Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-...
TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUSTO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
TAUTAUHHEED AL-ULUHIYYAHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only: To assert that only AllahAllah alone is the Godalone is th...
This statement ofThis statement of TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, asin Islam is concise, yet ...
If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute OnenessIf the negation aspect is not done, our notion of th...
This “This “negation-assertionnegation-assertion” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be” process, teaches us Muslims tha...
TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Allah SWT must be opposed toin Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRKSHIRK
OnlyOnly ALLAH aloneALLAH alone i...
Therefore to have the knowledge ofTherefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAUwhat opposes TAUHHEEDEED is alsois al...
Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an:Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an:
For We assuredly sent amongst every Peo...
“whoever rejects ‘‘TaghutTaghut’’ ** (False gods, all powers of Evil)(False gods, all powers of Evil) and
believes in Alla...
“Allah is the (Waliyy) Protector of those who have faith: from the
depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light....
““Verily Allah does not forgive theVerily Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity toascribing of divinity to
augh...
Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! JoinBehold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! ...
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
““They disbelieve(commitThey disbelieve(commit KUFRKUFR) who say: Allah) who say: Allah is one ofis one of
threethree in a...
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
Say: "O people of the Book! come to common terms as
between us and you: that we worship none but Allah;
that we associate ...
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner;
associate; one who shares;...
The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner;
associate; one who shares;...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
““And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate (And when We said unto the angels: ‘Pro...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
““And whosoAnd whoso magnifies the sacred things of Allahmagnifies the sacred things o...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
“That (is the command). And whoso magnifies (hold in
reverence) the offerings consecra...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
“Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto
Him (SHIRK) ; for whoso ascrib...
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES
““And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais andAnd he (Yusuf) placed his parents o...
The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner;
associate; one who shares;...
[1][1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entitya person who, in his belief regards other being or entity
...
[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity...
[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity...
Note:Note:
It is indeed true when a learned scholar said :It is indeed true when a learned scholar said :
““ SHIRKSHIRK “ ...
Note:Note:
A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering toA person’s belief may generally be presumed, to b...
Note:Note:
A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering toA person’s belief may generally be presumed, to b...
All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
““Three things make up the essential basis of believing (Three things make up the essential basis of believing (iimaniiman...
““When a person says to his (When a person says to his (MuslimMuslim) brother ,) brother ,
((Yaa KaafirYaa Kaafir) – ‘Hey ...
Note:Note:
There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow,There are some who take the more cautious opinio...
Note:Note:
In our learning about what constitute “In our learning about what constitute “SHIRKSHIRK”, we are to learn the”...
Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:
““Whoever seeks knowledge to argue with the...
Note:Note:
Personal cautiousness in religion (Personal cautiousness in religion (WARA’WARA’ ), though encouraged,), though...
Note:Note:
Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “SHIRKSHIRK ” must b...
Note:Note:
Also, since “Also, since “SHIRKSHIRK ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward” is in a person’s belief (no...
Note:Note:
Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fai...
Note:Note:
Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fai...
Note:Note:
Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fai...
““And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; forAnd pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for
every act...
Note:Note:
Or, he may be guilty of ‘Or, he may be guilty of ‘ IRTIDADIRTIDAD ’ (apostasy) only - as by his act’ (apostasy)...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories:
[1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM (AKBAR)
“Greater shirk” – an obvious, clear-cut ...
Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories:
[2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY
““Lesser (small) Shirk”Lesser (small)...
““Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you isVerily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is
the small...
““TheThe SHIRKSHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) thanwithin my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than
a black ant c...
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,
MOSTMOST
COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,
MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL
AN-NASEEHAH
““...
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Slideshare (lesson # 6a)tauheed-course-(batch-january-2014)-shirk-12-march-2014

  1. 1. Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingUsing curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims.Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSEREFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIMFOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS,PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARYIN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAHIN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATEMOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL # 6 a# 6 a For further information and registration contact EFor further information and registration contact E-mail :-mail : ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.com or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279 All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014 LESSON “INTRODUCTION TO STUDY OF TAUHEED – (AQA’ID) ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for AdultsIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Updated 12 March 2014Updated 12 March 2014 BATCH - [JANUARY-MAY 2014] 18 weekly class started on :18 weekly class started on : 15th JANUARY 201415th JANUARY 2014 Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pmEvery Wadnesday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid KassimWisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim WHAT IS “WHAT IS “SHIRKSHIRK” ?” ?
