In Malaysia, the National Security Council (NSC) is the principal policy making and coordinating body for disaster management. The NSC coordinates and plans all activities related to disaster preparedness, prevention, response/relief operations and recovery/rehabilitation.
hazardous goods transportation accident
Now about the AADMER. Recognising that the region is at high risk to natural and human-induced disasters, ASEAN has laid down a policy framework that mandates the programmatic pursuance of disaster management and risk reduction initiatives at regional and national levels. The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response or AADMER was ratified by all ten Member States and entered into force on 24 December 2009. It has two objectives: (a) reduction of disaster losses, and (b) enhanced regional cooperation in responding to disasters. AADMER is a legally-binding instrument, binding all the ten countries, serving as a common platform in responding to disasters within ASEAN. The Agreement establishes the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre), as the operational coordination body and engine of AADMER. TEST
As a legally-binding agreement, AADMER requires the ASEAN countries to cooperate in developing and implementing measures to reduce disaster losses. When there is a disaster occuring within the territory, the affected country should respond immediately and provide information to another country if it causes impacts on another country. When there is a request for assistance, the country being requested for assistance has to promptly respond to the request. Most important of all, ASEAN countries as Parties to the AADMER have to take legal, administrative and other necessary measures to implement the Agreement. This means that ASEAN countries need to review if the legal measures at the national level are sufficient to implement the AADMER, and if not, they will need to put in place necessary measures to implement their obligations under the Agreement.
Under the Article 8.3 (c) of the AADMER, stated that: The Parties shall, jointly or individually enhance their national capacities, as appropriate, inter alia, to: c) Conduct training and exercises to attain and maintain the relevance and applicability of such Standard Operating Procedures. Due to that particular article, ASEAN Regional Disaster Emergency Response Simulation Exercise (ARDEX) has been established back in 2005 where the first ARDEX has been held in Malaysia to act as a training ground for the operationalisation of the SASOP under the AADMER and to enhance Member Countries’ capabilities in joint disaster relief and emergency operations.
As I mentioned before, the first simulation exercise (ARDEX-05) was conducted in Selangor, Malaysia in September 2005. Followed by the second (ARDEX-06) in Kein Svay District and Takhmau City, Kandal Province, Cambodia in September 2006. The third exercise (ARDEX-07) was organized in Singapore in October 2007 and fourth exercise (ARDEX-08) was held in Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate (MTP-IE), Rayong Province, Thailand in August 2008.
National and Regional Disaster mechanisem at Malaysia
DISASTERS CANDISASTERS CANSTRIKE AT ANYSTRIKE AT ANYPLACE, ANY TIMEPLACE, ANY TIMEWITH LITTLE OR NOWITH LITTLE OR NOWARNINGWARNING
33Contingency Planning is the managementContingency Planning is the managementprocess that analyzes specific potential eventsprocess that analyzes specific potential eventsfor emerging situations that might threatenfor emerging situations that might threatensociety of the environment and establishessociety of the environment and establishesarrangements in advance to enable timely,arrangements in advance to enable timely,effective, and appropriate response to sucheffective, and appropriate response to suchevents and situationsevents and situationsUNISDRUNISDR
44• Experience the collapse of HighlandExperience the collapse of HighlandTowers in 1993Towers in 1993• NSC Directive No. 20 came into forceNSC Directive No. 20 came into forcein 1997in 1997• Reviewed on 30 Mac 2012Reviewed on 30 Mac 2012• Needs to manage:Needs to manage:– Total Disaster Risk ManagementTotal Disaster Risk Management– increase in complexityincrease in complexity– engage private, NGO and communityengage private, NGO and community– take into account AADMER and othertake into account AADMER and otherinternational publicationinternational publication
55OutlinesOutlines::Policy and Mechanism on Disaster andPolicy and Mechanism on Disaster andRelief Management onRelief Management on LandLandBased onBased on::Levels of disastersLevels of disastersbyby::Establishing aEstablishing a management mechanismmanagement mechanism with thewith thepurpose ofpurpose ofdetermining rolesdetermining roles andand responsibilitiesresponsibilities ofof variousvariousagenciesagencies involved in disaster management.involved in disaster management.(adapted: Directive No. 20:paragraph 4, page 2)(adapted: Directive No. 20:paragraph 4, page 2)
66““.... An incident that occurs in a sudden manner,.... An incident that occurs in a sudden manner,complex in nature, resulting in thecomplex in nature, resulting in the loss of lives,loss of lives,damages to property, or the environmentdamages to property, or the environment…….. Affecting the daily activitiesAffecting the daily activities of the local communitiesof the local communities……. Requires the. Requires the handling of extensive resourceshandling of extensive resources.”.”
