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“ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level  Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhul...
TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
<ul><li>TAU H EED AL-ULUHIYYAH  : To assert that only  Allah  alone is the God ( al-ilaah ), we must first reject any othe...
<ul><li>This statement of  TAU H EED  in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as it firstly remove any ambiguity by n...
<ul><li>If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness of Allah, indeed, would be compromised. </l...
<ul><li>This “ negation-assertion ” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be worshippers or devotees (‘ AABID ) of Allah, w...
<ul><li>TAU H EED  in Allah SWT must be opposed to  SHIRK </li></ul><ul><li>Only  ALLAH alone  is to be regarded as God ( ...
<ul><li>Therefore to have the knowledge of  what opposes TAU H EED  is also necessary (obligatory).  </li></ul><ul><li>We ...
<ul><li>Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) &quot;Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘ T...
“ whoever rejects  ‘ Taghut ’  *  (False gods, all powers of Evil)  and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworth...
“ Allah is the  (Waliyy)  Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into lig...
“ Verily Allah does not forgive the  ascribing of divinity to aught besides Him , although He forgives any lesser sin unto...
Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: &quot;O my son! Join not in  worship (others) with Allah : for ascribing p...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
“ They disbelieve who say: Allah  is one of three  in a  Trinity : for there is no god except One God. If they desist not ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
Say: &quot;O people of the Book!  come to common terms  as between us and you: that we  worship none but Allah ; that we a...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
<ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ  “  pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>The term “  شِرْكٌ  “  pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ  “  pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>T...
“ And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate ( SUJD ) yourselves before Adam,’ they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He d...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
“ And whoso  magnifies the sacred things of Allah , it will be well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle are lawfu...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
“ Turning unto Allah (only),  not  ascribing partners  unto Him ( SHIRK ) ; for whoso ascribes partners unto Allah, it is ...
“ That (is the command). And whoso  magnifies  (hold in reverence) the offerings consecrated to Allah ( SHI-’AAR ), it sur...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
“ And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him prostrate ( SUJD ), and he said: O my father...
<ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ  “  pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
<ul><li>[1]  who in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or </li></ul>All Rights Res...
<ul><li>[1] who in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or  [2]  belief that they ha...
<ul><li>[1] who  in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or  [2] belief that they ha...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is indeed true when a learned scholar said:  “ SHIRK   is an intellectual sin.” </li></...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is indeed true when a learned scholar said: “ SHIRK   is an intellectual sin.” </li></u...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professe...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professe...
Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:
Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Three things make up the essential basis of believing ( iiman ): ...
Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ When a person says to his ( Muslim ) brother ,  ( Yaa Kaafir ) – ...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow, prostrate, showing outward...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>In our learning about what constitute “ Shirk ”, we are to learn the issue well first, so ...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be hasty to use it in judging others, as this involve ‘ beliefs ’ or of peoples’ un...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us: “ Whoever...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Personal cautiousness in religion ( wara’  ), though encouraged, is  to be applied to ones...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “ Shirk ” must be based on clear proof and ev...
<ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Also, since “ Shirk ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward action), seeking clarifi...
Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (without our clarifying his belief) , is that he may perhaps b...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of he...
Note: Or,  he may be guilty of ‘ irtidad ’ (apostasy) by act of imitating; perhaps in resembling others in their forms of ...
<ul><li>Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: </li></ul><ul><li>[1]  SHIRK AL-’AZEEM </li></ul><ul><li>“ G...
<ul><li>Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: </li></ul><ul><li>[2]  SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR  or  KHAFIY </li></u...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2]  SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR  or  KHAFIY “ Verily, what I fear most  that m...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2]  SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR  or  KHAFIY “ The  SHIRK   within my ummah is ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
“ Now if they embark on a boat, they call on Allah ( make Du’a ), making their devotion sincerely (and exclusively) to Him...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
“ They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord -  R...
“ Say: &quot;Verily my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight― a religion of right― the path (trod) by Abraham the ...
Say: &quot;Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Wo...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
“ Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah,  as equal  (with Allah);  they love them as they should l...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
<ul><li>“ From Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. regarding Allah’s verse : </li></ul>&quot;And they have said (to each other) Abandon not y...
<ul><li>“ Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said : These (the idols) were named after their righteous (pious) people who had lived after Pr...
