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Wwi presentation


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Wwi presentation

  1. 1. ▪ Militarism- Build up of armies and navies▪ Alliances- Nations organized against each other▪ Imperialism- Competition for markets and colonies▪ Nationalism- Belief your country is the best  ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FERDINAND
  2. 2.  1914 a man from Serbia killed Austria- Hungarian heir to throne Archduke Ferdinand CENTRAL POWERS - Austria-Hungary; Germany; Bulgaria; Ottoman Empire ALLIED POWERS- Serbia; Russia; France Great Britain
  3. 3.  German-American and Irish-American immigrants wanted US to back Central Powers Many Americans disliked autocratic leader in Germany America remained neutral
  4. 4.  December 1914 National Security League  train men for combat  make sure people are ready for war  make sure people are patriotic
  5. 5. Even though the US proclaimed its neutrality it began to trade more and more with Allied powers.Germany warned US it would use its U-Boats to sink American ships transporting ammunition
  6. 6. U-Boat = submarinesMay 7,1915 Germans sink British passenger liner Lusitania  *Cause of American Entrance Into WarKilled 1,200 passengers 128 Americans
  7. 7.  On May 24,1916 Germans sink French passenger ship Sussex US threatened to cut off diplomatic relations with Germany if they didn’t stop submarine warfare
  8. 8.  Britain intercepts a telegram from Arthur Zimmermann, Germany’s foreign secretary to Mexico Telegram offers Mexico help if they fight the United States
  9. 9. Liberty Bonds were sold to pay for warPeople could redeem the bonds after war with interest$20 Billion was raised
  10. 10.  With less immigrants coming to America factories turned to African Americans and Mexican Americans to work 500,000 African Americans left the South for Northern cities
  11. 11. 400,000 women joined the workforce1918 Congress proposes the Suffrage AmendmentAugust 24,1920 Amendment becomes law
  12. 12.  People began to distrust anything related to Germany Changed German sounding names, burned books Attacked and lynched people of German ancestry
  13. 13.  Espionage Act of 1917  Crime to interfere with draft  Crime to mail “treasonous” materials Sedition Act of 1918  Crime to say or publish anything bad about the government, constitution, flag, or military
  14. 14.  Supreme Court rules free speech can be restricted during wartime  Clear and present danger  “fire” in a movie theater
  15. 15.  1917 Russian Revolution  Communist state established  Russia out of war Fear communism will sweep through US
  16. 16.  November 1918 war ends  Allies win Paris Peace Conference Jan. 1919  Meeting of world leaders to discuss peace
  17. 17.  Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace  No secret diplomacy  Freedom of seas  Free trade  Reduce arms  Self-Determination  League of Nations
  18. 18.  Germany loses  Blamed for war  Reparations  Loss of military  Loss of land  Loss of colonies
  19. 19.  Many fear it will pull US into more wars Senate does not approve Treaty of Versailles  US not in League of Nations
  20. 20.  US- largest creditor  Countries owe US $ European nations can’t pay The Dawes Plan  US lends money to Germany  Germany pays reparations  Allies pay US
  21. 21.  Kellogg-Briand Pact  1928 15 nations meet and sign pact  War outlawed except in self-defense
  22. 22.  Senate rejected Treaty July 2, 1921 Congress votes to end war Congress ratifies separate peace treaties with Germany, Austria and Hungary