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Panel 1 - North American Cooperation US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Health Canada, and PROFECO Joint Project Teams

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Panel 1 presentation from the North American Consumer Product Safety Summit, 2018.

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Panel 1 - North American Cooperation US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Health Canada, and PROFECO Joint Project Teams

  1. 1. Panel 1 - North American Cooperation U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Health Canada and PROFECO Joint Project Teams 4th North American Consumer Product Safety Summit May 4, 2018
  2. 2. Consumer Outreach Joint Project Team Panel 1 - North American Cooperation Social Media Campaigns • Sports Safety • Backyard Safety • Poison Prevention • Toy Safety • Holiday Safety • Baby Safety
  3. 3. Industry Outreach Joint Project Team Panel 1 - North American Cooperation Trilateral initiatives • Presentations: • ICPHSO – Recalls and North American Cooperation (2014) • ABC Kids Fair (2014) • Webinars: • Textile and apparel safety requirements (2017) Bilateral (Can-US) initiatives • Presentations: • ICPHSO – (also with Organization of the American States) increased transparency in the Americas (2015) • North American International Toy Fair (2015) • Webinars: • Toy safety (2015)
  4. 4. Customs Cooperation Joint Project Team Panel 1 - North American Cooperation US-Mexico initiatives • Joint US-Mexico exercise (2015): • Best Practices • Methods of information sharing between PROFECO and the U.S. CPSC US-Canada initiatives • Joint US-Canada Table Top Exercise (2015) • Import processes • Targeting methodologies • Best practices • Joint US-Canada Targeting Exercise (2016): • Information sharing • Identifying products of common interest • Sharing risk mitigation results • Greater collaboration opportunities
  5. 5. 4th CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY SUMMIT "Cooperation in North America" Bethesda, Maryland, May 4, 2018
  6. 6. 1 NORTH AMERICAN COOPERATIONINTER-LABORATORY COOPERATION XRF Exercise (X-Ray Fluorescence Technology) • A protocol was developed to be internally applied on how measurement is done in the three countries to obtain equivalent results in the market's verification activities. September 2014 – June 2015 •Inter-lab study of the above materials to determine their total lead content in parts per million (ppm) using a portable XRF analyzer. April 2014 •Start of work to determine heavy metals in PVC, non-PVC-based plastic, aluminum, zinc, brass, silica, tin, and plastic; sharing information on XRF technology and its use among the three partner agencies.
  7. 7. 2 November 2015 Training •During the 3rd summit held in Mexico, PROFECO's lab personnel received training from the CPSC on how to use XRF equipment. • On November 12, the CPSC loaned PROFECO two portable XRF analyzers to develop its staff's skills in measuring lead in the field. April 4-8, 2016, Lab exchange program, at the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) National Product Testing and Evaluation Center, in Rockville, MD •Activities completed: Sharing experiences with lead-detection testing in the chemistry department. The CPSC explained the use of XRF technology to promote its use in the three countries. In Mexico, the country's official standard requires toys and school supplies to comply with the same lead levels as those required in the United States. Work is being done to modify the current legal framework to accept the results of XRF technology in the verification process.
  8. 8. 3 Phthalates Exercise April 4-8, 2016, The three labs shared experiences at the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) National Product Testing and Evaluation Center, in Rockville, MD •Activities completed: Health Canada (HC) and the CPSC compared analysis techniques to determine phthalates (additives primarily used in plastics to make them flexible that are associated with health risks, such as breast cancer). Inter-Laboratory Testing •The CPSC and HC are preparing a report of their results. PROFECO is working with public and private entities to conduct the testing. September 2017 Trilateral training at Health Canada's (HC) labs in Ottawa, Canada. •The goal was to discuss and develop best lab practices for determining phthalates. Work is being done to create Mexico's official standard to regulate the presence of phthalates in consumer items such as toys, school supplies, baby bottle parts, waterproof items, lifejackets, among other things.
  9. 9. 4 2018 •Technical experts from the three labs will be identifying new studies on which they intend to work together. Future Exercises
  10. 10. 5 NORTH AMERICAN COOPERATION INTER-LABORATORY COOPERATION Conclusions • Cooperation among the partner agencies has enabled effective work to be done on risky products, providing technical scientific support (inter-lab testing results) to supervise the market. • It has enabled best laboratory practices, creating greater reliability in the analyses and results obtained. • The XRF technique has enabled quick, reliable, on-site verification of the presence of lead in homogenous materials. • When the XRF technique cannot be used for verification because the products contain different materials, said products can be taken to the lab to homogenize them by grinding it up and then measuring them.
