Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

New media: What really is new?


Published on

Lecture delivered in Sinhala and English to students of diploma course in journalism at the Sri Lanka College of Journalism.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

New media: What really is new?

  1. 1. new media: what’s really new?Sanjana HattotuwaTED FellowFounding Editor, Groundviews,
  2. 2. what is social media?• Social media uses Internet and web-based technologies to transform broadcast media monologues (one to many) into social media dialogues (many to many).• It supports the democratisation of knowledge and information, transforming people from content consumers into content producers. (Wikipedia)
  3. 3. social media landscape in 2011
  4. 4. new media foundations• Blogs• Social networks (Twitter, Facebook)• Mobiles: SMS, mobile photography and video• And making this all possible is ADSL + 3G wireless broadband
  5. 5. what’s new• Ubiquity of two way communications• Addressable peoples, even those who IDPs or refugees• Both news generation and dissemination leverages new media• Disintermediated models vs. traditional media model• Citizens as producers• Low resolution content broadcast on high definition media
  6. 6. old media model Event / Issue Journalist Mainstream media Consumer
  7. 7. new media models Event / Issue Consumer Citizen media Journalist Mainstream Consumer media
  8. 8. the revolution Journalist ConsumerNews as a package Consumer / Journalist WitnessNews as a conversation
  9. 9. no longer just the elite
  10. 10. the use of new media internationally
  11. 11. SourceWatch: Crowdsourcing
  12. 12. 10 questions: YouTube
  13. 13. crisis in darfur: using google earth
  14. 14. new eyes: using google earth
  15. 15. all mainstream media use new media
  16. 16. bombings in london• 7 July 2005• Within 24 hours, the BBC had received 1,000 stills and videos, 3,000 texts and 20,000 e-mails.
  17. 17. “saffron revolution” in myanmar 2007• 100,000 people joined a Facebook group supporting the monks• No international TV crews allowed in the country• Mobile phone cameras were the first footage of the monks protest• Blogs from Rangoon were the only sources of information• The junta shut down all Internet and mobile communications
  18. 18. burma vj reporting from a closed country
  19. 19. burma vj reporting from a closed country
  20. 20. the green revolution: post-election Iran 2009
  21. 21. the green revolution: post-election Iran 2009• YouTube and Flickr brought multimedia out of the distressed country. Twitter and Facebook updates have spread videos virally. Blogs, Wikipedia, and citizen journalism have helped disseminate and filter this information.• Most of all though, these tools have helped people take action.
  22. 22. haiti earthquake, january 2009
  23. 23. Our presentThe telegenic revolutions
  24. 24. The use of social media in Sri Lanka Presidential Campaign 2010
  25. 25. flickr for sarath fonseka
  26. 26. flickr for the president
  27. 27. facebook for president
  28. 28. facebook for sarath fonseka
  29. 29. more local examples
  30. 30. groundviews citizen journalism bearing witness
  31. 31. readership and reach: web mediaFrom 19 – 27 May 2010, Groundviews ran a special edition on the end of war in Sri Lanka.Over this week alone, the site received over forty thousand readers and exclusively featured overeighty-thousand words of original content, one video premiere, over a dozen photos, generatingover one hundred and fifty thousand words of commentary.Tens of thousands more have read and commented on this content since.
  32. 32. commemorating lasantha
  33. 33. participatory journalism
  34. 34. recording history: archiving vital websites
  35. 35. groundviews citizen journalism bearing witness
  36. 36. online video: vikalpa YouTube
  37. 37. alternative politics in sinhala
  38. 38. boondi alternative Sinhala
  39. 39. kottu blog
  40. 40. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog
  41. 41. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog
  42. 42. twitter topical, pithy
  43. 43. what is curation?
  44. 44. curated content
  45. 45. selecting the best produce
  46. 46. curating news• Buying fruits of vegetables • Curating news• Check price • Check authorship• Weigh it in one’s hands • Check for veracity, quality• Look at it from all angles • Is it accurate, fair, topical? • What is the bias? Is it progressive?• Look at it in context • Select a few from many sources• Look at a few, not just one • Discard if out-dated information is• Discard if old presented• Ascertain location where it was • Be cautious of unverified information produced and breaking news
  47. 47. curated twitter content on sri lanka: news
  48. 48. curated twitter content on sri lanka: blogs
  49. 49. facebook for work
  50. 50. social networking: facebook600 million+ users
  51. 51. social networking: facebook reach Avg. FB account: 130 friends Groundviews FB page has 5,311+ fans Updates featured on ~690,000+ FB accounts. Instantly.
  52. 52. social networking: facebook reach
  53. 53. social networking: facebook reach
  54. 54. social networking: facebook video
  55. 55. case study: mumbai bomb blasts November 2008
  56. 56. flickr: first images of the attacks
  57. 57. wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks
  58. 58. wikipedia: first narratives of the attacks 400+ edits / updates 100+ authors Less than 24 hours after first attack
  59. 59. Getting updates: twittering the attacks
  60. 60. case study: japan earthquake March 2011
  61. 61. getting updates: google crisis response
  62. 62. producing and reading content
  63. 63. gmail account: email, maps, news• Free• Access to Google Maps (mapping)• Access to Google Reader (RSS / web updates)• Access to Google News (news updates)
  64. 64. google maps
  65. 65. google news
  66. 66. google reader
  67. 67. blogging
  68. 68. micro-blogging
  69. 69. broadcasting via a PC
  70. 70. ustream: mobile phone broadcasting
  71. 71. bearing witness
  72. 72. flickr online photos
  73. 73. creating online content• Think beyond text. Online is not print.• Think beyond prose. Online can be satire, verse, haiku!• Think of photos, audio, video. Rich media tells stories.• Think of SMS and crowd-sourcing• Don’t suggest you know everything. Use the community to add value to story.• Link to other stories online
  74. 74. enduring challenges• Impartial, accurate coverage still vital, increasingly hard to ascertain• Torrent of information, trickle of knowledge• Veracity and verifiability• Eye-witness accounts are partial, subjective• New media / technology illiteracy even amongst journalists• Apathy and animosity against citizen journalism• Licensing and attribution of online content
  75. 75. groundviews: first civility code2006
  76. 76. still not convinced?
  77. 77. Thank you