NEW MODELS OF SCHOLARHSIP: EXPLORATION & ENGAGEMENT MOLLY KEENER WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY The Duke Endowment Libraries 2011 ...
Why do faculty and researchers publish? impact grant funding expectations money engagement reputation advancement others…
<ul><li>A reaction to the restricted flow of information </li></ul><ul><li>A reaction to traditional models of control </l...
<ul><li>Generally enabled by technology </li></ul><ul><li>Works both inside and outside of traditional models </li></ul><u...
Moving from this…
Open & free to access
Moving from this…
Transparency
 
What do we mean by open? <ul><li>Open to contribution & participation </li></ul><ul><li>Open & free to access </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open data </li></ul><ul><li>Open science </...
<ul><li>Open access literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. ...
Gratis vs. Libre <ul><li>Gratis: You can read it for free. Anything else, you better ask permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Lib...
Two (and a half) Roads to Open Access <ul><ul><li>1) Open Access Publishing  </li></ul></ul>2) Author archiving  2.5) Hybrid
<ul><li>Publication that is free & open for anyone to access on internet </li></ul><ul><li>Journals or books! </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Has taken time for impact factors & reputation to build </li></ul><ul><li>Business models still emerging </li></ul...
<ul><li>Literature published through traditional channels that is made openly available through deposit in a repository or...
 
1935 Repositories worldwide holding over 28.6M items Repository Map from http://maps.repository66.org/
<ul><li>Sustainability sometimes an issue </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of faculty (particularly for institutional) </li...
 
Hybrid models Publisher Price Notes Elsevier Sponsored Article $3,000 Some journals Oxford Open $3,000 Some journals; lowe...
Issues & Questions <ul><li>Mixed business model – subscriptions and author pays on an article by article basis – uncomfort...
<ul><ul><li>Public should have ready and easy access  to taxpayer funded research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to ide...
<ul><ul><li>Harvard  (Faculty of Arts and Sciences, College of Law) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Open Data <ul><li>Open access to data not just papers </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of discovery is accelerated by better acc...
Open Data “ TeraGrid is the world's largest, most comprehensive distributed cyberinfrastructure for open scientific resear...
Open Science
Digital Humanities
Open Education
Open Books
Open Peer Review
<ul><li>Principle of openness not just about ‘free’ </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple methods for open access and multiple busine...
<ul><li>Because they are the  producers  and the  consumers  of the products of scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>What are the practices in a particular discipline? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the scholarly society(s) approach sc...
Let’s engage! Discuss scholarly communication issues (especially author rights) with graduate students  and work with your...
<ul><li>Include scholarly communication in subject librarians jobs & service models </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate for OA arc...
Be curious!
 
Attribution <ul><li>Slide 2: “BookCase”  http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/   </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 7: “Super Sec...
<ul><li>ACRL Scholarly Communication Toolkit </li></ul><ul><li>http://scholcomm.acrl.ala.org/   </li></ul><ul><li>Director...
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New Models of Scholarship: Exploration & Engagement

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Presentation for The Duke Endowment Libraries 2011 Symposium at Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, NC, April 13, 2011

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  • Access to CURRENT research Collaboration Free flow of information Supports distributed scholarship
  • Technology is key Multiple models
  • Regardless of ‘road’ to OA, can be either gratis or libre…libre hard to do with archiving
  • Mention gold and green
  • Great resource to help you answer questions
  • Discuss COPE funds, difference in Wake’s OA fund Discuss memberships in BMC, PLoS, etc.
  • NIH Public Access Policy Wellcome Trust (UK) Howard Hughes Medical Institute
  • Update, talk about the process, lessons learned; also note use of word policy and not mandate. Slow going, both in working toward adoption and in implementing
  • NSF Data Management Plan requirement NIH has a policy too Area of stiff resistance from some
  • TeraGrid is coordinated through the Grid Infrastructure Group (GIG) at the University of Chicago, working in partnership with the Resource Provider sites: Indiana University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Purdue University, San Diego Supercomputer Center, Texas Advanced Computing Center, University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory, the Joint Institute for Computational Sciences, the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative, and the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Store biomedical images, radiology … etc. Venus, Mars, Neptune projects: Ocean Observatories &amp; data collection. Partnership with University of Victoria, University of Washington, Monterey, NSF to map the Pacific Ocean floor and provide a repository for data collections Worldwide collaboration to store cosmic images. Ie: US National Virtual Observatory
  • Andrew W. Mellon Foundation awarded a $50,000 grant to NYU Press and MediaCommons to test online peer review
  • Reuse Contribution &amp; participation Transparency
  • Mini environmental scan If you have liaisons, they can help do this – they *should* do this!
  • Talk to your students! Talk to your research officers and administrators! Frustratingly, faculty sometimes listen to faculty from elsewhere better than an internal advocate – although not always… Be knowledgeable and give examples
  • Some of these will work for you and some won’t…but you should try!
  • Transcript of "New Models of Scholarship: Exploration & Engagement"

