Japan invades ______________ Italy invades ________________ Germany invades _______________ Appeasement› Giving in to an aggressor to keep the peace› Pacifism
U.S. Neutrality Acts› No sale of weapons to countries at war› No loans to countries at war› Goal: avoid involvement in European war Axis Powers› Germany, Italy, Japan› Fight Soviet communism› Stay out of each other’s way
1931- newconstitution; newrepublic› King forced to leaveSpain› Conservatives whofavored the oldmonarchy were mad Francisco Franco› Conservative generalwho led revolt Nationalists (pro-monarchy;conservative) vs.Loyalists (anti-monarchy; liberal)
Germany and Italysupported Franco andthe Nationalists Soviet Union supportedthe Loyalists Over 500,000 deaths› German air raid onGuernica Nationalists won- Francoset up dictatorship similarto Hitler and Mussolini
Anschluss› Union between Germany and Austria› German army moved in, or annexed, Austria Hitler annexed the Sudetenland (regionof Czechoslovakia)› Britain and France- appeasement› Hitler promised to have no more plans ofexpansion
Hitler broke promise andtook the rest ofCzechoslovakia Democracies pledge toprotect Poland from Hitler Nazi-Soviet Pact› Peace agreement betweenHitler and Stalin› Enemies- why would theymake a peace pact?
Sept 1, 1939-Germany invadesPoland Britain and Francedeclare war onGermany Official beginningof WWII