  2. 2. TO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUSTO CONTINUE FROM PREVIOUS All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  3. 3. TAUTAUHHEED AL-ULUHIYYAHEED AL-ULUHIYYAH : To assert that only: To assert that only AllahAllah alone is the Godalone is the God ((al-ilaahal-ilaah), we must first reject any other (false deities which people), we must first reject any other (false deities which people may ascribe) to be God.may ascribe) to be God. ““LAA-ILAA-HA -IL-LALLAH”LAA-ILAA-HA -IL-LALLAH” NOTE:NOTE: In this statement it contains 2 aspects:In this statement it contains 2 aspects: [1][1] NAFINAFI – Negation– Negation [2][2] ITSBATITSBAT - Affirmation- Affirmation All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  4. 4. This statement ofThis statement of TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, asin Islam is concise, yet explicit and clear, as it firstly removes any ambiguity by negating all ‘it firstly removes any ambiguity by negating all ‘othersothers’ which mankind’ which mankind may have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior tomay have erroneously regarded as god (gods or goddesses), prior to asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God.asserting that Allah SWT is the Only God. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  5. 5. If the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute OnenessIf the negation aspect is not done, our notion of the Absolute Oneness of Allah, indeed, would be compromised.of Allah, indeed, would be compromised. Without which,Without which, syncretismsyncretism ( combining different and contradictory( combining different and contradictory beliefs of other religion with Islam ), may occur.beliefs of other religion with Islam ), may occur. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  6. 6. This “This “negation-assertionnegation-assertion” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be” process, teaches us Muslims that, to be worshippers or devotees (‘worshippers or devotees (‘AABIDAABID) of Allah, we must also be wary of) of Allah, we must also be wary of every falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in orderevery falsehood, which we are to consciously negate or deny, in order to assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Absolute Oneness ofto assert (purely and sincerely) the Truth of the Absolute Oneness of Allah.Allah. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  7. 7. TAUTAUHHEEDEED in Allah SWT must be opposed toin Allah SWT must be opposed to SHIRKSHIRK OnlyOnly ALLAH aloneALLAH alone is to be regarded as God (is to be regarded as God (DivineDivine)),, whilst all otherswhilst all others are termedare termed ““TAGHUTTAGHUT.”.” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  8. 8. Therefore to have the knowledge ofTherefore to have the knowledge of what opposes TAUwhat opposes TAUHHEEDEED is alsois also necessary (obligatory).necessary (obligatory). We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “We shall have to also learn to identify what are the “TAGHUTTAGHUT “ and“ and what constitute “what constitute “SHIRKSHIRK””, so that we can avoid them all., so that we can avoid them all. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  9. 9. Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an:Allah SWT alludes to these in the Qur’an: For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger,For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the(with the Command) "Serve (worship) Allah, and eschew the ‘‘TaghutTaghut’’ ** (False gods, all powers of Evil)“(False gods, all powers of Evil)“ ((Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36Qur’an: An-Nahlu: 16: 36)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  10. 10. “whoever rejects ‘‘TaghutTaghut’’ ** (False gods, all powers of Evil)(False gods, all powers of Evil) and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  11. 11. “Allah is the (Waliyy) Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness, He will lead them forth into light.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  12. 12. ““Verily Allah does not forgive theVerily Allah does not forgive the ascribing of divinity toascribing of divinity to aught besides Himaught besides Him (i.e. commit(i.e. commit SHIRKSHIRK **) , although He) , although He forgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills; for he whoforgives any lesser sin unto whomever He wills; for he who ascribes divinity to aught besides Allah (ascribes divinity to aught besides Allah (SHIRKSHIRK ** ) has indeed) has indeed contrived an awesome sin.”contrived an awesome sin.” ((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 48)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  13. 13. Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! JoinBehold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: "O my son! Join not innot in worship (others) with Allahworship (others) with Allah: for ascribing partners to Allah: for ascribing partners to Allah i.e. false worship (i.e. false worship (SHIRKSHIRK **) is indeed the highest wrong-doing.“) is indeed the highest wrong-doing.“ ((Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13Qur’an: Luqman: 31: 13)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  15. 15. ““They disbelieve(commitThey disbelieve(commit KUFRKUFR) who say: Allah) who say: Allah is one ofis one of threethree in ain a TrinityTrinity: for there is no god except One God. If they: for there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (ofdesist not from their word (of blasphemyblasphemy), verily a grievous), verily a grievous penalty will befall thepenalty will befall the blasphemers among themblasphemers among them. Why turn. Why turn they not to Allah and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-they not to Allah and seek His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.”Forgiving, Most Merciful.” ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 5: 73-74Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 5: 73-74)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  17. 17. Say: "O people of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not from among ourselves Lords and patrons other than Allah." If then they turn back, say: ye! "Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah's will).““ ((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 64Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 64)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  19. 19. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etcassociate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” ““falsely setting up or ascribing partners tofalsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst the tangible objects orGod from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or conceived inimaginary things in creation or conceived in the mind, which they regard to be alsothe mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship (worship (MA’BUDMA’BUD).”).” All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  20. 20. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etc.”associate; one who shares; etc.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” The sin of "The sin of "SHIRKSHIRK “ is in the ‘“ is in the ‘ beliefbelief ’ not merely’ not merely the ‘the ‘outward actionoutward action.’.’ All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  21. 21. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES ““And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate (And when We said unto the angels: ‘Prostrate (SUJD’SUJD’)) yourselves before Adam,’ they fell prostrate, all save Iblis.yourselves before Adam,’ they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.”He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 34Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 34))  Thus here it indicate that there are two different kinds ofThus here it indicate that there are two different kinds of SUJDSUJD. In this verse. In this verse was the command ofwas the command of SUJDSUJD which is not to worship, but that of respect .which is not to worship, but that of respect . All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  22. 22. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  23. 23. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES ““And whosoAnd whoso magnifies the sacred things of Allahmagnifies the sacred things of Allah, it will, it will be well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle arebe well for him in the sight of his Lord. The cattle are lawful unto you save that which hath been told you. Solawful unto you save that which hath been told you. So shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech”shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech” ((Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 30Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 30))  YU-’AZEEM -YU-’AZEEM - “he magnifies, held in honour”“he magnifies, held in honour”  HURUMAA-TILLAAHHURUMAA-TILLAAH - “what is regarded as sacred, or consecrated for Allah ”- “what is regarded as sacred, or consecrated for Allah ” Thus, those who accuse other Muslims ofThus, those who accuse other Muslims of SHIRKSHIRK merely because they had shown respect ormerely because they had shown respect or holding in honour Islamic symbols etc. - are ignorantly unjust (holding in honour Islamic symbols etc. - are ignorantly unjust (ZOLIMZOLIM) . Such) . Such FITNAHFITNAH hadhad even led to the killings of many innocent Muslims (even well-known Ulama’ were not spared)even led to the killings of many innocent Muslims (even well-known Ulama’ were not spared) and it has led to and continue to be used as ‘justification’ for destructions of many preciousand it has led to and continue to be used as ‘justification’ for destructions of many precious Islamic heritage.Islamic heritage. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  24. 24. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “That (is the command). And whoso magnifies (hold in reverence) the offerings consecrated to Allah (SHI-’AAR), it surely is from devotion of the hearts (TAQWA-AL-QULUUB).” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 32) Clearly, this verse linked and in fact praises (approves) such attitude in Muslim of (Clearly, this verse linked and in fact praises (approves) such attitude in Muslim of (YU-’AZZEEMYU-’AZZEEM)) magnifying or holding in reverence such symbols (magnifying or holding in reverence such symbols (SHI-’AARSHI-’AAR) to be emanating from sense of) to be emanating from sense of consciousness of Allah -consciousness of Allah - TAQWALLAAHTAQWALLAAH. Not condemning them as though committing. Not condemning them as though committing SHIRKSHIRK.. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  25. 25. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  26. 26. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES “Turning unto Allah (only), not ascribing partners unto Him (SHIRK) ; for whoso ascribes partners unto Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky and the birds had snatched him or the wind had blown him to a far-off place.” (Qur’an: Hajj: 22: 31) HHUNAFAA-A LILLAAHUNAFAA-A LILLAAH - “being true in faith to Allah”- “being true in faith to Allah” GHOY-RA MUGHOY-RA MUSHSH-RIKEEN-RIKEEN - “not acribing partners-- “not acribing partners- SHIRKSHIRK”” TheseThese phrasesphrases indicate thatindicate that SHIRKSHIRK resides in ones belief not in the act,resides in ones belief not in the act, so check the belief . Thus aso check the belief . Thus a MUWAMUWAHHEEDEED not only can show reverence,not only can show reverence, respect or magnify sacred symbols related to Islam, but are even required to do so.respect or magnify sacred symbols related to Islam, but are even required to do so. