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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#8)

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”

Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#8)

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class started: 27 Nov 2010 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCING START OF A NEW COURSE [2] Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <sameer_al_abd@yahoo.com> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 LESSON - # 8
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  3. 3. ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “ O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la ) DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 EXCERPTS FROM PREVIOUS
  5. 5. AA-MAN-TU – BIL-LAA-HIL- ‘A-ZEEM, WA-KAFAR-TU -BIL-JIB-TI – WAT- TAA-GHUUT, WAS-TAM-SAK-TU – BIL – UR-WA-TIL – WUTH-QA, LAN-FI-SWAA-MA – LA-HAA, WAL-LAA-HUS-SA-MEE-’UN- ‘A-LEEM “ I believe in Allah Most Esteemed, and I reject idol worship and evil, and I holdfast to the firmest handhold that will never be shaken, for Allah Hears and Knows all things.” ( Extracted From ‘Wird-ul Latiff’ of Imam ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad ) ‘ WIRD’ TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS
  7. 7. <ul><li>The term “ تَوَسُّل “ pronounce ‘ TAWAS-SUL ’ – is from the word “ وسَائِل - وسيلة “ WASA-IL (sing.) “ WASII-LAH (pl.) - meaning : </li></ul><ul><li>“ means, medium, way, position, status, etc. ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  8. 8. <ul><li>Generally we refer this term to the : </li></ul><ul><li>“ way, or means of attaining something, a cause to an effect, ” </li></ul><ul><li>This can be applied to physical laws too, but our concern here is in spiritual or religious matters, the unseen ( ghaybiyyah ), as in making Du’a , gaining blessings, safety, prosperity, longevity, etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  9. 9. <ul><li>Thus by this term, we specifically mean : </li></ul><ul><li>“ making request, petition, supplication by way of, or by means of, something being sought in matters of religious domain or metaphysical realm ” </li></ul><ul><li>And these WASILAH cannot be truly known, except by reliance and guidance of Allah’s revelation ( Al-Qur’an and As-Sunnah ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  10. 10. “ O ye who believe! (Be conscious of and) do your duty to Allah, seek the WASILAH (means of approach) unto Him, and strive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye may prosper.” ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35 ) ALLAH (SWT) COMMANDS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  11. 11. <ul><li>Early Muslim scholars commented that the term WASILAH in this verse means AL-QURBAH i.e. “ seeking nearness ” . Thus TAWASSUL is defined: </li></ul><ul><li>“ seeking nearness to, or making request, petition, supplication to Allah by way of, or by means of, something to ensure success of what is being sought ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  12. 12. <ul><li>Some peoples’ understanding of TAWASSUL (generally translated) as “ intermediaries ” is ambiguous and inaccurate, and may lead to a misunderstanding of Islamic concept of worship. </li></ul><ul><li>Note here that Allah SWT uses the term وسيلة “ WASILAH ” (ref: Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 35). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  13. 13. <ul><li>The word for “ intermediary ” in Arabic which is </li></ul><ul><li>“ وسيطة - WASI T AH “, although can also refer to “ means or medium ”, but it has a different nuance to the term “ وسيلة - WASILAH. ” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  14. 14. <ul><li>Whenever the word “ intermediary ” is used, inadvertently it evoke in one’s mind, a distinct separation between two things, which it is linking or bridging – sort of go-between. </li></ul><ul><li>But worship in Islam to Allah is direct and does not require “ intermediaries ” as in some other religions. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  15. 15. <ul><li>This point must be clarified, because there are people who are quick to assume as though we Muslims regard Allah to be ‘remote; detached; cut-off; etc,’ – and that ‘ intermediaries ’ are therefore needed or essential as ‘go-between’. </li></ul><ul><li>They may ‘assume’ Islam to be like other religions. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  16. 16. <ul><li>Islam rejects such notion. </li></ul><ul><li>We Muslims are already convinced and conscious of Allah’s intimate presence, nearness and omnipotence. Our daily worship requires us to have a direct communion with “ Allah as though we see Him, if not, we believe He sees us .” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  17. 17. <ul><li>It is in making our request to Allah – in Du’a, munajat, etc. that the humility in us, i.e. knowing how insignificant and undeserving we are, that we are therefore taught to apply this WASILAH - as “ means of imploring, or to strengthen or support our request or petition ,” lest we feel hopeless and despair. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  18. 18. <ul><li>We therefore regard TAWASSUL as only amongst the ‘ Adab ’ (right etiquette, approach) which Allah have shown us, from His Compassion and Mercy. </li></ul><ul><li>All our pleadings ultimately is directed to Allah, Who Alone is the Divine, the One Who can fulfil all of our request and needs. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  19. 19. <ul><li>REMEMBER ALWAYS THAT IN ISLAM </li></ul><ul><li>ALL OUR PLEADINGS, ( DU’A ) SUUPLICATION, ETC. ULTIMATELY IS DIRECTED TO ALLAH, WHO ALONE IS THE DIVINE WITHOUT PARTNERS, THE ONE WHO CAN FULFIL ALL OUR REQUESTS AND NEEDS – AND NOT THE ‘ WASILAH ’ . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  20. 20. IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  21. 21. “ When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them); I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me; let them also with a will listen to My call and believe in Me; that they may walk in the right way.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 186 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :
  23. 23. And your Lord says: &quot;Call on (supplicate to) Me; I will answer your ( Du’a -Prayer): But those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell in humiliation!&quot; ( Qur’an: Ghafir: 40: 60 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT VERSES TO REMEMBER :
  24. 24. “ O ye who believe! (Be conscious of and) do your duty to Allah, seek the WASILAH (means of approach) unto Him, and strive (with might and main) in His cause: that ye may prosper.” ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35 ) BACK TO ALLAH (SWT) COMMAND All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  25. 25. <ul><li>From this verse ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35 ) the first command to be noted is Allah’s command towards TAQWA (“ consciousness and fear of transgressing Allah’s command ”). </li></ul><ul><li>Then only comes the command “ to seek a way or the means or approach ” – WASILAH – to Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  26. 26. <ul><li>The significance of this is that: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] TAQWA already implies upholding of TAU H EED . Thus, as long as a Muslim keep this in mind, his using of a ‘ WASILAH ’ is never to be regarded as ‘ SHIRK ’. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  27. 27. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT DZIKR
  28. 28. <ul><li>The significance of this is that: </li></ul><ul><li>[2] In fact, TAWASSUL is a command, and should be regarded as part of “ cause and effect ” amongst Allah’s ways. Therefore any WASILAH are not to be regarded as being independent of Allah, but can effect only with Allah’s Will or permission. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  29. 29. <ul><li>The significance of this is that: </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Thus, if a person “ seek a way or means ” but thinking that the WASILAH possesses independent power from Allah, then only can he be said to be guilty of ‘SHIRK’ ( sin of setting up a partner to Allah). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  30. 30. <ul><li>The significance of this is that: </li></ul><ul><li>[4] The difference of opinion regarding TAWASSUL amongst certain Muslim scholars is on legal ‘validity’, i.e. regarding “what can be accepted as WASILAH and what cannot be accepted” – according to the basis of SHARI’AH (Islamic principles). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE :
  31. 31. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT DZIKR
  32. 32. <ul><li>According SHARI’AH , all scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAH : </li></ul><ul><li>[1] TAWASSUL petitioning a Du’a (supplication) by using or invoking the Most Beautiful Names of Allah ( al-asma’-al-Husna ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : “ The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call (supplicate) on Him by (invoking) them” ( Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 180 ) ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : Whenever the Prophet s.a.a.w. Is faced with a difficult situation or matter, he would supplicate (to Allah with this Du’a): “ YAA HAYYU (O the Ever Living), YAA QAYYUM (O the Ever Existing), BI-RAHMATIKA (by Your Mercy) I seek help.” ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi and Hakim )
  35. 35. <ul><li>According SHARI’AH , all scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAH : </li></ul><ul><li>[2] TAWASSUL petitioning a Du’a (supplication) by using or mentioning one’s own righteous deeds which one had done sincerely for Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :
  36. 36. WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : &quot;Our Lord! we believe in what thou hast revealed, and we follow the Messenger; then write us down among those who bear witness.&quot; ” ( Qur’an: Aali ’Imran: 3: 53 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL)
