Christology

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A study on the person of JESUS CHRIST

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Christology

  1. 1. Knowing Jesus... Making Jesus Known Author: Edson Ferreira
  2. 2.  “Christology” is derived from two Greek words  a. Christos meaning “Christ”  b. logos meaning “word, reason, study of” “Christology” is the biblical study of the Person of Jesus Christ. In the first study, we’ll cover the various theological aspects of JESUS deity claims - at the light of biblical evidences.
  3. 3. Christology – Index of the Study  JESUS Christ – Eternal  JESUS Christ – Creator  JESUS Christ – The GOD  JESUS Christ – Worshiped  JESUS Christ – Forgiver of Sins  JESUS CHRIST – Knees will bow  JESUS Christ– Can send to the Abyss JESUS Christ – The One who is to come
  4. 4.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ’s eternality.  Micah 5:2  Isaiah 9:6  John 1:1-2
  5. 5.  Micah 5: 2 But thou Bethlehem Ephratah though thou be little among the thousands of Judahyet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel whose goings forth have been from of old from everlasting
  6. 6. Hebrew Transliteration English‫ִּי־‬ ‫כ‬ ki- Forֶ֣ ‫ל‬‫ֶדי‬ ye· led A child‫י ַּד־‬‫ֺל‬ yul· lad- will be bornָ֗‫נּול‬ la· nu‫֚ב‬ֵּ ‫ן‬ ben A son‫ִּתן־‬ ַּ ‫נ‬ nit· tan- will be givenָ֔‫נּול‬ la· nu,‫֥ו ְּה‬ִּ‫י ַּת‬ vat· te· hi will rest‫֖הם ְּ ר‬ָ‫ה ַּ ִּ ש‬ ham· mis· rah and the government‫על־‬ ַּ al- onֹ‫֑שמ‬ ‫ו ִּ כ‬ ְּ shich· mov; his shoulders‫א ַּי ְּר‬ָ‫֨וִּק‬ vai· yik· ra will be calledֹ‫ו מ‬ ‫֜ש‬ ְּ she· mov and his name‫ל ֠פ‬ֶ ‫ֶא‬ pe· le Wonderful‫֙ ץ‬ ‫יֹוע‬ ֵּ yo· v· etz Counselor ֵּ֣‫לא‬ el Godֹ‫ור ב‬ ‫֔ג‬ ִּ gib· bo· vr, Mighty‫֖אב ע‬ַּ‫ד ֲ ִּי‬ a· vi· ad Eternal‫שר־‬ ַּ sar- Prince‫ש ֽום׃‬ ֹ‫ל‬ ָ sha· lo· vm. of Peace
  7. 7.  Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a child is born unto us a son is given and the government shall be upon his shoulder and his name shall be called Wonderful Counsellor The mighty God The everlasting Father The Prince of Peace
  8. 8. Hebrew Transliteration English‫ה ְַּאת‬ָ ‫֞ו‬ ve· at· tah you‫ֽית־‬ ‫ב‬ ֵּ beit-ֶ֣ ֶ‫חםל‬ le· chem Bethlehem‫ת ֗א ְּר‬ָ‫ָ ה ֶ פ‬ ef· ra· tah Ephrathah‫֙צע ר‬ ‫ָ ִּ י‬ tza· ir little‫֙ ֽה ת‬ ‫ל יֹו‬ ְּ ִּ lih· yo· vt to be among‫֣ב ְּפ‬ֵּ‫י ְַּאל‬ be· al· fei the clans‫֔י ד‬ָ‫ה ְּהּו‬ ye· hu· dah, of Judah‫֙מ ְּך‬ָ‫ִּ ם‬ mim· me· cha atִּ֣‫יל‬ li‫א צ‬ֵֵּּ ‫֔י‬ ye· tze, will go ‫֥ ֽה‬ֹ‫ותל י‬ ְּ ִּ lih· yo· vt become‫֖ ש‬ ֵּ‫מֹו‬ ‫ל‬ mo· v· shel to be ruler‫֑בִּש ָא‬ֵּ‫ל ְּ י ְּ ר‬ be· yis· ra· el; Israel‫יו מֹוצ ת‬ָֹ‫א‬ ָ ‫ּ֥ו‬ u· mo· v· tza· o· tav his goings‫ֶם ִּק‬ֶ‫ד ֖מ‬ mik· ke· dem long‫֥מ מ‬ֵּ‫י ִּ י‬ mi· mei the days‫עֹו ֽם׃‬ ‫ל‬ָ o· v· lam. of eternity
