  Economic and Commercial Office o...
China’s Inspection and Supervision     System on Consumer ProductsI. Laws and RegulationsII. Law enforcementIII. Shared re...
I. Laws and Regulations1. The Law of PR.C. on Import and Export   Commodity Inspection2. Regulations for the Implementatio...
II. Law Enforcement1.   Mandatory Inspection2.   Snap Inspection3.   Classified Management of Export Enterprises4.   Surve...
1. Mandatory InspectionA. Import and Export Catalogue subject to  mandatory inspection: according to the  commodity inspec...
1. Mandatory InspectionB. Mandatory inspection on export products   proceduresStep 1 Exporter’s application for inspection...
2. Snap InspectionIn accordance with laws and regulations, Local  CIQs undertake snap inspection on import  products and e...
3. Classified Management on            export enterprisesA. Enterprise Classification: Enterprises are    classified into ...
3. Classified Management on           export enterprisesA. Enterprise Classification: Important elements  of classificatio...
3. Classified Management on            export enterprisesB. Risk ratings of export products1) high risk  (special supervis...
3. Classified Management on            export enterprisesC. modes of surveillance:1) Special surveillance (overall inspect...
4. Surveillance on Key Export          Consumer ProductsAs to the consumer products with high risk and  potential hazards,...
III. Shared ResponsibilitiesTo ensure safety of consumer products, we need  all the relevant parties including government ...
III. Shared ResponsibilitiesA. Cooperation among regulators:   dialogues, meetings, technical   discussions, workshops pro...
China’s Inspection and Supervision  System on Consumer Products            Thank you!
Consumer Product Safety•         CommissionMr. Dean W. Woodard U.S. CPSCDirector   Office of Education, Global Outreach, a...
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2012 CPSC Safety Academy: International Panel

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An international panel comprised of members of AQSIQ (China), INMETRO (Brazil), Health Canada and CPSC (U.S.) used this presentation to discuss the regulatory structure and suggestions for businesses.

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  • A step-wise approach is used whenever possible and appropriate in the circumstances. Inspector must consider/determine if the establishment has the ability to control product and to address any identified issues.Other factors to consider include the risk caused by the product, the urgency in correcting the issue, and undue delays to respond quickly to serious and imminent danger caused by the negotiation process.Deterrence can be about the company itself or the whole of industry.
  • Our goal is to ensure that industry at all levels understand their obligations under the Act. Industry needs to understand their new responsibilities under the legislation. Therefore, inspectors have an important role in increasing knowledge of their obligations under the Act.
  • 2012 CPSC Safety Academy: International Panel

    1. 1. International Panel-2012• Safety Academy Mr. Zhou Shenghe AQSIQ Mr. Alfredo Lobo INMETRO Mr. James Van Loon Health Canada Mr. Dean W. Woodard U.S. CPSC
    2. 2. Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)Presentation to the CPSC Safety AcademyJames Van Loon, Director, Risk Management BureauConsumer Product Safety Directorate Sept 20, 2012
    3. 3. Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)• Governs a post market regime to address/prevent dangers to human health or safety that are posed by consumer products• Defines consumer products as products (including components, parts, accessories, packaging) that may reasonably be expected to be obtained by an individual to be used for non-commercial purposes. • Does not apply to certain products that are addressed by other legislation, such as: explosives, cosmetics, drugs, food, medical devices, vehicles.• Contains a “General Prohibition” related to the manufacture, importation, sale or advertisement of consumer products that could pose an unreasonable danger to the health or safety of Canadians.• Outlines inspector powers, powers to order a recall and other corrective measures.• Fines and penalties including an administrative monetary penalties scheme (AMPs). 3
    4. 4. Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)• Governs a post market regime to address/prevent dangers to human health or safety that are posed by consumer products• Defines consumer products as products (including components, parts, accessories, packaging) that may reasonably be expected to be obtained by an individual to be used for non-commercial purposes. • Does not apply to certain products that are addressed by other legislation, such as: explosives, cosmetics, drugs, food, medical devices, vehicles.• Contains a “General Prohibition” related to the manufacture, importation, sale or advertisement of consumer products that could pose an unreasonable danger to the health or safety of Canadians.• Outlines inspector powers, powers to order a recall and other corrective measures.• Fines and penalties including an administrative monetary penalties scheme (AMPs). 4
