[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#6-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-his-books-(25-november-2011)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“ARKAAN AL-IIMAN”
Articles of Faith / Belief

BELIEVE IN HIS BOOKS

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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#6-arkaan-ul-iiman-in-his-books-(25-november-2011)

  1. 1. “ A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-’IL LESSON # 6 Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL UPDATED 25 NOVEMBER 2011 Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ ARKAAN AL-IIMAN” Articles of Faith / Belief IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL BELIEVE IN HIS BOOKS
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam) FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>“ Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “ the Praised One ”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. </li></ul>FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  5. 5. “ There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and most outstanding of them is still available to be considered by anyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is without doubt, the Qur’an .... ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64 )   </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  7. 7. <ul><li>“     Say (O Muhammad): &quot;If ye do love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ ”. </li></ul><ul><li>( Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 31)   </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  9. 9. “…… and neither does he speak out of his own desire : that (which he conveys to you) is but (a divine) inspiration with which he is being inspired - something that a very mighty one has imparted to him……” ( Qur’an : An-Najm : 53 : 3-4 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  15. 15. <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>.....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” </li></ul><ul><li>(Belief) iiman is that you: </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnly believe in Allah; </li></ul><ul><li>His angels; </li></ul><ul><li>His Books, </li></ul><ul><li>His Messengers; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Afterlife; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah; </li></ul>
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>........ “ Tell me about ‘Al-Ihsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Al-Ihsan” (excellence) is: </li></ul><ul><li>... That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.” </li></ul>
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>IIMAN </li></ul><ul><li>Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>IHSAN </li></ul><ul><li>Best or Righteous Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>‘ AMAL </li></ul><ul><li>[Islam] </li></ul><ul><li>Submission </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).
  19. 19. <ul><li>THE FIRST ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO </li></ul><ul><li>THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL
  20. 20. <ul><li>IIMAN is “ Belief or Faith ” to something beyond sense perception, termed as “ - al-ghayb ” meaning “the unseen”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is derived from the root word “ ” which also means “ safety, peace, security, protection ” </li></ul><ul><li>It denote: “ certainty of the ultimate truth ”, adherence to it instils sense of “ security in him ” from doubts, uncertainty, restlessness etc. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Believe or faith must be with knowledge. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  22. 22. <ul><li>Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. </li></ul>&quot;And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).“ ( Q: Bani Israil : 17 :36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  23. 23. <ul><li>Yet from Islamic perspective “ iiman ” cannot be by mere blind acceptance devoid of proof or substantiation i.e. Must be with knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Three sources for knowledge: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] Five sensory perceptions - ; </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Reasoning - ; </li></ul><ul><li>[3] True report - ; </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  24. 24. <ul><li>(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you: </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnly believe in Allah; </li></ul><ul><li>His angels; </li></ul><ul><li>His Books, </li></ul><ul><li>His Messengers; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Afterlife; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  25. 25. <ul><li>(The Detailed Belief) “Al-iiman is that you: </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnly believe in Allah; </li></ul><ul><li>His angels; </li></ul><ul><li>His Books, </li></ul><ul><li>His Messengers; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Afterlife; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah Most Exalted.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  26. 26. <ul><li>THE THIRD ARTICLE OF FAITH IN ACKNOWLEDGING </li></ul><ul><li>THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL TO CONTINUE LESSON ...