  9. 9.  John 1:1-2 1 In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God 2 The same was in the beginning with God
  10. 10. Greek Transliteration EnglishἘν en Inἀρχῇ archē beginningἦν ēn wasὁ oλόγος logos wordκαὶ kai andὁ oλόγος logos wordἦν ēn wasπρὸς pros withτὸν tonθεόν theon Godκαὶ kai andθεὸς theos Godἦν ēn wasὁ oλόγος logos word
  11. 11. Greek Transliteration Englishοὗτος outos sameἦν ēn wasἐν en inἀρχῇ archē beginningπρὸς pros withτὸν tonθεόν theon God
  12. 12.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ is the Creator of all things. Also corroborating with His eternality.  John 1:3  Colossians 1:16
  13. 13.  John 1:3 All things were made by him and without him was not any thing made that was made
  14. 14. Greek Transliteration Englishπάντα panta thingsδι’ di throughαὐτοῦ autou himἐγένετο egeneto came to beκαὶ kai andχωρὶς chōris apart fromαὐτοῦ autou himἐγένετο egeneto came to beοὐδὲ oude not evenἓν en thingὃ o thatγέγονεν gegonen has come to be
  15. 15.  Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created that are in heaven and that are in earth visible and invisible whether they be thrones or dominions or principalities or powers all things were created by him and for him
  16. 16. Greek Transliteration Englishὅτι oti Forἐν en inαὐτῷ autō himἐκτίσθη ektisthē were createdτὰ ta theπάντα panta thingsἐν en inτοῖς tois theοὐρανοῖς ouranois heavensκαὶ kai andἐπὶ epi inτῆς tēsγῆς gēs earthτὰ ta theὁρατὰ orata visibleκαὶ kai andτὰ ta theἀόρατα aorata invisibleεἴτε eite whetherθρόνοι thronoi thronesεἴτε eite whetherκυριότητες kuriotētes dominionsεἴτε eite whetherἄρχαι archai principal officesεἴτε eite whether
  17. 17.  Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God the firstborn of every creature Greek Transliteration English ὅς os Who ἐστιν estin is εἰκὼν eikōn image τοῦ tou of θεοῦ theou God τοῦ tou ἀοράτου aoratou invisible πρωτότοκος prōtotokos firstborn πάσης pasēs of all κτίσεως ktiseōs creation
  18. 18.  Was JESUS the first Creation of GOD?1. Paul writes this letter to Colossians to expose a heresy and false doctrine of Gnosticism, that; among other thing said that JESUS was a created being. So when Paul says that JESUS was the First born of all creation he means that JESUS has prominence in all creation, perfectly aligning verse 15 under the context of verse 16.2. Other wise, Paul would be saying the JESUS created Himself ??? But He had to existed before then??? What comes first the chicken or the egg??
  19. 19.  Was JESUS the first Creation of GOD? Paul uses prótotokos instead of pro̱tóplastos  Prótotokos = First born  Connotations: Preeminence /Sovereignty/Priority above all!  Pro̱tóplastos =First created  Connotations: Equal to all creation!! - exactly what Gnosticism teachesConnotations: Their meaning can only be observed within their context.