    5. 5. CCPSA Provisions for Industry Data and Documentation1. Ability to require tests and studies to verify compliance or prevent non- compliance.2. Record-keeping requirements by industry to allow traceability in the event of a recall (e.g. name and address of person from whom the product was obtained and date product was sold)3. Mandatory reporting by industry of “incidents” with their products (including near misses) • A reportable incident may be: • a serious injury or death resulting from an unreasonable hazard posed by the normal or foreseeable use of the product or the foreseeable misuse of the product, • a defect or incorrect labelling that may result in serious injury or death, or • a recall or other measure in another jurisdiction. • Industry must provide information within 2 days to Health Canada and the person from whom they received the consumer product regarding an incident upon learning of the event. • Importers or manufacturers must also provide a written report within 10 days after the day on which they become aware of an incident to Health Canada• Other documentation requirements are specified in regulations. 5
    6. 6. Regulations CCPSA also has regulation-making authorities which set out mandatory requirements for specific products:• Asbestos Products • Cribs, Cradles and • Mattresses• Candles Bassinets • Pacifiers• Carbonated Beverage • Face Protectors for Ice • Phthalates Glass Containers Hockey and Box Lacrosse • Playpens• Carpets Players • Residential Detectors• Carriages and Strollers • Glass Doors and Enclosures • Restraint Systems and• Cellulose Insulation Booster Seats for Motor • Glazed Ceramics and Vehicles• Charcoal Glassware• Children’s Jewellery • Science Education Sets • Expansion Gates and• Children’s Sleepwear Expandable Enclosures • Surface Coating Materials• Consumer Chemicals and • Ice Hockey Helmets • Tents Containers • Infant Feeding Bottle • Textile Flammability• Consumer Products Nipples • Toys Containing Lead (Contact • Kettles with Mouth) • Lighters• Corded Window Covering Products • Matches Links to the CCPSA and its regulations can be found at www.health.gc.ca/ccpsa
    7. 7. Voluntary Standards• Standards for consumer products are often used where there may be regulatory gaps (i.e. magnets in toys)• The use of internationally-recognized standards help reduce industry burden, as well as trade barriers• CCPSA’s Regulation-making authority allows for incorporation by reference of standards• Active participation from Health Canada staff within standards organizations to keep abreast of upcoming changes as well as make our position known to manufacturers and other jurisdictions 7
    8. 8. Managing Risk under the CCPSA• CCPSA General Prohibition; regulatory, policy and standards development;• Enforcement powers under the CCPSA: inspection, sampling and testing, orders, prosecution, administrative monetary penalty system (AMPS)• Compliance, enforcement and education activities, such as regular market surveys for regulated products, compliance promotion, etc. • Inspectors are designated under the Act. Visit all levels and sizes of trade to verify compliance and prevent non-compliance. They also liaise with border agents and inspect products at ports of entry into Canada. • Inspectors have powers to : • Examine products and records, take samples, photographs and copies of documents. • Start or stop any activity during the inspection. • Quarantine product while verifying product. • Seize product and other related-material and secure it on or off-site. 8
    9. 9. Risk Management Response to Non-Compliance Enforcement Considerations• Request voluntary measures• Verify corrective measures • Risk to health and safety.• Seize • Likelihood that the same problem product/documents/materials will reoccur.• Order recall and corrective • Compliance history of the measures enterprise.• Issue notices of violation • Whether the enterprise acted with• AMPS (pending) indifference or premeditation.• Carry out recalls/corrective • Degree of cooperation offered by measures the enterprise.• Apply for injunction • Deterrence• Investigate and prosecute
    10. 10. Risk Management – Compliance Promotion Visitwww.health.gc.ca/ccpsa• Contains general information on CCPSA and Guidance documents outlining technical requirements for specific products• Regional inspectors can provide assistance in understanding the requirements at 1-866-662-0666 10
    11. 11. Thank youConsumer Product Safety Directorate:www.health.gc.ca/productsafety orwww.health.gc.ca/ccpsaCCPSA General Enquires:CCPSA-LCSPC@hc-sc.gc.ca or 1-866-662-0666Incident Reports:www.health.gc.ca/reportaproduct 11
    12. 12. CPSC Brazilian Toys Certification Program Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC Alfredo Lobo Quality Director Inmetro, Brazil Washington, September/2012
    13. 13. CPSC Brazilian Toys Certification Program Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC Alfredo Lobo Quality Director Inmetro, Brazil Washington, September/2012
    14. 14. CPSC Brazilian Toys Certification Program Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC Alfredo Lobo Quality Director Inmetro, Brazil Washington, September/2012
    15. 15. CPSC Brazilian Toys Certification Program Consumer Product Safety Commission - CPSC Alfredo Lobo Quality Director Inmetro, Brazil Washington, September/2012
    16. 16. CPSC Objective To provide a general overview on the Brazilian toy sector, focusing on the Product Certification Program, and also to present our expectations related to changes that we will do in 2013.
