new media: old wine in new bottles?

Sanjana Hattotuwa
Editor, Groundviews (www.groundviews.org)
what is social media?

• Social media uses Internet and web-based technologies to transform
  broadcast media monologues (...
new media based journalism

• Glocal information – what is local anymore?


• Information agents are rapid moving, transna...
the revolution



  Journalist             Consumer

News as a package


                         Consumer /
  Journalist
...
what’s new

• Ubiquity of two way communications


• Addressable peoples, even those who IDPs or refugees


• Journalism t...
new media platforms and technologies

• Blogs


• Social networks (Twitter, Facebook, Myspace)


• Google Maps


• Mobiles...
no longer just the elite
the use of new media
    internationally
Source Watch: Crowdsourcing
10 questions: YouTube for accountability
crisis in darfur: using google earth
mainstream media: all use new media
bombings in london

• 7 July 2005


• Within 24 hours, the BBC had received
  1,000 stills and videos, 3,000 texts and
  2...
“saffron revolution” in myanmar, 2007

• 100,000 people joined a Facebook group
  supporting the monks


• No internationa...
burma vj: reporting from a closed country
the green revolution: post-election Iran, 2009
the green revolution: post-election Iran, 2009

• Social media played three very important roles in the Iran situation:


...
haiti: earthquake, january 2009
haiti: earthquake, january 2009
The use of social media in Sri Lanka
       Presidential Campaign 2010
flickr for sarath fonseka
flickr for the president
facebook for the president
facebook for sarath fonseka
more compelling local examples
twitter: bearing witness to ground realities
groundviews.org: investigative journalism
http://www.groundviews.org/2009/08/15/first-images-the-flooding-in-menik-camp-and-...
groundviews.org: visualising perspectives
groundviews.org: real time reporting
http://www.groundviews.org/2009/02/21/air-raids-and-airports
groundviews.org: using twitter post-election
http://www.groundviews.org/2010/02/01/updates-capturing-aftermath-of-presiden...
groundviews.org: verifying stories
http://www.groundviews.org/2010/04/04/confusing-reportage-over-comments-by-the-presiden...
groundviews.org: participatory journalism
http://www.groundviews.org/2010/03/15/strengthening-democracy-in-sri-lanka-an-op...
groundviews.org: participatory journalism
http://www.groundviews.org/2010/03/15/strengthening-democracy-in-sri-lanka-an-op...
vikalpa.org: citizen journalism in Sinhala
youtube.com/vikalpasl: videos
perambara.org: regional perspectives
case study: mumbai bomb blasts
         November 2008
Flickr: first images of the attacks
http://www.flickr.com/photos/vinu/sets72157610144709049
Wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks
Wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks




               ...
Getting updates: twittering the attacks
http://spy.appspot.com
producing and reading content
gmail account: email, maps, news

• Free, from www.gmail.com


• Access to Google Maps (mapping)


• Access to Google Read...
gmail
google maps
google news
google reader: a web based RSS reader
wordpress.com: blogging
twitter.com: micro-blogging
http://media.twitter.com
Google: Updates from social media
ustream.tv: broadcasting via a PC
youtube.com: online video
flickr: online photos
facebook: leveraging social networks
facebook: leveraging social networks
Wikipedia: leveraging it for journalism
bambuser.com: mobile phone broadcasting
drop.io: reports through audio
creating online content

• Think beyond text. Online is not print.


• Think beyond prose. Online can be satire.


• Think...
enduring challenges

• Impartial, accurate coverage still vital, increasingly hard to ascertain


• Torrent of information...
new media toolkit
still not convinced?
still not convinced?
Thank you
New media: old wine in new bottles?
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New media: old wine in new bottles?

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Lecture for journalism students at the Sri Lanka College of Journalism (SLCJ), April 2010

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New media: old wine in new bottles?

