Feudalism

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Feudalism

  1. 1. Feudalism Christian Bolle and Zac Munson
  2. 2. Overview <ul><ul><li>  The Feudal System was a social system introduced to England as a result of the invasion by William I. Under this system, there was a clear and well defined class structure, in which each person had a social and economic rank. Everyone but the King served another person of a higher class by fighting for them or providing labor, generally farming. In exchange, they would recieve tracts of land, called fiefs, or protection. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Hierarchy <ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Top Tier <ul><li>King </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recieves payments from Barons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All land in the kingdom was the property of the King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granted land to nobles who swore an oath of loyalty to him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Above the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More of a figurehead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Baron </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pays King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recieves money from vassals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy influence in politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected by Knights in return for land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collectively own the majority of land </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Middle Tier <ul><li>Knight (Lord) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code of Chivalry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide military service to the Barons in exchange for fiefs  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each Knight took an oath of loyalty to the Baron whom he served </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  As much power as barons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collected taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled over religious institutions in their area </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Peasants <ul><ul><li>Lowest class of citizen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work the fiefs owned by the Barons and Knights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are the 99% </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. End of Feudalism <ul><ul><li>Reasons for decline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Black Death - this reduced the population of England by one third. Labour became a valuable commodity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Peasants Revolt - Peasants realised their worth and demanded changes. Charters were granted but ignored by nobles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A centralized government was established </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Bibliography <ul><ul><li>http://www.historyonthenet.com/Medieval_Life/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     feudalism.htm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://library.thinkquest.org/J0110522/feudal _ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>      system.htm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/decline-of-feudalism.htm </li></ul></ul>

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