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September 26, 2011


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September 26, 2011

  1. 1. September 26, 2011 What makes a country a great and powerful country? Is it size? Their army? How much money they have? Or is it something else?
  2. 2. Objective: <ul><li>Begin to study the cultures of West Africa by examining the empires and countries located there before contact with Europe </li></ul>
  3. 3. Homework: <ul><li>Complete the Story of Sundiata you started as classwork </li></ul><ul><li>You have Until Wednesday </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary - Griot <ul><li>You will need this for your homework </li></ul><ul><li>Griot – West African storyteller / musician / praise singer </li></ul><ul><li>More on Griot’s later </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vocabulary - EMPIRE <ul><li>A large country that rules other countries and cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Before 1776, the United States was part of the British Empire </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ancient Ghana <ul><li>In a different place than modern Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>They became wealthy from trade </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana possessed a lot of gold </li></ul><ul><li>c. 790-1076 </li></ul><ul><li>C = Circa = about </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ancient Ghana <ul><li>Also made money from salt </li></ul><ul><li>Had an army of 200,000 at its peak </li></ul><ul><li>Declined because of the discovery of gold somewhere else </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ancient Ghana <ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul><ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Armies </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ancient Mali <ul><li>1230 – 1600s </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities – Gao, Timbuktu </li></ul><ul><li>Home of the Mandinka </li></ul><ul><li>(Kunta Kinte’s tribe) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sundiata <ul><li>Founder of Mali Empire </li></ul><ul><li>His story has been passed down to us through Griots </li></ul>
  11. 11. Greatest ruler? Mansa Musa
  12. 12. Great Mosque of Djenne, Mali
  13. 13. Songhai <ul><li>C. 1000 – 1592 </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Great cities – Djenne and Timbuktu </li></ul>
  14. 14. Greatest king - Askia
  15. 15. Timbuktu was a center of learning
  16. 19. Class work: <ul><li>Work on the story of Sundiata </li></ul><ul><li>You can finish it for homework if you need to but – refusing to work will mean a zero </li></ul>
  17. 20. Exit ticket: <ul><li>What were the names of the three African Empires discussed in class today? </li></ul>