  20. 20.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ is GOD - JEHOVAH.  Jeremiah 23:5-6  Isaiah 44:6  Exodus 3:14 vs. John 8:58  Hebrews 1:6  Romans 9:5  Colossians 2:8-9  1 Timothy 3:16
  21. 21.  Jeremiah 23:5-6 5 Behold the days come saith JEOHVAH that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch and a King shall reign and prosper and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth 6 In his days Judah shall be saved and Israel shall dwell safely and this is his name whereby he shall be called JEOHVAH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
  22. 22. Hebrew Transliteration English‫ה ִּמ‬ֵּ‫֨ה‬ hin·neh Behold‫יםָ֤מ‬ ִּ‫י‬ ya·mim days‫֙ ָא ם‬ ‫ב ִּי‬ ba·im are coming‫נ ֺם־‬‫ְּא‬ ne·um- declaresָ‫ה ְּה‬‫֔י ו‬ Yah·weh the LORD‫ַּה מֹת‬ ִּ ‫י֥ו ֲק‬ ִּ va·ha·ki·mo·ti will raiseִּ‫֖לד‬‫ד ְּ ָו‬ le·da·vid David‫ַּח֣צ‬ ֶ ‫מ‬ tze·mach Branch‫יק ַּד‬ִּ‫֑צ‬ tzad·dik; A righteous‫ל ְּּ֤ומ‬ ָ ‫ַּך‬ u·ma·lach will reign‫֙לְּ֙מ‬ ֶ ‫ֶך‬ me·lech king‫יל ְּה ְּכ‬ִּ‫֔ו ִּש‬ ve·his·kil, and act‫ְּ ָש‬ ָ‫ה֛וע‬ ve·a·sah and do‫ט ִּשפ‬ָ ְּ ‫֥מ‬ mish·pat justice‫ּ֖וצדק‬ָָ ְּ ‫ה‬ u·tze·da·kah and righteousness‫ָא ֶץ׃‬ ‫בֽר‬ ba·a·retz. the land
  23. 23. Hebrew Transliteration English‫֙בָ ָיו‬ ‫ְּ ימ‬ be·ya·mav his days‫ע֣תָש‬ ַּ‫ִּ ּו‬ tiv·va·sha will be saved‫ְּהּוד‬ָ ‫ה֔י‬ ye·hu·dah, Judah‫ל֖וִּש ָא‬ ֵּ‫ְּי ְּ ר‬ ve·yis·ra·el and Israelֹ‫֣י כ‬ ‫ן ִּש‬ ְּ yish·kon will dwell‫ַּח֑לב‬ֶָ ‫ט‬ la·ve·tach; securely‫ְֶּה־‬ ‫וז‬ ve·zeh- and thisֹ‫מ‬ ‫ו֥ש‬ ְּ she·mov is his namehֲֽ ‫ש‬ ‫ֶ ר־‬ ‫א‬ a·sher- whichֹ‫ִּקא‬ ‫ו֖י ְּר‬ ְּ yik·re·ov will be calledָ‫ה ְּה‬‫֥י ו‬ Yah·weh JEHOVAH‫ִּדֵּֽנּו׃‬ ‫צ ְּק‬ tzid·ke·nu. righteousness
  24. 24.  Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the JEHOVAH the King of Israel and his redeemer the JEHOVAH of hosts I am the first and I am the last and beside me there is no God
  25. 25. Hebrew Transliteration English‫ֽה־‬ ֹ‫כ‬ koh- Thus‫ר֨אמ‬ ַּ a·mar saysָ‫ה ְּה‬‫֧י ו‬ Yah·weh JEHOVAH‫ֶֽל ְּ־‬ ‫מ ֶך‬ me·lech- the King‫ִּש ָא‬ ֵּ‫ל֛י ְּ ר‬ yis·ra·el of Israelֹ‫ו ְּ ל‬ ‫גֹא‬ ֲ ‫֖ו‬ ve·go·a·lov and his Redeemerָ‫ה ְּה‬‫֣י ו‬ Yah·weh JEHOVAHֹ‫ות֑צא‬ ‫ְּ ב‬ ָ tze·va·o·vt; of hosts‫י ֲנ‬ִּ‫֤א‬ a·ni I am‫֙ר שֹון‬ ‫ִּא‬ ri·sho·vn the first‫֣ו ֲנ‬ִּ‫י ַּא‬ va·a·ni and Iֹ‫ַ֔אר‬ ‫ון ח‬ ֲ a·cha·ro·vn, the last‫ּ֖ומ ַּל ָד‬ַּ‫י ִּב ְּ ע‬ u·mib·bal·a·dai and beside‫ין֥א‬ ֵּ ein and there‫א ִּֽים׃‬‫לֹה‬ֱ e·lo·him. God
  26. 26.  Exodus 3:14 And God said unto Moses I AM THAT I AM and he said Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel I AM hath sent me unto you
  27. 27. Hebrew Transliteration English vai·yo·mer said e·lo·him God el- to mo·sheh, Moses eh·yeh I am a·sher WHO eh·yeh; I am vai·yo·mer said koh Thus to·mar shall say liv·nei to the sons yis·ra·el, of Israel eh·yeh I am she·la·cha·ni has sent a·lei·chem. about
  28. 28.  John 8:58 Jesus said unto them Verily verily I say unto you Before Abraham was I AM John 8:24 I said therefore unto you that ye shall die in your sins for if ye believe not that I AM ye shall die in your sins