<ul><li>“ Which their followers then erected, but they did not worship these statues.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ When the first ...
“ Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgives anything, else to whom He pleases; to set up...
“ Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him:  &quot;O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah ( SHIRK ) : for...
“ Whoever joins other gods with Allah ( SHIRK ) ―Allah will forbid him the Garden and the Fire will be his abode. There wi...
“  .. if anyone assigns partners to Allah ( SHIRK ) he is as if he had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds or...
“  ... whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partn...
ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN  AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA –  A’-LAMU,  WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA...
ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN  AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA –  A’-LAMU,  WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA...
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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED”

Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#6).pptx

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class started: 27 Nov 2010 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCING START OF A NEW COURSE [2] Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <sameer_al_abd@yahoo.com> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 LESSON - #6
  2. 2. TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  3. 3. <ul><li>TAU H EED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only Allah alone is the God ( al-ilaah ), we must first reject any other (false deities which people may ascribe) to be God. </li></ul><ul><li>لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laa-ilaa-ha - il-lAllaah” </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: </li></ul><ul><li>In this statement it contains 2 aspects: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] NAFI – Negation </li></ul><ul><li>[2] ITSBAT - Affirmation </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  4. 4. <ul><li>This statement of TAU H EED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as it firstly remove any ambiguity by negating all ‘ others ’ which mankind may have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior to asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  5. 5. <ul><li>If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness of Allah, indeed, would be compromised. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  6. 6. <ul><li>This “ negation-assertion ” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be worshippers or devotees (‘ AABID ) of Allah, we must also be wary of every falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in order to assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Oneness of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  7. 7. <ul><li>TAU H EED in Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRK </li></ul><ul><li>Only ALLAH alone is to be regarded as God ( Divine ) , whilst all others are termed “ TAGHUT .” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  8. 8. <ul><li>Therefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAU H EED is also necessary (obligatory). </li></ul><ul><li>We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “ TAGHUT “ and what constitute “ SHIRK ” , so that we can avoid them all. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  9. 9. <ul><li>Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  10. 10. For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) &quot;Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘ Taghut ’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil)“ ( Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  11. 11. “ whoever rejects ‘ Taghut ’ * (False gods, all powers of Evil) and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  12. 12. “ Allah is the (Waliyy) Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  13. 13. “ Verily Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity to aught besides Him , although He forgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills; for he who ascribes divinity to aught besides Allah (i.e. commit shirk * ) has indeed contrived an awesome sin.” ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  14. 14. Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: &quot;O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah : for ascribing partners to God i.e. false worship ( shirk * ) is indeed the highest wrong-doing.&quot; ( Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  16. 16. “ They disbelieve who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity : for there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy ), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them. Why turn they not to Allah and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 5: 73-74 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  18. 18. Say: &quot;O people of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but Allah ; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not from among ourselves Lords and patrons other than Allah.&quot; If then they turn back, say: ye! &quot;Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah's will). “ ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 64 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  20. 20. <ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : </li></ul><ul><li>“ associating or ascribing to Allah, others as partners .” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  21. 21. <ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : </li></ul><ul><li>“ associating or ascribing to Allah, others as partners .” </li></ul><ul><li>The sin of &quot; SHIRK &quot; شِرْكٌ is in the ‘ belief ’ not merely the ‘ outward action .’ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  22. 22. <ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc .” </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : </li></ul><ul><li>“ associating or ascribing to Allah, others as partners .” </li></ul><ul><li>The sin of &quot; SHIRK &quot; شِرك is in the ‘ belief ’ not merely the ‘ outward action .’ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  23. 23. “ And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate ( SUJD ) yourselves before Adam,’ they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 34 ) CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  25. 25. “ And whoso magnifies the sacred things of Allah , it will be well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle are lawful unto you save that which hath been told you. So shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech” ( Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 30 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  27. 