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1
PRESENTATION 
ON 
“DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT IN J & K 
WITH SPECIAL REFFERENCE TO 2014 - FLOODS” 
by 
Dr. MOH...
Introduction About the Study 
 A formal effort is made to highlight the Imperative role 
of Disaster Risk Management in J...
Objectives of the Study 
 To understand the KEY CONCEPTS and ELEMENTS of 
Disaster Risk Management and its need 
 To ide...
Methodology of the Study 
 Mainly based on secondary sources 
 The primary data was collected by means of random 
survey...
Limitations of the Study 
 The study was conducted during floods so some sort of 
disturbances were inevitable 
 Since t...
Introduction to Disaster Risk Management 
 Disaster - “A serious disruption in the functioning of 
the community or a soc...
TYPES OF DISASTERS 
NATURAL 
DISASTERS 
MAN INDUCED 
DISASTERS 
CIVIL DISORDER 
ARSON 
CRIME 
WAR 
FLOODS 
EARTHQUAKES 
WI...
Disaster Risk Management 
 Is an ORGANIZED PROCEDURE for making use of 
management decisions, organization, functional 
a...
Components of Disaster Management 
1. Preparedness 
2. Response 
3. Recovery 
4. Prevention 
10
Stages of Disaster 
Floods - 2014 
BEFORE DURING AFTER 
July-August September October (Onwards) 
Well Before 
Weeks-Months...
Disaster Preparedness 
 It involves measures to ensure that communities and 
services are capable of coping with the effe...
Disaster Recovery 
It involves measures, which support emergency 
affected areas in reconstruction of the physical 
infra...
Prevention and Mitigation 
It involves measures to eliminate or reduce the 
incidence of severity of disasters. 
 EXAMPL...
Prevention 
Rescue 
Vulnerability 
Analysis Relief 
Structural 
Measures 
Warning and 
Evacuation 
Non-Structural 
Measure...
Disaster Management Act, 2005 
 In order to Coordinate Central Govt efforts in Preparedness, 
Prevention, Response, Mitig...
NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE 
CABINET COMMITTEE ON 
SECURITY 
CABINET COMMITTEE ON 
MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL 
CALAM...
NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (NDMA) 
CHAIRMAN 
(PRIME MINISTER) 
VICE CHAIRMAN 
CABINET COMMITTEE 
ON SECURITY 
...
Disaster Management Wing 
Financial 
Advisor 
International 
Cooperation 
Mitigation & 
Preparedness 
Policies & 
Plans 
M...
Capacity Building & Communications System 
CAPACITY BUILDING COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM 
Operations & Logistics Capacity Buildi...
Financial Arrangements (Over 5 years) 
Grants: 
13th Finance commission - SDRF : Rs. 33, 581 Crore 
(2010-15 ) NDRF : Rs 1...
National Disaster Response Force 
• NDRF consists of 8 battalions, with 144 self sustaining teams for rendering 
effective...
Tools of Disaster Management 
 Hazard Management and Vulnerability Reduction 
 Economic Diversification 
 Political Int...
Technologies of Disaster Risk Management 
 Mapping 
 Communication 
 Information management system 
 Aerial photograph...
KASHMIR FLOODS : 2014 
) 
25 
Kashmir Floods -2014
KASHMIR FLOODS : 2014 
 The J & K State and adjoining areas received heavy 
rainfall from 2nd September 2014. 
 Both Jeh...
27
28
29
30
State Disaster Risk Management Authorities in J & K 
 State DisasterManagement Authority(SDMA) 
 Divisional and District...
IMPACT OF FLOODS on J & K Economy 
Kashmir Saffron It suffers Rs. 668 Cr loss 
Telecommunication Loss suffered by BSNL 
te...
Existed on Paper But, 
Enforcement Lacking. 
Most Crucial Responder - 
NOT Formally Part of 
Response Plan. 
Technological...
Future Challenges of September, 2014 - Floods 
 The first & Major challenge is health problem. Floods 
have a impact on p...
CONCLUSIONS 
 That presently Disaster Management Mechanism in 
J & K state is not in place 
 Implementation of what has ...
RECOMMENDATIONS & SUGGESTIONS 
 Early warning System should be given installed in 
future as the state has miserably fail...
Contd …. 
 Proper river bank protection by constructing 
embankments and using anti-erosion measures should 
be taken up ...