  29. 29. Greek Transliteration English εἶπεν eipen said αὐτοῖς autois to them Ἰησοῦς iēsous Jesus ἀμὴν amēn truly ἀμὴν amēn truly λέγω legō I say ὑμῖν umin to you πρὶν prin before Ἀβραὰμ abraam Abraham γενέσθαι genesthai came to be ἐγὼ egō I εἰμί eimi amJESUS was saying: I Am HE who spoke to Moses in Exodus 3:14; And they wanted to stonehim for blasphemy, because HE was claiming he was E-LO-HIM!
  30. 30.  Romans 9:5 Whose are the fathers and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came who is over all God blessed for ever Amen
  31. 31. Greek Transliteration Englishὧν ōn of whomοἱ oiπατέρες pateres fathersκαὶ kai andἐξ ex ofὧν ōn whoseὁ o theΧριστὸς christos Christτὸ toκατὰ kata according toσάρκα sarka fleshὁ oὢν ōn whoἐπὶ epi overπάντων pantōn allθεὸς theos Godεὐλογητὸς eulogētos blessedεἰς eis forτοὺς tousαἰῶνας aiōnas foreverἀμήν amēn Amen
  32. 32.  Colossians 2:8-9 8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit after the tradition of men after the rudiments of the world and not after Christ 9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily
  33. 33. Greek Transliteration English ὅτι oti For ἐν en in αὐτῷ autō him κατοικεῖ katoikei dwells πᾶν pan all τὸ to the πλήρωμα plērōma fullness τῆς tēs of θεότητος theotētos Deity σωματικῶς sōmatikōs bodilyJESUS is GOD incarnate as HE had promised in the Old Testament
  34. 34.  1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness God was manifest in the flesh justified in the Spirit seen of angels preached unto the Gentiles believed on in the world received up into glory
  35. 35. Greek Transliteration Englishκαὶ kai Andὁμολογουμένως omologoumenōs without controversyμέγα mega greatἐστὶν estin isτὸ to theτῆς tēs ofεὐσεβείας eusebeias godlinessμυστήριον mustērion mysteryὃς os whoἐφανερώθη ephanerōthē was manifestedἐν en amongσαρκί sarki fleshἐδικαιώθη edikaiōthē vindicatedἐν en amongπνεύματι pneumati Spiritὤφθη ōphthē seenἀγγέλοις angelois by agentsἐκηρύχθη ekēruchthē proclaimedἐν en amongἔθνεσιν ethnesin nationsἐπιστεύθη episteuthē believedἐν en amongκόσμῳ kosmō world
  36. 36.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ is worshipped.  Hebrews 1:6  Matthew 8:2  Matthew 9:18  Matthew 28:9  John 9:38 Neither the man or Angels accept worship  Acts 10:25-26  Revelation 22:9
  37. 37.  Hebrews 1:6 And again when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world he saith And let all the angels of God worship him
  38. 38. Greek Transliteration Englishὅταν otan whenδὲ de Andπάλιν palin againεἰσαγάγῃ eisagagē he bringsτὸν tonπρωτότοκον prōtotokon firstbornεἰς eis intoτὴν tēn theοἰκουμένην oikoumenēn worldλέγει legei he saysΚαὶ kai Andπροσκυνησάτωσαν proskunēsatōsan let them worshipαὐτῷ autō himπάντες pantes allἄγγελοι angeloi ANGELSθεοῦ theou of God
  39. 39.  Matthew 8:2 And behold there came a leper and worshipped him saying Lord if thou wilt thou canst make me clean Greek Transliteration English καὶ kai And ἰδοὺ idou behold λεπρὸς lepros leper προσελθὼν proselthōn came προσεκύνει prosekunei worshipped αὐτῷ autō him λέγων legōn said κύριε kurie Lord ἐὰν ean if θέλῃς thelēs you will δύνασαι dunasai you are able με me me καθαρίσαι katharisai to cleanse
