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Socio-economic circumstances at the KabeWatershed Pilot Project in Ethiopia, 2011-                  2013            Fikru ...
1. Introduction Rainfall variability and unpredictable rainfall pattern are commonfeatures of Kabe watershed and the surr...
2. Methods/approachesSources of data:Primary sources:Structuredquestionnaire with150 HHsSecondary sources:Physical observa...
3. Findings Average family size of the sample HHs is 5. More than half of the sample population are at productiveworking...
Feed shortage (48%) and diseases (44%) are critical problems forthe livestock sector. 81.3% of the farmers replied that ...
4. Conclusions/recommendations The awareness of farmers about improved climate change  adaptation interventions should be...
4. Conclusions/recommendations The awareness of farmers about improved climate change  adaptation interventions should be...
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Socio-economic circumstances at the Kabe Watershed Pilot Project in Ethiopia, 2011-2013

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Presented by Fikru Assefa (Wollo University) at the Workshop on the Lessons and Success Stories from a Pilot Project on Climate Change Adaptation Interventions in Kabe watershed, south Wollo, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 11-12 February 2013

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Transcript of "Socio-economic circumstances at the Kabe Watershed Pilot Project in Ethiopia, 2011-2013"

  1. 1. Socio-economic circumstances at the KabeWatershed Pilot Project in Ethiopia, 2011- 2013 Fikru Assefa (Wollo University) Workshop on the lessons and success stories from a pilot project on climate change adaptation interventions in Kabe watershed, south Wollo, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 11-12 February 2013
  2. 2. 1. Introduction Rainfall variability and unpredictable rainfall pattern are commonfeatures of Kabe watershed and the surrounding areas. Land degradation and food insecurity are challenges for mostcommunity members at Kabe watershed. Access to input and output market, credit and information onclimate change adaptation interventions are important issues at thewatershed. The objectives of the study were to establish a comprehensivemultisectoral information base about local status of socio-economicelements of the community, identify main challenges in the area,climate change indicators, climate change adaptation strategies,available & potentials resources and social & economic services. 2
  3. 3. 2. Methods/approachesSources of data:Primary sources:Structuredquestionnaire with150 HHsSecondary sources:Physical observation ofdifferent practices 3
  4. 4. 3. Findings Average family size of the sample HHs is 5. More than half of the sample population are at productiveworking age category. 43.87% of populations are illiterate whereas 0.9% of thepopulation are greater than grade 12. Average land holding 0.93ha. 91% rain-fed land & 9% irrigated land (Traditional irrigationschemes) and there is conflict on water for irrigation. About 77.6% of respondents access seed from the market oncash basis. Nearly 72.7% of the HHs have on average 1.12 local cows and60.7% of HHs have on average 1.4 local of oxen. This infers that alot of households don’t have a pair of oxen for plowing their farm. 4
  5. 5. Feed shortage (48%) and diseases (44%) are critical problems forthe livestock sector. 81.3% of the farmers replied that annual product produced fromtheir farm land could not cover the food requirements of theirfamilies. 48% of the sample farmers attempted to have credit serviceswhile more than half of the sample farmers were not interested to it. Rate of increment of the climatic change has been greater sincethe last five years as confirmed by 42.7% of the households. Off-farm activities are so minimal because of shortage of money(68.4%), shortage of time (19.3%), shortage of place (1.8%) and laborshortage (8.8%). 5
  6. 6. 4. Conclusions/recommendations The awareness of farmers about improved climate change adaptation interventions should be enhanced through training and experience exchange visits. Water harvesting techniques need to be expanded as water for irrigation is inadequate to fulfill the demand of the communities that inhabited at the upstream, midstream and downstream side of the watershed. Access to input and market to the output should be improved so as to enhance climate change adaption capacities of the watershed communities. 6
  7. 7. 4. Conclusions/recommendations The awareness of farmers about improved climate change adaptation interventions should be enhanced through training and experience exchange visits. Water harvesting techniques need to be expanded as water for irrigation is inadequate to fulfill the demand of the communities that inhabited at the upstream, midstream and downstream side of the watershed. Access to input and market to the output should be improved so as to enhance climate change adaption capacities of the watershed communities. 6
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