Contd …. 
 Hydrology Studies in flood prone areas should be done 
so as to avert severe impact of floods 
 Forecast and ...
Contd …. 
 Incentives, subsidies, financial help or ensuring soft 
loans with marginal interest rates from banks and 
oth...
“EVERY DISASTER 
MUST BE TREATED 
AS AN 
OPPORTUNITY TO BUILD BACK BETTER” 
40
THANK YOU 
for your Patience 
41
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Ppt on Disaster Risk Management and J & K Floods 2014

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This power point presentation gives a brief outlook about the need of Disaster Risk Management and its Structure in India. Further, it highlights issues, challenges and suggestions regarding September, 2014 Floods in Kashmir Valley.

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Ppt on Disaster Risk Management and J & K Floods 2014

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. PRESENTATION ON “DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT IN J & K WITH SPECIAL REFFERENCE TO 2014 - FLOODS” by Dr. MOHAMMAD AMIN MIR 2
  3. 3. Introduction About the Study  A formal effort is made to highlight the Imperative role of Disaster Risk Management in J & K which we believe has the potential to reduce the losses and damages drastically brought about by disasters especially recent floods of September – 2014 and  To recommend some of the pragmatic measures to assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery 3
  4. 4. Objectives of the Study  To understand the KEY CONCEPTS and ELEMENTS of Disaster Risk Management and its need  To identify the MAJOR DISASTERS prone to the state of J & K  To identify the ORGANISATIONS AND AUTHORITY involved in the pre-disaster and post-disaster activities in J & K  To identify and assess the LOSSES occurring due to disasters in valley and  To suggest the ways to MINIMISE THE LOSSES due to disaster in future 4
  5. 5. Methodology of the Study  Mainly based on secondary sources  The primary data was collected by means of random survey to many flood hit areas and unstructured interviews  Use of secondary data has been obtained from many Govt annual reports, articles, research papers, books, internet etc. 5
  6. 6. Limitations of the Study  The study was conducted during floods so some sort of disturbances were inevitable  Since there is no well-established Disaster Management department in the valley so we couldn’t get the reliable and organised data  Primary information was collected directly from flood victims so what they conveyed may be biased  Our recommendations regarding disasters may not prove useful as every disaster has its own and unique vulnerability and risk 6
  7. 7. Introduction to Disaster Risk Management  Disaster - “A serious disruption in the functioning of the community or a society causing wide spread material loss”  Disaster is a result from the combination of Hazards and vulnerability DISASTER =HAZARDS * VULNERABILITY  Disaster Risk Management (DRM ) includes almost all kinds of activities, which includes strength and also non-structural actions to prevent hazards . 7
  8. 8. TYPES OF DISASTERS NATURAL DISASTERS MAN INDUCED DISASTERS CIVIL DISORDER ARSON CRIME WAR FLOODS EARTHQUAKES WITER STORMS AND COLD LANDSLIDES TSUNAMIS TERRORISM
  9. 9. Disaster Risk Management  Is an ORGANIZED PROCEDURE for making use of management decisions, organization, functional abilities and also sizes in order to put into action policies, methods and also dealing sizes from the modern society or even visitors to reduce the actual blows regarding organic and also associated surroundings and also technical danger. 9
  10. 10. Components of Disaster Management 1. Preparedness 2. Response 3. Recovery 4. Prevention 10
  11. 11. Stages of Disaster Floods - 2014 BEFORE DURING AFTER July-August September October (Onwards) Well Before Weeks-Months Just Before - Hours Actual Time Period Rescue Relief Rehabilitation Reconstruction 11
  12. 12. Disaster Preparedness  It involves measures to ensure that communities and services are capable of coping with the effect of disaster.  EXAMPLES 1. Community awareness and education 2. Proper warning system 3. Mutual aid arrangement 4. Mock drill, training practice 12 Disaster Response It involves measures taken in anticipation of, during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that the effects are minimized.