  37. 37. <ul><li>REFLECTION: </li></ul><ul><li>In this verse, which contains Allah’s teaching us a Du’a which begun - firstly by our expressing the our Faith ( iiman )) to Allah and His Revelation following His Messenger s.a.a.w. – before making our request. It shows how our Faith ( iiman ) is to be used to reinforce the request. </li></ul>WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  38. 38. <ul><li>ANOTHER BASIS (DALIL) </li></ul><ul><li>The next basis, is a Hadith in which it narrates the plight of 3 men trapped in a cave. Each men then made Du’a by using their righteous deeds (‘amal) as WASILAH to request that Allah release them. </li></ul>WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  39. 39. <ul><li>One brought up his deeds of looking after his parents; another, his avoidance of sinning although it would have been easy to commit, and the third person, his honesty in returning what belongs to others including additional wealth accrued from it. </li></ul><ul><li>All of three of them made TAWASSUL by explicitly mentioning the following phrases: </li></ul>WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  40. 40. NARRATION OF THE 3 MEN TRAPPED IN A CAVE – THEIR TAWASSUL : (after mentioning his ‘amal, he said) :&quot;O Allah! If what I have done was truly for seeking to please You, then (by this deed I ask You to) get us out of this (cave)” – then the cave was opened and they could get out.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  41. 41. <ul><li>According SHARI’AH , all scholars accept that there are 3 types of WASILAH : </li></ul><ul><li>[3] TAWASSUL by seeking a living righteous person ( SWOLIHEEN ) to make Du’a (supplication) or petitioning Allah through using his status (entity – Dzat ) of righteousness with Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 WHAT ALL MUSLIM SCHOLARS HAVE AGREED UPON ( IJMA’ ) :
  42. 42. ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf ) DU’A TAUGHT BY THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. TO A BLIND MAN All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL)
  43. 43. “ O Allah! I ask You and turn to You through my Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. the Prophet of Mercy: O Muhammad! By you (or through you), I turn towards your Lord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me my request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.” ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi from ‘Uthman bin Hunayf ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 DU’A TAUGHT BY THE PROPHET S.A.A.W. TO A BLIND MAN
  44. 44. CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ONE OF THE BASIS (DALIL)
  45. 45. “ We sent not an Messenger but to be obeyed, in accordance with the Will of Allah. If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves come unto thee (Muhammad) and asked Allah's forgiveness and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 64 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  47. 47. <ul><li>Difference of opinion ( ikhtilaf ) amongst Muslim scholars regarding WASILAH are: </li></ul><ul><li>[A] TAWASSUL by seeking the Du’a (supplication) of a righteous person ( SWOLIHEEN ), even after the person has died. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ):
  48. 48. <ul><li>Difference of opinion ( ikhtilaf ) amongst Muslim scholars regarding WASILAH are: </li></ul><ul><li>[B] TAWASSUL by making the petitioning with a Du’a (supplication), through mentioning the status (entity – Dzat ) of a righteous person ( SWOLIHEEN ) with Allah, after he has died. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 DIFFERENCE OF OPINION ( KHILAFIYAH ):
  49. 49. <ul><li>USING STATUS OR THE ‘RIGHT’ OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.A.W. ( BI-HAQQIHI ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS: There is a Hadith from our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. In reference to the Qur’anic verse (Baqarah: 37) which narrates how Prophet Adam a.s. sought forgiveness from Allah. Adam a.s. made this Du’a : YAA – ROB-BI, AS-A-LUKA – BI-HAQ-QI MUHAM-MADIN – LI-MAA –GHA-FAR-TA-LI
  50. 50. <ul><li>&quot;When Adam committed his mistake he said: O my Lord, I am asking you to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad. Allah said: O Adam, and how do you know about Muhammad whom I have not yet created? Adam replied, O my Lord, after You created me with your hand and breathed into me of Your Spirit, I raised my head and saw written on the heights of the Throne: LAA- ILAHA -ILLALLAH -MUHAMMADUN -RASU-LULLAH </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:
  51. 51. <ul><li>“ .... I understood that You would not place next to Your Name but the Most Beloved One of Your creation. Allah said: O Adam, I have forgiven you, and were it not for Muhammad I would not have created you.“ </li></ul><ul><li>( Reported by al-Hakim in ‘Mustadrak ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:
  52. 52. <ul><li>COMMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>This hadith is declared sound (sahih) by al-Hakim in ‘al-Mustadrak’ (2:651), although he acknowledges ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn Aslam’, one of its sub-narrators, as weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Subki confirms al-Hakim's authentication;   Qadi `Iyad includes this among the &quot;sound and famous narrations&quot; in al-Shifa, and he says that Abu Muhammad al-Makki and Abu al-Layth al-Samarqandi mention it. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:
  53. 53. <ul><li>COMMENT: </li></ul><ul><li>Ibn al-Jawzi also considers it sound (sahih) as he cites it in the first chapter of ‘al-Wafa bi ahwal al-mustafa.’ </li></ul><ul><li>As-Suyuti cites this in his Qur'anic commentary ‘al-Durr al-manthur.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Ibn Kathir mentions it; al-Haythami ; al-Bayhaqi ; Abu Nu`aym all mentions and accepted this hadith despite knowing ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn Aslam’ to be weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Only Ibn Taymiyah , Dhahabi and al-Asqalani rejected this Hadith. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF PROPHET ADAM’S DU’A - ON THE AUTHORITY OF ‘UMAR R.A.:
  54. 54. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT DZIKR
  55. 55. <ul><li>CALLING UPON THE DEAD TO MAKE DU’A </li></ul><ul><li>FOR THE LIVING </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Tabarani , in his &quot;al-Mu'jam al saghir&quot;, reports a hadith from 'Uthman ibn Hunayf that a man repeatedly visited ‘Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him) concerning something he needed, but ‘Uthman paid no attention to him or his need... HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED SOURCE & BASIS USED BY MOST SCHOLARS:
  56. 56. <ul><li>... The man met Ibn Hunayf and complained to him about the matter - this being after the death ( wisal ) of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and after the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar r.a. - so Uthman ibn Hunayf, who was one of the Companions who collected Ahadith and was learned in the religion , said to him:  </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED
  57. 57. <ul><li>&quot;Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu’), then come to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, and say: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED
  58. 58. <ul><li>&quot;Go to the place of ablution and perform ablution (wudu’), then come to the mosque, perform two rak'as of prayer therein, and say: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 HADITH OF ‘UTHMAN IBN HUNAYF REGARDING A MAN IN NEED “ O Allah! I ask You and turn to You through my Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. the Prophet of Mercy: O Muhammad! By you (or through you), I turn towards your Lord , the Most Glorious Exalted, that He grants for me my request. O Allah! Grant him the intercession for me.”
  59. 59. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  60. 60. <ul><li>In the book “ Mujab al-Du’a (Fulfilment of Supplications)” Ibn Abid Dunya narrates incident that occurred : Abu Hashim reported that Katsir ibn Muhammad ibnu Katsir ibn Rifa’ah who said: A man came to Abdul Malik ibn Sa’id ibn Abjar. On seeing the man Abdul Malik detect in him a chronic disease, whereby he taught the man a this Du’a. </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Hamdulillah! Allah granted a cure through this Du’a. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA
  61. 61. <ul><li>( Ref: Qa-idah Jalilah ) Ibn Taimiyyah also agree that this Du’a (and of similar manner) has been narrated and practiced by the Muslim scholars of the Salaf generations : </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA
  62. 62. <ul><li>“ Allah, Allah, Allah, is my Robb (i.e. God, Lord, Sustainer) , I do not ascribe anything as partner to Him. </li></ul><ul><li>O Allah! I am turning to You by (means of) Your prophet Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy. </li></ul><ul><li>O Muhammad! Verily, by you (i.e. as my WASILAH ) I am turning to your Robb (Lord) and (Who is also) my Robb (Lord) , that He be Merciful towards (me and relief me of) whatever afflicts me. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 A DU’A CONTAINING TAWASSUL AS NARRATED BY IBN ‘ABID DUNYA
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: “ Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allah (say): &quot;We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.” ( Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3 )