    1. 1. NEW MODELS OF SCHOLARHSIP: EXPLORATION & ENGAGEMENT MOLLY KEENER WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY The Duke Endowment Libraries 2011 Symposium
    2. 2. Why do faculty and researchers publish? impact grant funding expectations money engagement reputation advancement others…
    3. 3. <ul><li>A reaction to the restricted flow of information </li></ul><ul><li>A reaction to traditional models of control </li></ul><ul><li>Technology enables us to do things we couldn’t before </li></ul><ul><li>Research doesn’t fit into traditional models </li></ul>Why develop new models?
    4. 4. <ul><li>Generally enabled by technology </li></ul><ul><li>Works both inside and outside of traditional models </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by a variety of business models </li></ul>Commonalities
    5. 5. Moving from this…
    6. 6. Open & free to access
    7. 7. Moving from this…
    8. 8. Transparency
    9. 10. What do we mean by open? <ul><li>Open to contribution & participation </li></ul><ul><li>Open & free to access </li></ul><ul><li>Open to use & reuse with few or no restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Open to indexing & machine readable </li></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Open access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open data </li></ul><ul><li>Open science </li></ul><ul><li>Open humanities </li></ul><ul><li>Open education </li></ul><ul><li>Open books </li></ul><ul><li>Open peer review… </li></ul>Open movements
    11. 12. <ul><li>Open access literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. </li></ul><ul><li>- Peter Suber </li></ul>Open Access
    12. 13. Gratis vs. Libre <ul><li>Gratis: You can read it for free. Anything else, you better ask permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Libre: With credit given, OK to text-mine, re-catalog, mirror for preservation, quote, remix, whatever. </li></ul><ul><li>Most OA is gratis. You get to “libre” via Creative Commons licensing, usually. </li></ul><ul><li>(text from Dorothea Salo) </li></ul>
    13. 14. Two (and a half) Roads to Open Access <ul><ul><li>1) Open Access Publishing </li></ul></ul>2) Author archiving 2.5) Hybrid
    14. 15. <ul><li>Publication that is free & open for anyone to access on internet </li></ul><ul><li>Journals or books! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6355 OA journals according to Directory of Open Access Journals (as of April 2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Journals across all disciplines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share common features with toll access journals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Supported by variety of models </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institution / funder supported OR author-supported (2006 – 47% author supported) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally allow authors to retain copyright and/or license under Creative Commons </li></ul>Open Access Publishing
    15. 16. <ul><li>Has taken time for impact factors & reputation to build </li></ul><ul><li>Business models still emerging </li></ul><ul><li>Author pays model has better traction in the STM community </li></ul>Issues & Questions
    16. 17. <ul><li>Literature published through traditional channels that is made openly available through deposit in a repository or placing on web site </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional, departmental, or discipline based repository </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by a range of business models </li></ul><ul><li>Range of publisher policies on deposit </li></ul>Open Archiving/Repositories
    17. 19. 1935 Repositories worldwide holding over 28.6M items Repository Map from http://maps.repository66.org/
    18. 20. <ul><li>Sustainability sometimes an issue </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of faculty (particularly for institutional) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline based repositories often rooted in cultures used to sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often include a range of material including student work, grey literature, theses and dissertations, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>For published literature, what can be deposited confusing (post print, pre print, published version?) </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright issues murky and (often) frustrating </li></ul>Issues & Questions
    19. 22. Hybrid models Publisher Price Notes Elsevier Sponsored Article $3,000 Some journals Oxford Open $3,000 Some journals; lower price if author from a developing country Springer Open Choice $3,000 All journals Wiley OnlineOpen $3,000 Some journals; fees vary American Chemical Society AuthorChoice $1,000 – 3,000 Lowest price if institution subscribes & have personal membership Plant Physiology $1,500 / $500 / Free OA free for members of ASPB; Discount if non-member but institution subscribes
    20. 23. Issues & Questions <ul><li>Mixed business model – subscriptions and author pays on an article by article basis – uncomfortable for many </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively low adoption (generally around 1-2%) </li></ul><ul><li>What impact on subscription prices? </li></ul><ul><li>Many libraries with funds for faculty to publish in OA journals will not fund these articles </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><ul><li>Public should have ready and easy access to taxpayer funded research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to idea of open government and transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many legislative efforts in US to alternately halt or expand this </li></ul></ul>Public Access
