SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 28
Download to read offline
CONCEPT OF DIASTER MANAGEMENT,
NATIONAL DIASTER MANAGEMENT FRAME
WORK
usalmashaik@gmail.com
“A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that cause
Damage,
Ecological disruption,
Loss of human life,
Deterioration of health and
Health services on a scale,
sufficient to warrant and extraordinary response from outside the
affected community or area”.
DEFINITIONS
• Risk is defined as the frequency of an event happening and its
impact.
• A Hazard is a physical or human-made event that can
potentially trigger a disaster.
• Vulnerability is ‘Susceptibility to harm’ of those at risk.
• Capacities are the qualities & resources of community ( or
individual) to … anticipate, cope with, resist & recover from
the impact of hazards.
WHY DISASTER MANAGEMENT??
• To minimize deaths and losses.
• Minimum level of preparedness & planning can do it.
• Without identification of risk & vulnerability, only
knowledge of hazards is of no use.
• Normal procedures are insufficient to handle grave
situations
CAUSAL FACTORS OF DISASTER
DISASTER
POPULATION
GROWTH
POVERTY
RAPID
URBANIZATION
ENVIRONMENT
DEGRADATION
• Poverty: lack of resource bases,support system,insurance
opportunities
• environmental degradation: destruction of mangrove swamps
in coastal areas. construction of huge dams destructing vast
area of forest.
• Rapid urbanisation :everybody wants to settle in urban area.
high rates can’t accommodate every class of people. it results
in growth of slums, unplanned construction without
regulations.
• population growth: effect on the people living in crowded
areas.
What it involves ??
• Dealing with and avoiding both natural and man made
disasters.
• Preparedness before disaster.
• Rebuilding and supporting society after natural disasters
The reasons for this are varied including:
• An increasing population pressures in urban areas.
• An increase in the extent of encroachment into lands.
e.g., river beds or drainage courses, low lying areas etc.
• Poor or ignored zoning laws and policies.
• Lack of proper risk management.
FACTORS AFFECTING DISASTER
Host factors:
• Age
• Immunization status
• Degree of mobility
• Emotional stability
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Physical Factors:
• Chemical Factors
• Biological Factors
• Social Factors
• Psychological Factors
CHARACTERISTIC OF DISASTER
•Predictability
• Controllability
• Speed of onset
• Length of forewarning
•Duration of impact
• Scope and intensity of impact
PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
• Disaster management is the responsibility of all spheres of government.
• Disaster management should use resources that exist for a day-to-day
purpose.
• Organizations should function as an extension of their core business.
• Individuals are responsible for their own safety.
• Disaster management planning should focus on large-scale events.
• DM planning should recognize the difference between
incidents and disasters.
• DM planning must take account of the type of physical
environment and the structure of the population.
• DM arrangements must recognise the involvement and
potential role of non- government agencies
PHASES OF DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
E.g.: Indian Meteorological department (IMD) plays a key role in
forewarning the disaster of cyclone-storms by detection tracing.
 It has 5 centres in Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Vishakapatanam, Chennai &
Mumbai.
 In addition there are 31 special observation posts setup a long the east
coast of India.
The International Agencies which provides humanitarian assistance to the
 disaster strike areas are United Nation agencies.
 Office for the co-ordination of Humanitarian Affair (OCHA)
 World Health Organization (WHO)
 UNICEF
 World Food Programme (WFP)
 Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAD)
E.g.: Non Governmental Organizations
 Co-Operative American Relief Every where (CARE)
 International committee of Red cross.
GOI – NGO DISASTER PREPARATION
AND RESPONSE COMITTEE
Members
• World Vision of India
• SOS Children's Village India
• Ramakrishna Mission
• Plan international
• OXFAM India Trust
• Lutheran World Service India
• Red Cross
• Catholic Relief Services
• CASA
• CARITAS India
• Voluntary Health association Of India
• Action Aid
• Action for Food Production-AFPRO
• Indo German Social Services Society
NODAL AGENCIES FOR DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
• Floods : Ministry of Water Resources, CWC
• Cyclones : Indian Meteorological Department
• Earthquakes : Indian Meteorological Department
• Epidemics : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
• Avian Flu: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment
• Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
• Chemical Disasters : Ministry of Environment and Forests,
• Industrial Disasters : Ministry of Labour.
• Rail Accidents : Ministry of Railways.
• Air Accidents : Ministry of Civil Aviation.
• Fire : Ministry of Home Affairs.
• Nuclear Incidents : Department of Atomic Energy.
• Mine Disasters : Department of Mines
NEW DIRECTIONS FOR DISASTER
MANAGEMENT IN
INDIA
• A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be administerd by NDMA.
• States and districts will administer mitigation funds.
• A National Disaster Response Fund will be administerd by NDMA through
the National Executive Committee. States and Districts will administer
state Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Response Fund respectively.
• 8 Battalions of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are being trained
and deployed with CSSR and MFR equipments and tools in eight strategic
locations.
• A National Disaster Management Policy and National Disaster Response
Plan will also be drawn up.
LESSONS LEARNT
• BE PREPARED : Preparedness and Mitigation is bound to yield more
effective returns than distributing relief after a disaster.
• Create a Culture of Preparedness and Prevention.
• Evolve a code of conduct for all stake-holders.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
• Encourage and consolidate knowledge networks
• Mobilise and train disaster volunteers for more effective preparedness,
mitigation and response (NSS, NCC, Scouts and Guides, NYK, Civil
Defence, Homeguards).
• Increased capacity building leads to faster vulnerability reduction.
• Learn from best practices in disaster
• preparedness, mitigation and disaster response
• Mobilising stakeholder participation of Self Help Groups, Women’s
Groups, Youth Groups, Panchayati Raj Institutions
DISASTER REDUCTION DAY
• NIDM observed "Disaster Reduction Day" on the 12TH OCTOBER.
• Rallies and special lectures were organized in the universities and colleges
to mark the initiatives ofawareness for disaster reduction amongst youth &
children.
• Children's Colour Activity Book for Disaster Preparedness
• For information on disasters dial TOLL FREE
No. 1070
• Log on to http://www.ndmindia.nic.in
DISASTER NURSING
It can be defined as the adaptation of professional
nursing skills in recognizing and meeting the nursing,
physical and emotional needs resulting from a
disaster.
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Disaster risk management
Disaster risk  managementDisaster risk  management
Disaster risk managementsajidinam
 
