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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#6(a) -daily-application-(swolah-devotional-prayer-worship-(15-november-2014)

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[Slideshare] tafaqqahu-(2014)-#6(a) -daily-application-(swolah-devotional-prayer-worship-(15-november-2014)

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING OF THE DEEN (AL-ISLAM) Intermediate Islamic (FIQH) course in English Conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail LESSON # 6 (a)LESSON # 6 (a) Using text & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. ““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.MOST MERCIFUL. "O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority to aid (me)” (Qur’an: Isra’: 17: 80) Daily application of FIQHDaily application of FIQH BAB- ‘BAB- ‘AL-SWOLAH’ Devotional prayersDevotional prayers (Basis for reflection)(Basis for reflection) Updated 15 November 2014
  2. 2. From the previous classes, you would have been familiar with the methodology of studying fiqh in Islam, especially on the importance of going back to the basis (dalil). Therefore in future, my slides/ hand-outs will not contain elaborate explanations, but will be brief but with emphasis on basis (therefore you are to give special attention to practice, and to memorize) on the explanation and these basis - Qur'an or Hadith (especially those which I painstakingly provide with – or without - the transliteration to ease those new converts). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  3. 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  4. 4. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  5. 5. And (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children ofAnd (remember) when thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam― from their loins― their descendants, and made themAdam― from their loins― their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying):testify concerning themselves, (saying): ""Am I not your LordAm I not your Lord ((ROBBROBB-Who cherishes and sustains-Who cherishes and sustains you)?“― They said:you)?“― They said: "Yea! we do testify!“"Yea! we do testify!“ (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this we(This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "of this we were unaware.”were unaware.” ((Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172Qur’an: A’raf: 7: 172)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  7. 7. ““ I have only created jinns and menI have only created jinns and men, that they may serve, that they may serve ((worshipworship) Me –) Me – LIYA’-BU-DUUNLIYA’-BU-DUUN. No sustenance do I require. No sustenance do I require of them nor do I require that they should feed Me. Forof them nor do I require that they should feed Me. For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power,Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance― Lord of Power, Steadfast (forever).”Steadfast (forever).” ((Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58Qur’an: Dzaariyat : 51: 56-58)) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  8. 8. The innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings isThe innermost purpose of the creation of all rational beings is their cognition (their cognition (ma’rifahma’rifah) of the existence of God and, hence, their) of the existence of God and, hence, their conscious willingness to conform their own existence to whateverconscious willingness to conform their own existence to whatever they perceive of His will and plan :they perceive of His will and plan : It is this two-fold concept “It is this two-fold concept “cognition and willingnesscognition and willingness” that gives” that gives the deepest meaning to what the Qur’an describes as ”the deepest meaning to what the Qur’an describes as ”worshipworship”” ((‘ibadah‘ibadah) ….) …. ((Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”)) ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND SUBMISSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  9. 