Origin of Hotel Industry By: ShantimaniSathwara Asst.Prof.PCTE
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGIN OF HOTEL INDUSTRY INN KEEPING:
An outgrowth of man’s urge to travel, roads used by merchants and couriers.
Believed started 12,000 years ago.
Concept of Hospitality started in Greece, ancient Rome and Biblical times.
6th century B.C.(establishment of money).
7th and 8th centuries Monasteries provided Hospitality.
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGIN OF HOTEL INDUSTRY
In Florence(Italy) 1282
It was believed a rest house was build here.
Inns of self service styled started.
Café and Coffee house were opened by him in Paris and London.
Industrial Revolution (1750-1820)
English inns developed around London-finest in the world.
Francis Tavern (1783)
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ORIGIN OF HOTEL INDUSTRY GROWTH OF ORGANIZED HOTEL INDUSTRY:
First Hotel building was ‘City Hotel’ in New York in1794.
Tremont House- A first class hotel made in Boston in 1829.
In 1839 first ‘Railway Hotel’ was made by London and Birmingham.
By the end of 19th Century in 1880 one of the best hotels in London was “Bristol”.
Many other elegant hotels like Waldorf Astoria, in New York, Denvels Brown Palace, San Francisco Palace etc. were made.
HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA MusMmMusafirKhanas and Sarais were developed during Mughal period. Sarais started inns and western style style hotels with the coming of Britishers in important cities like Calcutta and Bombay.
HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA MusMmTTAJ GROUP OF HOTELS In 1903, JRD TATA started Indian Hotels Company Ltd and the first Hotel in International standards was constructed the TajMahal Hotel in Mumbai. Today this is the largest Hotel Chain with many National and international properties. The group also operates Flight Catering Service. Hotel in Mumbai
HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Formation of ITDC: In 1964 three corporations were set up by Government of India,
India Tourism & Hotel Corporation
India Tourism Corporation Ltd, and
India Tourism & Transport Corporation
In 1966, these three corporations were merged and formed “India Tourism and Development Corporation of India” (ITDC).
HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA WELCOM GROUP It is the hotel division of ITC Ltd started in1975 with their first hotel Chola Sheraton Madras. The logo represents a traditional welcome in the form of ‘Namaste’ and with a motto ‘we enjoy people’.
HOTEL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Oberoi Hotels RaiBahadurM.S.Oberoi started his hotel career as a clerk in 1922 at Faletti’s Cecil Hotel in Shimla. Later Mr.Ernest Clarke sold his share to Mr.M.S.Oberoi, on August 14, 1934 and became the owner of Clarke’s Hotel, Shimla and Delhi.He established Oberoi Hotel Pvt.Ltd in 1946. Later on 26th May, 1949, established East India Hotel Ltd(EIHL) at Calcutta.
QUIZ In Florence(Italy) what was believed started? Who is Pascal? Which is the first hotel building and in which year it was constructed? Musafirkhanas and Sarais were developed during which period? When was the first Railway Hotel?
QUIZ Which is the First hotel by Taj group of Hotels and when it was started? ITDC stands for? Which year ITDC was formed? Who is the owner of Oberoi group of Hotels? He started his career from which hotel? Name the first hotel by ITC?