    17. 17. CPSC Some Information and data about Brazil • Population: 192 Million • Surface: 8,5 Million Km2 • Gross Domestic Product – GDP: 2,48 Trillion of US$
    18. 18. CPSC About INMETRO, the National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology • Mission: To provide confidence in measurements and products • Federal Autarchy, under the Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade • Executive Secretariat of the Brazilian System on Conformity Assessment • Regulatory authority, including toys sector • Employees: 2.100, being 216 Ph.Ds. • Budget: 350 Million US$
    19. 19. CPSC Main Activities Scientific and Industrial Metrology Legal Metrology Conformity Assessment Accreditation of Certification & Inspection Bodies and Testing & Calibration Laboratories Enquiry Point for the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO) Innovation & Knowledge Diffusion
    20. 20. CPSC The toys sector in BRAZIL • Sold units, 2012 (estimated): 170 million • Sales volume, retail price 2012: US$ 3,8 billion • Imported toys participation 2012: 45% • Number of manufacturers in Brazil: 523 • Number of certification organisms accredited by Inmetro: 5 • Number of certified toys sold since implementation: 3 billion
    21. 21. CPSC Toys Certification Program in BRAZIL (background)• Launched in 1998, in a standard basis of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards, as well as a Inmetro Standard.• Revised in 2005, by means of Inmetro Regulation informing that the certification must be done in Mercosur Technical Regulation basis.• Revised in 2007, keeping the Mercosur regulation basis, however, adopting the Conformity Assessment Procedure established by Inmetro, due to the world crisis of the toy sector.• In 2009 it was launched a new Conformity Assessment Procedure established by Inmetro, with the Mercosur regulation kept as toy assessment basis.• At the beginning of 2013 we will do new changes in the Conformity Assessment Procedure.
    22. 22. CPSC Current Conformity Assessment Procedure• Optional use of the Model 7 (batch testing) or the Model 5 (assessment of the Quality Management System and toy type testing), applied to domestic and imported toys.• Adoption of Model 4 (certification based on type testing, followed by assessment in samples collected from the market and from the manufacturer), applied only to craftsman or SME. The testing must be done in each toy model.• Acceptance of testing results from foreign laboratories, conditioned to Inmetro’s accreditation or ILAC accreditator member, except to certification on Model 7 (batch testing) – in which case the laboratory must be accredited by Inmetro.• In Model 5, the frequency of evaluations differ based on the performance of the certificator, which may vary among 4, 8 or 12 months.
    23. 23. CPSC Certification Model 5 - frequency of tests First Maintennance Certification InitialCertification 4 4 4 4 4 4 t (month) Yes Yes Yes C? C? C? C? No No No
    24. 24. CPSC Current Main Tests Applied • Mechanical and physical tests • Chemical tests • Flammability tests • Electrical tests • Toxicity tests • Phthalates tests
    25. 25. CPSC About Market Surveillance • Inspection • Last year actions: 49.165 • Non conformities: 1,78 % • Picked up samples from market (2012) • Tested: 30 models • Non conformities: 11% (of the tests)
    26. 26. CPSC Main changes we are doing in our regulation for toys certification.• Definition of essential tests that will be applied to all models of a family• Toys will be grouped by family. Considering 10 models toys per family maximum• Even manufacturers that have ISO 9001 certification, will undergo auditing of the quality management system, at least some items• Specific evaluation criteria to SME and craftsman.• New rules framing toy (collectible toys)• New definition of labelling with respect to: • Safety • Age group • Risks of use• Inmetro (regulator), ABNT (brazilian standardization body) and Abrinq (brazilian toys manufacturer association) support the initiative for the international standard development on toy safety.