Disaster Management
Disaster Management Disaster Management
Disaster Management Rajive Kohli
 
Disaster risk management in nepal
Disaster risk management in nepalDisaster risk management in nepal
Disaster risk management in nepalALNAP
 
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparedness
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparednessDisaster management cycle, mitigation and preparedness
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparednessShivani Khandelwal
 
disaster management pgs 506 for pg student
disaster management pgs 506 for pg studentdisaster management pgs 506 for pg student
disaster management pgs 506 for pg studentGovardhan Lodha
 
Unit no 05 disaster response
Unit no 05 disaster responseUnit no 05 disaster response
Unit no 05 disaster responseJaipal Dhobale
 
Role of red cross in disaster management
Role of red cross in disaster managementRole of red cross in disaster management
Role of red cross in disaster managementnoor ahmed
 
Disaster management agencies (part 3)
Disaster management  agencies (part 3)Disaster management  agencies (part 3)
Disaster management agencies (part 3)Tripti Goarya
 
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMP
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMPPresentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMP
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMPict4devwg
 
International disaster management
International disaster management  International disaster management
International disaster management freelance
 
Disaster preparedness and mitigation
Disaster preparedness and mitigation Disaster preparedness and mitigation
Disaster preparedness and mitigation Dr. Mamta Gehlawat
 

What's hot (20)

Disaster risk management
Disaster risk  managementDisaster risk  management
Disaster risk management
 
Disaster management
Disaster managementDisaster management
Disaster management
 
Disaster response
Disaster responseDisaster response
Disaster response
 
Community based disaster management
Community based disaster managementCommunity based disaster management
Community based disaster management
 
Disaster Management
Disaster Management Disaster Management
Disaster Management
 
Disaster risk management in nepal
Disaster risk management in nepalDisaster risk management in nepal
Disaster risk management in nepal
 
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparedness
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparednessDisaster management cycle, mitigation and preparedness
Disaster management cycle, mitigation and preparedness
 
disaster management pgs 506 for pg student
disaster management pgs 506 for pg studentdisaster management pgs 506 for pg student
disaster management pgs 506 for pg student
 
Disaster managemnet
 Disaster managemnet Disaster managemnet
Disaster managemnet
 
Unit no 05 disaster response
Unit no 05 disaster responseUnit no 05 disaster response
Unit no 05 disaster response
 
Role of red cross in disaster management
Role of red cross in disaster managementRole of red cross in disaster management
Role of red cross in disaster management
 
