Area description of Kabe (Dagnu) watershed, Ethiopia

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Presented by Tesfaye Minota at the Stakeholders’ Workshop on Enhancing Communities’ Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change Induced Water Scarcity in Kabe Watershed, South Wollo Zone, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia, 24-25 November 2011.

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Area description of Kabe (Dagnu) watershed, Ethiopia

  1. 1. Area description of Kabe (Dagnu) watershed Tesfaye Minota Stakeholders’ Workshop on Enhancing Communities’ Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change Induced Water Scarcity in Kabe Watershed, South Wollo ZoneWollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia, 24-25 November 2011
  2. 2. Over view of Woreillu woreda One of adminstrative woreda in south Wollo zone • It found in woreillu woreda in south wollo zone Located at 520731-565387m E and 1141919-1209158m N 91 km in west direction from Desse 2 Agro-ecological classifications (82% woina dega & 18% Dega) Average altitude 2730 m a s lCopywright©2010 Companyname | Free template by Investintech PDF Solutions 2
  3. 3. 160000.000000 260000.000000 360000.000000 460000.000000 560000.000000 660000.000000 .000000 1600000.0000001600000 ± .000000 1500000.0000001500000 .000000 1400000.0000001400000 .000000 1300000.0000001300000 .000000 1200000.0000001200000 .000000 1100000.0000001100000 Legend WereIllu_Woreda .000000 1000000.000000 Debub Wollo Zone1000000 Amhara Woredas .000000 900000.000000 900000 50 25 0 50 100 Kilometers 160000.000000 260000.000000 360000.000000 460000.000000 560000.000000 660000.000000 3
  4. 4. Cont... Total area 74,278 ha Total population 117,236 Average land holding 1.31 ha Average family size 4.4Source SWHISA ,2006 & Woreda agriculturaloffice
  5. 5. Land use Types Cultivated land 31,172 ha • It found in woreillu woreda in south wollo zone Grazing 9,320 ha Water body 111 ha Construction 6,974 ha Non cultivated and others 37,306 haCopywright©2010 Companyname | Free template by Investintech PDF Solutions 5
  6. 6. Crop production The main crops growing are TheBarley crops growing areField pea main wheat Lentils Cereals Cereals: barley,wheat teff Teff Haricot bean Pulses Fenugreek Carrot Cabbage Potato VegetablesCopyright©2010 Companyname | Free template by Investintech PDF Solutions 6
  7. 7. Cropping SeasonsTwo raining seasons(bimodal) Belg(March-April) Meher (July-September)But in recent years most parts of Woreda do not receive enough rain during Belg 7
  8. 8. Livestock Crop-livestock mixed farming 56010 Cattles 190072 Equines 157607 Sheep and GoatsProblems Feed shortage Disease 8
  9. 9. Irrigation• 91% Rain fed land• 9% irrigated land• Traditional irrigation schemes• Modern irrigation schemes• Water harvesting structures ConflictsOn water for irrigation 9
  10. 10. Stakeholders Governmental organization Woreda office of Administration Woreda office of Agriculture Non-Governmental organizations SWHISA-irrigation & institutional transformation Mekane yesus- irrigation Menschen Fur Menschen- irrigation, health, education WASH-water supply
  11. 11. Location of Kabe(Degnu) Watershed Located about 50 km fromDessie at the road to Wereillu town 11
  12. 12. Topography of Kabe( Degnu) watershedElevation gradient(plain midland Mountainous)Altitude range 2800-3859 m a s l The catchment lays to the south of yewel mountain Streams originate from Yewel and flow to Selgi river which joins Betho river(tributary of Blue Nile)
  13. 13. Yewelmountain Mid land Plain 13
  14. 14. Situation in Project site• Yewel mountain is the highest elevation in the site• It is highly degraded• Steep slop farming• Overgrazed• No Tree 14
  15. 15. Steep slop farming 15
  16. 16. Intervention Effort in Kabe watershed Efforts to restore the mountain 60 days community work of NRM A lot of physical SWC structures 67.9km stone bund terraces 242 trench 355 micro basin
  17. 17. Conservation efforts
  18. 18. Needs further study
  19. 19. Interestingly, there is a successful farmer in planting trees at homestead Planted different species of trees 19
  20. 20. Benefits of planting trees Honey production Source of fodder Soil fertility improvementAttractive looking(aesthetic value) Honey product from trees 20
  21. 21. Midland & PlainRelatively less degradationTree species dominated by EucalyptusFew naturally regenerated acacia treesBut some farmers start to grow apple fruit, tree species such as Sesbania, Gravelia... 21
  22. 22. AF tree species Acacia spApple fruit not planted at homestead 22
  23. 23. Farmers at outlet of the watershedat plain area producing vegetables by irrigation 23

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