27. “ Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto Him ( SHIRK ) ; for whoso ascribes partners unto Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky and the birds had snatched him or the wind had blown him to a far-off place.” ( Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  28. 28. “ That (is the command). And whoso magnifies (hold in reverence) the offerings consecrated to Allah ( SHI-’AAR ), it surely is from devotion of the hearts ( TAQWA-AL-QULUUB ).” ( Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 32 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  30. 30. “ And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him prostrate ( SUJD ), and he said: O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream of old. My Lord hath made it true, and He hath shown me kindness, since He took me out of the prison and hath brought you from the desert after Satan had made strife between me and my brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will. He is the Knower, the Wise.” ( Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 100 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
  31. 31. <ul><li>The term “ شِرْكٌ “ pronounce ‘ SHIRK ’ – means “ partner; associate; one who shares; etc.” </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : </li></ul><ul><li>“ associating or ascribing to Allah, others as partners .” </li></ul><ul><li>The sin of &quot; SHIRK &quot; شِرك is in the ‘ belief ’ not merely the ‘ outward action .’ </li></ul><ul><li>It is only “ SHIRK ” when a person: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  32. 32. <ul><li>[1] who in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  33. 33. <ul><li>[1] who in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or [2] belief that they have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  34. 34. <ul><li>[1] who in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or [2] belief that they have a share in Divinity with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; or [3] to regard these as being independent of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  35. 35. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is indeed true when a learned scholar said: “ SHIRK is an intellectual sin.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  36. 36. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>It is indeed true when a learned scholar said: “ SHIRK is an intellectual sin.” </li></ul><ul><li>Just like TAU H EED , it deals primarily with ‘ thoughts or cognition ’; i.e. what a person ‘ knows and believes ’ regarding God or the ‘ Divine ’ . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  37. 37. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  38. 38. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a “ Muwa h eed ”, (upholding TAU H EED ) unless proven to be otherwise. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  39. 39. Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:
  40. 40. Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Three things make up the essential basis of believing ( iiman ): [1] To stop (to desist) from accusing as unbeliever, anyone who has declared – ‘There is no god except Allah’; [2] never regard him as heretic (unbeliever) only because of his committing sins nor to consider him as having exited from Islam because of his act of disobedient ; and [3] duty of JIHAD (striving in the cause of Allah) remains since the time I was sent till the last one in my ummah battles the Dajjal (antichrist) .... “ ( Hadith reported by Abu Dawud ) Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:
  41. 41. Note: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ When a person says to his ( Muslim ) brother , ( Yaa Kaafir ) – ‘Hey Unbeliever!’, then the accusation for being an unbeliever will be upon either one of them” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary ) Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:
  42. 42. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow, prostrate, showing outward forms of respect, displaying reverance, or kissing, wiping, etc. to be ‘acts’ of shirk . This stand they took so as ‘ to close all doors that may possibly lead to shirk .’ </li></ul><ul><li>This religious cautiousness is termed: wara’ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  43. 43. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>In our learning about what constitute “ Shirk ”, we are to learn the issue well first, so as to be able correct our own understanding – our own Aqeedah (Belief). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  44. 44. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be hasty to use it in judging others, as this involve ‘ beliefs ’ or of peoples’ understanding which is in their hearts/mind - and therefore avoid from engaging in arguments with other Muslims. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  45. 45. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us: “ Whoever seeks knowledge to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” ( Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah )
  46. 46. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Personal cautiousness in religion ( wara’ ), though encouraged, is to be applied to ones’ personal self in striving for a higher Islamic religiosity. </li></ul><ul><li>But, as for enforcing Islamic rulings generally, or judging other Muslims, basic minimum standard of religiosity applies. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  47. 47. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “ Shirk ” must be based on clear proof and evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Though we respect some peoples’ cautiousness ( wara’ ) in matters of avoiding shirk , but we should not judge other Muslim’s guilt of shirk , based on this personal standard of cautiousness ( wara’ ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  48. 48. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Also, since “ Shirk ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward action), seeking clarifications is imperative. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically some such hasty judgement have caused the lives of many fellow Muslims, who were deemed by them as ‘ heretic ’ (judged to be guilty of Shirk ) merely by their outward act or practices. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  49. 49. Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (without our clarifying his belief) , is that he may perhaps be judged as guilty for sin of ‘ignorance’. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart-mind) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ( Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36 ) Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (without our clarifying his belief) , is that he may perhaps be judged as guilty for sin of ‘ignorance’.
