Fardh Ain#2] Tauhid [Slideshare] توحيد

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This is the powerpoint slides for Fardh 'Ain class topic #2 -Introduction to Tauhiid, the most basic & foundational message of Islam.

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Fardh Ain#2] Tauhid [Slideshare] توحيد

  1. 1. TAU H EED - توحيد ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF GOD FARDHU’AIN : CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “ Beginners’ Manual on Islam ” AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  2. 2. FOUNDATION OF THE MESSAGE OF ISLAM <ul><li>لَوۡ كَانَ فِيہِمَآ ءَالِهَةٌ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ لَفَسَدَتَا‌ۚ فَسُبۡحَـٰنَ ٱللَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَرۡشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ  </li></ul>“   If there were therein Gods beside Allah, then verily both (the heavens and the earth) had been disordered. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, from all that they ascribe (unto Him).” (Qur’an: Anbiya: 21:22) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  3. 3. لآإِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَه LAA-ILAAHA IL-LALLAAH “There is no god except Allah” <ul><li>ٱللَّهُ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  4. 4. SEVERAL PERTINENT QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE ADDRESSED <ul><li>Does God exist ? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  5. 5. SEVERAL PERTINENT QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE ADDRESSED <ul><li>Does God exist ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  6. 6. SEVERAL PERTINENT QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE ADDRESSED <ul><li>Does God exist ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”? </li></ul><ul><li>Can there be more than one God? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  7. 7. SEVERAL PERTINENT QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE ADDRESSED <ul><li>Does God exist ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”? </li></ul><ul><li>Can there be more than one God? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we know God ? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  8. 8. SEVERAL PERTINENT QUESTIONS THAT MUST BE ADDRESSED <ul><li>Does God exist ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”? </li></ul><ul><li>Can there be more than one God? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we know God ? </li></ul><ul><li>What does He require of us? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  9. 9. Does God exist ? <ul><li>وَلَٮِٕن سَأَلۡتَهُم مَّنۡ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَسَخَّرَ ٱلشَّمۡسَ وَٱلۡقَمَرَ لَيَقُولُنَّ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ فَأَنَّىٰ يُؤۡفَكُونَ  </li></ul>“ If indeed thou ask them who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law); they will certainly reply &quot;Allah.&quot; How are they then deluded away (from the truth)?” (Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 61) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  10. 10. Does God exist ? <ul><li>Note : Atheism is a new phenomena in the history of mankind and cannot be said to be natural. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  11. 11. Does God exist ? <ul><li>Note : Atheism is a new phenomena in the history of mankind and cannot be said to be natural. </li></ul><ul><li>It is totally against the pure instinct of man, not to believe in a supernatural being - for this would only be replacing the idea of God (the intelligent Force), with nature (an unknown entity without any will nor intelligence, yet said to be the cause) capable of creating many amazing things in this universe. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  12. 12. Does God exist ? <ul><li>Note : Atheism is a new phenomena in the history of mankind and cannot be said to be natural. </li></ul><ul><li>It is totally against the pure instinct of man, not to believe in a supernatural being - for this would only be replacing the idea of God (the intelligent Force), with nature (an unknown entity without any will nor intelligence, yet said to be the cause) capable of creating many amazing things in this universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, atheism or agnosticism came about because of rejection of certain absurd myths attributed to God, not an absolute rejection of the idea of God. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  13. 13. Does God exist ? <ul><li>  أَمۡ خُلِقُواْ مِنۡ غَيۡرِ شَىۡءٍ أَمۡ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰلِقُونَ  أَمۡ خَلَقُواْ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ‌ۚ بَل لَّا يُوقِنُونَ </li></ul>“  Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators?  Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, they have no firm belief.” (Qur’an: Tur: 52: 35-36) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  14. 14. THREE POSSIBILITIES: <ul><li>MAN CREATED HIMSELF? </li></ul><ul><li>IMPOSSIBLE </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  15. 15. THREE POSSIBILITIES: <ul><li>MAN CREATED HIMSELF? </li></ul><ul><li>MAN AND THE UNIVERSE COME OUT OF NOTHING? </li></ul><ul><li>IMPOSSIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>IMPOSSIBLE </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  16. 