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  27. 27. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  28. 28. CONSIDER ALSO THESE QUR’ANIC VERSES ““And he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais andAnd he (Yusuf) placed his parents on the dais and they fell down before him prostrate (they fell down before him prostrate (SUJD’SUJD’), and he), and he said: O my father! This is the interpretation of mysaid: O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream of old. My Lord hath made it true, and Hedream of old. My Lord hath made it true, and He hath shown me kindness, since He took me out ofhath shown me kindness, since He took me out of the prison and hath brought you from the desertthe prison and hath brought you from the desert after Satan had made strife between me and myafter Satan had made strife between me and my brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will.brethren. Lo! my Lord is tender unto whom He will. He is the Knower, the Wise.”He is the Knower, the Wise.” ((Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 100Qur’an: Yusuf: 12: 100)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  29. 29. The term “The term “ “ pronounce ‘“ pronounce ‘SHIRKSHIRK’ – means “’ – means “partner;partner; associate; one who shares; etcassociate; one who shares; etc.”.” Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of :Therefore in Islam we refer this to the sin of : ““associating or ascribing to Allah others, as partnersassociating or ascribing to Allah others, as partners .”.” As previous said, the sin of "As previous said, the sin of "SHIRKSHIRK “ is in the ‘“ is in the ‘ beliefbelief ’’ and not merely the ‘and not merely the ‘outward actionoutward action.’.’ It is only “It is only “SHIRKSHIRK”” when a person:when a person: All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  30. 30. [1][1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entitya person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orin creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  31. 31. [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orin creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or [2[2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in] the belief that these other in creation have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; orattributes; or All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  32. 32. [1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity[1] a person who, in his belief regards other being or entity in creation, to be also ‘Divine’; orin creation, to be also ‘Divine’; or [2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in[2] the belief that these other in creation have a share in ‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive‘Divinity’ with Allah in His exclusive aspects; in His exclusive attributes; orattributes; or [3][3] to regard these as being independent of Allah.to regard these as being independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  33. 33. Note:Note: It is indeed true when a learned scholar said :It is indeed true when a learned scholar said : ““ SHIRKSHIRK “ is an intellectual sin.”“ is an intellectual sin.” Just likeJust like TAUTAUHHEEDEED, it deals primarily with ‘, it deals primarily with ‘thoughts or cognitionthoughts or cognition’;’; i.e. what a person ‘i.e. what a person ‘knows and believesknows and believes’ regarding God or the’ regarding God or the ‘‘DivineDivine’ .’ . All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  34. 34. Note:Note: A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering toA person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow.the creed which he professes to follow. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  35. 35. Note:Note: A person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering toA person’s belief may generally be presumed, to be adhering to the creed which he professes to follow.the creed which he professes to follow. Thus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as aThus, unlike non-Muslims, all Muslims are to be regarded as a ““MUWAAMUWAAHHEEDEED”, (those upholding”, (those upholding TAUTAUHHEEDEED) unless clearly) unless clearly proven to be otherwise.proven to be otherwise. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  37. 37. ““Three things make up the essential basis of believing (Three things make up the essential basis of believing (iimaniiman):): [1][1] To stop (to desist) from accusing as unbeliever, anyone whoTo stop (to desist) from accusing as unbeliever, anyone who has declared – ‘There is no god except Allah’;has declared – ‘There is no god except Allah’; [2][2] never regard him as heretic (unbeliever) only because of hisnever regard him as heretic (unbeliever) only because of his committing sins nor to consider him as having exited from Islamcommitting sins nor to consider him as having exited from Islam because of his act of disobedient ; andbecause of his act of disobedient ; and [3][3] duty of JIHAD (striving in the cause of Allah) remains sinceduty of JIHAD (striving in the cause of Allah) remains since the time I was sent till the last one in my ummah battles thethe time I was sent till the last one in my ummah battles the Dajjal (antichrist) .... “Dajjal (antichrist) .... “ ((Hadith reported by Abu DawudHadith reported by Abu Dawud)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  38. 