Chemistry of Life!
A quick (very quick) introduction!
Carbon! It’s special!
Because of it’s very special ability to combine in
many ways with itself and other elements it has a
central role in the chemistry of living organisms!
Forms of pure Carbon
Diamond (Crystalline form)
Graphite (Many flat layers; easily slide)
Fullerenes (Sphere shaped)
Nanotubes (long, hollow cylinder)
Organic compounds are compounds that contain
Originally, scientists believed that organic
compounds only had to do with living organisms.
That is no longer believed to be true.
Many organic compounds have similar properties
in terms of melting points, boiling
points, odor, electrical conductivity and solubility.
A long repeating chain of molecules is called a
Organic compounds can be linked together to build
polymers with thousands or even millions of atoms
in one strand.
Polymers form when chemical bonds link large
numbers of monomers (smaller molecules) in a
Natural forms of Polymers:
Living organisms are made of molecules consisting