    27. 27. CPSC Thanks• Contacts Phones: + 55 (21) 32161013 / + 55 (21) 32161015 E-mail: dqual@inmetro.gov.br• Inmetro Additional contact points Call center - Consumer Service: Toll Free: 0800 285 1818 E-mail services for Society: ask Inmetro – pergunte@inmetro.gov.br ouvidoria@inmetro.gov.br• Websites: www.inmetro.gov.br and www.portaldoconsumidor.gov.br
    28. 28. China’s Inspection and Supervision System on Consumer Products By Shenghe Zhou Economic and Commercial Office of The People’s Republic of China Zhoush@aqsiq.gov.cn
    29. 29. China’s Inspection and Supervision System on Consumer ProductsI. Laws and RegulationsII. Law enforcementIII. Shared responsibilities
    30. 30. I. Laws and Regulations1. The Law of PR.C. on Import and Export Commodity Inspection2. Regulations for the Implementation of the Commodity Inspection of Law3. Special Regulations of the State Council on Supervision over Product Safety4. The Law of P.R.C. on Product Quality5. Others
    31. 31. II. Law Enforcement1. Mandatory Inspection2. Snap Inspection3. Classified Management of Export Enterprises4. Surveillance on Key Export Consumer Products
    32. 32. 1. Mandatory InspectionA. Import and Export Catalogue subject to mandatory inspection: according to the commodity inspection law, all import and export products under the import and export catalogue shall be subject to mandatory inspection enforced by local inspection and quarantine bureau under AQSIQ.
    33. 33. 1. Mandatory InspectionB. Mandatory inspection on export products proceduresStep 1 Exporter’s application for inspection on the shipment to local CIQs.Step 2 Local CIQs review the application and take samples from the shipment for testing according to technical requirements of import country.Step 3 Export products are allowed for export or rejected according to the test results.
    34. 34. 2. Snap InspectionIn accordance with laws and regulations, Local CIQs undertake snap inspection on import products and export products on a regular basis in order to ensure the compliance of import and export products with the laws and regulations.
    35. 35. 3. Classified Management on export enterprisesA. Enterprise Classification: Enterprises are classified into four types:1) excellent2) good3) average4) below average
    36. 36. 3. Classified Management on export enterprisesA. Enterprise Classification: Important elements of classification1) credit of the manufacturer2) quality assurance capability3) product quality data4) risk rating of the product
    37. 37. 3. Classified Management on export enterprisesB. Risk ratings of export products1) high risk (special supervision)2) relatively high risk (normal supervision)3) normal risk (verification)
    38. 38. 3. Classified Management on export enterprisesC. modes of surveillance:1) Special surveillance (overall inspection)2) Close surveillance (batch to batch inspection)3) General surveillance (selected batch inspection)4) Verified surveillance (documents verification & possible batch inspection)5) Credit surveillance (routine supervision)
    39. 39. 4. Surveillance on Key Export Consumer ProductsAs to the consumer products with high risk and potential hazards, AQSIQ launches key surveillance on them based on findings.A. Administrative rules for inspection and supervision on import and export toysB. Work procedures for inspection and supervision on import and export food contact materials
    40. 40. III. Shared ResponsibilitiesTo ensure safety of consumer products, we need all the relevant parties including government regulators, importers, exporters, enterprises, a s well as other stakeholders join hands to undertake everyone’s responsibilities and play its role in the whole chain from factory to home. Good cooperation among regulators, importers and exporters, as well as other stakeholders always deliver win-win- wins,…
    41. 41. III. Shared ResponsibilitiesA. Cooperation among regulators: dialogues, meetings, technical discussions, workshops promote and facilitate understanding and mutual confidence.B. Cooperation among importers and exporters: providing with sufficient laws and standards, technical requirements, specifications and designs in detail, verification help and ensure safety and quality of consumer products.
    42. 42. China’s Inspection and Supervision System on Consumer Products Thank you!
    43. 43. Consumer Product Safety• CommissionMr. Dean W. Woodard U.S. CPSCDirector Office of Education, Global Outreach, and Small Business Ombudsman dwoodard@cpsc.gov business@cpsc.gov

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