16. THREE POSSIBILITIES: <ul><li>MAN CREATED HIMSELF? </li></ul><ul><li>MAN AND THE UNIVERSE COME OUT OF NOTHING? </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN THE PREVIOUS TWO THESIS CANNOT BE POSSIBLE, THEN THERE MUST BE THE A CREATOR, SOURCE OF THIS EXISTENCE WHO ALONE WAS NOT CREATED (WE REFER TO AS ‘GOD’ – the Divine, the Uncreated Creator) </li></ul><ul><li>IMPOSSIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>IMPOSSIBLE </li></ul><ul><li>THE ONLY POSSIBILITY. WITHOUT WHICH, THE QUESTION AS TO OUR EXISTENCE DOES NOT MAKE ANY SENSE. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  17. 17. REFUTING THEORY OF ‘CREATION THE OUTCOME OF RANDOM CHANCE’ <ul><li>‘ Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” </li></ul><ul><li>The method </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  18. 18. REFUTING THEORY OF ‘CREATION THE OUTCOME OF RANDOM CHANCE’ <ul><li>‘ Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the probability for life on earth. </li></ul><ul><li>The method </li></ul><ul><li>The proof </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  19. 19. REFUTING THEORY OF ‘CREATION THE OUTCOME OF RANDOM CHANCE’ <ul><li>‘ Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the probability for life on earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider your biological beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>The method </li></ul><ul><li>The proof </li></ul><ul><li>The closest evidence </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  20. 20. REFUTING THEORY OF ‘CREATION THE OUTCOME OF RANDOM CHANCE’ <ul><li>‘ Law’ of probability – between “will” and “chance” </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the probability for life on earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider your biological beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider other wondrous ‘miracles’ in creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The method </li></ul><ul><li>The proof </li></ul><ul><li>The closest evidence </li></ul><ul><li>The apparent Signs </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  21. 21. A sample from article “Seven Reasons why a Scientist Believe in God”: <ul><li> [to read full article: </li></ul><ul><li>http: // introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Third reason: Animal wisdom speaks irresistibly of a good Creator who infused instinct into otherwise helpless little creatures. The young salmon spends years at sea, then comes back to his own river, and travels up the very side of the river into which flows the tributary where he was born. What brings him back so precisely? If you transfer him to another tributary he will know at once that he is off his course and he will fight his way down and back to the main stream and then turn up against the current to finish his destiny more accurately. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  22. 22. A sample from article “Seven Reasons why a Scientist Believe in God”: <ul><li>Even more difficult to solve is the mystery of eels. These amazing creatures migrate at maturity from all ponds and rivers everywhere those from Europe across thousands of miles of ocean - all bound for the same abysmal deeps near Bermuda. There they breed and die. The little ones, with no apparent means of knowing anything except that they are in a wilderness of water, nevertheless find their way back not only to the very shore from which their parent came but thence to the rivers, lakes or little ponds - so that each body of water is always populated with eels. No American eel has ever been caught in Europe, no European eel in African waters. Nature has even delayed the maturity of the European eel by a year or more to make up for it's longer journey. Where does the directing impulse originate? </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  23. 23. What do we mean by “God” ? Who is “God”? <ul><li>قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ  لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ  وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ </li></ul>“  &quot;Say: 'He is Allah, the Absolute One. Allah is the Eternal, the Most besought of all, He begets not, and neither is He begotten; And there is nothing that could be compared to Him.” (Qur'an: Surah al-ikhlas: 112: 1-4) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  24. 24. Can there be more than one God? <ul><li>    قُل لَّوۡ كَانَ مَعَهُ ۥۤ ءَالِهَةٌ۬ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذً۬ا لَّٱبۡتَغَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ذِى ٱلۡعَرۡشِ سَبِيلاً۬  سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥ وَتَعَـٰلَىٰ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ عُلُوًّ۬ا كَبِيرً۬ا </li></ul>&quot;Say: if there had been (other) gods with Him― as they say, behold, they would certainly have sought out a way to the Lord of the Throne! Glory to him! He is high above all that they say! Exalted and Great (beyond measure) * !&quot; (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 42-43) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  25. 25. ∞ Extend to infinity “ Parallel lines are two lines, when extended to infinity, they will not meet nor will their distance between them changes.”. NOTE: * God is the infinite being. So by “ infinite ” it means, “ limitless, unending, without end, boundless, beyond measure, etc. ” AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  26. 26. SUPPOSE: If you are to conceptually expand this box to infinity, can there be another box outside or besides it? SO, WHEN WE REFER TO GOD AS THE “INFINITE”; THERE CANNOT BE MORE THAN ONE INFINITE BEING. AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  27. 27. Can we know God ? <ul><li>   إِنَّ فِى خَلۡقِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱخۡتِلَـٰفِ ٱلَّيۡلِ وَٱلنَّہَارِ لَأَيَـٰتٍ۬ لِّأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ     </li></ul>  Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of Night and Day,― there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.