Theme 7 – paul revere’s ride
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Theme 7 – paul revere’s ride Theme 7 – paul revere’s ride Presentation Transcript

  • Lindsey Miller
    History 140
    Theme 7 – Paul Revere’s Ride
  • Thomas Gage
    Commander in chief of British forces in New World
    Royal Governor of Massachusetts
    Position given by the King in order to reduce the province to obedience
    Did well in army but disliked war
    Disciplined and hardworking, cautious and serious
    Taught to cherish English law and liberties
    Believed that the rule of law meant the absolute supremacy of that many-headed sovereign, the King-In - Parliament
    General Gage’s Dilemma
  • Believed Stamp Act was set off by the elitists
    Gage decided to send troops to be quartered in the town of Boston
    This outraged Bostonians
    Shots fired at the Bloody Massacre by Gage’s men
    Thought problem then came from the growth of democracy
    Wanted to limit access to the law, and shift trials in political cases to England
    Wanted to take strong measures against the acts of Boston
    Decided to enact a set of Coercive Acts
    Closed the port of Boston
    Wanted to remove as many munitions as possible
    General Gage’s Dilemma
  • Gage
    Wanted to stop the rebels quickly
    Use of intelligence revolved around him
    Intelligence staffs were mostly his kinsmen
    Began send a steady flow of info on provincial politics and military affairs
    Wanted to send an attack to Worcester but it was too far
    Instead decided to send one to Concord
    The Mission
    • Whig Leaders
    • Knew British army was planning to move against them
    • Prepared to fight for freedom
    • Intelligence gained by groups – no central authority
    • Spread news throughout the countryside
    • Concord
    • April – Gage began to organize his marching force
    • During preparations , the navy were too open in their movements causing alarm amongst the town in Boston
    • Boston decided to send an urgent warning to Concord – job was given to Paul Revere
    • This was a false alarm
    • Gage continued to prepare the British Garrison
    • Needed to prevent Paul Revere or anyone from sending alarms
    • Sent 20 military men to try and intercept any messengers
    The Mission
    John Hancock
  • Boston
    Quickly realized and overheard the Regulars’ plans for marching/making an attack
    Doctor Warren analyzed rumors and alarm
    Had as British informer
    Got intelligence from the informer that the plan was to seize Hancock and Adams and burn stores at Concord
    Reasonable evidence suggest the informer was Gage’s wife Margaret
    Warrant sent a message to Paul Revere
    Revere was sent to send the message to Hancock and Adams
    Other messengers sent on different routes
    A collective effort – not a lone rider
    Revere also had a lantern signal planned incase no one could make it to the town
    The Warning
  • Revere’s Journey
    First went across on boat to Charlestown
    Once in Charlestown he was lent a horse
    While cantering along the horse alerted him of danger
    Two regulars gave chase to Revere who turned direction
    Midnight when he arrived to where Hancock and Adams were staying
    All decided that Concord must be warned and Revere and the other messenger were to do this
    The Warning
  • Gage
    Set his army in motion
    Men ordered to move in small parties
    Snuck out at night
    Met at Boston’s Back Bay
    Took two hours to cross the Charles River
    Infantryman carried 36 round and a full cartridge box
    Wore uncomfortable uniforms made only worse by having to cross through water
    The March
  • Smith’s decision
    During a time they had to wait one soldier left for provisions from Lechmere Point, the family learned of the army’s plan and sent word into town
    Smith sent men to siege the bridges north and south of the town
    While moving to the bridges caught several horsemen that were trying to alarm others
    Smith realized surprise had been lost and they might need reinforcements
    The March
    Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith