#? The Early Middle Ages Textbook pages350-375
<ul><li>Also called the  medieval period . </li></ul><ul><li>400s – Renaissance Period (14 th  Century) </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Charles Martel  “the Hammer” had cavalry that defeated the Spanish Moors in the Battle of Tours in 732. He dies in...
<ul><li>Pepin’s son  Charlemagne  was the greatest of all Frankish Kings. Ruled from 768-814ad. </li></ul><ul><li>Charlema...
<ul><li>After Charlemagne’s death his grandsons and other nobles fought over and split up the empire.  </li></ul><ul><li>F...
The Vikings <ul><li>The most feared invaders of western Europe between 800-900s were the Vikings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vi...
<ul><li>Their  longships  carried many men and could sail and attack inland places.  Brought men across the Atlantic Ocean...
<ul><li>During the Middle Ages, the Church’s powers extended across kingdoms and through every social and political level ...
Church Hierarchy <ul><li>Parish Priest  – lowest rank. Served the people in the parish directly. Responsible for the moral...
<ul><li>Bishops - could perform the last two sacraments: confirmation and the taking of holy orders. Bishops managed a gro...
Monasticism <ul><li>Monks  and  nuns  believed that they had to withdraw from the world and temptations to live a Christia...
<ul><li>Monasticism spreads:  St. Patrick  brings Christianity to Ireland and  St. Augustine  led a group of monks to Engl...
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The Early Middle Ages and Church

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The Early Middle Ages and Church

  1. 1. #? The Early Middle Ages Textbook pages350-375
  2. 2. <ul><li>Also called the medieval period . </li></ul><ul><li>400s – Renaissance Period (14 th Century) </li></ul><ul><li>The Franks </li></ul><ul><li>The Franks were a Germanic tribe that invaded the Roman Empire and settled in Gaul (France). </li></ul><ul><li>481 – Clovis becomes King of the Franks </li></ul><ul><li>Took over other tribes, and more land. Clovis also became a Christian and received support from the Church. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Charles Martel “the Hammer” had cavalry that defeated the Spanish Moors in the Battle of Tours in 732. He dies in 741. </li></ul><ul><li>His son Pepin III “the Short” takes over. In 751 Pepin was made King of the Franks and the Carolingians came to power. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope sought Pepin’s help against the Lombards. The Franks beat the Lombards and then Pepin gave the land (Rome) to the Pope. This was called “the Donation of Pepin” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Pepin’s son Charlemagne was the greatest of all Frankish Kings. Ruled from 768-814ad. </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne spent much of his life at war working to expand the Carolingian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a Christian and worked to spread Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>12/25/800ad Charlemagne was in Rome and when he knelt to pray, Pope Leo III placed a crown on his head and declared him “Emperor of the Romans” or “Holy Roman Emperor” </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne united much of western Europe. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>After Charlemagne’s death his grandsons and other nobles fought over and split up the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Frankish inheritance was traditionally split among successors unlike primogeniture where the inheritance goes to the oldest son. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Vikings <ul><li>The most feared invaders of western Europe between 800-900s were the Vikings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vikings came from Scandinavia and in the spring and summers would raid and loot settlements and bring back captives to work as slaves on their farms. </li></ul><ul><li>Their ways of capturing towns was often savage and cruel. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Their longships carried many men and could sail and attack inland places. Brought men across the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vikings had a settlement in northern France, this was called Normandy after their name of Northmen, Norsemen. </li></ul><ul><li>Leif Ericson – explorer, thought to be the 1 st European to have landed in North America. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>During the Middle Ages, the Church’s powers extended across kingdoms and through every social and political level of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the clergy were organized according to a strict hierarchy of rank. </li></ul>The Church
  9. 9. Church Hierarchy <ul><li>Parish Priest – lowest rank. Served the people in the parish directly. Responsible for the moral and spiritual life of the community. They could perform 5 sacraments: baptism, Holy Communion, penance, matrimony, and the anointing of sick and dying. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Bishops - could perform the last two sacraments: confirmation and the taking of holy orders. Bishops managed a group of parishes called a diocese . The king or powerful nobles controlled bishops. Many bishops were also feudal lords or vassals. </li></ul><ul><li>Archbishops – controlled several diocese called an archdiocese. Had all the powers of a bishop and had power over them. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope – the pope had supreme authority in the church. Cardinals chose and advised the Pope. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Monasticism <ul><li>Monks and nuns believed that they had to withdraw from the world and temptations to live a Christian life. </li></ul><ul><li>At first monks lived alone and even inflicted physical pain on themselves to prove their dedication to God. </li></ul><ul><li>Over time monks lived together in monasteries , working, eating, and praying together. </li></ul><ul><li>As people learned of St. Benedict’s holiness he gained followers. Later he created rules to govern monks’ lives called the Benedictine Rule . </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Monasticism spreads: St. Patrick brings Christianity to Ireland and St. Augustine led a group of monks to England. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in the Church : </li></ul><ul><li>Lay investiture – officials choosing friends for clergy positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Simony – buying clergy positions in the church </li></ul><ul><li>The Church attempts to fix things by searching out heretics . This is called the inquisition . People who asked for forgiveness could be forgiven; those who didn’t would be turned over for punishment, execution, sometimes being burned at the stake. </li></ul>

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