― (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 190) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  28. 28. What does Allah require of us? <ul><li>   وَمَا خَلَقۡتُ ٱلۡجِنَّ وَٱلۡإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُونِ  مَآ أُرِيدُ مِنۡہُم مِّن رِّزۡقٍ۬ وَمَآ أُرِيدُ أَن يُطۡعِمُونِ    </li></ul>“   I have only created jinns and men, that they may serve Me. No sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me.” (Qur’an: Dzariat: 51: 56-57)   AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  29. 29. What does Allah require of us? <ul><li>     أَفَغَيۡرَ دِينِ ٱللَّهِ يَبۡغُونَ وَلَهُ  </li></ul><ul><li>ۥۤ أَسۡلَمَ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ طَوۡعً۬ا وَڪَرۡهً۬ا وَإِلَيۡهِ يُرۡجَعُونَ      </li></ul>“  Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?―While all creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling, bowed to His Will (accepted Islam), and to Him shall they all be brought back.” (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 83) AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  30. 30. What does Allah require of us? <ul><li>       وَمَن يَبۡتَغِ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمِ دِينً۬ا فَلَن يُقۡبَلَ مِنۡهُ وَهُوَ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرِينَ          </li></ul>“ If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah) never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).” (Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 2: 85)   AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  31. 31. مُحَمَّدُ رَّسُو لُ اللَّه MUHAMMADUR RASUU-LULLAAH “Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” <ul><li>مُحَمَّدُ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Muhammad s.a.a.w. ” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent as predicted by previous earlier prophets. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  32. 32. What does Allah require of us? <ul><li>     وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ </li></ul><ul><li>بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ      </li></ul>“ For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. (Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64)   AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  33. 33. What does Allah require of us? <ul><li>       قُلۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ ذُنُوبَكُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬ </li></ul><ul><li>قُلۡ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ‌ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ  </li></ul><ul><li>       </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  34. 34. What does He require of us? <ul><li>       Say (O Muhammad): &quot;If ye do love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ </li></ul><ul><li>  Say: &quot;Obey Allah and His Messenger&quot;; but if they turn back, Allah loveth not those who reject Faith. </li></ul><ul><li>(Qur’an: Aali’Imran: 3: 31-32)   </li></ul><ul><li>       </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  35. 35. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>Bear witness that there is none deserving of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  36. 36. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to establish Swolah (the obligatory five daily worship or specific devotion). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  37. 37. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to pay the Zakah (obligatory tax upon the wealth). </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  38. 38. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>“ Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’ba in Makkah) if you are able. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  39. 39. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>.....“Tell me about Islam” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is built upon five things: </li></ul><ul><li>And to observe fasting daily in the month of Ramadhan. </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  40. 40. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>.....“Tell me about iiman (Faith/Belief)” </li></ul><ul><li>(Belief) iiman is that you: </li></ul><ul><li>Solemnly believe in Allah; </li></ul><ul><li>His angels; </li></ul><ul><li>His Books, </li></ul><ul><li>His Messengers; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Afterlife; </li></ul><ul><li>In the Decree, the good & bad, all comes from (the eternal knowledge of) Allah; </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  41. 41. Hadith Jibril a.s. reported by Muslim <ul><li>.....“Tell me about ‘Al-Ihsan’- (the Best or Righteous conduct or Excellence)” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Al-Ihsan (excellence) is: </li></ul><ul><li>That you serve (worship) Allah as though you see Him, but if you do not see Him, He (Allah) sees you.” </li></ul>AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009
  42. 42. TAU H EED (Attestation to the Oneness of Allah) <ul><li>IIMAN </li></ul><ul><li>Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Conviction </li></ul><ul><li>IHSAN </li></ul><ul><li>Best or Righteous Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>‘ AMAL </li></ul><ul><li>(ISLAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Submission </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). AllRightsReserved©ZhulkefleeHjIsmail.2009

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