ICT4Peace: Beyond the hype

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Online lecture delivered to students at Southern Mennonite University (SMU), 27 February 2010.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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ICT4Peace: Beyond the hype

  1. 1. ict4peace: beyond the hype Sanjana Hattotuwa Editor, Groundviews (www.groundviews.org) Senior Researcher, Centre for Policy Alternatives, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  2. 2. sri lanka
  3. 3. ict4peace in sri lanka
  4. 4. systemic problems • Inadequate vernacular content and rendering capabilities • Uneven broadband connectivity / infrastructure • Lack of skilled human resources • Post-war violence and repression still high • Legacy of 30 years of war: Communal distrust, no reconciliation, no political settlement, continued militarisation, national security mindset, repressive government, on-going censorship, poor rule of law, un-constitutional governance
  5. 5. conflict transformation • A process of engaging with and transforming relationships, interests, discourses and, if necessary, the very constitution of society that supports the continuation of violent conflict • CT argues against giving primacy to settlements • Conflict is never resolved, but transformed to the non-violent negotiation of differences
  6. 6. my mantras • ICT in peacebuilding needs to be self-effacing. • ICT must build social capital, and invest in societal frameworks that empower local communities to grapple with conflict in non-violent ways. • Technology itself should not be the cynosure, but what is achieved through it.
  7. 7. real world challenges for ict4peace • Is technology a guarantee of a better process? • Is technology neutral? • How does one determine trust online? • How do you create inter-cultural dispute resolution systems? • What are the problems of access and publishing content (the Great Wall of China, the Middle East)? • How can technology help peace processes?
  8. 8. examples from around the world
  9. 9. facebook in egypt • In most countries in the Arab world, Facebook is now one of the 10 most- visited Web sites, and in Egypt it ranks third, after Google and Yahoo. • About one in nine Egyptians has Internet access, and around 9 percent of that group are on Facebook — a total of almost 800,000 members. • April 6 Youth Movement, a group of 70,000 mostly young and educated Egyptians, most of whom had never been involved with politics before joining the group.
  10. 10. facebook in egypt
  11. 11. pro-democracy movement in iran
  12. 12. dispute resolution in afghanistan http://ict4peace.wordpress.com/2009/10/31/the-mobile-phone-jirga-supporting-rule-of-law-in-afghanistan-with-odr/
  13. 13. breaking language barriers Translation Technology: Breaking the language Barrier, http://www.darpa.mil/ Docs/DARPA_language_200807180909251.pdf
  14. 14. augmenting and augmented reality
  15. 15. visualising trauma in sudan through google earth
  16. 16. visualising disasters through google maps
  17. 17. ushahidi to map peace
  18. 18. ushahidi in the world’s largest elections
  19. 19. mobile ring tones for activism http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/trust/whatwedo/where/asia/india/2008/04/080806_india_gates_condomcondom_video.shtml
  20. 20. bearing witness to violence http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/documentaries/2009/08/090827_world_stories_new_media_kashmir.shtml
  21. 21. bearing witness to violence http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUkiyBVytRQ&feature=player_embedded
  22. 22. tsa blog: designed conflict resolution?
  23. 23. mobile phones for human rights http://www.newtactics.org/en/blog/new-tactics/using-mobile-phones-action
  24. 24. my work from sri lanka
  25. 25. one text peace negotiations platform
  26. 26. monitoring election violence
  27. 27. monitoring election violence
  28. 28. mainstream media monitoring
  29. 29. helping CSOs and NGOs use new media
  30. 30. helping mainstream media leverage new media
  31. 31. helping rural communities leverage new media
  32. 32. helping rural communities leverage new media
  33. 33. visualising peacebuilding
  34. 34. groundviews: award-winning citizen journalism
  35. 35. groundviews: crowd-sourced investigative journalism
  36. 36. groundviews: civility
  37. 37. vikalpa
  38. 38. vikalpa youtube channel
  39. 39. podcasts
  40. 40. human rights monitoring
  41. 41. twitter to get more perspectives
  42. 42. underlying tech
  43. 43. facebook and social networking • More than 400 million active users • More than 60 million status updates posted each day • More than 3 billion photos uploaded to the site each month • More than 5 billion pieces of content (web links, news stories, blog posts, notes, photo albums, etc.) shared each week • More than 3.5 million events created each month • More than 3 million active Pages on Facebook • More than 1.5 million local businesses have active Pages on Facebook • Pages have created more than 5.3 billion fans
  44. 44. telepresence from cisco
  45. 45. telepresence for the rest of us
  46. 46. wireless broadband www.ustream.tv www.bambuser.com
  47. 47. online identity management
  48. 48. mobile phone growth
  49. 49. geo-location (combined with social networking / mobiles)
  50. 50. measuring veracity & redefining trust
  51. 51. doctored images http://ict4peace.wordpress.com/2008/09/25/sarah-palin-and-the-veracity-of-information-on-the-web
  52. 52. redefining trust models • Privacy concerns over Facebook, Google Buzz in 2010. • New technologies will redefine privacy, disclosure, confidentiality, “common sense” and trust models. • A combination of virtual and real-world ODR and peacebuilding processes will redefine models of participation and representation.
  53. 53. Thank you

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