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Uttrakhand disaster

Indira Kundu
Indira Kundu
Indira Kundustudent at Amity University (Jaipur Campus)

Uttrakhand disaster

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UTTARAKHAND
DISASTER: MAN MADE
OR NATURE’S FURY..
 Overview

of Uttarakhand
 Flooding in Uttrakhand
 Other affected regions
 How local people looted pilgrims.
 Consequences
 Rescue and relief operations.
 Causes of the disaster
 Measures to reduce the intensity






Uttarakhand has a total
land area of
53,584sqkm of which
94% is mountaneous.
Most of the area is
covered by himalayan
peaks and glaciers.
Two major rivers(Ganga
and yamuna) originate
from the glaciers of
uttarakhand
BADRINATH TEMPLE

KEDARNATH TEMPLE

GANGOTRI TEMPLE

YAMONOTRI TEMPLE
FLOODING IN UTTRAKHAND…
From 15 to 18 June
2013, Indian state
of Uttrakhand and
adjoining area received
heavy rainfall, which was
about 375 percent more
than the benchmark
rainfall during a normal
monsoon.

16th and 17th June,2013
The Day of Destruction
happened in history of
UTTRAKHAND
The massive rainfall and cloud
burst events were happening at
multiple places, including in
Bhagirathi basin, Assiganga basin,
Mandakini Basin, Badrinath region,
other places in Alaknanda region
from 15 June 2013 to around 18
June 2013.
This lead to melting
of Chorabari Glacier at the
height of 3800 metres, and
eruption of the Mandakini
River which led to heavy floods
near Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag
district, Uttarakhand, Himachal
Pradesh.
It is considered to be the largest natural disaster after tsunami occurred in
2004

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Uttrakhand disaster

  • 2.  Overview of Uttarakhand  Flooding in Uttrakhand  Other affected regions  How local people looted pilgrims.  Consequences  Rescue and relief operations.  Causes of the disaster  Measures to reduce the intensity
  • 3.    Uttarakhand has a total land area of 53,584sqkm of which 94% is mountaneous. Most of the area is covered by himalayan peaks and glaciers. Two major rivers(Ganga and yamuna) originate from the glaciers of uttarakhand
  • 5. FLOODING IN UTTRAKHAND… From 15 to 18 June 2013, Indian state of Uttrakhand and adjoining area received heavy rainfall, which was about 375 percent more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon. 16th and 17th June,2013 The Day of Destruction happened in history of UTTRAKHAND
  • 6. The massive rainfall and cloud burst events were happening at multiple places, including in Bhagirathi basin, Assiganga basin, Mandakini Basin, Badrinath region, other places in Alaknanda region from 15 June 2013 to around 18 June 2013. This lead to melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres, and eruption of the Mandakini River which led to heavy floods near Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh. It is considered to be the largest natural disaster after tsunami occurred in 2004
  • 7. CONSEQUENCES:HUMAN LOSS  According to the official records 400 houses were destroyed and 265 were damaged  4,200 villages were victims of the floods  6,000 people were dead,10,000 were injured and 1,00,000 were stuck in the valley  Landslides, due to the floods, damaged several houses and structures, killing those who were trapped Over 70,000 people were stuck.
  • 8. CONSEQUENCES:ECONOMIC LOSS  Major roads,telephone towers were destroyed due to which communication with the outer world was lost.  20,000 crores loss was reported,which may be in the form of destruction of houses roads,cars e.t.c  Tourism constitutes about 30% of the state’s income which was lost  All the shops and hotels were destroyed and all roads were broken
  • 9. RESCUE AND RELIEF OPERATION  The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force, National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.  Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions.  Activists of political and social organizations are also involved in the rescue and management of relief centres.  Helicopters were used to rescue people, but due to the rough terrain, heavy fog and rainfall, maneuvering them was a challenge.
  • 10.  By 21 June 2013, the Army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters, the Navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.  From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF airlifted a total of 18,424 people - flying a total of 2,137 sorties and dropping/landing a total of 3,36,930 kg of relief material and equipment.  Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1,000 crore (US$170 million ) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state. Several state governments announced financial assistance,
  • 11.  Special trains were employed by the government all over the country to cater the needs of the flood victims  Indian army showed extreme levels of courage in saving the people in spite of the helicopter crash occurred during the missionoperation Rahat.
  • 12. Even the Corporates joined hand to help the people..
  • 13. CAUSES OF THE DIASTER  Melting of glaciers, because of global warming has been of the reasons. Pollution and global warming accounted for the melting of glaciers  Violation of environmental laws and deforestation has also accounted for floods.  Building of hydro electricity plants and increase in the infrastructural facilities have weaken the mountain causing land slides.
  • 14.  Ecologists point out that the huge expansion of hydro-power projects and construction of roads to cope with the lakhs of tourists in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh has compounded the scale of the disaster  Currently 70 dams exist in the Char dham area alone.The dam constructions involve blasting of hills which increase the risk of land slides.  More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttrakhand.  Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leadung to major disasters in the state.
  • 15.    Protecting the environment can only be the way to reduce the risk of such disasters Putting cap on number of tourists may be a solution, which reduces the construction of hotels, expansion of roads. Keeping a check on illegal constructions and on deforestation.
  • 16.    Using latest equipments to predict the probability of rains Alerting and transferring people to safe zones at proper time. Training the people on how to take basic safety measures.