  13. 13. Disaster Recovery It involves measures, which support emergency affected areas in reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of economic and emotional well being. EXAMPLES 1. Restoring services like roads, communication link 2. Providing financial support employment 3. Reconstructing damaged buildings 13
  14. 14. Prevention and Mitigation It involves measures to eliminate or reduce the incidence of severity of disasters.  EXAMPLES : 1. Preventing habitation in risk zones 2. Disaster resistant buildings 14
  15. 15. Prevention Rescue Vulnerability Analysis Relief Structural Measures Warning and Evacuation Non-Structural Measures Planning of Disaster Response LONG TERM MEASURES Reconstruct. & Recovery Risk Analysis DISASTER MANAGEMENT MITIGATION RESPONSE Risk Assessment Preparedness Hazard Assessment Rehab DISASTER MANAGEMENT CONTINUUM 15
  16. 16. Disaster Management Act, 2005  In order to Coordinate Central Govt efforts in Preparedness, Prevention, Response, Mitigation, Relief and Rehabilitation and for adoption of a Holistic Pro-active Approach to Disaster Management.  NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (NDMA) has come into being by an Act of Parliament in 26th December 2005 under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister as the NODAL AGENCY for Disaster Management in the Country  This act has provided the legal and institutional framework for disaster management in India at the National, State and District levels. 16
  17. 17. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE CABINET COMMITTEE ON SECURITY CABINET COMMITTEE ON MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CALAMITIES HIGH LEVEL COMMITTEE NATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE NDMA NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE PLANNING COMMISSION Ministry of Home Affairs OTHER MINISTRIES/ DEPARTMENTS ARMED FORCES GOVT OF INDIA NATIONAL DISASTER MITIGATION RESOURCE CENTRE STATES/ UTs GOVTs SDMAs STATE DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE MINISTRIES/ DEPARTMENTS DEPARTMENT OF HOME HOME GUARD CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE DISTRICTS FIRE SERVICES DEPARTMENTS HOME DDMAs GUARD CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE & FIRE SERVICES COMMUNITY LOCAL BODIES/ AUTHORITIES COMMUNITY 17
  18. 18. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (NDMA) CHAIRMAN (PRIME MINISTER) VICE CHAIRMAN CABINET COMMITTEE ON SECURITY CABINET COMMITTEE ON MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CALAMITIES POLICIES, PREVENTION, MITIGATION & PREPAREDNESS MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER SECRETARY NDMA CAPACITY BUILDING, COMMUNICATIONS & NEOC WING DISASTER MANAGEMENT WING NATIONAL DISASTER MITIGATION RESOURCE CENTRES NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT MEMBER 18
  19. 19. Disaster Management Wing Financial Advisor International Cooperation Mitigation & Preparedness Policies & Plans Media & Public Preparedness Policies Plans Accounts & Audits Finance Project Formulation & Preparedness Project Monitoring Media & Information Community Preparedness 19
  20. 20. Capacity Building & Communications System CAPACITY BUILDING COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM Operations & Logistics Capacity Building Communications Systems & KM Control Room Logistics Coordina tion Strategic Planning & Policy Scenario Building Operational Commns Logistics Network IT & Systems Knowledge Management & IDRN Network 20
  21. 21. Financial Arrangements (Over 5 years) Grants: 13th Finance commission - SDRF : Rs. 33, 581 Crore (2010-15 ) NDRF : Rs 17,360 Crore Capacity Building Grant : Rs. 525 Crore Disaster Response Reserve : Rs. 250 Crore-to be constituted • Strengthening of Fire and Emergency Services Rs. 700 crore • Revamping of Civil Defence Rs. 300 crore Non Plan Scheme- Revamping of Fire Services (` 87519 crore to Plan Schemes- Externally Aided Projects: • Financial Assistance to ATIs/other training institutes ( @30 Lakhs/per institute)/@ 25 lakh/centre of Excellence ULBs),apportion of which available for Fire Services. • GOI-UNDP DRR Programme - (MHA/NDMA) • NCRMP ( Rs.1496.71 Crore) - (NDMA/Odisha & AP) • GOI-USAID DMS Project - (MHA/NIDM/Trg. Institutes) 21
  22. 22. National Disaster Response Force • NDRF consists of 8 battalions, with 144 self sustaining teams for rendering effective response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. • Four battalions are for natural disasters and four for NBC. • NBC battalions will also be trained in combating natural disasters. • The force will be equipped with State of the Art equipment and will be deployed in anticipatory manner to provide instantaneous response. • It will work under NDMA and will be located at nine vulnerable locations. • They will maintain close liaison with the State Governments and will be available to them automatically, thus, avoiding long procedural delays. • Four Training Centres have been set up by PMF to train their respective NDRF Battalions. • They will also meet the requirement of States/ UTs. • NDRF Battalions will impart basic training to State Disaster Response Force in their respective locations. 22