9. ““The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“The verse that follows shows, this spiritual call (“worshipworship”) does”) does not arise from any supposed “not arise from any supposed “needneed” on the part of the Creator,” on the part of the Creator, Who is self-sufficient and infinite in His power, but is designed asWho is self-sufficient and infinite in His power, but is designed as an instrument for the inner development of the worshipper, who,an instrument for the inner development of the worshipper, who, by the act of his conscious self-surrender to the all-pervadingby the act of his conscious self-surrender to the all-pervading Creative Will, may hope to come closer to an understanding of theCreative Will, may hope to come closer to an understanding of the Will and, thus, closer to God Himself.”Will and, thus, closer to God Himself.” ((Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”Muhammad Asad @Leopold Weiss – “Message of the Qur’an”)) ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND SUBMISSION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS ““And be constant in prayer (And be constant in prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH), and render the purifying dues), and render the purifying dues ((ZAKAH);ZAKAH); for, whatever good deed you send ahead for your ownfor, whatever good deed you send ahead for your own selves, you shall find it with Allah: behold, Allah sees all that you do.”selves, you shall find it with Allah: behold, Allah sees all that you do.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 110Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 110))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS ““And be constant in prayer (And be constant in prayer (SWOLAHSWOLAH), and render the purifying dues), and render the purifying dues ((ZAKAH);ZAKAH); for, whatever good deed you send ahead for your ownfor, whatever good deed you send ahead for your own selves, you shall find it with Allah: behold, Allah sees all that you do.”selves, you shall find it with Allah: behold, Allah sees all that you do.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 110Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 110))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS "Verily, I - I alone - am Allah; there is no deity save Me. Hence,"Verily, I - I alone - am Allah; there is no deity save Me. Hence, worship Me alone, and be constant in prayer, (worship Me alone, and be constant in prayer, (SWOLAHSWOLAH) so as) so as ((LI-DZIK-REELI-DZIK-REE) to remember Me!”) to remember Me!” ((Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 14Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 14))
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS ““ And never turn thine, eyes [with longing] towards whateverAnd never turn thine, eyes [with longing] towards whatever splendour of this world's life We may have allowed so many otherssplendour of this world's life We may have allowed so many others to enjoy in order that We might test them thereby: for theto enjoy in order that We might test them thereby: for the sustenance which thy Sustainer provides [for thee] is better andsustenance which thy Sustainer provides [for thee] is better and more enduring. ”more enduring. ” ((Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 131Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 131))
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS And (And (WA’-MURWA’-MUR) bid (command) thy people to pray () bid (command) thy people to pray (SWOLAHSWOLAH),), and persevere therein. [But remember:] We do not ask thee toand persevere therein. [But remember:] We do not ask thee to provide sustenance [for Us]: it is We who provide sustenance forprovide sustenance [for Us]: it is We who provide sustenance for thee. And the future belongs to the God-conscious (thee. And the future belongs to the God-conscious (LIT-TAQWALIT-TAQWA).”).” ((Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 132Qur’an: TaHa: 20: 132))
  15. 15. ““Command your children to pray (Command your children to pray (SWOLAHSWOLAH) when they become) when they become seven years old, and beat them for it (prayer) when they become tenseven years old, and beat them for it (prayer) when they become ten years old; and arrange their beds (to sleep) separately.”years old; and arrange their beds (to sleep) separately.” ((Hadith reported by Abu DawudHadith reported by Abu Dawud)) BASISBASIS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  16. 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS
