Political and Economic Rivalries European rivalries developed over resource rich ethnic regions like the Balkans. Great Britain and France formed an alliance over the fear of Germany’s industrial power.
Nationalism and Ethnic Conflicts Many ethnic groups were discriminated against by more powerful countries. One of them (Serbians) wanted their independence.
How it all began. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria- Hungary was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Taking Sides- 1914 Germany and the Ottoman Empire supported the Austria- Hungary Empire. (The Central Powers). Britain, France and Russia supported Serbia. (The Allied Powers) The United States tried to stay neutral.
Terms to Know1. Nationalism: loyalty to your own country or ethnic group.2. Ethnic Group: people who share a common ancestry and culture.3. Neutral4. Pandemic5. Entrepreneur6. drought7. Boll weevil
U.S. involvement in the War President Woodrow Wilson tried to keep the United States neutral. German submarines began to sink U.S. ships heading to Great Britain. The German “Zimmerman Telegram” encouraged Mexico to attack the U.S. The U.S. Joined the Allies in1917.
U.S. Contributions Trained over 4,000,000 soldiers to fight. Sustained over 300,000 U.S. casualties.
Georgia in the War Georgia cotton was used to make millions of uniforms. Georgia (still very rural) built military bases to train more soldiers than any other state. Infantry troops and pilots were trained while other bases held prisoners of war. 100,000 Georgians contributed to the war.
World War One and the Flu Pandemic (“Fill in” Left side Assignment)1. The Central Powers surrendered with Germany’s surrender.2. 15 million civilians and soldiers died.3. Tanks, airplanes, submarines, machine guns and chemical weapons were all used for the first time.4. A world wide pandemic of the flu in 1918 killed nearly 50 million more people.5. American Soldiers returning home brought the flu virus home with them.6. 650,000 Americans died of the flu before it ended in 1920.
Causes and Powers QuizOn a lined piece of paper write your name and the quiz title at the top. Then answer the following: Name Three Allied Powers. 1. 2. 3. Name three Central Powers. 4. 5. 6. List four causes of WW1. (They were the titles of the first 2 slides) 7. 8. 9. 10.
Georgia’s Agriculture Cotton prices dropped during the 1920s. Farms were invaded by an insect called the Boll Weevil. Cotton production dropped by 75%.
Drought In 1924 Georgia farmers were hit by a major drought. Many farmers gave up and moved to cities in search of jobs. (Great Migration) Many farm related businesses failed leading to a growing rate of poverty in the state.
Georgia’s Economy More Georgians now lived in cities (urban) than rural areas. Industries such as textiles, lumber and kaolin grew. The Dixie Highway brought tourists to Georgia from the Great Lakes and Florida. William B. Hartsfield built a large airfield outside of Atlanta.
The 18th Amendment Passed in 1920 making alcohol sales illegal. It was called Prohibition.
Georgia Companies (left side) Coca-Cola: Invented in 1886 and has grown to a major international company. Delta Airlines: started as a crop dusting company in 1924 that has grown into a major airline based in Atlanta. Georgia-Pacific began in Augusta in 1927 and had become a major international lumber company.