DRR & Livelihood security in Changed Climate


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This small presentation tried to link DRR and livelihood security in changed climate. Data used in the presentation taken from various sources (given in short notes). If I have missed any source, please remind me.

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DRR & Livelihood security in Changed Climate

  1. 1. Shashanka Saadi Place: YWCA Bhaban, Dhaka Organized by: Bangladesh POUSH In Collaboration: Ramsar Center Japan, with Assistance of JFGE March 18, 2010
  2. 2. Poverty Dimension four dimensions of poverty - opportunity (access to markets and employment); - capability (access to health and education); - security (vulnerability to economic risks and to all forms of violence); and - empowerment (power within and beyond the household) - (Amaratya Sen 2001)
  3. 3. Understanding Livelihood and its security Poor and Marginalized people’s livelihood need to be secured under the threat of climate change
  4. 4. Defining Livelihood A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. (Chambers and Conway 1992)
  5. 5. Existing concept of sustainable Livelihood (source: DFID/ukaid )
  6. 6. What is Vulnerability  The extent to which a person, group or socio-economic structure is likely to be affected by a hazard (related to their capacity to anticipate it, cope with it, resist it and recover from its impact). It is related to social, economic, political, cultural, physical, etc. conditions 12/1/2013 6
  7. 7. What is DRR  The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broader context of sustainable development (UNISDR, 2006) 12/1/2013 7
  8. 8. Poor are most affected and Vulnerable  The use of these large cast nets endangers valuable resources. An SFLP activity is helping the island fisheries community to develop alternatives to ensure better resources management  Courtesy of SFLP 2001
  9. 9. Livelihood Security Outcome  achievements or outputs  higher income levels, of livelihood strategies  sustainable and resilient in the face of external shocks and stresses  an increased sense of well-being,  reduced levels of vulnerability  food security  greater access to education, health when service not available systematic at state level
  10. 10. Livelihood security redefined Adopted from IFAD Sustainable Livelihood approach, 2001
  11. 11. Sustainable Livelihood Framework for Bangladesh Livelihood platform Assets: natural, physical, human; financial; sociocultural capital and socio-political capital (dividing social capital) Policy goals and strategies: Economic, political, socio-cultural and legal factors. Trade and industrial policies, Customary laws that affect access to credit and resources, labour laws, unpaid work, technology strategy Gender Dimension: Activities analysis, Resources analysis Relationships analysis and gender bias Access and control modified by Social relations: gender, class, age, ethnicity Institutions: rules, customs, land tenure, markets, policy instruments, human resources development and opportunities, financial allocations, and strategic planning Organization associations, networks, local administration; state agencies In context of Results Trends: population, migration, technological change, relative prices, macro-policy, national economic trends; world economic trends Shocks, and Risks trom CC turned to be disasters; more drought, more flood, pests attack, diseases, more severe cyclone Livelihoo d security and risk reduction strategies Analyzing power and power relations: which are crucial in determining gender roles and relations in households and communities. Source: Adopted from Ellis (2000) and (Moser and Norton 2001), UNDP (1999a) and DFID (2001) Composed of Natural resources (NR)-based activities – Agriculture, livestock, agro labor, Non NR- based activities – public services, trade, enterprise, remittance, technology (appropriate and innovative for poor) Towards Livelihood security: income level; income stability, seasonality; degrees of risk Environment al sustainability : soil and land quality; water; forest, bio-diversity
  12. 12. Core Principles for Climate Change adaptive Livelihood security  Timely Right information  People-centered attitude and adhere local knowledge  Integrating Gender Dimension – women play key role in livelihood security  Responsive and participatory  Defining Power dimension and relation  Multi-level and multi dimensional
  13. 13. Participation of people – a key factor
  14. 14. Conditions for Climate Change (CC) adaptive Livelihood  Based on Cause analysis of livelihood erosion under CC  Conducted in partnership  Sustainable  Dynamic and flexible  Holistic perspective  Building on strengths of the producers  Enabling Market  Micro-Macro-Micro links & value chain
  15. 15. Thanks to all Lets build a country and world where every person’s livelihood is secured and risk insured under changed climate