  40. 40.  Matthew 9:18 While he spoke these things unto them behold there came a certain ruler and worshipped him saying My daughter is even now dead but come and lay thy hand upon her and she shall live
  41. 41. Greek Transliteration EnglishΤαύτα tauta thingsαὐτοῦ autou of himλαλοῦντος lalountos while he spokeαὐτοῖς autois to themἰδοὺ idou beholdἄρχων archōn officialεἰς eis certainπροσελθὼν proselthōn who cameπροσεκύνει prosekunei worshippedαὐτῷ autō himλέγων legōn saidὅτι oti thatἡ ē the.... .... ......
  42. 42.  Matthew 28:9 And as they went to tell his disciples behold Jesus met them saying All hail And they came and held him by the feet and worshipped him
  43. 43. Greek Transliteration Englishκαὶ kai alsoἰδοὺ idou beholdἸησοῦς iēsous Jesusὑπήντησεν upēntēsen metαὐταῖς autais of himλέγων legōn greetedχαίρετε chairete hailαἱ aiδὲ de Andπροσελθοῦσαι proselthousai having comeἐκράτησαν ekratēsan they heldαὐτοῦ autou himτοὺς tous theπόδας podas feetκαὶ kai andπροσεκύνησαν prosekunēsan worshipedαὐτῷ autō of him
  44. 44.  John 9:38 And he said Lord I believe And he worshipped him Greek Transliteration English ὁ o δὲ de And ἔφη ephē said πιστεύω pisteuō I believe κύριε kurie Lord καὶ kai And προσεκύνησεν prosekunēsen he worshiped αὐτῷ autō him
  45. 45.  Acts 10:25 25 And as Peter was coming in Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshipped him 26 But Peter took him up saying Stand up I myself also am a man
  46. 46. Greek Transliteration English Greek Transliteration EnglishὩς ōs when ὁ oδὲ de Andἐγένετο egeneto it came about δὲ de Butτοῦ tou Πέτρος petros Peterεἰσελθεῖν eiselthein to enter ἤγειρεν ēgeiren lifted upτὸν ton theΠέτρον petron Peter αὐτὸν auton himσυναντήσας sunantēsas having met λέγων legōn sayingαὐτῷ autō him ἀνάστηθι anastēthi stand upὁ oΚορνήλιος kornēlios Cornelius καὶ kai tooπεσὼν pesōn after falling down ἐγὼ egō Iἐπὶ epi atτοὺς tous αὐτὸς autos myselfπόδας podas feet ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos manπροσεκύνησε prosekunēsen worshipedν εἰμι eimi am
  47. 47.  Revelation 22:9 Then saith he unto me See thou do it not for I am thy fellow servant and of thy brethren the prophets and of them which keep the sayings of this book worship God
  48. 48. Greek Transliteration Englishκαὶ kai andλέγει legei he saysμοι moi to meὍρα ora see youμή mē notσύνδουλος sundoulos fellow bondmanσού sou of youεἰμι eimi I amκαὶ kai andτῶν tōn ofἀδελφῶν adelphōn brethrenσου sou of youτῶν tōn thoseπροφητῶν prophētōn prophetsκαὶ kai andτῶν tōn ofτηρούντων tērountōn who keepτοὺς tous thoseλόγους logous wordsτοῦ tou thoseβιβλίου bibliou bookτούτου toutou of thisτῷ tō thoseθεῷ theō Godπροσκύνησον proskunēson worship
  49. 49.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ is the Forgiver of sins.  Marc 2:5-7  Luke 7:48
  50. 50.  Mark 2:5-7 5 When Jesus saw their faith he said unto the sick of the paralytic Son thy sins be forgiven thee 6 But there were certain of the scribes sitting there and reasoning in their hearts 7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies who can forgive sins but God only