1212YELLOWZTHE CHART FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT AT THE SCENE OF INCIDENT ACCORDING TO ZONESKEYNOTE : Movement from one Zone to another is not allowed except with the permission of the Commander of Disaster OperationsSENTRY POSTGREEN ZONE : Placement area for Media Management, Victims Family Centre, Counselling Centre, Food Supplies Centre,Mortuary, Rest Area, Supporting and Rehabilitation Agencies and Voluntary BodiesRED ZONE : Work area for Specialised Rescue Teams with Special ExpertiseYELLOW ZONE : Placement area for On Site Command Post, and Main and Supporting Rescue PostOTHER RESCUEAGENCIESON SITECOMMAND POSTARMYEMERGENCYMEDICALSERVICESFIRE ANDRESCUEDEPARTMENTPOLICERESCUE AND REHABILITATIONAGENCIES AND VOLUNTARY BODIESVICTIMSFAMILYCENTRERESTAREAMORTUARYMEDIAMANAGEMENTCENTRECIVILDEFENCESMARTTEAMENTRY ROADFOODSUPPLIESCENTRE COUNSELLINGCENTREOPERATION AREA FORSPECIALISED SEARCHAND RESCUE UNITSDISASTERAREA
AADMER - FOR A MOREAADMER - FOR A MORE UNITED AND COORDINATEDUNITED AND COORDINATEDRESPONSE TOWARD DISASTERS WITHIN THE REGIONRESPONSE TOWARD DISASTERS WITHIN THE REGIONSigned in July 2005, ratified by all ten countriesin ASEAN, entered into force on 24 December2009Objective: Reduce disaster losses in ASEANregion, and jointly respond to disasteremergenciesASEAN Coordinating Centre for HumanitarianAssistance (AHA Centre) as the operationalcoordination body and engine of AADMERA legal framework for all ASEAN MemberStates and serves as a common platform inresponding to disasters within ASEAN14
1515• Cooperate in developing & implementingmeasures to reduce disaster losses• Immediately respond to a disasteroccurring within the territory• If causing possible impacts on anothercountry, respond promptly to a requestfor information• Promptly respond to a request forassistance• Take legislative, administrative and othernecessary measuresAADMERAADMER: ASEAN AGREEMENT ON DISASTER: ASEAN AGREEMENT ON DISASTERMANAGEMENT AND RESPONSE:MANAGEMENT AND RESPONSE: GENERAL OBLIGATIONSGENERAL OBLIGATIONS15
AADMER ALSO REQUIRES THE PREPARATION ON EFFECTIVE STANDARD OPERATINGPROCEDURE FOR REGIONAL STANDBY ARRANGEMENTS AND COORDINATION OF JOINTDISASTER RELIEF AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE OPERATION (SASOP)Guides and templates to initiate the establishment of theASEAN Standby Arrangements for Disaster Relief andEmergency Response,Procedures for joint disaster relief and emergencyresponse operationsProcedures for the facilitation and utilization of militaryand civilian assets and capacities, (personnel,transportation and communication equipment, facilities,good and services, and the facilitation of their trans-boundary movement)Methodology for the periodic conduct of the ASEANregional disaster emergency response simulation exercises(ARDEX) which shall test the effectiveness of thisproceduresThe Parties shall, as appropriate, prepare Standard Operating Procedures for regional co-operation andnational action required under this Agreement (AADMER article 8.2) 16