  17. 17. ““O You who are leaders !O You who are leaders ! Verily,Verily, I consider to be theI consider to be the most important duty (of leaders)most important duty (of leaders) , which must be, which must be carried out diligently, is : in the matter ofcarried out diligently, is : in the matter of SWOLAHSWOLAH.. Whosoever neglects his (duty of)Whosoever neglects his (duty of) SwolahSwolah, more so, more so would he neglect his other duties. There is no share (ofwould he neglect his other duties. There is no share (of goodness) in Islam for those who discardgoodness) in Islam for those who discard As-SwolahAs-Swolah”” (Hadith reported by Malik)(Hadith reported by Malik) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS
  19. 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS ““ CONVEY [unto others] whatever of this divine writ hasCONVEY [unto others] whatever of this divine writ has been revealed unto thee, and be constant in prayer (been revealed unto thee, and be constant in prayer (WA-WA- AQEE-MUS-SWOLAHAQEE-MUS-SWOLAH) : for, behold, prayer () : for, behold, prayer (TAN-HAATAN-HAA)) restrains [man] from (restrains [man] from (FAKH-SHAAFAKH-SHAA) loathsome deeds and) loathsome deeds and ((MUNKARMUNKAR) from all that runs counter to reason; and) from all that runs counter to reason; and ((DZIKRULLAHDZIKRULLAH)) remembrance of Allah is indeed the)) remembrance of Allah is indeed the greatest [good]. And Allah knows all that you do.”greatest [good]. And Allah knows all that you do.” ((Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 45Qur’an: Ankabut: 29: 45))
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS "And seek aid in steadfast patience ("And seek aid in steadfast patience (AS-SWOBRAS-SWOBR) and () and (AS-SWOLAHAS-SWOLAH)) prayer: and this, indeed, is a hard thing for all but the humble inprayer: and this, indeed, is a hard thing for all but the humble in spirit (spirit (KHAA-SHI-’EENKHAA-SHI-’EEN), those who know with certainty that they), those who know with certainty that they shall meet their Sustainer and that unto Him they shall return.”shall meet their Sustainer and that unto Him they shall return.” ((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 45-46Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 45-46))
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS "TRULY, to a happy state ("TRULY, to a happy state (AF-LAAF-LAHHAA) shall attain the believers) shall attain the believers ((AL-MU’-MI-NUUNAL-MU’-MI-NUUN): those who humble themselves in their): those who humble themselves in their prayer (prayer (SWOLAA-TIHIM-SWOLAA-TIHIM- KHKHAA-SHI-’UUNAA-SHI-’UUN)….”)….” ((Qur’an: Mu’minun:23: 1-2Qur’an: Mu’minun:23: 1-2))
  22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS “ …“ … and (they are those) who (and (they are those) who (SWOLAA-TIHIM – YU-SWOLAA-TIHIM – YU-HHAA-FI-ZUUNAA-FI-ZUUN) guard) guard their prayers [from all worldly intent] It is they, they who shall be thetheir prayers [from all worldly intent] It is they, they who shall be the inheritors that will inherit the paradise; [and] therein shall they abide.”inheritors that will inherit the paradise; [and] therein shall they abide.” ((Qur’an: Mu’minun:23: 9-11Qur’an: Mu’minun:23: 9-11))
  23. 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL BASISBASIS “About the criminals (MUJ-RI-MEEN), [And asking them], "What put you into Saqar?" They will say, "We were not of those who prayed (NU-SWOL- LEEN), Nor did we used to feed the poor (TUTW-IMUL-MIS-KEEN). And we used to enter into (NA-HUU-DWU) vain discourse with (HAA-I-DWEEN)those who engaged [in it], And we used to (NU-KADZ-DZIB) deny the Day of Recompense (YAUM-AD-DEEN), Until there came to us the certainty (YAQEEN-death)." (Qur’an: Muddathir: 74: 41-47)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTMOST COMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL IMPORTANTIMPORTANT SUPPLICATIONSUPPLICATION “O my (Lord) Sustainer, cause me and my off-springs to remain constant in (establishing) prayer (SWOLAH), and O our (Lord) Sustainer, accept this my prayer (supplication)” (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 40) ROB - BIJ - ‘AL-NEE - MU-QEE- MASw – SwO - LAA-TI – WA-MIN- ZUR-RIY-YATEE, ROB-BA-NAA - WA-TA-QOB-BAL - DU-‘AA.
