National Disaster Management In Afghanistan
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National Disaster Management In Afghanistan

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National Disaster Management In Afghanistan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1Islamic Republic Satae of AfghanistanNational Disaster Management Authority(ANDMA)18-19 JuneM.Sayed QaziDirector International Relation
  • 2. Delay in response may result in increasedloss of lives and livelihoods.2
  • 3. 3IntroductionAfghanistan has been naturally vulnerable to disasters onaccount of its unique geo-climatic condition. Floods, droughts,earthquakes, avalanches, landslides and locust attacks areregular natural phenomena in Afghanistan.In addition to natural hazards other man madedisasters are : Internal Conflicts , mass repatriation and hugedisplacement Explosions Mine and Unexploded ordinance
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  • 6. 66Disaster ImpactFamilies affected Houses Destroyed People Killed2008 70775 737 1242009 8546 4447 2052010 20319 11041 2942011First quarter 6800 2800 73
  • 7. 7Institutional Mechanism for DMInstitutional Mechanism for DM7Office of the PresidentNDMCANDMALine Ministries,UN/NGO,reps DonorsANDMA ProvincialOfficesMediasPDMCsDDMCsDevelopment Consulsof Communities
  • 8. 8Disaster Management Michanism &National DM StructureANDMA, Secretary of the NDMCANDMA, Secretary of the NDMCNEOCNEOCPDMC’sPDMC’sPEOCPEOCLine MinistriesINGOs / NGOsGovernement DeptsINGOs / NGOsNDMC – H.E Second VPNDMC – H.E Second VPH.E PresidentH.E PresidentPreparation for Districts DMCommittees &Community Councilsare under progress
  • 9. 9The functions of the National DMCommittee are as follows Identification and setting of strategic directions/measuresfor disaster reduction Approval of National financed preparedness plans,response, and reconstruction plans National Emergency Coordination (including emergencyoperations, response and international appeals) Declaration of State of Disaster or Emergency Development of National policies and contingency plans Management of funds provided for disaster relief purposes Mobilization of International Assistance in times of majoremergencies
  • 10. 10Brief on ANDMAMandate:Coordination of DM ActivitiesObjective ANDS:Effective System of Disaster Preparedness andResponse in placed
  • 11. 11ANDMA’s Institutional ArrangementsANDMA Director GeneralDeputy D.GAdmin & FinanceAccountantProcurementHRPlanningDeminingMitigation deptNEOCDissemination DeptRisk Asse DeptANDMA Provincial OfficesIn 34 ProvincesAssessment& analysisOperationalDeptHR ArchiveCapacity BuildingdeptRecruitmentInternationalRelation
  • 12. 1212Disaster Management Policy Documents Disaster Management Law National Disaster Management Plan Sectoral DM Plan ( for 5 key ministries) Provincial DM Plan ( for 28 provinces) District DM Plan (few districts) National Emergency Fund Guideline Rapid & Technical Assessment Formats Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP)
  • 13.  The purpose is to provide guiding document inorder to ensure that Rapid EmergencyResponse activities are implemented in anefficient and timely manner, within the first 72hours of a shock or disaster 72 hours is inideal situation. In complex situation triggeredby insecurity or weather condition it should notexceed one week.13
  • 14.  The representative of the affected community (CommunityLeader) directly informs either the nearest districtadministration office, or any government official, then informsthe Provincial Governor or his Deputy. Alternatively theLeader/Shora informs the Provincial Authority directly if it is thefastest and the most effective route. The Provincial Governorinforms the main government departments and the membersof the assisting community that are represented in, and haveresponsibility for, the affected province14
  • 15.  PDMC which is comprised of government officials from the keyministries and the ‘assisting community’, to carry out an initialassessment on the extent of the damage and to identify needsfor immediate relief. Under the guidance of Chairperson of PDMC, rapid assessmentteam comprised of ANDMA and line ministries subdepartments, ARCS, UN/NGOs, UN representative) to be sent tothe field for damage assessment. Discusses the assessment report with the PDMC anddetermines the magnitude of the disaster, level of responseneeded and who has the capacity to provide relief assistance. Disseminate the assessment report to all relevanthumanitarian partners. 15