38. ““When a person says to his (When a person says to his (MuslimMuslim) brother ,) brother , ((Yaa KaafirYaa Kaafir) – ‘Hey Unbeliever!’, then the accusation) – ‘Hey Unbeliever!’, then the accusation for being an unbeliever will be upon either one of them”for being an unbeliever will be upon either one of them” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  39. 39. Note:Note: There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow,There are some who take the more cautious opinion, that to bow, prostrate, showing outward forms of respect, displaying reverence,prostrate, showing outward forms of respect, displaying reverence, or kissing, wiping, etc. to beor kissing, wiping, etc. to be ‘acts’‘acts’ ofof SHIRKSHIRK. They may prefer this. They may prefer this viewpoint, so as ‘viewpoint, so as ‘to close all doors that may possibly lead to SHIRKto close all doors that may possibly lead to SHIRK.’.’ This ‘This ‘religious cautiousnessreligious cautiousness ’ is termed:’ is termed: WARA ’WARA ’ However It does not therefore imply that they have to conclusivelyHowever It does not therefore imply that they have to conclusively judge those less cautious than them to have committed ‘acts’ ofjudge those less cautious than them to have committed ‘acts’ of SHIRKSHIRK. Without. Without IJMA’IJMA’, they have to acknowledge that there are, they have to acknowledge that there are other valid differing views than theirs’ – thus this is termedother valid differing views than theirs’ – thus this is termed ‘‘KHILAFIYAHKHILAFIYAH’.’. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  40. 40. Note:Note: In our learning about what constitute “In our learning about what constitute “SHIRKSHIRK”, we are to learn the”, we are to learn the issue well first, so as to be able correct our own understanding –issue well first, so as to be able correct our own understanding – our ownour own AQEEDAHAQEEDAH (Belief).(Belief). Therefore be forwarned: Do not be hasty to use it in judging otherTherefore be forwarned: Do not be hasty to use it in judging other Muslims, as this involve ‘Muslims, as this involve ‘beliefsbeliefs ’ or of peoples’ understanding’ or of peoples’ understanding which is in their hearts/mind - and therefore avoid from engagingwhich is in their hearts/mind - and therefore avoid from engaging in arguments with other fellow Muslims.in arguments with other fellow Muslims. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  41. 41. Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us:Our Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. warns us: ““Whoever seeks knowledge to argue with theWhoever seeks knowledge to argue with the learned (Islamic scholars), or to brag with the foolish;learned (Islamic scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself;or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.”Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” ((Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn MajahHadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  42. 42. Note:Note: Personal cautiousness in religion (Personal cautiousness in religion (WARA’WARA’ ), though encouraged,), though encouraged, is to be applied to ones’ personal self in striving for a higheris to be applied to ones’ personal self in striving for a higher Islamic religiosity.Islamic religiosity. But, as for enforcing Islamic rulings generally, or judging otherBut, as for enforcing Islamic rulings generally, or judging other Muslims, basic minimum standard of religiosity applies.Muslims, basic minimum standard of religiosity applies. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  43. 43. Note:Note: Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “Ruling against Muslims for holding belief of “SHIRKSHIRK ” must be” must be based on clear proof and evidence.based on clear proof and evidence. Though we respect some peoples’ cautiousness (Though we respect some peoples’ cautiousness (WARA ’WARA ’ ) in) in matters of avoidingmatters of avoiding SHIRKSHIRK, but we should not judge other, but we should not judge other Muslims as guilty ofMuslims as guilty of SHIRKSHIRK, based on this personal standard of, based on this personal standard of cautiousness (cautiousness (WARA ’WARA ’ ) only.) only. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  44. 44. Note:Note: Also, since “Also, since “SHIRKSHIRK ” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward” is in a person’s belief (not merely outward action), seeking clarifications is imperative.action), seeking clarifications is imperative. Historically some such hasty judgement have caused the lives ofHistorically some such hasty judgement have caused the lives of many fellow Muslims, who were deemed by them as ‘many fellow Muslims, who were deemed by them as ‘ hereticheretic ’’ (judged to be guilty of(judged to be guilty of SHIRKSHIRK ) merely by their outward act or) merely by their outward act or practices.practices. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  45. 45. Note:Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from thathave not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentativelyparticular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’.as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  46. 