  26. 26. ““The head of the matter isThe head of the matter is Al-IslamAl-Islam;; its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e.its pillar is the (obligatory) prayer i.e. SwolahSwolah;; and its highest pinnacle isand its highest pinnacle is JihadJihad (striving with utmost)(striving with utmost) in the way of Allah.”in the way of Allah.” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim)) BASISBASIS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  27. 27. ““TheThe SwolahSwolah is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it,is pillar of the religion, whosoever establishes it, establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it,establishes the religion; and whosoever destroys it, destroys the religion.”destroys the religion.” ((Hadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.aHadith narrated by Baihaqy from ‘Umar r.a.).) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS
  28. 28. “Between the man and disbelief (KUFR) is the abandonment of the prayer (SWOLAH).” (Hadith reported by Ahmad, Ibnu Majah, Abu Dawud and Muslim) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““Verily, the bindings of (the religion of) Islam will beVerily, the bindings of (the religion of) Islam will be unloosened (i.e. untied) one by one! Whenever oneunloosened (i.e. untied) one by one! Whenever one binding is untied, people will then cling on (rely) onbinding is untied, people will then cling on (rely) on another of its bindings (i.e. of what have been leftanother of its bindings (i.e. of what have been left amongst those bindings). The first binding is theamongst those bindings). The first binding is the establishment (and total implementation of Allah’s lawsestablishment (and total implementation of Allah’s laws in their lives). And its last (binding) is Swolah.”in their lives). And its last (binding) is Swolah.” ((Hadith reported by Ibnu Hibban from Abu Umamah r.aHadith reported by Ibnu Hibban from Abu Umamah r.a.).) BASISBASIS
  30. 30. BASISBASIS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) From Anas r.a. who said:From Anas r.a. who said:
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) ““Swolah was enjoined (as an obligatory duty) upon theSwolah was enjoined (as an obligatory duty) upon the Prophet s.a.a.w. on the night he was brought on theProphet s.a.a.w. on the night he was brought on the journey (Isra’-Mi’raj) for fifty times (daily), but then it wasjourney (Isra’-Mi’raj) for fifty times (daily), but then it was reduced to only five (times), and he (the Prophet s.a.a.w.)reduced to only five (times), and he (the Prophet s.a.a.w.) was told (by Allah) : “O Muhammad! Verily My decree willwas told (by Allah) : “O Muhammad! Verily My decree will not be changed, and with this five daily obligatory Swolah,not be changed, and with this five daily obligatory Swolah, you will be rewarded with fifty times (of Swolah).”you will be rewarded with fifty times (of Swolah).” ((Hadith reported by Ahmad, Nasa-i and Tirmidzi – andHadith reported by Ahmad, Nasa-i and Tirmidzi – and authenticated by themauthenticated by them)) From Anas r.a. who said:From Anas r.a. who said: BASISBASIS
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS Once the Prophet [s.a.a.w.] asked his companions “Do you believeOnce the Prophet [s.a.a.w.] asked his companions “Do you believe that dirt can remain on a person bathing five times a day in athat dirt can remain on a person bathing five times a day in a stream running in front of his door?” “No!” replied the companions,stream running in front of his door?” “No!” replied the companions, “No dirt can remain on his body.”“No dirt can remain on his body.” The Prophet [s.a.a.w.] then remarked, “So exactly similar is theThe Prophet [s.a.a.w.] then remarked, “So exactly similar is the effect ofeffect of SWOLAHSWOLAH offered five times a day. With the Grace of Allah,offered five times a day. With the Grace of Allah, it washes away all the sins …”it washes away all the sins …” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) BASISBASIS “… Verily the five (obligatory prayer)he five (obligatory prayer) SWOLAHSWOLAH removes sins in the same way that waterremoves sins in the same way that water removes the filth.”removes the filth.” ((Hadith reported by MuslimHadith reported by Muslim))
  34. 34. BASISBASIS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014))
  35. 35. ““The first deeds of the servant of Allah that will beThe first deeds of the servant of Allah that will be checked and accounted for on Judgement Day will bechecked and accounted for on Judgement Day will be his ‘his ‘SWOLAHSWOLAH’, it will be thoroughly looked at. If it is’, it will be thoroughly looked at. If it is found to be good, then he would be deemedfound to be good, then he would be deemed successful; but if it is found to be wanting (deficient),successful; but if it is found to be wanting (deficient), then all his (other) deeds would be deemed useless andthen all his (other) deeds would be deemed useless and (he would become) a loser.”(he would become) a loser.” ((Hadith reported by At-Tabrany from Anas r.a.Hadith reported by At-Tabrany from Anas r.a.)) BASISBASIS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)) TO BE CONTINUEDTO BE CONTINUED INSHA-ALLAHINSHA-ALLAH

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