Civil war strategies8 4.5

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Civil war strategies8 4.5

  1. 1. Civil War Strategies 8-4.5-- Compare the military strategies of the North & South during the Civil War & the fulfillment of these strategies in S.C. and in the South as a whole. This includes the attack on Fort Sumter, the Union blockade of Charleston, the capture of Port Royal, & the development of the Hunley submarine; the exploits of Robert Smalls, & Gen. William Sherman’s march through the state
  2. 2. Military Strategy for the North  Blockade southern ports to cut off supplies from Europe  Break the Confederacy into two at the Mississippi River  Destroy their communication system  Attack the Confederate capital in Richmond, Va
  3. 3. Military Strategies for the South  Fight a defensive war, using supplies from Europe and funds from the sale of cotton until the North tired out
  4. 4. American Civil War Tactics (7:38)
  5. 5.  Most of the fighting took place in northern Virginia & along the Mississippi River  The first shots of the war happen at Fort Sumter, SC  1st major Confederate setback- Union captured areas surrounding Port Royal around coast Hilton Head, SC The Civil War: Fort Sumter (2:42)
  6. 6. Union Strategy in SC  Prevent ships from importing & exporting from SC ports  Union blockades hurt SC by forcing Europeans to find new international cotton markets  Emancipation Proclamation (what it meant to plantation owners)  Union captured Charleston and laid siege to the area for over a year  45th Massachusetts unit of African American soldiers led the charge on Fort Wagner at the mouth of Charleston Harbor
  7. 7. Robert Smalls  23 yr old slave piloting a Confederate ship  Wife & children escaped to a Union ship at a blockade  While the white crew was ashore, Smalls navigated the ship towards the Union blockade, giving the appropriate signals to the Confederate forts he passed, where he surrendered it  He provided the Union with information on the Confederate fortifications surrounding Charleston  After the Civil War: served as an officer in the SC militia & state legislator, also helped draft the constitution of SC & served 5 terms as a Congressman from SC Video (11:34)
  8. 8. Sherman’s March  Sherman marched to SC after he captured Atlanta in his “March-to-the- Sea” campaign  Goal: make total war & bring the war home to the civilians to convince the south to surrender  Direct impact on SC: destroyed homes, plantations, railroads, & towns along the way  He even shelled the current state house under construction at the time  Capital city of Columbia burned Video 1 (1:50) Video 2 (6:47)

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