  65. 65. <ul><li>Some Muslims, in their eagerness to reject certain TAWASSUL practiced by other Muslims deemed by them to be SHIRK , would invoke this verse - which in fact are directed specifically to those who are MUSHRIKEEN as it clearly qualified with the phrase “ those who take for protectors other than Allah ” as well as the phrase NA’BUDUHUM -“ we serve or worship them ” </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  66. 66. <ul><li>Some unashamedly teach that this verse is also directed upon those Muslims whom they disagree with, accusing them making TAWASSUL or other things which they regard as SHIRK , whereas these are still matters of KHILAFIYAH . </li></ul><ul><li>This is an abuse and twisted TAFSIR ; a misrepresentation of the meaning in the message of al-Qur’an; and a malicious act of TAKFIR (accusation) upon fellow believers. </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  67. 67. <ul><li>Also, we must remember that early Muslim Scholars amongst the first generation understood the term AL-WASILAH as in Allah’s command for Muslims to seek the TAWASSUL ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5:35 ) , to be synonymous to “ AL-QURBAH” (meaning “ to seek nearness ” to Him). </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  68. 68. <ul><li>Now, this clearly distinguish the meaning clearly that it ( Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3 ) is referring only to the MUSHRIKEEN , for to include the Muslims would be a contradicting Allah’s command, because the TAWASSUL is indeed a “ means to seek nearness to Allah. ” </li></ul><ul><li>And unlike the MUSHRIKEEN , Muslims know that our WASILAH is not our MA’BUD . </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  69. 69. LAA- ILAA-HA- IL-LALLAAHU - WA H DAHU – LAA – SHAREE-KA LAH, LAHUL-MULKU – WALAHUL- H AMD, WA-HUWA - ‘ALAA KUL-LI- SHAY -INQ- QADEER, “ There is no god (none has the right to be worshipped) except All a h, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is All-Powerful over all things .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IMPORTANT DZIKR
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: &quot;And the places of worship are for Allah (alone): so invoke not ( i.e. do not make Du’a, to worship ) anyone along with Allah;” ( Qur’an: Jinn: 72: 18 )
  71. 71. <ul><li>This is another verse sometimes quoted, whereby they interpret it literally the word “ تدْعُو “ to meaning “to call” and therefore they opined that, no other name can be mentioned or invoked ,or be called out to, in the mosque, except that of Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Whereas the DU’A here is meant as “ worship ” i.e. none other to be worshipped except Allah. </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  72. 72. <ul><li>Every Muslim knows that DU’A is to be directed to Allah and our understanding of the oft-repeated verses is the same: </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Thee (alone O Allah) do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.” ( Qur’an: al-Fatehah: 1: 5 )
  73. 73. <ul><li>Furthermore, Muslims know that DU’A is the essence of our worship and servitude to Allah and are aware of what our Prophet said: </li></ul>REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ DU’A (supplication) is the marrow of our ‘IBAADAH (worship)” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary )
  74. 74. CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REGARDING SOME CONTOVERSIES: TABARRUK
  75. 75. &quot;Verily! The sign of His kingdom is that there shall come to you AT-TABUT (Ark of the Covenant), wherein is SAKINAH (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a BAQIYYAH ( remnant ) of that which Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 248 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE TABARRUK
  76. 76. Tafsir Ibnu Katsir: Ibn Jarir related that Ibn `Abbas said about this ayah – BAQIYYAH – referring to, Moses' staff and the remnants of the Tablets. This is the same Tafsir of Qatadah, As-Suddi , Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and `Ikrimah, who added, &quot;And also the Torah.‘‘ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE TABARRUK
  77. 77. Tafsir Ibnu Katsir: Ath-Thawri said, &quot;Some said that it contained a pot of manna and the remnants of the Tablets, while some others said that it contained (Moses') staff and two shoes (and refer to Qur’an: Ta Ha :20:12).'' All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER THIS QUR’ANIC VERSE TABARRUK
  78. 78. REMEMBER ALLAH’S WARNING: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  79. 79. “ O ye who believe! when ye go abroad in the cause of Allah, investigate carefully, and say not to anyone who offers you a salutation (salaam): &quot;Thou art none of a Believer!&quot; Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with Allah are profits and spoils abundant.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 94 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 REMEMBER ALLAH’S WARNING:
  80. 80. “ O ye who believe! if a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.)” ( Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 6 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  81. 81. “ And obey Allah and His Messenger; and fall into no disputes, lest ye lose heart and your power depart; and be patient and persevering: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.” ( Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 46 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  82. 82. “ And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  83. 83. “ And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) ALWAYS REMEMBER : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 TO BE CONTINUED ... إِنْشَاءَالله

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