Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM)
Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English
Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““And the acts of obedience (And the acts of obedience (AD-DEENAD-DEEN)...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““This religion (Al-Islam) is easy (This religion (Al-Islam) is easy (Y...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““Fulfil the personal religious obligations (Fulfil the personal religi...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
BY READING ?
AS LISTENERS ONLY ?
BEING IN PRESENCE ?
BY BEING TRUE SEEKERS ?
BEING ACCEPTED AS SEEKERS OF ‘ILM ?
UNDERGOIN...
PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will
make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the
religion(Deen); and f...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““When people leave (set aside) the affairs of theirWhen people leave (...
“O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves forward
in the presence of [what] Allah and His Messenger [may ha...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“The best amongst you is the person who
studies the Qur’an and who teac...
TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION
Break into groupings (of not more
than 8 person in each).
Do brief introduction of each...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
#1
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“O MANKIND! Partake of what is (HALAALAN) lawful and
(TOYYIBAN) good on...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
This message to mankind focus on food consumption. Food being theThis m...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
This term “This term “HHALAALANALAALAN” sets a standard to discriminate...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
If so, then we are surely in need of guidance in this respect. Allah, i...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
By warning us mankind “By warning us mankind “not to follownot to follo...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““ Tell them (O Prophet!):Tell them (O Prophet!): 'Let them rejoice in ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
Hence, do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues determineHence, ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
““ O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not prohibitdo n...
““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is(lawful; permissible) is clear and...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
HALAL (Permissible – Lawful) HARAM
HARUS (MUBAH)
(Optional-neutral)
MAK...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
“O people, Allah is Good and He therefore, accepts only that which
is good. And Allah commanded the believers as He comman...
AD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TAD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T
““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is (itself)(Supplicatio...
AD-DU-’AA – MUAD-DU-’AA – MUKHKH--KHKHUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T
““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is the marrow (es...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#2c-basic-terms-reflections-(5 sept-2015)

271 views

Published on

Reflect on ( Surah al-Baqarah: 2: 168- 169)

