Open Access & Open Access to Research Articles Act


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Open Access & Open Access to Research Articles Act for the Academic Senate at UIS. Covering mostly background information on Open Access and Institutional Repository at the Univ of Illinois with some basic information on the Open Access to Information Act in Illinois. (A more complete presentation with additional information on the Act to follow)

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  • JT//
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  • JT// There are many definitions of open access, but I like this one by Peter Suber because of its simplicity. Peter Suber is one of the most notable voices in the Open Access movement. He is the Director of the Harvard Office for Scholarly Communication, Director of the Harvard Open Access project, Faculty Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College.
  • JT// Universities that have adopted open access policies include Harvard, MIT, the University of California system, and the University of Kansas. The physics arXiv at Cornell has been in existence for some 20 years, and NIH has mandated deposit to PubMed Central since 2008.
  • SM// Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Mountain View, California, United States devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.[1] The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators. An easy to understand one-page explanation of rights, with associated visual symbols, explains the specifics of each Creative Commons license. Creative Commons licenses do not replace copyright, but are based upon it. They replace individual negotiations for specific rights between copyright owner (licensor) and licensee, which are necessary under an "all rights reserved" copyright management with a "some rights reserved" management employing standardized licenses for re-use cases where no commercial compensation is sought by the copyright owner. The result is an agile, low overhead and cost copyright management regime, profiting both copyright owners and licensees.
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  • SM// Many of these new access models are driven by the concept of “open” which encompasses a lot of meanings:More open for both creators and usersGreater openness by way of removing access barriers, such as subscriptionsGranting rights up front to enable sharing and reuseAnd creating opportunities for new forms of technology-enabled scholarship and data mining to move forward
  • JT// This video appeared in the ProfHacker blog of the Chronicle of Higher Education on October 23, during Open Access Week. It was created by Jorge Cham who does the comic strip PhD Comics , Nick Shockey of the Right to Research Coalition, and Jonathan Eisen, a biology professor at UC-Davis. The video focuses on scientific research and publishing, but open access can be applied to other disciplines as well. Let’s watch the video and then we will continue with the presentation.
  • SM// the iconic phrase is attributed to Stewart Brand.[1] who, in the late 1960s, founded the Whole Earth Catalog and argued that technology could be liberating rather than oppressing.[2] The earliest recorded occurrence of the expression was at the first Hackers' Conference in 1984. Brand told Steve Wozniak:[3]On the one hand information wants to be expensive, because it's so valuable. The right information in the right place just changes your life. On the other hand, information wants to be free, because the cost of getting it out is getting lower and lower all the time. So you have these two fighting against each other.[4]
  • JT// Right now there is a bill in Congress called FASTR--The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) was introduced on February 14 in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. If passed, FASTR would require government agencies with annual extramural research expenditures of more than $100 million make electronic manuscripts of peer-reviewed journal articles based on their research freely available on the Internet within six months of publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
  • JT// Currently, 45 colleges and universities have joined COAPI, the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions. Although many of the members of the coalition are R1 institutions, some of the members are small liberal arts colleges. The provosts at all of these institutions have signed an open letter to Congress in support of FASTR.
  • SMAmerica Competes Reauthorization Act of 2010 calls upon OSTP to coordinate with agencies to develop policies that assure widespread public access to and long-term stewardship of the results of federally funded unclassified research (2011)Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded ResearchPosted by Michael Stebbins on February 22, 2013 at 12:04 PM ESTThe Obama Administration is committed to the proposition that citizens deserve easy access to the results of scientific research their tax dollars have paid for. That’s why, in a policy memorandum released today, OSTP Director John Holdren has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research. To see the new policy memorandum, please visit:
  • JT // Here is the heart of the NIH Public Access Policy. It is worth noting that the AAP continues to lobby against this and other federal and state open access laws or initiatives.
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  • JT// I’m sure most of you have heard of Jack Andraka, the sixteen-year old high school student who developed an inexpensive test to detect pancreatic cancer. He did the research leading up to his lab work by using PubMed Central, the open access repository of the NIH. Media accounts of this breakthrough discovery by a high school student rightly focus on his age and determination, but if he had been limited to the databases available in the typical high school library I think his discovery would never have happened.
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  • JT// The level of increased citations in Physics is not surprising given how long the Physics arXiv has been in existence. Note, however, that the next highest increases have been in two social science disciplines, sociology and psychology.
  • JT// The Biss bill does not mandate that faculty publish in open access journals. In fact, this bill and many of the existing mandates propose that faculty and other participants deposit their scholarly work in a trusted institutional repository. Therefore, we are not going to try to discuss open access journals today—a discussion of open access journals would take at least another 15 minutes!
  • JT// IDEALS is the institutional repository of the University of Illinois. UIS is set up in a community in IDEALS—for free! For those of you interested in software, it runs on the D-SPACE software developed jointly by MIT and Hewlett-Packard.
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  • JT// Harvard and MIT adopted open access policies as the result of faculty initiatives. The University of California system board mandated an open access policy to be implemented at all 13 campuses. Both the Harvard and California policies should be instructive as the University of Illinois develops an open access policy proposal. At each of these institutions, faculty worked with librarians and administrators to create the policy and develop processes for its implementation.
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  • JT// Open access advocates Peter Suber and Brandon Butler both have excellent blogs that should be of assistance as the committee works to develop a policy. There is also a wealth of published literature and we will send you a bibliography soon.
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  • Open Access & Open Access to Research Articles Act