  • 16.  District level response: when the disaster can be managed by thedistrict administrator through the mobilization of community level resourcesusing existing traditional coping mechanisms, including resources of otherpartners, such as UN/NGOs, in the affected districts. The district team provides regular situation reports to the provincialgovernor. The Provincial and National authorities are on alert in case theyneed to provide assistance. Provincial level response: from the assessment report, the capacityand level of response is determined by the PDMC in consultation withANDMA and where necessary, the other key ministries. ProvincialHumanitarian Teams (HPTs) are an important part at this level includingother NGO emergency response mechanisms (ERM) and the AfghanistanRed Crescent Society supported by its volunteer network.16
  • 17.  ANDMA organized emergency NDMAC meetingchaired by HE Second Vice president if thescope of disaster is high and can not beresponded by PDMC provincial level Mobilize national level sources, line ministries,international partners, government emergencyfund, food/non food items, search and rescueteams, and disseminate appeal when needed17
  • 18.  Officially, reporting on emergency operations iscarried out by the provincial branch of ANDMAon behalf of the PDMC, with or without furthersupport in information dissemination from theNDMC. EOC ANDMA HQ is functioning 24 hrs18
  • 19.  Step 1: Informing the Office of the Governorand activating the Emergency Operation Center(EOC) Step 2: Conducting Inter-Agency Initial RapidAssessment (including analysis of secondaryand pre crisis information). Step 3: Coordination and provision of theemergency response Step 4: Information management Step 5: Reporting 19
  • 20. 2020Achievements• Strengthened national and province emergency operationscenters.• Public awareness campaign organized• Magazines, broachers published and disseminated in kabul andprovinces.• Broadcasting of DM messages and video clips via National TVs &Radios of Afghanistan.• Developed & finalized Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs)• Developed Road Map on Drought Risk Reduction for South Asia• Several national and province levels trainings on differentaspects of disaster risk management organized and trainedabout 1,500 locals
  • 21. 2121Achievements Established Provincial Emergency Operation Centers (PEOCs) inall provinces Maintain emergency stocks in most vulnerable areas. Trained and mobilized Rapid Assessment Teams at the provincelevel School Safety Program at the National and provincial levels. Support to Kabul University to design and run undergraduateprogramme on Environmental Protection and DisasterManagement since 2009 Training manual and guidelines for the community baseddisaster risk management developed and national level trainingorganized
  • 22. 2222Glimpse of School Safety Pilot ProgramANDMA school safety pilotproject implemented inmost vulnerable schools inKabul and Balkh provinces.• School DM Plans Developed.• DM equipment provided
  • 23. 23Memorandum of Understandings(MoUs) in DM ANDMA recently signed MoUs at the level of countries, UNagencies and NGOs Afghanistan, Turkey, Pakistan, Tajikistab UNOPS ( Strengthening DM system & DRR Capacity building) WFP (Relief) Save the Children (Preparedness and Emergency Response) ACTED ( Preparedness, Construction of warehouses) CARE Intl ( Shelter & Emergency) Solidarities (DM) Cooperation of ISAF regarding strengthening NEOCs system Afghanistan is party to SAARC and ECO
  • 24. 2424Constraints & Challenges Security and accessibility in remote disaster prone areas Unpredictable and limited financial resources High level of vulnerability Poor early warning system Poor seismic detection instruments Poor communication system Insufficient of trained and motivated human resources in DMfield in the country generally and ANDMA in particular. Insufficient equipment for search and rescue Lack of, and poor enforcement of Building Code Few/ limited donors interested to support on DRM
  • 25. 2525Way Forward Establishment of a strong Information Network Allocation of more resources in DM regionallyand globally. Strong commitment infrastructure and regionalnatural resources management/development. Identification and implementation of regionallevel activities on capacity building/development for DRR
  • 26. 26And whoso saves a life, it is as if hehad saved the entirety of mankind.”The Holy Qur’an