[Slideshare]tauhid course(#9)

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”

Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (SINGAPORE)

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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#9)

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class started: 27 Nov 2010 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCING START OF A NEW COURSE [2] Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <sameer_al_abd@yahoo.com> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 LESSON - # 9
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  5. 5. <ul><li>Early Muslim scholars commented that the term WASILAH in this verse means AL-QURBAH i.e. “seeking nearness” . Thus TAWASSUL is defined: </li></ul><ul><li>“ seeking nearness to, or making request, petition, supplication to Allah by way of, or by means of, something to ensure success of what is being sought ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS
  7. 7. <ul><li>Allah is the only One Who is God (Divine) and Who alone is Robb (Lord, Sustainer, Cherisher) of the worlds. He is the Absolute One without partners nor associate in His Divinity ( Tau h eed Uluhiyyah ) nor in His Lordship ( Tau h eed Rubbubiyyah ). </li></ul><ul><li>He administers and sustains everything in accordance with His Ways ( Sunna-tullah ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REFLECTIONS:
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  9. 9. Say: &quot;O Allah! Lord of Power (and Rule) You gives Power to whom You pleases and You strips off power from whom You pleases, You endues with honour whom You pleases, and You bring low, whom You pleases; in Your hand is all Good. Verily, over all things You have power.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 26 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  10. 10. <ul><li>It is within “ Sunna-tullah ” the decree that certain beings in creation are accorded the permission by Allah SWT, to help, to intercede, to mediate, to plead for, to advocate on behalf, etc. for others. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the context of how Muslims view “ Tawassul ” and “ Shafa’at ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REFLECTIONS:
  11. 11. <ul><li>As in all things, nothing can occur except by the will and permission of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Who is there that can intercede ( YASH-FA’ ) in His presence except as He permits?” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 255 )
  12. 12. <ul><li>Even in ours lives, other things or beings do intervene or help us to attain to some benefits which Allah, in His Wisdom, have placed some benefits for us in or through them. In the physical or material nature, such ‘ intervention ’ can easily be understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet we know these do not possess independent power, but ultimately are conferred by Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  13. 13. <ul><li>We can easily understand the workings of “ the cause and effect ” regarding physical aspects, but what about in ‘spiritual or metaphysical’ matter or domain where science cannot reason it out? </li></ul><ul><li>This is where have to rely upon true knowledge, ( khobar s o diq ) from Revelation , rather than accept what is being claimed by people. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  14. 14. <ul><li>It is in the area of the “unseen” ( ghayibat ) that we are to be careful to distinguish between what is False -“ khurafat ” (superstitions) and myths (“ takhayyul ”), from the True - (reality) substantiated (or affirmed to exist by Islam). </li></ul><ul><li>And even those “unseen matters” affirmed to exist by Islam, it differentiates those that can be followed, from those to be shunned and rejected. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  15. 15. <ul><li>In a way the most common ‘intervention’ being our supplication to Allah ( Du’a ) for one another. </li></ul><ul><li>In this world, there are presence of certain things and people in our midst, which can have an effect upon our well-being; so too are the interceding angels, persons and other creatures - pleading on our behalf, etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  17. 17. “ Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore forgiveness for those who believe: &quot;Our Lord! Thy reach is over all things in Mercy, and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in repentance, and follow Thy Path: and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!” ( Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 7 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS
  19. 19. <ul><li>The term “ شَفَاعَة “ pronounce “ SHAFA-’AT “ - meaning : </li></ul><ul><li>“ mediation, intercession, intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>advocacy, pre-emption, etc. ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  20. 20. <ul><li>When discussing “ Shafa’at ” , we are referring to “the help, intercession or mediation” which Allah has permitted to some to make for others, in the Hereafter . </li></ul><ul><li>This “ Shafa’at ” can be given by, and only benefit, those who had adhered to TAU H EED , and not to the MUSHRIKEEN . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  21. 21. “ And those whom they invoke besides Allah have no power of intercession;― except only those who bears witness to the Truth and they know (him).” ( Qur’an: Zukhruf: 43: 86 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  23. 23. “ Say: &quot;Do ye see what it is ye invoke besides Allah? Show me what it is they have created on earth, or have they a share ( SHIRK ) in the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed) before this, or any remnant of knowledge (ye may have), if ye are telling the truth!“ ( Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 4 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  24. 24. “ And who is more astray than one who invokes, besides Allah, such as will not answer him to the Day of Judgement, and who (in fact) are unconscious of their call (to them)? ( Qur’an: Ahqaf: 46: 5 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  25. 25. <ul><li>In these verses, it is clear that Allah chastise the MUSHRIKEEN (those who ascribe partners to Allah) because their AQEEDAH (believe) is wrong – i.e. opposite to TAU H EED . </li></ul><ul><li>These verses do not refer to the MUWA H EEDIN (people upholding TAU H EED ) who direct all Du’a or invocation to Allah Who Alone is Divine, who do not ascribe partners to Him. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  27. 27. “ And further (thus): `Set thy face towards Religion with true piety, and never in anywise be of the Unbelievers ( MUSHRIKEEN ); Nor call (supplicate to) on any, other than Allah such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee: if thou dost behold! thou shalt certainly be of those who do wrong.“ ( Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 105-106 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  29. 29. “ If Allah do touch thee with hurt, there is none can remove it but He: if He do design some benefit for thee, there is none can keep back His favour: He causeth it to reach whomsoever of His servants He pleaseth. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ ( Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 107 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  30. 30. <ul><li>Thus, for Muslim to believe that others amongst Allah’s creation to be capable of giving “ Shafa’at ” (permitted by Allah as explained) is not “ SHIRK ”. </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest of which is the “ Shafa’at ” which Allah granted upon our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. to make. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  31. 31. “ The happiest person who receive my intercession (in the Hereafter), will be he who says LAA-ILAA-HA-IL-LALLAH (There is no god except Allah), sincerely in his heart (i.e. pure from any SHIRK )” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary & Muslim ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  32. 32. <ul><li>There will also be others – angels, prophets and righteous persons, who will be given the permission by Allah SWT , to make “ shafa’at ” (intercession) in the Hereafter too. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. SAID :