  27. 27.   Behold thy Lord said to the angels: &quot;I will create a vicegerent on earth.&quot; They said &quot;Wilt thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?&quot; He said: &quot;I know what ye know not.&quot;   ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:30 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  28. 28.   And He (Allah)taught Adam the names of all things; then He placed them before the angels and said: &quot;Tell Me the names of these if ye are right.&quot;    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:31 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  29. 29.     They said: &quot;Glory to Thee: of knowledge we have none, save that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom.&quot;    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:32 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  30. 30.      He said: &quot;O Adam! tell them their names.&quot; When he had told them their names, Allah said: &quot;Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth, and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?&quot;    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:33 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  31. 31.      And behold We said to the angels: &quot;Bow down to Adam&quot;; and they bowed down: not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty: he was of those who reject Faith. ”   ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:34 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  32. 32.       We said: &quot;O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.”   ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:35 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  33. 33. “ Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden) and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: &quot;Get ye down all (ye people) with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time.”   ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:36 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  34. 34. “ Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.“    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:37 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  35. 35. We said: &quot;Get ye down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me &quot; whosoever follows My guidance on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.“    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:38 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  36. 36. &quot;But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be Companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein.&quot;    ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:39 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  37. 37. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  38. 38. “ Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing--(not even) mentioned?― Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. We showed him the Way : whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will).” ( Qur’an: al-Insan: 76:1-3 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  39. 39. ( Allah) Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught ( ‘ALAMA ) the Qur'an. He has created man: He has taught him AL-BAYAAN : speech (and Intelligence) ( Qur’an: ar-Rahmaan: 55:1-4 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  40. 40. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  41. 41. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)  ” It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs , to sanctify them , and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom ― although they had been, before, in manifest error― “ ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah:62: 2 )
  42. 42. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ As well as ( to confer all these benefits upon ) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise. Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 63: 3-4 ) 
  43. 43. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  44. 44. <ul><li>To understand how we as human learn, let us analyse the computer (a product attempted by human to create an imitation or artificial intelligence) </li></ul><ul><li>Computerization is a total system comprising of: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] INPUT </li></ul><ul><li>[2] PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>[3] OUTPUT </li></ul>EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  45. 45. INPUT - PROCESSING - OUTPUT EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  46. 46. KEYBOARD THUMB-DISK-DRIVES SCANNER MOUSE FEED TO CPU TO BE PROCESSED EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  47. 47. <ul><li>KEYBOARD </li></ul><ul><li>MOUSE </li></ul><ul><li>THUMB/DISK DRIVE </li></ul><ul><li>SCANNER </li></ul><ul><li>BLUE-TOOTH/WIRELESS </li></ul><ul><li>THE FIVE SENSES: </li></ul><ul><li>SIGHT, SOUND, TOUCH, SMELL, TASTE. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUE REPORT </li></ul><ul><li>EXTRA-SENSORY -INSPIRATION, DREAM, INTUITION, BURST OF BRILLIANCE </li></ul>COMPUTER HUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  48. 48. EPISTEMOLOGY PROCESSING TAKES PLACE HERE INPUT OUTPUT (FEEDBACK) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  49. 49. <ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic & literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Logic & music </li></ul><ul><li>Deductive - inductive </li></ul><ul><li>Speculative extrapolation </li></ul><ul><li>Emotive - empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Contemplative - intuition </li></ul><ul><li>Extraneous linkage </li></ul>COMPUTER HUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY <ul><li>Control unit – storage, speed </li></ul><ul><li>ROM – Read only memory </li></ul><ul><li>RAM – Random access memory </li></ul><ul><li>BIOS – Basic input-output System </li></ul><ul><li>DOS – Disk operating System; Drivers etc. </li></ul><ul><li>ALU – Arithmetic logic unit </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  50. 