  51. 51. Greek Transliteration English Greek Transliteration Englishκαὶ kai and ηί ti whyἰδὼν idōn having seen οὗηορ outos thisὁ o the οὕηωρ outōs this wayἸηζοῦρ iēsous Jesus λαλεῖ lalei speakηὴν tēn βλαζθημ blasphēmei blasphemingπίζηιν pistin faith εῖαὐηῶν autōn of them ηίρ tis whyλέγει legei said δύναηαι dunatai is ableηῷ tō to ἀθιέναι aphienai to forgiveπαπαλςηικ paralutikō paralyticῷ ἁμαπηίαρ amartias sinsηέκνον teknon Son εἰ ei ifἀθίενηαι aphientai are forgiven μὴ mē notζος sou of you εἷρ eis onlyαἱ ai the ὁ oἁμαπηίαι amartiai sins θεόρ theos God
  52. 52.  Luke 7:48 And he said unto her Thy sins are forgiven Greek Transliteration English εἶπεν eipen he said δὲ de And αὐηῇ autē to her ἀθέωνηα apheōntai are forgiven ι ζος sou of you αἱ ai the ἁμαπηίαι amartiai sins
  53. 53.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences that at the name of Christ every knee shall bow and confess HIM as LORD.  Isaiah 45:23  Romans 14:10-11  Philippians 2:10
  54. 54.  Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness and shall not return That unto me every knee shall bow every tongue shall swear
  55. 55.  Romans 14:10-11 10 But why dost thou judge thy brother or __ why dost thou set at nought thy brother for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ 11 For it is written As I live saith the Lord every knee shall bow to me and every tongue shall confess to God
  56. 56.  Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow of things in heaven and things in earth and things under the earth
  57. 57.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences that Christ has the authority to send who he pleases to the abyss.  Luke 8:31
  58. 58.  Luke 8:31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep Greek Transliteration English καὶ kai And παπεκάλος parekaloun they entreated ν αὐηὸν auton him ἵνα ina that μὴ mē not ἐπιηάξῃ epitaxē he would command αὐηοῖρ autois them εἰρ eis into ηὴν tēn the ἄβςζζον abusson abyss
  59. 59.  Biblical verses that are supporting evidences of Christ is the one to Come.  Daniel 7:13  Marcos 13:26  Acts 1:11  Revelation 1:7-8  Revelation 4:8
  60. 60.  Daniel 7:13 I saw in the night visions and behold one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven
  61. 61.  Mark 13:26 And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory
  62. 62.  Acts 1:11 Which also said Ye men of Galilee why stand ye gazing up into heaven this same Jesus which is taken up from you into heaven shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven
  63. 63.  Revelation 1:7 Behold he cometh with clouds and every eye shall see him and they also which pierced him and all nations of the earth shall wail because of him Even so Amen
  64. 64.  Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega the beginning and the ending saith the Lord which is and which was and which is to come the Almighty
  65. 65.  Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him and they were full of eyes within and they rest not day and night saying Holy holy holy Lord God Almighty which was and is and is to come

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