  1. 1. new media: old wine in new bottles? Sanjana Hattotuwa Editor, Groundviews (www.groundviews.org)
  2. 2. what is social media? • Social media uses Internet and web-based technologies to transform broadcast media monologues (one to many) into social media dialogues (many to many). • It supports the democratization of knowledge and information, transforming people from content consumers into content producers. (Wikipedia)
  3. 3. new media based journalism • Glocal information – what is local anymore? • Information agents are rapid moving, transnational and cellular • A person in Cape Town can report on activities in Colombo who sources his information from someone in Menik Farm who sends an SMS to a relative in Australia who posts it to the web • Models of news gathering and trust are changing
  4. 4. the revolution Journalist Consumer News as a package Consumer / Journalist Witness News as a conversation
  5. 5. what’s new • Ubiquity of two way communications • Addressable peoples, even those who IDPs or refugees • Journalism tied to ICTs • First stories come from citizens, who are the first witnesses to any event • Low resolution content broadcast on high definition media • Content from ordinary peoples juxtaposed with professional journalists
  6. 6. new media platforms and technologies • Blogs • Social networks (Twitter, Facebook, Myspace) • Google Maps • Mobiles: SMS, MMS, Mobile photography and video • VoIP: Skype • Underpinning the above is 3G HSPA wireless broadband and ADSL
  7. 7. no longer just the elite
  8. 8. the use of new media internationally
  9. 9. Source Watch: Crowdsourcing
  10. 10. 10 questions: YouTube for accountability
  11. 11. crisis in darfur: using google earth
  12. 12. mainstream media: all use new media
  13. 13. bombings in london • 7 July 2005 • Within 24 hours, the BBC had received 1,000 stills and videos, 3,000 texts and 20,000 e-mails.
  14. 14. “saffron revolution” in myanmar, 2007 • 100,000 people joined a Facebook group supporting the monks • No international TV crews allowed in the country • Mobile phone cameras were the first footage of the monks protest • Blogs from Rangoon were the only sources of information • The junta shut down all Internet and mobile communications
  15. 15. burma vj: reporting from a closed country
  16. 16. the green revolution: post-election Iran, 2009
  17. 17. the green revolution: post-election Iran, 2009 • Social media played three very important roles in the Iran situation: 1.It helped Iranians communicate with each other. 2.It helped Iranians communicate with the outside world. 3.It helped the rest of the world communicate with both Iranians and others who sympathize with the protesters. • YouTube and Flickr brought multimedia out of the distressed country. Twitter and Facebook updates have spread videos virally. Blogs, Wikipedia, and citizen journalism have helped disseminate and filter this information. Most of all though, these tools have helped people take action.
  18. 18. haiti: earthquake, january 2009
  19. 19. haiti: earthquake, january 2009
  20. 20. The use of social media in Sri Lanka Presidential Campaign 2010
  21. 21. flickr for sarath fonseka
  22. 22. flickr for the president
  23. 23. facebook for the president
  24. 24. facebook for sarath fonseka
  25. 25. more compelling local examples
  26. 26. twitter: bearing witness to ground realities
  27. 27. groundviews.org: investigative journalism http://www.groundviews.org/2009/08/15/first-images-the-flooding-in-menik-camp-and-the-increasingly- dire-situation-for-idps
  28. 28. groundviews.org: visualising perspectives
  29. 29. groundviews.org: real time reporting http://www.groundviews.org/2009/02/21/air-raids-and-airports
  30. 30. groundviews.org: using twitter post-election http://www.groundviews.org/2010/02/01/updates-capturing-aftermath-of-presidential-elections
  31. 31. groundviews.org: verifying stories http://www.groundviews.org/2010/04/04/confusing-reportage-over-comments-by-the-president- propaganda-or-fact
  32. 32. groundviews.org: participatory journalism http://www.groundviews.org/2010/03/15/strengthening-democracy-in-sri-lanka-an-open-invitation-to- generate-fresh-ideas/
  33. 33. groundviews.org: participatory journalism http://www.groundviews.org/2010/03/15/strengthening-democracy-in-sri-lanka-an-open-invitation-to- generate-fresh-ideas/
  34. 34. vikalpa.org: citizen journalism in Sinhala
  35. 35. youtube.com/vikalpasl: videos
  36. 36. perambara.org: regional perspectives
  37. 37. case study: mumbai bomb blasts November 2008
  38. 38. Flickr: first images of the attacks http://www.flickr.com/photos/vinu/sets72157610144709049
  39. 39. Wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks
  40. 40. Wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks 400+ edits / updates 100+ authors Less than 24 hours after first attack
  41. 41. Getting updates: twittering the attacks http://spy.appspot.com
  42. 42. producing and reading content
  43. 43. gmail account: email, maps, news • Free, from www.gmail.com • Access to Google Maps (mapping) • Access to Google Reader (RSS / web updates) • Access to Google News (news updates)
  44. 44. gmail
  45. 45. google maps
  46. 46. google news
  47. 47. google reader: a web based RSS reader
  48. 48. wordpress.com: blogging
  49. 49. twitter.com: micro-blogging http://media.twitter.com
  50. 50. Google: Updates from social media
  51. 51. ustream.tv: broadcasting via a PC
  52. 52. youtube.com: online video
  53. 53. flickr: online photos
  54. 54. facebook: leveraging social networks
  55. 55. facebook: leveraging social networks
  56. 56. Wikipedia: leveraging it for journalism
  57. 57. bambuser.com: mobile phone broadcasting
  58. 58. drop.io: reports through audio
  59. 59. creating online content • Think beyond text. Online is not print. • Think beyond prose. Online can be satire. • Think of photos, audio, video. Rich media tells stories. • Think of SMS and crowd-sourcing • Don’t suggest you know everything. Use the community to add value to story • Link to other stories online
  60. 60. enduring challenges • Impartial, accurate coverage still vital, increasingly hard to ascertain • Torrent of information. Trickle of knowledge. • Veracity hard to determine • Pace of technology development hard to keep pace with • Need some basic understanding of English
  61. 61. new media toolkit
  62. 62. still not convinced?
  63. 63. still not convinced?
  64. 64. Thank you

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