50. EPISTEMOLOGY SCREEN MONITOR PRINTER - SCANNER THUMB-DISK-DRIVES FROM CPU TO OUTPUT OR BE SAVED, PRINTED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  51. 51. <ul><li>Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition ( akhlaq ) </li></ul>COMPUTER HUMAN BEING EPISTEMOLOGY <ul><li>Monitor – screen </li></ul><ul><li>Printer – scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Thumb-drive </li></ul><ul><li>Disk-drive </li></ul><ul><li>Sound-system </li></ul><ul><li>Projector </li></ul><ul><li>Other devices </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  52. 52. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  53. 53. <ul><li>Thus, what our Prophet Muhammad s.a,w. received was not something new - as this phenomena had already occurred before him. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus those, termed the “ People of the Book ” amongst those of Abrahamic line i.e. the Jews and Christians, would be the independent parties than can corroborate - not deny but confirm this. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  54. 54. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  55. 55. <ul><li>Claims to be from God; </li></ul><ul><li>And which could not be </li></ul><ul><li>produced by any who tries; </li></ul><ul><li>And contains absolute principles; </li></ul>REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) REF: AS ELABORATED IN LESSON # 3 AL-QUR’AN
  56. 56. <ul><li>And does not contain discrepancies; </li></ul><ul><li>And has contributed to the well-being of mankind at all levels; </li></ul>REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) REF: AS ELABORATED IN LESSON # 3 AL-QUR’AN
  57. 57. <ul><li>And can be shown that some of its prophecies were proven true; </li></ul><ul><li>And some of its data compatible with scientific research; </li></ul>REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) REF: AS ELABORATED IN LESSON # 3 AL-QUR’AN
  58. 58. <ul><li>And the whole book still remains in its original text (language); </li></ul><ul><li>And speaks of God and His plan; </li></ul>REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) REF: AS ELABORATED IN LESSON # 3 AL-QUR’AN
  59. 59. <ul><li>And has universal appeal and application. </li></ul>REGARDING AL-QUR’AN : IT IS BOOK WHICH .... IT MUST BE FROM GOD... NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) REF: AS ELABORATED IN LESSON # 3 AL-QUR’AN
  60. 60. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)  ” This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book ― wherein there is no doubt from the Lord of the Worlds.” ( Q:Yunos:10:37 )
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>TAURAT </li></ul><ul><li>(Torah / Law) </li></ul><ul><li>Book revealed to Prophet Musa (Moses) a.s. </li></ul>
  63. 63. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>ZABUR </li></ul><ul><li>(Psalm) </li></ul><ul><li>Book revealed to Prophet Dawud (David) a.s. </li></ul>
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) <ul><li>INJIL </li></ul><ul><li>(Evangel / Gospel) </li></ul><ul><li>Book revealed to Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) a.s. </li></ul>
  65. 65. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  66. 66. “ There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues; (as they read) so that you would think it is a part of the Book but it is no part of the Book; and they say &quot;That is from Allah&quot; but it is not from Allah: it is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it! “ ( Q:Aali’Imran 3:78 )   All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Christians and the Jews may offer the Bible as their evidence of their revealed Books from God. <ul><li>What is the Bible? </li></ul><ul><li>Can Muslim accept the Bible to be the revealed Books of God? </li></ul>THEREFORE IT IS PERTINENT FOR MUSLIMS TO SEEK ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS:
  68. 68. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>It is a collection of writings. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally it contains recordings of the history of the Jewish people. Written and re-written by scribes (especially when the Jews lost these during their enslavement by Persians and Romans or because the recordings tended to fade). </li></ul>
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>The name “Bible” is not found in the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>This term “Bible” comes from the Greek work “Biblion” which means “collection of writings or book”. </li></ul>
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>The total number of books that make up the Bible differ between the Catholic’s (they have 73 books) and Protestant Christian’s (only accept 66 books). </li></ul>
  71. 71. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>It can be divided into 2 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Old testament – Jewish writings written originally in Hebrew, compiled over a period of 2,000 years; many of its authors are unknown. </li></ul>
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>It can be divided into 2 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>New Testament – the oldest manuscripts written in Koine Greek (not Aramaic which was the language that Jesus spoke), comprise of the 4 Gospels and letters written by Paul and others. </li></ul>
  73. 73. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>The most popular Bible e.g. the King James (the Authorized version) and the Latin Vulgate in used was based on an ancient text. Since then, they have discovered more ancient texts, and Christian biblical scholars have to revise their Bible to ensure accuracy. And they admit that there has been interpolations done to the Bible. </li></ul>
