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Published in: Economy & Finance

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Transcript

  • 1. Chinese Society & Culture
  • 2. Economic Changes
    • 1500-1800 – China mostly agricultural society
      • 1st change – increase in population
      • Meant – less land available
      • Shortage led to- unrest and revolts
    • Growth in – manufacturing & increased trade btw provinces
      • Didn’t dev – commercial capitalism (private bus. Based on profit)
        • b/c: trade & manuf – remained under control of gov’t
      • many CH – looked down on trade & manuf
      • levied – heavy taxes on trade & manuf.
  • 3. Chinese Family
    • Emphasis on – family relations
      • Based on – Confucian ideals
      • CH family expected to – provide for its members needs
    • Incl 1. education of children
    • 2. support of unmarried daughters
    • 3. care of elderly
    • Expected to – sacrifice their individual desires for the benefit of family
    • Ideal family unit – in Qing China was the extended family
    • Clan – dozens or hundreds of related families
    • Families linked – clan councils or elders
    • Clan system – made it possible for wealthier families to help poorer relatives
  • 4. Role of Women
    • Women considered – inferior to men
      • Only males – could have formal education
      • Wife – subordinate to the husband
        • Couldn’t – divorce or inherit property
      • Husbands expected – to provide support for wives and children
      • Women restricted – movement
        • Bound feet – a status symbol
  • 5. Footbinding Notice how she has to have support to walk.
  • 6. Footbinding
  • 7. Footbinding
  • 8. Cultural Developments
    • The CH novel- developed during Ming Dynasty
      • The Golden Lotus – 1 st realistic social novel
      • Depicts – corrupt life of a wealthy landlord in Ming China
    • Ming & Qing Art
      • Architecture – Imperial City
        • Began by – Emperor Yong Le
        • Complex of – palaces and temples
        • Surrounded – walls
        • Off limits – to commoners
        • So known as- Forbidden City
      • Ming Era art – most famous is blue/white porcelain
    http://www.thebeijingguide.com/forbidden_city/forbidden_city_historical_tour.html
  • 9. Rare Red - Ming Vase
    • How much did this porcelain Ming vase
    • sell for ..??
    • Over
    • $10 million!!!
    sold May 2006