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Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear
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Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Response to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza by Sophal Ear

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In February 2009, an expert meeting co-hosted by the STEPS Centre and Chatham House and funded by DFID/the World Bank was held in Hove, Sussex, UK. The meeting reviewed country-level experiences of …

In February 2009, an expert meeting co-hosted by the STEPS Centre and Chatham House and funded by DFID/the World Bank was held in Hove, Sussex, UK. The meeting reviewed country-level experiences of HPAI response in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia. This is the presentation from the Cambodia work. Find out more at: http://www.steps-centre.org/ourresearch/avianflu.html

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  • 1. Cambodia’s Victim Zero: Global and National Responses to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Sophal Ear, PhD
  • 2. Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Timeline— Moments III. Policy Narratives IV. Understanding the Political Economy of the Policy Process V. Conclusion
  • 3. I. Intro: Cambodia’s response to global public health crisis
  • 4. Intro: Global response’s affect on Cambodia
  • 5. Awash in donor money, Cambodia played its role on a global policy stage
  • 6. Goal: reduce pandemic potential that could strike donor countries themselves
  • 7. A Few Words on Methodology • Qualitative research methodology • 40+ one-on-one semi-structured interviews across gov’t, private sector, & NGOs • Web survey launched on 27 May 2008 – 44 visits – 17 responses
  • 8. II. Timeline—Context • Political Structure and Modern History • Aid Dependence and Tourism • The Livestock Sector and Poultry in Particular Human Pandemic Flu Timeline Asian flu H2N2 Russian H1N1 H9N2 H5N1 Spanish (H1N1) HK flu H3N2 HPAI H5N1 H7N2 H7N3 H10N7
  • 9. Timeline—Moments • Start: SARS (2002), A Wake-up Call; Enter HPAI (2004) • Middle: HPAI Control Activities; From Animal to Human Health
  • 10. Emerging or Reemerging Disease Threat Since 1990
  • 11. Enter Super Moan & Pandemic Preparedness
  • 12. Timeline—Moments: Last Act
  • 13. III. Policy Narratives • Narrative 1: Cull without Compensation • Narrative 2: It’s Health Now! • Narrative 3: What about Poverty and Livelihoods?
  • 14. Cull without Compensation
  • 15. It’s Health Now!
  • 16. Poverty and Livelihoods
  • 17. Actors, Networks, and Interests 6 5 4 3 2 1 Adapted from data originating from Avian Influenza and Pandemic Preparedness Funding Matrix Cambodia 2008-2009, see Table 1.5 in Annex 1.
  • 18. Network diagram on the relationship between donors and the government
  • 19. ―With respect to Avian Influenza, the Royal Government of Cambodia has intervened effectively and appropriately, given resource allocations.‖ Strongly Strongly Agree Neutral Disagree N/A Agree Disagree (a) Among humans: 6% 50% 25% 6% 0% 13% 1 8 4 1 0 2 (b) Among animals: 7% 47% 40% 0% 0% 7% 1 7 6 0 0 1 (c) Protecting livelihoods: 8% 25% 25% 17% 0% 25% 1 3 3 2 0 3 (d) Pandemic preparation: 13% 47% 13% 13% 0% 13% 2 7 2 2 0 2 (e) Other 17% 0% 0% 0% 0% 83% 1 0 0 0 0 5
  • 20. ―With respect to Avian Influenza, Donors (including all non-Royal Government of Cambodia entities whether local or international) have intervened effectively and appropriately, given resource allocations.‖ Strongly Strongly Agree Neutral Disagree N/A Agree Disagree (a) Among humans: 18% 59% 12% 0% 0% 12% 3 10 2 0 0 2 (b) Among animals: 7% 60% 33% 0% 0% 0% 1 9 5 0 0 0 (c) Protecting livelihoods: 0% 38% 31% 15% 0% 15% 0 5 4 2 0 2 (d) Pandemic preparation: 7% 36% 29% 7% 0% 21% 1 5 4 1 0 3 (e) Other 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0 0 0 0 0 0
  • 21. IV. Understanding the Political Economy of the Policy Process • Donors and NGOs • Beyond Aid: Other Sources of Revenue and the Importance of Tourism – Bureaucratic Politics and Patronage • Media Spin
  • 22. Cambodia’s AI & Pandemic Preparedness Pie (2008-2009) Animal health $2,077,861 , (9%) Human health $8,944,457 , (40%) $5,031,076 , (23%) Information, education, communication (IEC) Pandemic preparedness $6,198,512 , (28%) Source: Avian Influenza and Pandemic Preparedness Funding Matrix Cambodia 2008-2009, see Table 1.5 in Annex 1.
  • 23. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YeL3pM8L8DA 16 minute video Available in two parts on YouTube under the title: Cambodia: THE BIRD FLU quot;PANDEMICquot; HOAX!
  • 24. V. Conclusion: Key challenges, obstacles and opportunities • Don’t Forget Livelihoods! – Government and Donors motivated by other concerns • Revisiting Compensation – Tremendous confusion about its use and effectiveness elsewhere
  • 25. Conclusion (cont’d) • Increase credibility of MAFF as partner by building its technical capacity & financial management • Ultimate responsibility for success or failure of policies must rest with those in charge—authorities themselves

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