Disaster ppt
Disaster pptDisaster ppt
Disaster ppt
 
MAKING STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLANS:
MAKING STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLANS:MAKING STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLANS:
MAKING STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLANS:
 
Disaster management agencies (part 3)
Disaster management  agencies (part 3)Disaster management  agencies (part 3)
Disaster management agencies (part 3)
 
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMP
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMPPresentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMP
Presentation on Disaster Management Information System by Le Minh Ba - NDMP
 
International disaster management
International disaster management  International disaster management
International disaster management
 
Disaster management cycle
Disaster management cycle Disaster management cycle
Disaster management cycle
 
Disaster management ppt
Disaster management pptDisaster management ppt
Disaster management ppt
 
Disaster preparedness and mitigation
Disaster preparedness and mitigation Disaster preparedness and mitigation
Disaster preparedness and mitigation
 
Disaster relief
Disaster reliefDisaster relief
Disaster relief
 

Similar to Concepts of disaster managemennt

Disaster Management a general view .ppt
Disaster  Management a general  view .pptDisaster  Management a general  view .ppt
Disaster Management a general view .pptKushalThakur26
 
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .ppt
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .pptDisaster Management in India and preventive measures .ppt
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .pptAnishKumar432050
 
drr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.pptdrr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.pptAmielle2
 
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPT
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPTNDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPT
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPTstkamidjr
 
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptx
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptxDRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptx
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptxRichardDeLeonTiong
 
Disaster management Community health
Disaster management Community healthDisaster management Community health
Disaster management Community healthKailash Nagar
 
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02Ram Krishna
 
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10Ng os in dm tad 2014-10
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10Vijay Kumar
 
Disaster Management.pptx
Disaster Management.pptxDisaster Management.pptx
Disaster Management.pptxAbhishek Joshi
 
Disaster management disaster management cycle
Disaster management disaster management cycleDisaster management disaster management cycle
Disaster management disaster management cyclessuserff8a6e
 
Disaster management in india
Disaster management in indiaDisaster management in india
Disaster management in indiaDevyani Wanjari
 
Disaster Management
Disaster ManagementDisaster Management
Disaster ManagementNeelam Priya
 
Management disaster.pptx
Management disaster.pptxManagement disaster.pptx
Management disaster.pptxGaurav Gophane
 
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptx
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptxSafety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptx
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptxMarinaSweidan1
 

Similar to Concepts of disaster managemennt (20)

Disaster Management a general view .ppt
Disaster  Management a general  view .pptDisaster  Management a general  view .ppt
Disaster Management a general view .ppt
 
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .ppt
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .pptDisaster Management in India and preventive measures .ppt
Disaster Management in India and preventive measures .ppt
 
drr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.pptdrr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.ppt
 
drr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.pptdrr-and-ra-10121.ppt
drr-and-ra-10121.ppt
 
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPT
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPTNDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPT
NDRRMC REPUBLIC ACT10121- CRIMINOLOGY PPT
 
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptx
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptxDRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptx
DRRM Philippine Republic Act -10121.pptx
 
Disaster management Community health
Disaster management Community healthDisaster management Community health
Disaster management Community health
 
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02
Disastermanagementppt 130128141146-phpapp02
 
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10Ng os in dm tad 2014-10
Ng os in dm tad 2014-10
 
Disaster Management.pptx
Disaster Management.pptxDisaster Management.pptx
Disaster Management.pptx
 
Disaster Management
Disaster ManagementDisaster Management
Disaster Management
 
Disaster management disaster management cycle
Disaster management disaster management cycleDisaster management disaster management cycle
Disaster management disaster management cycle
 
Disaster management
Disaster managementDisaster management
Disaster management
 
Disaster management in india
Disaster management in indiaDisaster management in india
Disaster management in india
 
Disaster Management
Disaster ManagementDisaster Management
Disaster Management
 
Management disaster.pptx
Management disaster.pptxManagement disaster.pptx
Management disaster.pptx
 
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptx
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptxSafety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptx
Safety in Engineering Lecture 14.pptx
 