  11. 11. A joint recall is a voluntary alert that companies coordinate with two or more product-safety regulatory agencies in North America at the same time. Issuing a joint recall is more efficient for the industry than individually contacting each country's agency at different times. This also helps prevent confusion for consumers. JOINT ALERTS (RECALLS)   6
  12. 12. Health Canada, the CPSC and PROFECO have issued 24 simultaneous joint recalls either bilaterally or trilaterally since 2013, including: •9 joint recalls •2 simultaneous bilateral recalls •13 simultaneous joint recalls 7
  13. 13. Comparison of International Recalls 8 6 4 2 0 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Recalls 1 2 4 7 8 2 8
  14. 14. TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (9) 9 2013 2014 2015 1. Product: Glass tea tumblers Canada: 24,850 U.S.: 445,000 Mexico: 1,200  Risk: They can lose their  resistance, causing the glass to  shatter, leading to cuts and/or  burns 2. Product: Support for television  models 0BFM60 and 0BFM120  Canada: 385 U.S.: 196,200  Mexico: 21,437  Risk: One of its parts bursting can  cause the TV to fall over 3. Product: Various models of  bicycles  Canada: 98,000  U.S.: 900,000  Mexico: 24,241 Risk: The quick-release lever on the  front wheel can get stuck on the front  disk brake 4. Product: Portable speakers Canada: 11,000 U.S.: 222,000  Mexico: 640 Risk: The battery can overheat and  create a fire hazard
  15. 15. TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (9) 10 2016 2017 2018 5. Product: Wall outlet adapters  (Travel Kit)  Canada: 80,628 U.S.: 814,000 Mexico: 2,110 Risk: They can break and cause  a risk of electric shock if  touched.  6. Product: All terrain vehicle models  Canada: 5,294 U.S.: 14,100 Mexico: 63 Risk: The splash guards located behind  the passenger seat can melt, creating a  risk of burns and/or fire.  7. Product: Several models (29 in  Mexico) of fire extinguisher, two styles:  with plastic handles and with push- buttons (pindicator) Canada: 700,000 U.S.: 37,800,000 Mexico: 6,736 Risk: Possible discharge failures and/or  the spray nozzle comes loose  8. Product: 2018 racing bicycles Canada: 5,500  U.S.: 390  Mexico: 302 Risk: They can have a manufacturing  weakness in the top of the fork that creates a  risk of falling. 9. Product: Several models of electric tea  kettles Canada: 47,350 U.S.: 40,200 Mexico: 1,631 Risk: Possibility of the connection in the upper  part of the tea kettle's handle separating and  becoming unstable, which can cause hot  contents to spill, creating a risk of burns
  16. 16. JOINT BILATERAL RECALLS (2) 11 2016 CPSC and Profeco 1. Product: High-intensity LED light  bulbs  U.S.: 35,000 Mexico: 501 Risk: The bulb can separate from the  base and fall, creating a consumer-safety  risk Health Canada and Profeco 2. Product: Electric heaters for baby  bottles and food  Canada: 17,500 Mexico: 6,799 Risk: The manufacturer didn't wire the  product according to the design  specifications and there may be a fire  hazard for the product.
  17. 17. SIMULTANEOUS TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (13) 12 2014 2015 1. Product: Baby strollers Canada: 202,066 U.S.: 4,700,000 Mexico: 10,320 Risk: The folding hinge located on the back of the chair can pinch or hurt a child's finger, creating a risk of lacerations or amputation. 2. Product: Several models of bicycles equipped with front disk brakes and a quick-release lever Canada: 245,924 U.S.: 1,300,000 Mexico: 9,558 Risk: The quick-release lever can make contact with the front disk brake's rotor, causing the front wheel to suddenly stop or fall off the bike, creating a risk for the rider. 3. Product: Trapezoid plastic rims assembled in playsets for children Canada: 6,496 U.S.: 121,000 Mexico: 5,490 Risk: The rims can break or crack, creating a risk for children to fall.