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(aug-2015)-lesson-#2c-basic-terms-reflections-(5 sept-2015)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 2 [c]LESSON # 2 [c] Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) SIGNIFICANCE OF BASIC TERMSSIGNIFICANCE OF BASIC TERMS DEFINITIONS:DEFINITIONS: ‘FAQQIH’ & ‘DEEN’‘FAQQIH’ & ‘DEEN’ REFLECTIONS from Al-Qur’an & HadithREFLECTIONS from Al-Qur’an & Hadith Updated 5 SEPTEMBER 2015 PARTPART # 2# 2 (Aug-(Aug-20152015))
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““And the acts of obedience (And the acts of obedience (AD-DEENAD-DEEN) most loved (by Allah)) most loved (by Allah) are those that are performed by its doer,are those that are performed by its doer, MUDAW-WAMAMUDAW-WAMA (regularly done or consistent).”(regularly done or consistent).” ((Hadith reported by Bukhary and MuslimHadith reported by Bukhary and Muslim) PREVIOUS LESSON
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““This religion (Al-Islam) is easy (This religion (Al-Islam) is easy (YUSRUNYUSRUN), and any one who), and any one who tries to make it (tries to make it (SHADIDSHADID) hard (upon himself) will be defeated) hard (upon himself) will be defeated (i.e. he will fail to become consistent)”(i.e. he will fail to become consistent)” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary ) PREVIOUS LESSON
  7. 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““Fulfil the personal religious obligations (Fulfil the personal religious obligations (FARDHFARDH’) that has’) that has been fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you tobeen fixed by Allah (upon Muslims), and this will make you to become a person ofbecome a person of TAQWATAQWA (righteous and God-fearing).”(righteous and God-fearing).” ((Hadith reported by TabaraniHadith reported by Tabarani)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  9. 9. BY READING ? AS LISTENERS ONLY ? BEING IN PRESENCE ? BY BEING TRUE SEEKERS ? BEING ACCEPTED AS SEEKERS OF ‘ILM ? UNDERGOING MENTORSHIP ? LEARNING THROUGH KHIDMAH ? Or, could it be that we are still affected by “PAPERCHASE SYNDROME” ? TASAWWUR ISLAM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) PREVIOUS LESSON
  10. 10. PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  13. 13. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““When people leave (set aside) the affairs of theirWhen people leave (set aside) the affairs of their DEENDEEN – religion, because of their concern in improving– religion, because of their concern in improving their worldly matters, then Allah will open upon themtheir worldly matters, then Allah will open upon them much danger (harm).”much danger (harm).” ((Hadith reported by AhmadHadith reported by Ahmad))
  15. 15. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not put yourselves forward in the presence of [what] Allah and His Messenger [may have ordained], but remain conscious of (and fear transgressing against) Allah [TAQWA]: for, verily, Allah is all-hearing, all- knowing!” (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “The best amongst you is the person who studies the Qur’an and who teaches it (to others)” (Hadith reported by Bukhary)
  17. 17. TA’ARUF AND SHORT GROUP DISCUSSION Break into groupings (of not more than 8 person in each). Do brief introduction of each other. Proceed to discuss “Salaam .. Nice to get to know you. …. So …….What have we learnt?” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))  Interacting with the Qur’an and reflecting deeply its messageInteracting with the Qur’an and reflecting deeply its message ((TADABBURTADABBUR) is one of the important acts of worship. In building) is one of the important acts of worship. In building profound understanding of the Deen, we need to prioritize theprofound understanding of the Deen, we need to prioritize the reciting and reading from its verses.reciting and reading from its verses.  Reflect on (Reflect on ( Surah al-Baqarah: 2: 168- 169Surah al-Baqarah: 2: 168- 169))
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) #1
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) “O MANKIND! Partake of what is (HALAALAN) lawful and (TOYYIBAN) good on earth, and follow not Satan's footsteps: for, verily, he is your open foe, and bids you only to do evil (SUU-I) , and to commit deeds of abomination (FAH-SHAA-I), and to (TAQUU-LU ‘ALALLAAAH) attribute unto Allah (MAA-LAA TA’-LAMUN) something of which you have no knowledge. ” (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 168-169) #2
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) This message to mankind focus on food consumption. Food being theThis message to mankind focus on food consumption. Food being the basic need for human life. Although even animals too possess the samebasic need for human life. Although even animals too possess the same need for food, this message to mankind highlighted the difference andneed for food, this message to mankind highlighted the difference and appeal to mankind as they, unlike animals, can discern between rightappeal to mankind as they, unlike animals, can discern between right and wrong, good and bad, wholesome and the unhealthy etc.and wrong, good and bad, wholesome and the unhealthy etc. This concern is also found in the scriptures and teachings of otherThis concern is also found in the scriptures and teachings of other previous religions too. What does this tells us?previous religions too. What does this tells us? As I reflect, the primary or essential right to life is almost alwaysAs I reflect, the primary or essential right to life is almost always identified to mankind’s need for food. Our shared common concernidentified to mankind’s need for food. Our shared common concern regarding the cliché “bread and butter issue”; leading to the almostregarding the cliché “bread and butter issue”; leading to the almost obsessive justification in using “obsessive justification in using “economicseconomics” which has replace true” which has replace true ‘‘moral or ethicalmoral or ethical’ compass especially in today’s context.’ compass especially in today’s context.
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) This term “This term “HHALAALANALAALAN” sets a standard to discriminate food or” sets a standard to discriminate food or consumption, for although we “consumption, for although we “eat to live, but we must not there regardeat to live, but we must not there regard our reason to live is to eatour reason to live is to eat.”.” Also, there is some truth in the saying of,Also, there is some truth in the saying of, ““you are what you eatyou are what you eat.” So, to be discerning of what we consume is to be.” So, to be discerning of what we consume is to be human.human. ““HHALAALANALAALAN” – ‘” – ‘permissible; lawfulnesspermissible; lawfulness’ can either be referring to its’ can either be referring to its ‘‘essenceessence’ (kind) or ‘’ (kind) or ‘the manner of how it was acquiredthe manner of how it was acquired’ (incidental;’ (incidental; circumstance).circumstance). Here, the primary reminder is that we human are both ‘physical andHere, the primary reminder is that we human are both ‘physical and spiritual’ by nature and can therefore be harmed, both ‘physically andspiritual’ by nature and can therefore be harmed, both ‘physically and spiritually’.spiritually’.
