Technological Change?• Where did we get our news from?• How do we get it now?
What Issues arise?• Viability of printing instantly out of date news.• Web offers instant multimedia accessibility• Web 2.0 means individuals can pass on news quickly (twitter, facebook, blogs)• Newspaper readers are older?• Online news is ‘natural’ for younger generation?• Online news tends to result in us only getting news we’re interested in?
So how can we mapprevious theories onto the news? David Gauntlett & Creativity – using social networks Henry Jenkins & Participatory culture - #tags on twitter People collaborating & discussing the news on social network sites – Charles Leadbeater
Citizen Journalism • What is Citizen Journalism?• Can you think of any examples?
Dan Gilmor• “Grassroots journalism is part of the wider phenomenon of citizen-generated media-of a global conversation that is growing in strength, complexity, and power. When people can express themselves, they will. When they can do so with powerful yet inexpensive tools, they take to the new-media realm quickly. When they can reach a potentially global audience, they literally can change the world” (2006, XV)
Live Example Live Example 9/11 Asian Tsunami 2004• According to Gimor the first draft • Amateur video footage of the of history was being written, in horrific tsunami that killed more part, by the audience. than 200,000 people appeared• Valuable context that major online American media couldn’t or •Conveying the sheer devastation wouldn’t provide was being and horror of the event as it received. occurred.• We were part of the future of the news. http://www.youtube.com/watch?• Chat groups, personal web v=0NfKZAiWRoE journals (All non-standard news sources) were providing information and documenting the horrific hours and days that followed the attacks.
Live ExampleJuly 7thBombingOne photograph captured theevent more than any other.The picture was taken from amobile phone camera by aman as he and others escapedfrom the smoked filled train.The picture appeared online,in printed newspapers andmagazines, and on televisionaround the globe.
Benefit?• Gilmor suggests the following• “ The rise of the citizen-journalist will help us listen. The ability of anyone to make the news will give new voice to people who’ve felt voiceless –and whose words we need to hear.”
CriticsExploiting the public • Thinking about an issue raised by Tapscott and Williams that online collaboration and sharing is promoting a "free economy" where unpaid volunteers are exploited by corporations. Taken from Wikinomics - Don Tapscott & Anthony D. Williams (2006). • Clay Shirky points out most of the major conglomerates and institutions we have today will still be around tomorrow. Whilst their hold on society may weaken they will not just wither away (Here comes everybody, 2008)
A Contemporary Case Study• The riots make an ideal case study in many respects and there is a real archive of material to be had online. Youtube is packed with videos of some of the key moments and several newspaper archives look really useful to go back through. the riots were constructed for us and with our collusion as audience members; of course, the events happened, and pretty awful they were too, but our understanding of them was very much mediated by the web
• People blamed social media for a lot of what happened, arguing that gangs orchestrated looting and violence through twitter and facebook and particularly blackberry messenger. They also argued that twitter played a heroic role in the cleanup with volunteers emerging as a result of requests for support there
Create your own study of the riots• Create a case study about how the internet was used in the coverage of the London riots both from a citizen journalism point of view and how institutions (professional journalists) engaged in using social networks.
Useful Links• Paul Lewis, of The Guardian was on the ground reporting throughout the riots and his tweets gave a vivid account of what was happening. http://www.wired.com/cs/promo/blogs/changea ccelerators/2011/09/26/the-twitter-riots/• http://blogs.reuters.com/anthony- derosa/2011/08/11/a-social-media-timeline-of- the-london-riots-2/• www.youtube.com• www.facebook.com• http://petesmediablog.blogspot.com
What’s Instore in the future?• Will the web become part of a media package like the Guardian / Times?• Will newspapers die out?• What about emerging technologies?• Will people pay for online media?• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LjIB7MO48Zo• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B1T43Ak0a2 A• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNVTbTMp1 DQ&feature=related