Disaster management
Disaster managementDisaster management
Disaster management
 
Disaster management
Disaster managementDisaster management
Disaster management
 
DISASTER MANAGEMENT -GENERAL
DISASTER MANAGEMENT -GENERALDISASTER MANAGEMENT -GENERAL
DISASTER MANAGEMENT -GENERAL
 

More from Kavitha Cingam

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTSCRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTSKavitha Cingam
 
experimental research design
experimental  research designexperimental  research design
experimental research designKavitha Cingam
 
food and feeding habbits of tuna
food and feeding habbits of tunafood and feeding habbits of tuna
food and feeding habbits of tunaKavitha Cingam
 
food and feeding habbits of rohu
food and feeding habbits of rohufood and feeding habbits of rohu
food and feeding habbits of rohuKavitha Cingam
 
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEMTROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEMKavitha Cingam
 
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...Kavitha Cingam
 
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicines
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicinessurvey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicines
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicinesKavitha Cingam
 
Soft shell producttion
Soft shell producttionSoft shell producttion
Soft shell producttionKavitha Cingam
 
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontamination
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontaminationResponse of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontamination
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontaminationKavitha Cingam
 
Coastal erosion and control measures
Coastal erosion and control measuresCoastal erosion and control measures
Coastal erosion and control measuresKavitha Cingam
 

More from Kavitha Cingam (12)

Two phase sampling
Two phase samplingTwo phase sampling
Two phase sampling
 
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTSCRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS
 
experimental research design
experimental  research designexperimental  research design
experimental research design
 
food and feeding habbits of tuna
food and feeding habbits of tunafood and feeding habbits of tuna
food and feeding habbits of tuna
 
food and feeding habbits of rohu
food and feeding habbits of rohufood and feeding habbits of rohu
food and feeding habbits of rohu
 
Seperation techniques
Seperation techniquesSeperation techniques
Seperation techniques
 
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEMTROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
TROPHIC RELATIONSHIP IN WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
 
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...
distribution,biology,seed collection,nursery rearing and culture techniques o...
 
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicines
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicinessurvey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicines
survey on allopathy and ayurvedic medicines
 
Soft shell producttion
Soft shell producttionSoft shell producttion
Soft shell producttion
 
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontamination
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontaminationResponse of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontamination
Response of aquatic fern(Azolla), to watercontamination
 
Coastal erosion and control measures
Coastal erosion and control measuresCoastal erosion and control measures
Coastal erosion and control measures
 

Recently uploaded

Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...HetalPathak10
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineCeline George
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptIntegumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptshraddhaparab530
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdfIndexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
Indexing Structures in Database Management system.pdf
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...
Satirical Depths - A Study of Gabriel Okara's Poem - 'You Laughed and Laughed...
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdfMS4 level   being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
MS4 level being good citizen -imperative- (1) (1).pdf
 
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.pptIntegumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
Integumentary System SMP B. Pharm Sem I.ppt
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
 