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) If so, then we are surely in need of guidance in this respect. Allah, in tellingIf so, then we are surely in need of guidance in this respect. Allah, in telling us that He is ‘us that He is ‘Ar-RahmaanAr-Rahmaan’ and’ and Ar-RaheemAr-Raheem’ is manifesting this even in’ is manifesting this even in regard to our food and consumption.regard to our food and consumption. ““TOYYIBANTOYYIBAN’ – ‘wholesome or good’ is yet another consideration for which’ – ‘wholesome or good’ is yet another consideration for which Islam not only provide the basic guideline but encourage mankind to striveIslam not only provide the basic guideline but encourage mankind to strive towards betterment and success. The concept can be found als regardingtowards betterment and success. The concept can be found als regarding Justice (‘Justice (‘ADL/QISTWADL/QISTW); regarding (); regarding (IIKHKHTIYYARTIYYAR); regarding Perfection); regarding Perfection ((TATAHHSINIYYATSINIYYAT); regarding the saved groups in the Hereafter); regarding the saved groups in the Hereafter ((MUQARRABEEN/AHLUL YAMEENMUQARRABEEN/AHLUL YAMEEN) etc.) etc. After these, Allah SWT warns us about the enemy of mankind – SatanAfter these, Allah SWT warns us about the enemy of mankind – Satan whose mission and diabolical scheme is for the downfall of every childrenwhose mission and diabolical scheme is for the downfall of every children of Adam a.s. inciting mankind to follow them and their evil ways.of Adam a.s. inciting mankind to follow them and their evil ways.
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) By warning us mankind “By warning us mankind “not to follownot to follow” would mean that” would mean that Satan do notSatan do not have any authority over ushave any authority over us except by whispering, tempting and everyexcept by whispering, tempting and every means of suggestions only. They would always use our weakness ofmeans of suggestions only. They would always use our weakness of clinging and abiding to our baseclinging and abiding to our base HAWAHAWA’ (desires), making disliking the’ (desires), making disliking the higher more noble nature (higher more noble nature (FITRAHFITRAH) thereby we are reckless to these) thereby we are reckless to these positive and sublime traits – whichpositive and sublime traits – which AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM came to actualize themcame to actualize them and propel us all to Allah’s eternal Mercy (and propel us all to Allah’s eternal Mercy (RARAHHMAHMAH) and His promise of) and His promise of Bliss (Bliss (SA’AADAHSA’AADAH).). The three consequence of evil (The three consequence of evil (SUU-ISUU-I), abomination (), abomination (FAFAHH-SHAA-I-SHAA-I) and) and speaking blasphemy towards Allah (speaking blasphemy towards Allah (TAQUU-LU ‘ALALLAAAH) – concisely grouping the harm which our wrong consumption of food can lead to – PHYSICAL (outward legal) – MORAL (ethical)- BELIEF (creedal-spiritual). WALLAAHU A’-LAM
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ Tell them (O Prophet!):Tell them (O Prophet!): 'Let them rejoice in Allah's'Let them rejoice in Allah's grace and mercygrace and mercy through which this (Book) has come tothrough which this (Book) has come to you.you. It is betterIt is better than all the riches that they accumulate.than all the riches that they accumulate. Did you consider that the sustenance which Allah hadDid you consider that the sustenance which Allah had sent down for you of your own accord you have declaredsent down for you of your own accord you have declared some of it as unlawful and some as lawful? Ask them:some of it as unlawful and some as lawful? Ask them: 'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do'Did Allah bestow upon you any authority for this or do you forge lies against Allah?”you forge lies against Allah?” ((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 58-59))
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) Hence, do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues determineHence, do not utter falsehoods by letting your tongues determine [at your own discretion], "This is lawful and that is forbidden",[at your own discretion], "This is lawful and that is forbidden", thus attributing your own lying inventions to Allah: for, behold,thus attributing your own lying inventions to Allah: for, behold, they who attribute their own lying inventions to Allah will neverthey who attribute their own lying inventions to Allah will never attain to a happy state (i.e. prosper)!attain to a happy state (i.e. prosper)! ((Qur’an: 16: An-Nahlu: 116Qur’an: 16: An-Nahlu: 116))
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) ““ O you who have believed,O you who have believed, do not prohibitdo not prohibit thethe goodgood thingsthings whichwhich Allah has made lawful to youAllah has made lawful to you andand do notdo not transgresstransgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors.. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors. And eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is]And eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is] lawful and good. And (be conscious and) fear Allah, inlawful and good. And (be conscious and) fear Allah, in whom you are believers.”whom you are believers.” ((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 87-88Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 87-88))
  29. 29. ““That which isThat which is HHALALALAL (lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is(lawful; permissible) is clear and that which is HHARAMARAM (unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are(unlawful; forbidden) is clear, and between the two of them are MUSMUSHH-TABIHAT-TABIHAT (doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .”(doubtful matters) about which many people do not know. .” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) HALAL (Permissible – Lawful) HARAM HARUS (MUBAH) (Optional-neutral) MAKRUH (Undesirable) MUSTAHAAB (MANDUB) (Recommended) Forbidden Unlawful (Clearly known) (Clearly known) SHUB-HAT (Doubtful) ““Certainty cannot be removed (overruled) by DoubtCertainty cannot be removed (overruled) by Doubt”” TWO WAYS OF SINNING IN MATTERS OF OBLIGATORY  Sinning by commission  Sinning by omission FARD- ’ AIN – Fixed personal obligation FARD-KIFAAYAH – Fixed community obligation WAJIB – Whatever is ruled by Shari’ah as Obligatory
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  32. 32. “O people, Allah is Good and He therefore, accepts only that which is good. And Allah commanded the believers as He commanded the Messengers by saying: "O Messengers, eat of the good things, and do good deeds; verily I am aware of what you do" (Q: 23: 51). And He said: "O those who believe, eat of the good things that We gave you" (Q:2: 172). He then made a mention of a person who travels widely, his hair dishevelled and covered with dust. He lifts his hand towards the sky (and thus makes the supplication): "O Lord, O Lord," whereas his diet is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, and his clothes are unlawful and his nourishment is unlawful. How can then his supplication be accepted?” (Hadith reported by Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  33. 33. AD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TAD-DU-’AA – HU-WAL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T ““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is (itself)(Supplication) is (itself) AL-‘IBADAHAL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).”(worship, servitude).” ((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015))
  34. 34. AD-DU-’AA – MUAD-DU-’AA – MUKHKH--KHKHUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-TUL- ‘IBAA - DAA-T ““AD-DU’AAD-DU’A (Supplication) is the marrow (essence) of(Supplication) is the marrow (essence) of AL-‘IBADAHAL-‘IBADAH (worship, servitude).”(worship, servitude).” ((Hadith reported by BukharyHadith reported by Bukhary)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2015)) WALLAAHU A’-LAM

×