  18. 18. SIMULTANEOUS TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (13) 13 2016 4. Product: Child car seats Canada: 3,900 U.S.: 71,000 Mexico: 922 Risk: The handle used to carry it can crack and break, causing a risk of harm to the child sitting in it. 5. Product: Relaunch of plastic-rim recall due to limited outreach to consumers. Canada: 6,496 U.S.: 121,000 Mexico: 5,490 Risk: The rims can break or crack, creating a risk for children to fall. 6. Product: Digital multimeters Canada: 3,330 U.S.: 114,00 Mexico: 3,750 Risk: They can fail and give an incorrect voltage reading, causing the operator to erroneously believe that the electricity is shut off, which represents a risk of electrocution, electrical discharge and/or burns. 7. Product: Batteries used in computer equipment Canada: 2,600 U.S.: 41,000 Mexico: 4,489 Risk: They can overheat, creating a fire hazard or risk of burns for consumers.
  19. 19. SIMULTANEOUS TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (13) 14 2017 8. Product: Strollers in travel system mode Canada: 36,000 U.S.: 676,00 Mexico: 4,561 Risk: They can have a damaged assembly in the "Click&Go" adapter channel, causing the strollers to fall over unexpectedly 9. Product: Several models of aluminum and steel patio chairs with a round spinning base and armrests Canada: 30,000 U.S.: 2,000,000 Mexico: 14,000 Risk: the base might break during normal use, creating a risk of falling and/or harm for consumers 10. Product: Expansion of recall for batteries used in computer equipment Canada: 5,700 U.S.: 445,000 Mexico: 8,520 Risk: They can overheat, creating a fire hazard or risk of burns for consumers. 11. Product: Chargers used for video game controllers Canada: 7,250 U.S.: 121,000 Mexico: 2,805 Risk: They can overheat, creating a fire hazard or risk of burns for consumers.
  20. 20. SIMULTANEOUS TRILATERAL JOINT RECALLS (13) 15 2017 12. Product: Batteries used in computer equipment Canada: 10,029 U.S.: 83,000 Mexico: 8,520 Risk: They can overheat, which could cause a fire or risk of burns for consumers. 13. Product: 16 models of cell phone cases Canada: 11,444 U.S.: 263,000 Mexico: 400 Risk: If they break or crack, the liquid inside can cause rashes and/or irritation to the skin, creating a risk for consumer safety
  21. 21. Conclusions Close cooperation will continue in order to share information, methodologies, technologies, and training related to product safety, with the goal of protecting the consumers of North America. We invite the industry to report to Profeco, the CPSC, and Health Canada! The agencies are in constant communication, and will coordinate with one another. Send your reports and mention your interest in doing a joint recall in all three countries to: Profeco alertas@profeco.gob.mx   rar@profeco.gob.mx Health Canada hc.cps-spc@canada.ca   CPSC Section15@cpsc.gov 16
  22. 22. EARLY CONSULTATION INITIATIVE THIS PRESENTATION WAS PREPARED BY CPSC STAFF, HAS NOT BEEN REVIEWED OR APPROVED BY, AND MAY NOT REFLECT THE VIEWS OF, THE COMMISSION.
  23. 23. Issue: Product safety requirements that differ in markets around the world may lead to: • Consumer concerns • Manufacturing errors leading to hazards • Higher production costs
  24. 24. Challenge: Can we align product safety requirements at a high level of safety, especially among free trade partners?
  25. 25. Experience: • Existing regulations very difficult to change • Existing voluntary standards very difficult to align • Work already underway nearly as difficult to align
  26. 26. Potential Benefits: • Common expectations among stakeholders • Facilitation of cooperative enforcement
  27. 27. Solution? Staffs seek trilateral consensus on unaddressed consumer product hazards that are not already the subject of a formal review
  28. 28. Method: • Staffs select products of common interest • Seek consensus on – nature of the unaddressed hazard(s) – preferred general approach to a solution
  29. 29. Outcomes: • After consensus, each government free to take action or encourage others to act according to its own domestic procedures • Product safety agencies strive to maintain lines of communication with each other to maximize the potential for aligned approaches going forward.
  30. 30. First Products: AC chargers and USB cube adapters
  31. 31. Tilven M. Bernal Program Manager for the Western Hemisphere CPSC Office of International Programs E-mail: tbernal@cpsc.gov Contact Information 31

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