  34. 34. “ Angels will intercede, the Prophets will intercede, and the Believers will intercede (for other people) until there remain nothing except the Mercy of the One Who is Most Merciful (Allah), Who will restrain the Fire of Hell and bring out from it, a people who have never done any good deed, (blackened) like a charred coal.” ( Hadith reported by Muslim ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. SAID :
  35. 35. <ul><li>Another, which can intercede for us in the Hereafter is our deeds of sincere devotion e.g. Qur’anic recitation or fasting; our worship and deeds of righteous etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Such deeds will appear on Judgement day as ‘advocate interlocutor’ for the Believer who has performed them sincerely for Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  36. 36. <ul><li>Yet the most important point to note regarding “ Shafa’at ” is that none of these things, people or even angels are Divine , nor can they harm nor bring any benefit whatsoever, except only by Allah’s Will and permission. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  37. 37. <ul><li>Muslims upholding TAU H EED , always believe that every supplication ( Du’a ) is directed to Allah and the right to fulfil or reject any requests belongs to Allah, Who Alone is God (Divine). Allah has the absolute prerogative and power over all. </li></ul><ul><li>Make no mistake about this. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  38. 38. Say: &quot;To Allah belongs exclusively (the right to grant) Intercession ( SHAFA’AT ) : to Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: in the End, it is to Him that ye shall be brought back.“ ( Qur’an: Zumar: 49: 44 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  39. 39. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  40. 40. “ Or, who listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and who relieves its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed!” ( Qur’an: Naml: 27: 62 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  41. 41. “ How many so ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession ( SHAFA’AT ) will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases and that he is acceptable to Him.” ( Qur’an: TaHa: 53: 26 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  42. 42. On that Day shall no intercession ( SHAFA’AT ) avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by (Allah) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him. ( Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 109 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  43. 43. “ Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgives anything, else to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  44. 44. <ul><li>There is no controversy regarding asking the “ Shafa’at ” from a living righteous person. </li></ul><ul><li>Regarding whether this can still be sought from the dead, differences of opinion occur amongst Islamic scholars. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who objected perhaps would regard this as akin to “ Shirk ” and thus forbade the practice. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  45. 45. <ul><li>However those who allows this, argue that any request to a righteous person is in fact addressing to the soul of the person. So, whether dead or alive makes no difference. </li></ul><ul><li>And the request for “ Shafa’at ” is for the person to implore or plead or Du’a to Allah – not that he has the power to give what is being asked. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  46. 46. <ul><li>As to the objection that these people are dead, some of the basis in response: </li></ul>“ Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead. Nay they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 169 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  47. 47. ‘ Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, amongst the believers and the Muslims. Verily we will, All a h willing, be united with you, we ask All a h for well-being for us and you.’ Du’a taught by the Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  48. 48. <ul><li>In this regard, those who prefer not to seek “ Shafa’at ” upon the dead, as precaution to safeguard themselves from tarnishing their TAU H EED (as they understand it), is indeed commendable, and we respect this. Especially when this to their mind, is somewhat ‘similar’ to what other religions may practice, while they are not able to distinguish the difference. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  49. 49. <ul><li>Some prefer to follow this opinion, not because they consider seeking “ Shafa’at ” from the dead at graves, tombs and shrines as wrong, but they prefer this opinion only to avoid the ‘ignorant’ public from misperceiving and blindly imitating their action for going there. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  50. 50. <ul><li>Yet, they who prefer this opinion, should not easily misjudge or accuse other Muslims who do so, i.e. visiting graves or shrines of Prophets ( NABIYYIN ), the Truthful ( SWIDDIQEEN ) Martyrs ( SHUHADA’ ) and Righteous people ( SWOLIHEEN ) - by labelling them as “ MUSHRIK “ (polytheist) OR “grave worshippers” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  51. 51. “ (Do not) call each other by (offensive) nicknames : Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (Indeed) doing wrong.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 49: 11 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH (SWT) WARNS US:
  52. 52. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT DZIKR
  53. 53. REMEMBER ALLAH’S WARNING: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  54. 54. “ O ye who believe! when ye go abroad in the cause of Allah, investigate carefully, and say not to anyone who offers you a salutation (salaam): &quot;Thou art none of a Believer!&quot; Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with Allah are profits and spoils abundant.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 94 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REMEMBER ALLAH’S WARNING:
  55. 55. “ O ye who believe! if a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.)” ( Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 6 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  56. 56. “ And obey Allah and His Messenger; and fall into no disputes, lest ye lose heart and your power depart; and be patient and persevering: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.” ( Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  57. 57. “ And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  58. 58. “ And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WA-ALLAHU A’LAM

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