    22. 25. <ul><ul><li>Harvard (Faculty of Arts and Sciences, College of Law) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kansas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oberlin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And others! http://roarmap.eprints.org </li></ul></ul>Institutional Open Access Policies
    23. 26. Open Data <ul><li>Open access to data not just papers </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of discovery is accelerated by better access to data </li></ul><ul><li>Actionable data </li></ul><ul><li>Funder mandates around management and sharing of data (in some cases) </li></ul>
    24. 27. Open Data “ TeraGrid is the world's largest, most comprehensive distributed cyberinfrastructure for open scientific research .”
    25. 28. Open Science
    26. 29. Digital Humanities
    27. 30. Open Education
    28. 31. Open Books
    29. 32. Open Peer Review
    30. 33. <ul><li>Principle of openness not just about ‘free’ </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple methods for open access and multiple business models to support – many new models emerging </li></ul><ul><li>Public access has traction </li></ul><ul><li>Range of movements around ‘openness’ in higher education – libraries should be aware of all </li></ul>Summary
    31. 34. <ul><li>Because they are the producers and the consumers of the products of scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>Because they edit journals, sit on editorial boards, provide peer review, and are officers of scholarly societies </li></ul><ul><li>Because they are the movers behind many new models of scholarship ( often because of their own frustrations with the traditional model ) </li></ul><ul><li>Because they can make change in ways that libraries struggle to do on their own </li></ul>So…why engage with faculty?
    32. 35. <ul><li>What are the practices in a particular discipline? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the scholarly society(s) approach scholarly publishing and communication? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the culture in the department and college? </li></ul><ul><li>What are promotion and tenure requirements? </li></ul>What’s the faculty point of view?
    33. 36. Let’s engage! Discuss scholarly communication issues (especially author rights) with graduate students and work with your Graduate College. Engage with the research office(s) on campus about funder open access policies. Share knowledge of copyright, legislative issues, and other current events that may have direct impact. Bring faculty advocates from other campuses to speak. Give faculty examples of changes and new models from other similar disciplines.
    34. 37. <ul><li>Include scholarly communication in subject librarians jobs & service models </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate for OA archiving with publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Consider supporting OA author fees </li></ul><ul><li>Education around copyright and author rights </li></ul><ul><li>Have an institutional repository? Get more people involved – catalogers, subject librarians, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide technical and organizational infrastructure for publishing journals and other content </li></ul>What else can we do?
    35. 38. Be curious!
    36. 40. Attribution <ul><li>Slide 2: “BookCase” http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 7: “Super Secret Scientific Room” http://www.flickr.com/photos/cipherswarm/1491046160/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 9: “Open” http://www.flickr.com/photos/jmarty/128010935/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 11: “Hope” http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystalina/6327766/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 13: Text used from Dorothea Salo’s “Open Sesame” Presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/cavlec/open-sesame-and-other-open-movements </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 14: “Two roads were there – 2” http://www.flickr.com/photos/1000/187984223/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 25: “Harvard Widener Library” http://www.flickr.com/photos/mak506/2771080083/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 35: “Wikipedia – Art Historian” http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeeperez/2453225976/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 38: “Curiosity” http://www.flickr.com/photos/emiliodelprado/225161313/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 39: “Slow Down…You Clown!!” http://www.flickr.com/photos/fatboyke/2668411239/ </li></ul><ul><li>This work is based on works originally created by Sarah L. Shreeves and Joy Kirchner, and was last updated on April 12, 2011 by Molly Keener. It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. </li></ul>
    37. 41. <ul><li>ACRL Scholarly Communication Toolkit </li></ul><ul><li>http://scholcomm.acrl.ala.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Directory of Open Access Journals </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.doaj.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Registry of Open Access Repositories </li></ul><ul><li>http://roar.eprints.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Sherpa/Romeo Publisher Copyright Policies & Self-Archiving </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php </li></ul>Resources
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