  23. 23. Tools of Disaster Management  Hazard Management and Vulnerability Reduction  Economic Diversification  Political Intervention  Public Awareness. 23
  24. 24. Technologies of Disaster Risk Management  Mapping  Communication  Information management system  Aerial photography  Remote sensing  Epidemiology 24
  25. 25. KASHMIR FLOODS : 2014 ) 25 Kashmir Floods -2014
  26. 26. KASHMIR FLOODS : 2014  The J & K State and adjoining areas received heavy rainfall from 2nd September 2014.  Both Jehlum & Chenab River were flowing above their danger levels  On 5th September, the Jhelum river in srinagar reported to be flowing at 22.40 feet (6.83m ) which was 4.40 feet (1.34m ) above the DangerMark and at 33 feet (10m) at sangham in Anantnag district above the danger mark . 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. State Disaster Risk Management Authorities in J & K  State DisasterManagement Authority(SDMA)  Divisional and District DisasterManagement Authority.  Local Authorities  Emergency Operation Centres 31
  32. 32. IMPACT OF FLOODS on J & K Economy Kashmir Saffron It suffers Rs. 668 Cr loss Telecommunication Loss suffered by BSNL telecommunication sector is Rs 400 Cr Tourism The infrastructural loss to the industry is about Rs . 175 Cr Education Education has been affected badly .students lost everything their homes,household,footwear,books and even uniforms. 32
  33. 33. Existed on Paper But, Enforcement Lacking. Most Crucial Responder - NOT Formally Part of Response Plan. Technological Shortfall - Many Lives Could have Been Saved. 33
  34. 34. Future Challenges of September, 2014 - Floods  The first & Major challenge is health problem. Floods have a impact on people’s psychosocial and mental health  The another big challenge is shelter & survival of those people without home during this chilly & cold winter  There is the possibility of massive job cuts after floods in private sector. Therefore, managing unemployed youth is one of the big challenge before government  There is the possibility of Mismanagement and misuse of flood related funds (i.e. Rehabilitation and Reconstruction) which may trigger massive agitation from various quarters of the society 34
  35. 35. CONCLUSIONS  That presently Disaster Management Mechanism in J & K state is not in place  Implementation of what has been proposed by different authorities and acts at Central and State level has been very slow  There is a great need of Introducing Modern Technologies like Mapping, Remote Sensing, Aerial Photography and EarlyWarning System in the State 35
  36. 36. RECOMMENDATIONS & SUGGESTIONS  Early warning System should be given installed in future as the state has miserably failed to develop any system till date  Unplanned growth which obstructs natural drainage resulting in increased flood should be restricted  Afforestration should be encouraged by government among people, NGOs, corporate sector, School & higher education departments  The Govt and State disaster work force must remain always cautious. During recent floods Govt was not prepared at all.  There is the great need to strengthen weak bunds of the major rivers of J & K well in advance 36
  37. 37. Contd ….  Proper river bank protection by constructing embankments and using anti-erosion measures should be taken up on a large scale  Construction of residential colonies on river banks and flood plains should not be allowed and offenders should be strictly dealt under law  Modern concepts & Technologies like Remote Sensing, Aerial Photography, Epidemiology and Information Management should be introduced in the states. 37
  38. 38. Contd ….  Hydrology Studies in flood prone areas should be done so as to avert severe impact of floods  Forecast and Warning Systems should be established in different districts of the state  Area Flood Mapping using Remote Sensing should be prepared in advance to make future preparedness plans and evacuation capabilities should be enhanced in the areas 38
  39. 39. Contd ….  Incentives, subsidies, financial help or ensuring soft loans with marginal interest rates from banks and other financial institutions for people to enable them to retrofit existing buildings should be encouraged  There is a great need for sensitization of people living in vulnerable areas and spreading of awareness about safe construction procedures  There is a need for Review and amendment of laws and rules relating to constructions and buildings to make it mandatory for observing building codes and disaster related safety measures, guidelines of NDMA, SDMA and DDMAs in respect of new constructions. 39
  40. 40. “EVERY DISASTER MUST BE TREATED AS AN OPPORTUNITY TO BUILD BACK BETTER” 40
  41. 41. THANK YOU for your Patience 41

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