ContentsI. IntroductionII. InstitutionsIII. Disaster PreparednessIV. Assessment and MonitoringV. Emergency ResponseVI. Facilitation and Utilisation ofMilitary Assets and Capacities(being developed)VII. Annexes (of templates and forms)Chapters I to V have been endorsed by theASEAN Committee on DisasterManagementSASOP - OPERATIONAL DOCUMENT OF AADMER17
ASEAN Regional Disaster Emergency Response SimulationExercise (ARDEX)• Annual conduct of ARDEX to enhance MemberCountries’ capabilities in joint disaster reliefand emergency operations• Lessons learnt serve as inputs for review, andenhancement for the ASEAN SASOPArticle 8.3.c Conduct training and exercises to attain andmaintain the relevance and applicability of the StandardOperating Procedures19
ARDEX-05 MalaysiaARDEX-05 MalaysiaCollapsed Structure DisasterCollapsed Structure DisasterScenarioScenarioARDEX-06 CambodiaARDEX-06 CambodiaFlood DisasterFlood DisasterScenarioScenarioARDEX-07 SingaporeARDEX-07 SingaporeMassive Collapse of StructuresMassive Collapse of StructuresScenarioScenarioARDEX-08 ThailandARDEX-08 ThailandTyphoon, technological disasterTyphoon, technological disasterscenarioscenarioARDEX-09 PhilippinesARDEX-09 PhilippinesVolcanic eruption scenarioVolcanic eruption scenarioARDEX-10 IndoneARDEX-10 IndonesiasiaEarthquake and Tsunami ScenarioEarthquake and Tsunami Scenario19–24 Oct 201319–24 Oct 2013Ba Vi District, Ha Noi,Ba Vi District, Ha Noi,VietnamVietnamARDEX-13 VietnamARDEX-13 VietnamSuper typhoon scenarioSuper typhoon scenarioCANCELLEDCANCELLED
2121• Developed toDeveloped to clarify and detail out theclarify and detail out theresponsibilitiesresponsibilities of relevant agencies inof relevant agencies inmanaging and responding to disaster;managing and responding to disaster;• Objectives and goals:Objectives and goals:– To provide aTo provide a guideline/referenceguideline/reference for agencies;for agencies;– To create a moreTo create a more coordinated, integrated and effectivecoordinated, integrated and effectiveresponseresponse;;– ToTo avoid confusion and conflictavoid confusion and conflict; and; and– ToTo ensure the welfareensure the welfare of people and victims are moreof people and victims are moresecure.secure.
2323INFOINFOSPREADSPREADNational Security CouncilNational Security Council
2424• Malaysian Tsunami Early Warning SystemMalaysian Tsunami Early Warning System• Fixed Line Alert SystemFixed Line Alert System• Malaysian Emergency Response SystemMalaysian Emergency Response System(MERS 999)(MERS 999)• Government Integrated Radio Network (GIRN)Government Integrated Radio Network (GIRN)• Emergency Command Centre (ECC)Emergency Command Centre (ECC)
2525““The success and effectiveness of disasterThe success and effectiveness of disastermanagement efforts depend on themanagement efforts depend on thecooperation, understanding and ability of allcooperation, understanding and ability of allagencies / departments the to carry out theiragencies / departments the to carry out theirresponsibilities as outlined in nationalresponsibilities as outlined in nationalDirective No. 20 of the NSC.Directive No. 20 of the NSC.Community-based education and awarenessCommunity-based education and awarenesson disaster risk management could also leadon disaster risk management could also leadto reducing the impact of disaster.”to reducing the impact of disaster.”