46. Note:Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from thathave not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentativelyparticular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’.as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’. ““O you who have believed, if there comes to you a disobedientO you who have believed, if there comes to you a disobedient one with information, investigate, lest you harm a people out ofone with information, investigate, lest you harm a people out of ignorance and become, over what you have done, regretful.“ignorance and become, over what you have done, regretful.“ ((Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 6Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 6 )) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  47. 47. Note:Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from thathave not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentativelyparticular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’.as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  48. 48. ““And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; forAnd pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart-every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling (in your heart- mind) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).”mind) will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).” ((Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 36)) Note:Note: Even if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when weEven if his action is deemed to be wrong, the fairest (when we have not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from thathave not yet sought clarifications regarding his belief from that particular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentativelyparticular Muslim) , is that he may perhaps be judged tentatively as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’.as guilty only for sin of ‘ignorance’. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  49. 49. Note:Note: Or, he may be guilty of ‘Or, he may be guilty of ‘ IRTIDADIRTIDAD ’ (apostasy) only - as by his act’ (apostasy) only - as by his act of imitating; perhaps in resembling others in their forms ofof imitating; perhaps in resembling others in their forms of worship; blasphemy or compromising his Islamic identity :worship; blasphemy or compromising his Islamic identity : ““Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people,Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people, then he is from amongst them”then he is from amongst them” ((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.a.w.).) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  50. 50. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [1] SHIRK AL-’AZEEM (AKBAR) “Greater shirk” – an obvious, clear-cut association; the belief in other ‘deities’ , or supernatural force, or beings etc. apart from Allah, believed to be possessing divine powers, or regarded to be independent of Allah. All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  51. 51. Traditionally, it is divided into 2 major categories: [2] SHIRK AL-ASHGHAR or KHAFIY ““Lesser (small) Shirk”Lesser (small) Shirk” oror “Hidden”“Hidden” – it pertains to what a Muslim’s– it pertains to what a Muslim’s objective, focus or intended reason behind his/her acts ofobjective, focus or intended reason behind his/her acts of devotional worship, sacrifice, vows, etc. – i.e. what may affect hisdevotional worship, sacrifice, vows, etc. – i.e. what may affect his original intention formulated which, inoriginal intention formulated which, in ‘IBAADAH‘IBAADAH, it must be, it must be ‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ (‘sincerely done for Allah’s sake alone.’ (IKHLASwIKHLASw).). Example, specificallyExample, specifically: ‘Doing or not doing: ‘Doing or not doing ‘IBADAH‘IBADAH only to be seen byonly to be seen by people – i.e. showing off, or ostentation -(people – i.e. showing off, or ostentation -(RIYA’RIYA’ )) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  52. 52. ““Verily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you isVerily, what I fear most that may afflict all of you is the smallthe small SHIRKSHIRK – which is -– which is - AR-RIYA’AR-RIYA’ (showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)”(showing off or ostentation in ‘ibaadah)” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad)) All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  53. 53. ““TheThe SHIRKSHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) thanwithin my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock,a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night”in the darkness of the night” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’laHadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)) TO BE CONTINUED –TO BE CONTINUED – All Rights Reserved ©Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.2014
  54. 54. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH ““Sincere advice”Sincere advice” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) ““TheThe SHIRKSHIRK within my ummah is more hidden (subtle) thanwithin my ummah is more hidden (subtle) than a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night”a black ant crawling on a black rock, in the darkness of the night” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’laHadith reported by Ahmad, Tabarani & Abu Ya’la)) SHIRKSHIRK : “falsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst: “falsely setting up or ascribing partners to God from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or conceived inthe tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or conceived in the mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, asthe mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship (object of their worship (MA’BUDMA’BUD).”).”

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