Concepts of disaster managemennt

  • 1. CONCEPT OF DIASTER MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL DIASTER MANAGEMENT FRAME WORK usalmashaik@gmail.com
  • 2. “A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that cause Damage, Ecological disruption, Loss of human life, Deterioration of health and Health services on a scale, sufficient to warrant and extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”.
  • 3. DEFINITIONS • Risk is defined as the frequency of an event happening and its impact. • A Hazard is a physical or human-made event that can potentially trigger a disaster. • Vulnerability is ‘Susceptibility to harm’ of those at risk. • Capacities are the qualities & resources of community ( or individual) to … anticipate, cope with, resist & recover from the impact of hazards.
  • 4. WHY DISASTER MANAGEMENT?? • To minimize deaths and losses. • Minimum level of preparedness & planning can do it. • Without identification of risk & vulnerability, only knowledge of hazards is of no use. • Normal procedures are insufficient to handle grave situations
  • 5. CAUSAL FACTORS OF DISASTER DISASTER POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY RAPID URBANIZATION ENVIRONMENT DEGRADATION
  • 6. • Poverty: lack of resource bases,support system,insurance opportunities • environmental degradation: destruction of mangrove swamps in coastal areas. construction of huge dams destructing vast area of forest. • Rapid urbanisation :everybody wants to settle in urban area. high rates can’t accommodate every class of people. it results in growth of slums, unplanned construction without regulations. • population growth: effect on the people living in crowded areas.
  • 7. What it involves ?? • Dealing with and avoiding both natural and man made disasters. • Preparedness before disaster. • Rebuilding and supporting society after natural disasters
  • 8. The reasons for this are varied including: • An increasing population pressures in urban areas. • An increase in the extent of encroachment into lands. e.g., river beds or drainage courses, low lying areas etc. • Poor or ignored zoning laws and policies. • Lack of proper risk management.
  • 9.
  • 10. FACTORS AFFECTING DISASTER Host factors: • Age • Immunization status • Degree of mobility • Emotional stability
  • 11. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS Physical Factors: • Chemical Factors • Biological Factors • Social Factors • Psychological Factors
  • 12. CHARACTERISTIC OF DISASTER •Predictability • Controllability • Speed of onset • Length of forewarning •Duration of impact • Scope and intensity of impact
  • 13.
  • 14. PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT • Disaster management is the responsibility of all spheres of government. • Disaster management should use resources that exist for a day-to-day purpose. • Organizations should function as an extension of their core business. • Individuals are responsible for their own safety. • Disaster management planning should focus on large-scale events.
  • 15. • DM planning should recognize the difference between incidents and disasters. • DM planning must take account of the type of physical environment and the structure of the population. • DM arrangements must recognise the involvement and potential role of non- government agencies
  • 17. E.g.: Indian Meteorological department (IMD) plays a key role in forewarning the disaster of cyclone-storms by detection tracing.  It has 5 centres in Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Vishakapatanam, Chennai & Mumbai.  In addition there are 31 special observation posts setup a long the east coast of India. The International Agencies which provides humanitarian assistance to the  disaster strike areas are United Nation agencies.  Office for the co-ordination of Humanitarian Affair (OCHA)  World Health Organization (WHO)  UNICEF  World Food Programme (WFP)  Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAD) E.g.: Non Governmental Organizations  Co-Operative American Relief Every where (CARE)  International committee of Red cross.
  • 18. GOI – NGO DISASTER PREPARATION AND RESPONSE COMITTEE Members • World Vision of India • SOS Children's Village India • Ramakrishna Mission • Plan international • OXFAM India Trust • Lutheran World Service India • Red Cross • Catholic Relief Services • CASA • CARITAS India • Voluntary Health association Of India • Action Aid • Action for Food Production-AFPRO • Indo German Social Services Society
  • 19. NODAL AGENCIES FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT • Floods : Ministry of Water Resources, CWC • Cyclones : Indian Meteorological Department • Earthquakes : Indian Meteorological Department • Epidemics : Ministry of Health and Family Welfare • Avian Flu: Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment • Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
  • 20. • Chemical Disasters : Ministry of Environment and Forests, • Industrial Disasters : Ministry of Labour. • Rail Accidents : Ministry of Railways. • Air Accidents : Ministry of Civil Aviation. • Fire : Ministry of Home Affairs. • Nuclear Incidents : Department of Atomic Energy. • Mine Disasters : Department of Mines
  • 21. NEW DIRECTIONS FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA • A National Disaster Mitigation Fund will be administerd by NDMA. • States and districts will administer mitigation funds. • A National Disaster Response Fund will be administerd by NDMA through the National Executive Committee. States and Districts will administer state Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Response Fund respectively. • 8 Battalions of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are being trained and deployed with CSSR and MFR equipments and tools in eight strategic locations. • A National Disaster Management Policy and National Disaster Response Plan will also be drawn up.
  • 22. LESSONS LEARNT • BE PREPARED : Preparedness and Mitigation is bound to yield more effective returns than distributing relief after a disaster. • Create a Culture of Preparedness and Prevention. • Evolve a code of conduct for all stake-holders.
  • 23. FUTURE DIRECTIONS • Encourage and consolidate knowledge networks • Mobilise and train disaster volunteers for more effective preparedness, mitigation and response (NSS, NCC, Scouts and Guides, NYK, Civil Defence, Homeguards). • Increased capacity building leads to faster vulnerability reduction. • Learn from best practices in disaster • preparedness, mitigation and disaster response
  • 24. • Mobilising stakeholder participation of Self Help Groups, Women’s Groups, Youth Groups, Panchayati Raj Institutions
  • 25. DISASTER REDUCTION DAY • NIDM observed "Disaster Reduction Day" on the 12TH OCTOBER. • Rallies and special lectures were organized in the universities and colleges to mark the initiatives ofawareness for disaster reduction amongst youth & children. • Children's Colour Activity Book for Disaster Preparedness
  • 26. • For information on disasters dial TOLL FREE No. 1070 • Log on to http://www.ndmindia.nic.in
  • 27. DISASTER NURSING It can be defined as the adaptation of professional nursing skills in recognizing and meeting the nursing, physical and emotional needs resulting from a disaster.