Theme 7 part 2 - Paul Revere's Ride


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History 140 - Theme 7 Part 2: Paul Revere's Ride

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Theme 7 part 2 - Paul Revere's Ride

  1. 1. <ul><li>History 140 </li></ul><ul><li>Melissa Skarnas </li></ul>Theme 7 Part 2 Paul Revere's Ride
  2. 2. Paul Revere's America <ul><li>Paul Revere was half French Huguenot and half English. A second generation American on one side and “old stock” American on the other </li></ul><ul><li>A Boston Silversmith, taking on his father's business at the age of 19 when his father died in 1754 </li></ul><ul><li>Revere was devoted to his community but also had personal ambition </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the law but would also take matters into his own hands as he felt was needed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paul Revere's America <ul><li>Paul Revere served his community, taking on many different roles over time. Among them he was town clerk, health officer and coroner, foreman for jury, organized a charity association and was voted president for it, and helped found a Fire Insurance company. </li></ul><ul><li>Revere was considered a gentleman, even being considered of equal rank to his British captors later. A “gentleman”was a social and moral rank </li></ul><ul><li>Known for speaking his mind or if words failed, his fists on a few occasions, winding him up in court guilty of “assaulting and beating” These incidents however didn't change his standing in the town </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Mission <ul><li>Whig leaders in New England received a warning from London about General Gage's orders to arrest leaders of the 'rebellion', and prepared to fight for the freedom of their people if it came to that </li></ul><ul><li>The New England Whigs felt it would have to be the British that fired first, before the Americans would join forces to fight them </li></ul><ul><li>The British & American systems of intelligence were organized in opposite ways from each other. British control was from the top down where the Americans were somewhat more independent gathering information on their own initiative with not actual commander over it all, just many leaders </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Mission <ul><li>General Gage had secret agents- “Loyalists- living in Concorde who informed him of the munitions stored around the town and gave information about the town inhabitants. A map was also drawn up detailing the location of every building known to have military supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Gage understood that because there was no real commander of the revolutionary movement, if any leader was arrested, others would take their place </li></ul><ul><li>Believing in the rule of law, Gage gave his men strict orders to “not plunder the inhabitants, or hurt private property” </li></ul><ul><li>The flaw in General Gage's judgement of the resistance, was in thinking they were incapable of taking orders from their own and the quality of the leadership within </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Capture <ul><li>While Paul Revere and William Dawes went on a second mission of the night from Lexington, they met Dr. Samuel Prescott on his way home from courting his fiancee, and he joined their mission to alarm the countryside of the British who by then were marching through Cambridge </li></ul><ul><li>Upon reaching one farm, Revere rode ahead and spotted a couple of British Regulars on horseback waiting. He warned his partners and they planned to advance on them but discovered there more than just two British soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>The soldiers had swords and pistols and threatened to “blow our heads off” if they did not stop attempting to escape. </li></ul><ul><li>A later attempt to escape into the woods was successful for Prescott and because of some confusion Dawes also managed to get away, but Revere was captured </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Capture <ul><li>Upon capture, several officers initially beat him, but another officer intervened when it was found out it was Revere – he was known to the British. He was then treated correctly (as a gentleman) </li></ul><ul><li>Several other riders were also captured on the road – having been considered suspicious. They were all interrogated, particularly being asked about where Adams and Hancock were </li></ul><ul><li>Paul answered the soldiers questions honestly and apparently acted as if he wasn't worried about the danger he was in. </li></ul><ul><li>Revere's main goal was to move the British away from Lexington where Adams and Hancock were, which he believed was the main goal of the British - to arrest the 2 men </li></ul>Site of Paul Revere's Capture
  8. 8. Aftermath <ul><li>While the British transported their wounded across the Charles River to Boston, the New England troops were given a chance to sleep after an exhausting few days of battle </li></ul><ul><li>Upon waking up the following morning, the Regulars (British) found they'd been besieged by the militia which had arrived from other parts of New England, effectively boxing the British up in Boston and cutting off their supplies and foot from the country </li></ul><ul><li>Any British soldiers found wandering were treated as enemies </li></ul><ul><li>The British were quite surprised by the turn of events and sought to blame someone higher up for the predicament. Each level of command blamed someone higher up, ultimately the blame being that of General Gage, who couldn't have known the 'rebels' would oppose to that extent </li></ul>
  9. 9. Aftermath <ul><li>Hearing that General Gage was to send a report of the battle to London, the Committee of Safety found out when & who the naval officer entrusted with said report would leave, and arranged to send nearly a hundred copies of depositions addressed to the “Inhabitants of Great Britain” </li></ul><ul><li>The ship the American depositions traveled on arrive 2 week before the British war report and were immediately published by the London press, causing quite a stir </li></ul><ul><li>The British government was taken by surprise by the information and not able to confirm or deny the claims. However even the support a letter written by a wounded, captured British soldier telling of the good care he received by his captors, supported the American version of events </li></ul><ul><li>The government would later decide that the failure in Massachusetts lay with the man they had sent to perform the task </li></ul>