    1. 1. Open Access & Open Access to Research Articles Act What every faculty author should know….. Jane Treadwell, Dean of the Library H. Stephen McMinn, Director of Collections and Scholarly Communications
    2. 2. Discussion Topics Open Access  What is it?  Copyright and Authors Rights  Why is it important?  What’s in it for me?  What can I do? – IDEALS  Items to Consider in the Open Access to Research Articles Act
    3. 3. What is Open Access? Open Access-Lots of Definitions “Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.” Peter Suber … ( )
    4. 4. Who Uses Open Access?
    5. 5. Open Access and Copyright Open access is built upon authors retaining all or part of their rights under copyright. These rights include: – To publish/distribute work – To Reproduce/Copy – Prepare Translations or Derivative Works – To perform or display the work publicly – The ability to transfer these rights to others
    6. 6. What is Open Access?
    7. 7. Why Open Access?  “Information wants to be free!”  Unsustainable pricing model of scholarly journals  Requirements of Funding Agencies – NIH & Others  Use & Reuse with Few or No Restrictions
    8. 8. Why Open Access? Beliefs of the Academy…. “Open access truly expands shared knowledge across scientific fields — it is the best path for accelerating multi-disciplinary breakthroughs in research." Open Letter to the US Congress signed by Nobel Prize winners
    9. 9. COAPI institutions      Arizona State University Bryn Mawr College Columbia University Emory University Gustavus Adolphus College  Miami University  Penn State University  Purdue University         Rollins College Stanford University University of Florida University of Kansas University of Texas system University of Washington Wake Forest University Washington University (St. Louis)
    10. 10. Initiatives at the Federal Level  NIH Public Access Policy  America Competes Reauthorization Act of 2010  Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research – Presidential Policy Memorandum (2/22/13)  Other Policies and Legislation (CA Bill)
    11. 11. NIH Rules - In Brief  NIH-funded research must be made freely available to the public  Deposit made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication  Authors submit an e-copy of their published articles to NIH PubMed Central
    12. 12. Jack Andraka
    13. 13. What’s in it for me?  Ease of Use – Copyright - Getting Permissions – Coursepacks/Couse Management – MOOCs  Increased Visibility  Increased Citations
    14. 14. Increased Citations to Open Access Articles
    15. 15. How to Support Open Access  Publish in Open Access Journals – Open Access Policies Access Journals Publishing in Open  Use Repositories – Subject Repositories (ArXiv – Physics Archive) – IDEALS (UI Institutional Repository) – All faculty, staff, and graduate students can deposit into IDEALS
    16. 16. Open Access Initiatives at Other Universities  University of California  Harvard  MIT
    17. 17. Key components of open access policies  Spells out who has rights to the work  Provides for a means for authors to deposit scholarly works  Provides a waiver or opt-out policy that may be applied to specific articles
    18. 18. Open Access to Research Articles Act - Items to Consider  Academic Freedom  Copyright Policy  Reporting -Oversight & Enforcement  Cost of Repository  Potential for Collaboration  Potential use of existing scholarly repositories  Support for Gold Open Access (Pros & Cons)  Academic Discipline Specific considerations  Determination of article version to be made available
    19. 19. 10th Item to Consider- Who and What is to be covered in the Policy Who  Employees of State Agencies  State grant awardees  Faculty  Adjunct, Clinical, part time faculty What  Journal articles, and…  Dissertations  Conference Materials?  Laboratory manuals?  Books?  Patentable discoveries?
    20. 20. So …… as a faculty author you have more decisions to make……. How can an open access policy serve your needs and those of your discipline?
    21. 21. Attribution     Ruminating Poe by Chas Addams - b91970c-pi Graph: Harnad, Stevan, Tim Brody, François Vallières, Les Carr, Steve Hitchcock, Yves Gingras, Charles Oppenheim, Chawki Hajjem, and Eberhard R. Hilf 2008 The Access/Imipact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access: An Update. Serials Review 34(1):3640. Accessed online 16 Oct. 2009 Video - Open Access Explained! By Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics). CREDITS: Animation by Jorge Cham; Narration by Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen; Transcription by Noel Dilworth; Produced in partnership with the Right to Research Coalition, the Scholarly Publishing and Resources Coalition and the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students. “Signs” by Chas Addams. Scanned from Monster Rally by Charles Addams Simon and Schuster, 1950, p. 7.