  51. 51. Note: Or, he may be guilty of ‘ irtidad ’ (apostasy) by act of imitating; perhaps in resembling others in their forms of worship; or compromising his Islamic identity : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them” ( Hadith of the Prophet s.a.a.w .)
  52. 52. <ul><li>Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM </li></ul><ul><li>“ Greater shirk” – an obvious, clear-cut association; the belief in other ‘deities’ , or supernatural force, or beings etc. apart from Allah, possessing divine powers, or regarded to be independent of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  53. 53. <ul><li>Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: </li></ul><ul><li>[2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lesser (small) Shirk” or “Hidden” – it pertains to what objective, focus or intended reason behind a person’s act of worship – i.e. what may affect his intention which, in ‘IBAADAH , must be ‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  54. 54. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY “ Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is the small SHIRK – which is - AR-RIYA’ (showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  55. 55. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY “ The SHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  57. 57. “ Now if they embark on a boat, they call on Allah ( make Du’a ), making their devotion sincerely (and exclusively) to Him; but when He had delivered them safely to (dry) land, Behold, they give a share (of their worship to others)!” ( Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 65 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  58. 58. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  59. 59. “ They take their priests and their anchorites to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their Lord - Robb ) Christ the son of Mary; Yet they were commanded to worship but one Allah: there is no god but He. Praise and glory to him: (far is He) from that which they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!” ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 31 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  60. 60. “ Say: &quot;Verily my Lord hath guided me to a way that is straight― a religion of right― the path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith, and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.” (Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 161 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  61. 61. Say: &quot;Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds: No partner hath He ( LAA SHARII-KALAHU ) : this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His Will ( MUSLIMEEN ). (Qur’an : An’am: : 6: 162 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  63. 63. “ Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equal (with Allah); they love them as they should love Allah . But those of faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could see, behold, they would see the Punishment: that to Allah belongs all power, and Allah will strongly enforce the Punishment.” (Qur’an : Baqarah: : 2: 165 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 ALLAH’S WARNING REGARDING VARIOUS TYPES OF SHIRK
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  65. 65. <ul><li>“ From Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. regarding Allah’s verse : </li></ul>&quot;And they have said (to each other) Abandon not your gods; abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa, neither Yaguth, nor Ya-’uq, nor Nasr―” ( Qur’an: Nuh: 70: 23 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  66. 66. <ul><li>“ Ibnu ‘Abbas r.a. said : These (the idols) were named after their righteous (pious) people who had lived after Prophet Nuh a.s. era.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ After their death, Satan instigated their followers to erect statues at places where they used to worship (Allah), and to then named these statues with their names.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  67. 67. <ul><li>“ Which their followers then erected, but they did not worship these statues.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ When the first generation all died, they were replaced by subsequent generation who were ignorant, and had forgotten the knowledge of the earlier generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Thence forth, they began to direct their worship to these idols (thereby, committed SHIRK ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  68. 68. “ Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgives anything, else to whom He pleases; to set up partners with Allah ( SHIRK ) is to devise a sin most heinous indeed. ( Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  69. 69. “ Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: &quot;O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah ( SHIRK ) : for false worship ( SHIRK ) is indeed the highest wrong-doing.“ ( Qur’an: Luqman: 4: 13 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  70. 70. “ Whoever joins other gods with Allah ( SHIRK ) ―Allah will forbid him the Garden and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.” ( Qur’an: Ma-idah: 5: 72 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  71. 71. “ .. if anyone assigns partners to Allah ( SHIRK ) he is as if he had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds or the wind had swooped (like a bird on its prey) and thrown him into a far-distant place.” ( Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  72. 72. “ ... whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner ( SHIRK ). “ ( Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 110 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  73. 73. ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “ O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la ) DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  74. 74. ALLAA-HUM-MA - IN-NEE – A –’UU-DZU-BIKA - MIN AN - USH-RI-KA – BI-KA – SHAY-AN – WA –ANA – A’-LAMU, WA –AS-TAGH-FIRU-KA – MI-NADZ—DZAM - BIL– LADZII - LAA – A’-LAM “ O Allah! I seek refuge with You from committing SHIRK i.e. associating others with You, knowingly, and I seek Your forgiveness from the committing of the sins which I do not know.” ( Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la ) DU’A TAUGHT BY OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم : All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 TO BE CONTINUED - إنْشاءالله

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