  74. 74. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) The Bible ...… some facts. <ul><li>Their own admission: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Yet the King James version has serious defects. ….. And discovery of many biblical manuscripts more ancient than those on which the King James version was based made it apparent that these defects were so many as to call for a revision.” </li></ul><ul><li>( Forward in the New Revised Standard version of the Bible ) </li></ul>
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>It may contain words of prophets; some eye-witness or even hearsay accounts of what had happened; it may contain quotations of perhaps revelations from God; it may contain interpretations and interpolations of people regarding the religion; etc. </li></ul>
  76. 76. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>Biblical scholars admit that many were written by anonymous (unknown) person or persons; sometimes conveniently attributed to certain prophets. </li></ul>
  77. 77. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>The Gospels (according to Mark, Mathew, Luke and John) are not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “ Injeel” of Prophet Jesus a.s . </li></ul>
  78. 78. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>The Pentateuch (first 5 Books said to be the book of Moses : the Torah) is not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “ Taurat” of Prophet Moses a.s . </li></ul>
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>The Psalm (of David) is not the same as what we Muslims refer to as the “ Zabur” of Prophet David a.s . </li></ul>
  80. 80. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>As the collections called the Bible have been tampered with and interpolations made by people, we cannot be certain of its total reliability and authenticity. </li></ul>
  81. 81. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>For Muslims, the Qur’an is the “ Furqaan ” (Criterion to determine what for us, is the Truth and what is not). </li></ul>
  82. 82. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? <ul><li>Revisions have been made to the Bible when a much older manuscripts were found. Still these manuscripts are not those dated to the time of Jesus a.s. (because these were written in Greek, whereas Jesus a.s. never spoke Greek but Aramaic). </li></ul>
  83. 83. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) Summary : what is the Bible? So when we Muslims say we Believe in the Taurat, Zabur and Injeel, we do not mean we believe in the Bible ! <ul><li>Only the Qur’an has remained the only authentic Book of revelations from Allah, still preserved exactly as it was “recited”, in the original language as when it was revealed. </li></ul>
  84. 84. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  85. 85. <ul><li>[1] Mankind living standard is evolving towards a higher form of civilization – a global and more cosmopolitan era, thus their laws need to be gradually updated – while its principle and fundamental teachings remaining the same ; </li></ul>Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  86. 86. <ul><li>[2] the recordings of earlier Books did not survive fully intact but were proven to have been tampered with and corrupted; </li></ul>Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  87. 87. <ul><li>[3] Literacy amongst the people, and the appropriate technology of writing & printing on a mass-scale etc. was not available until much later. Thus, subsequent revelations would ensure the pristine teachings are adhered to because corruptions to the previous recordings had occurred; </li></ul>Why a subsequent book of revelation is required is because: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  89. 89. “ Alif Lam Mim.  This is the Book (of Allah); in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who are most conscious (with reverential fear of) Allah.” ( Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 2 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  90. 90. “ Praise be to Allah Who hath sent to His Servant (Muhammad) the Book, and hath allowed therein no Crookedness:  (He hath made it) Straight (and Clear), in order that He may warn (the godless) of a terrible Punishment from Him, and that He may give Glad Tidings to the Believers who work righteous deeds, that they shall have a goodly Reward w herein they shall remain forever ” ( Qur’an: Kahfi: 18:1-2 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  91. 91. “ ...  Further that He may warn those (also) who say &quot;Allah hath begotten a son&quot;: No knowledge have they of such a thing, nor had their fathers. It is a grievous thing that issues from their mouths as a saying. What they say is nothing but falsehood!” ( Qur’an: Kahfi: 18: 3-5 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  92. 92. “ Alif Lam Ra. (This Qur’an is) A Book which We have revealed unto thee (O Muhammad) in order that thou might lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light― by the leave of their Lord― to the Way of (Him) Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise! ” ( Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 1 ) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  94. 94. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) “ The Day that the wrongdoer will bite at his hands, He will say &quot;Oh! would that I had taken a (straight) path with the Messenger! “ “ Ah! woe is me! would that I had never taken such a one for a friend! He did lead me astray from the Message (of Allah) after it had come to me! Ah! the Evil One is but a traitor to man! “ Then the Messenger will say: &quot;O my Lord! truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense.&quot; ( Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 27-30 )
  95. 95. “ We have, without doubt sent down the Message (Al-Qur’an); and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).” ( Qur’an: Hijr: 15: 9 )     All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
  96. 96. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)

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